- Subject index
In Social Life, the authors highlight, explain, and scrutinize socio-theoretical analyses of contemporary social relations and conditions - put forward by eight modern social theorists - and analyse how these have informed sociological inquiries into people’s lives in today’s social world. The book discusses the works of the following social theorists: • Anthony Giddens • Pierre Bourdieu • Bruno Latour • Donna Haraway • Zygmunt Bauman • Jean-Francois Lyotard • Michel Foucault • Jean Baudrillard In each chapter, the authors identify the key components of each theorist’s conception of society and apply the theories outlined to specific, modern phenomena. This connection with modern-day phenomena allows for a critical interrogation of issues in contemporary society, including: Inequality and Capital, Power, Fear and Terrorism, Immune System Discourse, Suffering, and Climate Change.
Chapter 6: Jean-François Lyotard: Living in Postmodernity
Jean-François Lyotard: Living in Postmodernity
Part 1: Society and the Games of Language
The dimension of Jean-François Lyotard’s œuvre that has had the deepest impact on sociology is doubtless his examination of postmodernity. In The Postmodern Condition from 1979, Lyotard notes that the term ‘postmodern’ is used in sociology to capture present-day ‘culture’. His famous book employs the term specifically to characterise ‘the condition of knowledge’, namely ‘in the most highly developed societies’ (PC xxiii; see also Malpas 2003: 15, 17; Williams 1998: 26). According to the ‘working hypothesis’ of The Postmodern Condition, ‘the status of knowledge’ is changing at a time when ‘cultures’ are arriving in the so-called ‘postmodern’, and ‘societies’ in the so-called ‘postindustrial’, era (PC 3; see also ...