Successful Teaching Placement in Scotland: Primary and Early Years
Publication Year: 2008
Subject: Elementary Teaching Placement
The majority of ITE students in Scotland are postgraduates with only one year to grasp the vast skills and knowledge required to become a primary teacher. Therefore, for many, school placement is a source of stress and worry. This book combines the information and support that students need to help them prepare for, enjoy and maximise the benefits of teaching placements for their professional development. It has been specifically written for the education system in Scotland, taking full account of the differences in practice and terminology that make English books of little use to trainees in Scotland.
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: Preparing for Professional Placement
- Chapter 2: Starting in School
- Chapter 3: Learning to Observe, Plan and Evaluate on Teaching Placement
- Chapter 4: Learning to Teach on Placement
- Chapter 5: Learning to Assess, Monitor and Report on Children's Progress
- Chapter 6: Individualised Training: Target-Setting, Observation and Assessment on Placement
- Chapter 7: The Challenges of Placement
- Chapter 8: Moving on
- Chapter 9: Your Probation Year
The documents on pages 126, 128 and 130 are produced by the General Teaching Council for Scotland and are available via the GTCS website http://www.gtcs.org.uk
First published in 2008 by Learning Matters Ltd.
Reprinted in 2009.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior permission in writing from Learning Matters.
© 2008 Jane Medwell and Frances Simpson.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A CIP record for this book is available from the British Library.
ISBN 978 1 84445 171 5
The right of Jane Medwell and Frances Simpson to be identified as the Authors of this Work has been asserted by them in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
Cover design by Code 5 Design Associates Ltd
Project management by Deer Park Productions, Tavistock, Devon
Typeset by PDQ Typesetting Ltd
Printed and bound in Great Britain by Cromwell Press Group, Trowbridge, Wiltshire
Learning Matters Ltd
33 Southernhay East
Exeter EX1 1NX
Tel: 01392 215560
- 5–14 curriculum The curriculum for Scotland which was introduced in 1991 and reviewed in 2000. It is currently the curriculum in use but is in the process of being replaced by the Curriculum for Excellence.
- AoL Assessment of Learning see Summative Assessment.
- ASL Additional Support for Learning children who require additional support for whatever reason long or short term. The term was coined in the Education (Additional Support for Learning) (ASL) (Scotland) Act 2004. It replaces the term ‘special educational needs’ which was limited in application to children who had learning difficulties. The new term includes any children who need extra support.
- Assessment is for Learning The Scottish government programme to introduce formative assessment in schools.
- ATL Association of Teachers and Lecturers. For further details see http://www.askatl.org.uk/
- BEd Bachelor of education degree can be completed with teaching to achieve the Standard for Initial Teacher Education (SITE). If completed without teaching it is simply a degree in education.
- CA Classroom assistant—someone who is employed to work in a support role within the school. They might have a range of qualifications from none to degree standard since this role is sometimes taken by graduates wishing to gain classroom experience in order to gain a place on a PGDE course to become a teacher. They might work within a number of classes at specified times or have a more general role within the school. As a class teacher you will be expected to provide a role for them when they are with you either in a teaching support role or in preparation of materials, etc.
- Class teacher The teacher responsible for a particular class. This role might be shared between two teachers, called a ‘job-share’, who will work together but will usually not be in the class at the same time. A number of other teachers may teach the class at various times but the class teacher has overall responsibility.
- Curriculum for Excellence (ACfE) The new curriculum currently being produced by LTS which addresses education from ages 3 to 18.
- Curriculum Framework 3–5 The curriculum for children aged between 3 and 5 years old. Currently under review (see Curriculum for Excellence).
- CPD Continuing professional development. For further details see http://www.teachernet/gov/uk/professionaldevelopment/
- DfES Department for Education and Skills. The English government department which creates policy. For further details see http://www.dfes.gov.uk/ [Page 148]
- Disclosure The process by which anyone who wants to work with children is checked against the criminal records through the Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) or the Scottish Criminal Record Office Disclosure Service.
- EAL English as an additional language—children who are do not have English as their first language learn English as an additional language.
