Sibling Abuse: Hidden Physical, Emotional, and Sexual Trauma

Books

Vernon R. Wiehe

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Books under the General Editorship of Jon R. Conte

    Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men edited by Gregory M. Herek and Kevin T. Berrill

    Legal Responses to Wife Assault: Current Trends and Evaluation edited by N. Zoe Hilton

    The Male Survivor: The Impact of Sexual Abuse by Matthew Parynik Mendel

    The Child Sexual Abuse Custody Dispute Annotated Bibliography by Wendy Deaton, Suzanne Long, Holly A. Magana, and Julie Robbins

    The Survivor's Guide by Sharice Lee

    Psychotherapy and Mandated Reporting of Child Maltreatment by Murray Levine and Howard J. Doueck

    Sexual Abuse in Nine North American Cultures: Treatment and Prevention by Lisa Aronson Fontes

    The Role of Social Support in Preventing Child Maltreatment by Ross A. Thompson

    Intimate Betrayal: Understanding and Responding to the Trauma of Acquaintance Rape by Vernon R. Wiehe and Ann L. Richards

    Violence Against Women Research: Methodological and Personal Perspectives by Martin D. Schwartz

    Sibling Abuse: Hidden Physical, Emotional, and Sexual Trauma by Vernon R. Wiehe

    Copyright

    View Copyright Page

    Dedication

    To my wife, Donna, whom I admire, respect, and deeply love, and who has struggled so bravely from a debilitating stroke.

  • A Final Word

    Perhaps you became interested in this book because of the title. You may have seen yourself in the title. You may have been abused as a child—not by a parent or other adults, but by a sibling. As you read how the survivors were physically, emotionally, or sexually abused by a sibling, you may have said to yourself, “That's me! That was what life was like for me as a child.”

    If so, you are not predestined for a life of emotional pain and suffering. You may be at peace with the abuse and your sibling who perpetrated the abuse. Regardless of how this was resolved for you, it is good it was.

    Unfortunately, for others this may not be true. You may be experiencing the effects of the abuse referred to by the survivors—low self-esteem, feelings of worthlessness, depression, substance abuse, difficulties in interpersonal relationships. If this is happening in your life and you see yourself in the survivors' comments in these pages, you are encouraged to seek help. Reread the pages in Chapter 9 on seeking professional help. Why prolong your suffering? Help is available, if only you reach out for it!

    For still others, abuse may not have been a part of your life. But you may be asking, “How can we stop this senseless abuse—child abuse, spouse abuse, elder abuse, and now sibling abuse?” Only through your personal involvement in preventing the problem can the abuse of one individual by another be stopped. There are numerous ways to become involved—as volunteers with local agencies working in domestic violence, at spouse abuse shelters, at day-care centers for children from abusive homes, in support groups for those who have been abused, and in countless other ways. Contact a social agency in your community that works in the field of domestic violence. This could mark the beginning of your involvement in helping bring family violence to an end in our society.

