- Subject index
Effective treatment and preparation for successful reintegration can be better achieved if the needs and risks of incarcerated offenders are taken into consideration by correctional practitioners and scholars. Special Needs Offenders in Correctional Institutions offers a unique opportunity to examine the different populations behind bars (e.g. chronically and mentally ill, homosexual, illegal immigrants, veterans, radicalized inmates, etc.), as well as their needs and the corresponding impediments for rehabilitation and reintegration. Author Lior Gideon takes a rehabilitative and reiterative approach to discuss and differentiate between the needs of these various categories of inmates, and provides in depth discussions-not available in other correctional texts-about the specific needs, risks and policy recommendations when working with present-day special needs offenders. Each chapter is followed by suggested readings and relevant websites that will enable readers to further enhance understanding of the issues and potential solutions discussed in the chapter. Further, each chapter has discussion questions specifically designed to promote class discussions. The text concludes with a theoretical framework for future policy implications and practices.
Chapter 4: Pregnancy and Motherhood behind Bars
Pregnancy and Motherhood behind Bars
Of all the industrialized nations in the world the United States has the distinction of having the highest rate of incarceration. Recent studies have documented that our reliance on incarceration and our expanding prisons is going to accomplish less and cost more than it has in the past (Clear, 2007). The increasing rate of incarceration is not confined to men. The rapid growth of the female offender population is cause for concern. For example, between 1977 and 2007, there has been an increase of over 832%! The male population grew 416% during the same period (West & Sabol, 2008). The majority of incarcerated women are mothers to at least one minor child, ...