- Early Years education Education provided for children aged from birth up to primary school age at around 5 years. Usually for teacher education, the term is used for education from 4 to 5 years and usually takes place in a nursery school or class.
- Extended school A school that provides a range of services and activities often beyond the school day to help meet the needs of its pupils, their families and the wider community. For more information see http://www.qca.org.uk/10013.html
- Formative assessment Assessment that is carried out throughout the teaching to monitor understanding and achievement. The essential factor is to modify the teaching as a result of what is learned from the assessment. It includes strategies such as stating clearly what you intend the children to learn—WALT (We are learning to …) so that they understand the focus of the lesson, and explaining what your assessment will be based on WILF (What I'm looking for…).
- Foundation Stage The earliest years of schooling for UK children (ages 3–5 years) used in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. For more information see http://www.qca.org.uk/160.html
- Four capacities The characteristics described in ACfE which the curriculum and schools should be aiming to develop in pupils (see Curriculum for Excellence).
- successful learners;
- confident individuals;
- responsible citizens;
- effective contributors.
- Gaelic medium Teaching that is delivered wholly or partly in Gaelic.
- GTCE General Teaching Council for England and GTCW General Teaching Council for Wales. The GTC is the professional body for teaching in England and Wales whose purpose is to help improve standards of teaching and the quality of learning in the public interest. http://www.gtce.org.uk or http://www.gtcw.org.uk
- GTCS General Teaching Council for Scotland the regulatory body for teaching in Scotland.
- HEI Higher education institution—a university, school or college offering degree-level and postgraduate education.
- HMIE Her Majesty's Inspectorate for Education the body that is responsible for inspecting and maintaining standards in Scottish schools.
- Humanities A collective term for a range of subjects including: history, geography, religious studies, sociology and others.
- ICT Information and communications technology. For more information see http://www.becta.org.uk/ [Page 149]
- IEP Individualised Education Plan—a programme of learning that is devised to respond to the particular needs of a child.
- Independent schools These are schools that are not funded by the government.
- Induction period See Probationary period.
- Inset In-service education and training. Training for qualified teachers.
- ITE Initial Teacher Education the course of training that must be completed successfully before a student can become a probationary teacher
- ITT Initial teacher training. Course of training that leads to qualified teacher status (QTS) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. For further information see http://www.tda.gov/uk/
- ITT provider A university that offers initial teacher training courses. For more information see http://www.tda.gov/uk/partners/funding/accreditation/ittproviders.aspx
- IWB Interactive whiteboard a whiteboard which is electronically linked to a computer and has a touch-sensitive surface that allows interaction with the computer through a special pen or with the hand or finger, depending on the type.
- Key Stages The different stages of compulsory schooling in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
- Foundation Key Stage Children aged 3–5 or EYFS Children aged birth to 5.
- LA Local authority.
- Learning outcomes Sometimes called Learning Objectives the intended result of a lesson what you intend the children to learn.
- Learning Support Teacher A teacher whose role is to provide specialist support for learning within the school.
- LSA Learning support assistant.
- LTS Learning and Teaching Scotland the government-funded body that provides information and support for teachers across Scotland.
- Maintained school A school that is maintained by the state.
- Mentor supporter The person in school who manages your placement offering advice, support and, usually, assessing your progress. The details of the role of your mentor will be in your course information.
- MFL Modern foreign languages. French, Spanish, German, Gujarati, etc. The government is committed to introducing MFL for all primary pupils by 2010. For further details see http://www.qca.org.uk/10076_10943.html
- NASUWT National Union of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers. For further details see http://www.nasuwt.org.uk/ [Page 150]
- National Assessment/Testing The programme by which children are tested in maths, reading and writing when the teacher is satisfied that they have achieved the next level within the 5–14 curriculum.
- National Priorities for Education A set of five areas set by the government for educationalists to use as a focus when engaged in self-evaluation.
- NC National Curriculum for England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Covers what pupils should be taught in state-maintained schools. The National Curriculum embraces 12 subjects overall, and is divided into four Key Stages according to age. Available online at http://www.curriculumonline.gov.uk/
- Non-denominational school A school that is not linked to a religious institution.