    References

    Adler, N., & Schutz, J. (1995). Sibling incest offenders. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19, 811–819.
    Agosta, C., & Loring, M. (1988). Understanding and treating the adult retrospective victim of child sexual abuse. In S.Sgroi (Ed.), Vulnerable populations (Vol. 1, pp. 115–135). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
    Armsworth, M. (1989). Therapy of incest survivors: Abuse or support?Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 549–562.
    Bagley, C., & Ramsey, R. (1986). Sexual abuse in childhood: Psychosocial outcomes and implications for social work practice. Journal of Social Work and Human Sexuality, 4, 33–47.
    Bakan, D. (1971). Slaughter of the innocents. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Battered families: A growing nightmare. (1979, January). U.S. News & World Report, 60–61.
    Bavolek, S. (1989). Assessing and treating high-risk parenting attitudes. In J.Pardeck (Ed.), Child abuse and neglect: Theory, research and practice (pp. 97–110). New York: Gordon & Breach.
    Bays, J. (1990). Substance abuse and child abuse: Impact of addiction on the child. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 37, 881–904.
    Becker, J., Kaplan, M., Cunningham-Rathner, B., & Kavoussi, R. (1986). Characteristics of adolescent incest sexual perpetrators. Journal of Family Violence, 1, 85–97.
    Beitchman, J., Zucker, K., Hood, J., DaCosta, G., Akman, D., & Cassavia, E. (1992). A review of the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 16, 101–118.
    Bellak, A. (1982). Comparable worth: A practitioner's view. In Comparable worth: Issue for the 80's: A consultation for the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights (June 6–7, 1982), pp. 75–82.
    Belsky, J. (1980). Child maltreatment: An ecological integration. American Psychologist, 35, 320–335.
    Benward, J., & Densen-Gerber, J. (1975). Incest as a causative factor in antisocial behavior: An explanatory study. Contemporary Drug Problems, 4, 323–340.
    Berg, P. (1976). Parental expectations and attitudes in child-abusing families (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, 1976). Dissertation Abstracts International, 37, 1889B.
    Berkowitz, L. (1973, July). The case for bottling up rage.Psychology Today, 24–31.
    Berne, E. (1967). Games people play. New York: Grove Press.
    Binder, R., & McNeil, D. (1986). Evaluation of a school-based sexual abuse prevention program: Cognitive and emotional effects. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC.
    Black, C. (1981). It will never happen to me. New York: Ballantine.
    Blake-White, J., & Kline, M. (1985). Treating the dissociative process in adult victims of childhood incest. Social Casework, 66, 394–402.
    Blalock, H. (1964). Causal inferences in nonexperimental research. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
    Bliss, E. (1986). Multiple personality, allied disorders and hypnosis. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Blume, E. (1986, September) The walking wounded: Post-incest syndrome. SIECUS Report, 15(1), 5–7.
    Brassard, M., & Gelardo, M. (1987). Psychological maltreatment: The unifying construct in child abuse and neglect. School Psychology Review, 16, 127–136.
    Briere, J. (1984). The effects of childhood sexual abuse on later psychological functioning: Defining a post-sexual abuse syndrome. Paper presented at the Third National Conference on Sexual Victimization of Children, Washington, DC.
    Briere, J. (1989). Therapy for adults molested as children: Beyond survival. New York: Springer.
    Briere, J., Evans, D., Runtz, M., & Wall, T. (1988). Symptomotology in men who were molested as children: A comparison study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 58, 457–461.
    Briere, J., & Runtz, M. (1987). Post-sexual abuse trauma: Data and implications for clinical practice. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2, 377–379.
    Briere, J., & Runtz, M. (1988). Symptomatology associated with prior sexual abuse in a non-clinical sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 12, 51–59.
    Briere, J., & Runtz, M. (1989). University males' sexual interest in children: Predicting potential indices of “pedophilia” in a nonforensic sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 65–75.
    Briere, J., & Runtz, M. (1990). Differential adult symptomatologies associated with three types of child abuse histories. Child Abuse & Neglect, 14, 357–364.
    Burgess, A., & Holstrom, L. (1975). Sexual trauma of children and adolescents: Pressure, sex, secrecy. Nursing Clinics of North America, 10, 551–563.
