- Subject index
A comprehensive exploration, Studying and Prevention of Homicide offers thoroughly researched chapters by a distinguished group of contributors. Leading scholars in the field, editors M. Dwayne Smith and Margaret A. Zahn have compiled an extensive range of topics including: mass and serial murders, homicides by youth, gang homicides, domestic homicides, homicides by female offenders, and alcohol/drug related homicides.
Chapter 11: Gang Homicide
A large number of studies have documented the higher offending profiles of gang members compared with similar-aged youths (Esbensen & Huizinga, 1993; Fagan, 1989; Klein, Maxson, & Cunningham, 1991; Thornberry, Krohn, Lizotte, & Chard-Wierschem, 1993; Tracy, 1979). Recent analysis of longitudinal data from interviews with a representative sample of youths in Rochester, New York, found that gang members, who constituted 30% of the sample, committed 69% of violent offenses reported by all youths studied during a 4-year period (Thornberry & Burch, 1997). Similar findings are reported in Denver (14% gang members, 79% of serious violent offenses; Huizinga, 1997) and Seattle (15% gang members, 85% of robberies; Battin, Hill, Abbott, Catalano, & Hawkins, 1998).
Analyses from these types of studies generally support a facilitation ...