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Pregnancy and Motherhood behind Bars
Pregnancy and motherhood behind bars
Zelma W.Henriques and Bridget P.Gladwin
Introduction

Of all the industrialized nations in the world the United States has the distinction of having the highest rate of incarceration. Recent studies have documented that our reliance on incarceration and our expanding prisons is going to accomplish less and cost more than it has in the past (Clear, 2007). The increasing rate of incarceration is not confined to men. The rapid growth of the female offender population is cause for concern. For example, between 1977 and 2007, there has been an increase of over 832%! The male population grew 416% during the same period (West & Sabol, 2008). The majority of incarcerated women are mothers to at least one minor child, ...

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