    Caffey, J. (1946). Multiple fractures in the long bones of infants suffering from chronic subdural hemotoma. American Journal of Roentgenology, Radium Therapy and Nuclear Medicine, 56, 163–173.
    Cantwell, H. (1981). Sexual abuse of children in Denver, 1979: Reviewed with implications for pediatric intervention and possible prevention. Child Abuse & Neglect, 5, 75–85.
    Cavaiola, A., & Schiff, M. (1989). Self-esteem in abused chemically dependent adolescents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 327–334.
    Cerezo, M., & Frias, D. (1994). Emotional and cognitive adjustment in abused children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 18, 923–932.
    Chaffin, M., Kelleher, K., & Hollenberg, J. (1996). Onset of physical abuse and neglect: Psychiatric, substance abuse, and social risk factors from prospective community data. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 191–203.
    Clark, K. (1975). Knowledge of child development and behavior interaction patterns of mothers who abuse their children (Doctoral dissertation, Wayne State University, 1975). Dissertation Abstracts International, 36, 5784B.
    Claussen, A., & Crittenden, P. (1991). Physical and psychological maltreatment: Relations among types of maltreatment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 15, 5–18.
    Coffey, P., Leitenberg, H., Henning, K., Turner, T., & Bennet, R. (1996). Mediators of the long-term impact of child sexual abuse: Perceived stigma, betrayal, powerlessness, and self-blame. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 447–455.
    Cohen, F., & Densen-Gerber, J. (1982). A study of the relationship between child abuse and drug addiction in 178 patients: Preliminary results. Child Abuse & Neglect, 6, 383–387.
    Cole, A. (1990). Brother-sister sexual abuse: Experiences, feeling reactions, and a comparison to father-daughter sexual abuse. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Union Institute, Cincinnati, OH.
    Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate (1990, May). Hard-core cocaine addicts: Measuring and fighting the epidemic. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
    Corson, J., & Davidson, H. (1987). Emotional abuse and the law. In M.Brassard, R.Germain, & S.Hart (Eds.), Psychological maltreatment of children and youth (pp. 185–202). New York: Pergamon.
    Crary, E. (1997). Help! The kids are at it again: Using kids' quarrels to teach people skills. Seattle: Parenting Press.
    Demos, J. (1986). Past, present and personal. New York: Oxford University Press.
    DeYoung, M. (1982). The sexual victimization of children. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
    Dore, M., Doris, J., & Wright, P. (1995). Identifying substance abuse in maltreating families: A child welfare challenge. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19, 531–543.
    Dubowitz, H., Black, M., Harrington, D., & Vershoore, A. (1993). A follow-up study of behavior problems associated with child sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 7, 743–754.
    Edwall, G., & Hoffman, N. (1988). Correlates of incest reported by adolescent girls in treatment for substance abuse. In L.Auberbach Walker (Ed.), Handbook on sexual abuse of children (pp. 94–106). New York: Springer.
    Eron, L. (1980). Adolescent aggression and television. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 347, 319–331.
    Eron, L., & Huesmann, L. (1985). The role of television in the development of prosocial and antisocial behavior. In D.Olweus, M.Radke-Yarrow, & J.Block (Eds.), Development of antisocial and prosocial behavior (pp. 285–314). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.
    Eron, L., Huesmann, L., Lefkowitz, M., & Walder, L. (1972). Does television violence cause aggression?American Psychologist, 27, 253–263.
    Faber, A., & Mazlish, E. (1982). How to talk so kids will listen & listen so kids will talk. New York: Avon.
    Faber, A., & Mazlish, E. (1988). Siblings without rivalry: How to help your chldren live together so you can live too. New York: Avon.
    Faller, K. (1989). Characteristics of a clinical sample of sexually abused children: How boy and girl victims differ. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 281–291.
    Famularo, R., Kinscherff, R., & Fenton, T. (1992). Parental substance abuse and the nature of child maltreatment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 16, 475–483.
    Farrell, L. (1985, April). The touching truth about tickling.Mademoiselle, 54, 56.
    Felson, R., & Russo, N. (1988). Parental punishment and sibling aggression. Social Psychology Quarterly, 51, 11–18.
    Feshbach, S. (1964). The function of aggression and the regulation of aggressive drive. Psychological Review, 71, 257–272.
