• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Until now, an important aspect of multicultural counseling has been long overlooked amid the profusion of literature—the practical application of multicultural theory. Social Justice, Multicultural Counseling, and Practice: Beyond a Conventional Approach fills this void and tackles some of the top challenges in multicultural counseling including how to implement multicultural theory and how to practice social justice and equity. This groundbreaking work takes a multilayered and multidimensional approach that will help practitioners “walk the talk” of multicultural competency. It introduces a new model that will give practitioners a clearer understanding of the client's worldview for culturally appropriate assessment, diagnoses, and treatment.

Key Features

Provides Concrete Strategies boxes for introduced concepts; Emphasizes self-reflection and self-awareness for practitioners; Contains exercises to help practitioners better understand ethnocentrism, types of thinking ...

Identity Development
Identity development

This chapter explores Erikson's (1950, 1964, 1968) conception of personal and social identity development and how social identity was expanded to include cultural identity as sociocultural contexts changed by growing interests in visibility of nondominant groups (e.g., race, gender, sexual orientation). Various models of identity development are discussed to illustrate similarities and differences among groups such as monoracial groups, nondominant racial groups, biracial and multiracial groups, the dominant (White) group, and gay and lesbian groups. The role of internalized privilege and oppression in shaping an identity of a victim or an agent is explored. Each model of identity development is examined to evaluate the impact of inappropriate hierarchical, dichotomous, and linear thinking styles/patterns on identity construction.

Conception of Identity Development

Erikson (1950, 1964, 1968) ...

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