- NQT Newly qualified teacher. A teacher in England, Wales and Northern Ireland who has just been recommended for qualified teacher status and who needs to complete an induction period to confirm the award. For more information see http://www.tda.gov.uk/teachers/induction.aspx
- NUT National Union of Teachers. For more information, see http://www.teachers.org.uk/
- Ofsted Office for Standards in Education. The body responsible for inspection in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in schools and teacher training. See http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/
- OTTP Overseas trained teacher programme. An individually tailored programme of training and assessment enabling OTTs to achieve qualified teacher status in England. For more information, see http://www.tda.gov/uk/Recruit/thetrainingprocess/typesofcourse/ottp.aspx
- P1, P2, etc. Primary 1 the first class in a primary school. Primary 2 the second class in a primary school, etc.
- PE Physical education.
- PGDE Post Graduate Diploma in Education one-year training course for graduates allowing them to achieve the Standard for Initial Teacher Education.
- PLP Personal Learning Plan an assessment carried out by children, with the support of their teacher, in which they set out their own targets and achievements.
- Pre-5 A term often used to describe education of children up to the age of 5.
- Primary education The education provided for children aged 5 to 12 years.
- Probationary period Time spent after completing ITE, when the teacher is partly qualified but still training while practising to achieve the final standard as a teacher. Otherwise known as induction.
- Profile This is the document completed at the end of your ITE which sets out your progress towards meeting the Standards for ITE and your targets for future work. It may have another name (report, assessment, etc). It will form part of your training record.
- Provisional registration The first level of registration with the GTCS on completion of ITE that allows a student to work as a probationary teacher. [Page 151]
- PSHE Personal, social and health education.
- PTA Parent-teacher association. For general information see http://www.ncpta.org.uk/
- QCA Qualifications and Curriculum Authority. See http://www.qca.org.uk/
- QTS Qualified Teacher Status. The status trainee teachers achieve in England, Wales and Northern Ireland; recommendation for this by meeting all of the required Standards. It is confirmed after a period of induction. You must have this qualification to teach in a state-maintained school. For more information, see http://www.tda.gov.uk/Recruit/becomingateacher/qualifiedteacherstatus.aspx
- Schools in special measures Schools deemed by Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Schools to be failing to provide an acceptable standard of education for its pupils.
- Scottish Executive See Scottish government.
- Scottish government The devolved government for Scotland was known as the Scottish Executive when it was formed in 1999 but from 2007 was renamed the Scottish government.
- Scottish Qualifications Authority National body in Scotland responsible for the development, accreditation, assessment, and certification of qualifications other than degrees.
- SEN Special Education Needs see ASL.
- SENCO SEN co-ordinator. The teacher in school with responsibility for the delivery of services for children with special educational needs.
- Setting The arrangement whereby children are re-arranged into ability groupings across a number of classes for specific curricular areas usually maths and language.
- SFR Standard for Full Registration the standard that must be reached to become a fully qualified teacher.
- SITE Standard for Initial Teacher Education the standard that must be reached to successfully complete the first stage of teacher training undertaken partly in university and partly in school.
- Summative assessment Assessment which is carried out at the end of a piece of work to assess achievement, e.g. class test.
- Supply teaching A contract with a local authority that allows you to teach where needed on a short- to long-term basis. Used to cover teacher absences or particular short-term needs for extra teaching staff.
- TESTimes Educational Supplement. A good source of information about teaching job vacancies in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. See http://www.tes.co.uk/
- TFSSTimes Educational Supplement Scotland. A good source of information about teaching job vacancies. See http://www.tes.co.uk/
- TIS Teacher Induction Scheme the one-year supported post in school that is sponsored by the government to enable provisional teachers to complete their probation. [Page 152]
- Transition The movement from one establishment to another usually refers to the move from nursery to primary school or from primary to secondary school.
- Voluntary aided schools Schools in England and Wales, maintained by the LEA, for which a foundation (generally religious) appoints most of the governing body.
- Voluntary controlled schools Schools in England and Wales, maintained by the LEA, for which a foundation (generally religious) appoints some—but not most—of the governing body.
- WALT We are Learning To … see Formative assessment
- WILF What I am Looking For … see Formative assessment