    Finkelhor, D. (1979). Sexually victimized children. New York: Free Press.
    Finkelhor, D. (1980). Sex among siblings: A survey of prevalence, variety, and effects. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 9, 171–193.
    Finkelhor, D. (1983). Common features of family abuse. In D.Finkelhor, R.Gelles, G.Hotaling, & M.Strauss (Eds.), The dark side of families (pp. 17–27). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
    Finkelhor, D. (1984). Child sexual abuse: New theory and research. New York: Free Press.
    Finkelhor, D., Asdigian, N., & Dziuba-Leatherman, J. (1995). The effectiveness of victimization prevention instruction: An evaluation of children's responses to actual threats and assaults. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19, 141–153.
    Finkelhor, D., & Baron, L. (1986). Risk factors for child sexual abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1, 43–71.
    Finkelhor, D., Hotaling, G., Lewis, I., & Smith, C. (1990). Sexual abuse in a national survey of adult men and women: Prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors. Child Abuse & Neglect, 14, 14–28.
    Freud, A. (1946). The ego and the mechanisms of defense. London: Hogarth.
    Garbarino, J. (1977). The human ecology of child maltreatment: A conceptual model for research. Journal of Marriage and Family, 39, 721–735.
    Garbarino, J., Guttman, E., & Seeley, J. (1986). The psychologically battered child. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Garbarino, J., & Vondra, J. (1987). Psychological maltreatment: Issues and perspectives. In M.Brassard, R.Germain, & S.Hart (Eds.), Psychological maltreatment of children and youth (pp. 25–44). Elmsford, NY: Pergamon.
    Gebhard, P., Gagnon, J., Pomeroy, W., & Christenson, C. (1965). Sex offenders: An analysis of types. New York: Harper & Row.
    Gelinas, D. (1983). The persisting negative effects of incest. Psychiatry, 46, 312–329.
    Gilgun, J. (1986). Sexually abused girls' knowledge about sexual abuse and sexuality. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1, 309–325.
    Glaser, D. (1986). Violence in the society. In M.Lystand (Ed.), Violence in the home: Interdisciplinary perspectives (pp. 5–32). New York: Brunner/Mazel.
    Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books.
    Goodwin, J. (1982). Sexual abuse: Incest victims and their families. Boston: John Wright.
    Goodwin, J., Sahd, D., & Rada, R. (1982). False accusations and false denials of incest: Clinical myths and clinical realities. In J.Goodwin (Ed.), Sexual abuse: Incest victims and their families (pp. 17–26). Boston: John Wright.
    Groth, N., Hobson, W., & Gary, T. (1982a). Understanding sexual offense behavior and differentiating among sexual abusers: Basic conceptual issues. In S.Sgroi (Ed.), Vulnerable populations (Vol. 1, pp. 309–327). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
    Groth, N., Hobson, W., & Gary, T. (1982b). The child molester: Clinical observation. In J.Conte & D.Shore (Eds.), Social work and child sexual abuse (pp. 129–144). New York: Haworth.
    Harrison, P., & Hoffman, N. (1987). Adolescent residential treatment intake and follow up findings (CATOR 1987 Report). St. Paul, MN: CATOR.
    Hart, S., & Brassard, M. (1987). A major threat to children's mental health: Psychological maltreatment. American Psychologist, 42, 160–165.
    Hart, S., Germain, R., & Brassard, M. (1987). The challenge: To better understand and combat the psychological maltreatment of children and youth. In M.Brassard, R.Germain, & S.Hart (Eds.), Psychological maltreatment of children and youth (pp. 3–24). New York: Pergamon.
    Hawkins, W., & Duncan, D. (1985). Perpetrator and family characteristics related to child abuse and neglect: Comparison of substantiated and unsubstantiated reports. Psychological Reports, 56, 407–410.
    Herman, J. (1981). Father-daughter incest. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Herman, J., & Hirschman, L. (1977). Father-daughter incest. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 4, 735–756.
    Herman, J., Russell, D., & Trocki, K. (1986). Long-term effects of incestuous abuse in childhood. American Journal of Psychiatry, 143, 1293–1296.
    Hollis, J. (1985). Fat is a family affair. New York: Harper/Hazelden.
    Hughes, H., Parkinson, D., & Vargo, M. (1989). Witnessing spouse abuse and experiencing physical abuse: A “double whammy”?Journal of Family Violence, 4, 197–209.
    Irwin, A., & Gross, A. (1995). Cognitive tempo, violent video games, and aggressive behavior in young boys. Journal of Family Violence, 10, 337–350.
    Janus, M. (1984, September). On early victimization and adolescent male prostitution. SIECUS Report, 12(1), 8–9.
