• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This book looks at the sociology of India from two perspectives: first, understanding the cultural traditions of India with special reference to religious and ethical values; and second, exploring the growth of the sociological traditions of India.

Divided in two parts, the book goes beyond mere description of the main religious traditions and looks at the ethical values that are embedded in the religio-secular traditions of India. It also projects the sociological traditions of India as a historical process, a process of growth of sociological knowledge. The basic premise of the discussion is not one dominant cultural tradition but the plurality that characterizes the cultural, religious, and value traditions of India, and pluralism that characterizes the sociology of India.

Gandhi and Weber: The Work Ethic, Capitalism, and Conscience
Gandhi and Weber: The work ethic, capitalism, and conscience

[H]e who renounces earns a thousand-fold.

—GANDHI, ‘Anasaktiyoga’

That economics is untrue which ignores or disregards moral values.

—GANDHI, Presidential Address to Belgaum Congress, 1924

Only a small portion of existing concrete reality is coloured by our value-conditioned interest and it alone is significant to us.

—MAX WEBER, ‘“Objectivity” in Social Science’

Certainly all historical experience confirms the truth—that man would not have attained the possible unless time and again he had reached out for the impossible. But to do that a man must be a leader, and not only a leader but a hero as well, in a very sober sense of the word.

—MAX WEBER, ‘Politics as Vocation’

In the preceding four chapters, I ...

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