• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Until now, an important aspect of multicultural counseling has been long overlooked amid the profusion of literature—the practical application of multicultural theory. Social Justice, Multicultural Counseling, and Practice: Beyond a Conventional Approach fills this void and tackles some of the top challenges in multicultural counseling including how to implement multicultural theory and how to practice social justice and equity. This groundbreaking work takes a multilayered and multidimensional approach that will help practitioners “walk the talk” of multicultural competency. It introduces a new model that will give practitioners a clearer understanding of the client's worldview for culturally appropriate assessment, diagnoses, and treatment.

Key Features

Provides Concrete Strategies boxes for introduced concepts; Emphasizes self-reflection and self-awareness for practitioners; Contains exercises to help practitioners better understand ethnocentrism, types of thinking ...


In this chapter, the differences among sexual orientation, homophobia, and heterosexism are described briefly. The impact of heterosexism on an individual's identity construction, internalized oppression/privilege, and internalized homophobia is explored in relation to the person's intersection of multiple identities. Particular attention is paid to early ingroup (family) rejection and its impact on the internalized oppression of nonheterosexuals. Variations within and among nonheterosexual individuals are discussed not only with regard to different salient characteristics of multiple identities and their intersection but also according to different theories of sexual orientation. Dismantling heterosexism at the personal, interpersonal, and institutional level is discussed. The chapter ends with experiential learning activities for practitioner-trainees to assess themselves in relation to their heterosexism, homophobia, and internalized oppression/privilege.

Differences among Sexual Orientation, Homophobia, ...
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