    Johanek, M. (1988). Treatment of male victims of child sexual abuse in military service. In S.Sgroi (Ed.), Vulnerable populations (Vol. 1, pp. 103–113). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books,
    Jouriles, E., Barling, J., & O'Leary, K. (1987). Predicting child behavior problems in maritally violent families. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 15, 165–173.
    Justice, B., & Justice, R. (1979). The broken taboo: Sex in the family. New York: Human Sciences.
    Kaufman, I., Peck, A., & Tagiuri, L. (1954). The family constellation and overt incestuous relations between father and daughter. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 24, 266–279.
    Kaufman, J., & Zigler, E. (1987). Do abused children become abusive parents?American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 57, 16–192.
    Kempe, H., Silverman, F., Steele, H., Droegemueller, W., & Silver, H. (1962). The battered-child syndrome. Journal of the American Medical Association, 181, 17–24.
    Kenning, M., Gallmeier, T., Jackson, T., & Plemons, S. (1987). Evaluation of child sexual abuse prevention programs: A summary of two studies. Paper presented at the National Conference on Family Violence, Durham, NC.
    Kinzl, J., Traweger, C., & Biebl, W. (1995). Sexual dysfunctions: Relationship to childhood sexual abuse and early family experiences in a nonclinical sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19, 785–792.
    Koverola, C., Pount, J., Heger, A., & Lytle, C. (1993). Relationship of child sexual abuse to depression. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17, 393–400.
    Kravitz, R., & Driscoll, J. (1983). Expectations for childhood development among child-abusing and nonabusing parents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 53, 336–344.
    Kurtz, P., Gaudin, J., Wodarski, J. & Howing, P. (1993). Maltreatment and the school-aged child: School performance consequences. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17, 581–589.
    Laviola, M. (1992). Effects of older brother-younger sister incest: A study of the dynamics of 17 cases. Child Abuse & Neglect, 16, 409–421.
    Leonard, K., & Blane, H. (1992). Alcohol and marital aggression in a national sample of young men. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 7, 19–30.
    Lerner, H. (1985). The dance of anger. New York: Harper & Row.
    Leyens, J., Camino, L., Parke, R., & Berkowitz, L. (1975). Effects of movie violence on aggression in a field setting as a function of group dominance and cohesion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 346–360.
    Loredo, C. (1982). Sibling incest. In S.Sgroi (Ed.), Handbook of clinical intervention in child sexual abuse (pp. 177–188). Lexington, MA: Heath & Co.
    Maisch, R. (1973). Incest. London: Andre Deutsch.
    Marshall, P., & Norgard, K. (1983). Child abuse and neglect: Sharing responsibility. New York: John Wiley.
    Masson, J. (1984). The assault on truth: Freud's suppression of the seduction theory. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
    McGuire, L., & Wagner, N. (1978). Sexual dysfunction in women who were molested as children: One response pattern and suggestions for treatment. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 1, 1–15.
    Meiselman, K. (1978). Incest: A psychological study of causes and effects with treatment recommendations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Meuenzenmaier, K., Meyer, I., Struening, E., & Ferber, J. (1993). Childhood abuse and neglect among women outpatients with chronic mental illness. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 44, 666–670.
    Miller, D., & McCluskey-Fawcett, K. (1993). The relationship between childhood sexual abuse and subsequent onset of bulimia nervosa. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27, 305–314.
    Miltenberger, R., & Thiesse-Duffy, E. (1988). Evaluation of home-based programs for teaching personal safety skills to children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21, 81–87.
    Moeller, T., Bachmann, G., & Moeller, J. (1993). The combined effects of physical, sexual and emotional abuse during childhood: Long-term health consequences for women. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17, 623–640.
    Mullen, P., Martin, J., Anderson, J., Romans, S., & Herbison, G. (1996). The long-term impact of the physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of children: A community study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 7–21.
    Muller, R., Fitzgerald, H., Sullivan, L., & Zucker, R. (1994). Social support and stress factors in child maltreatment among alcoholic families. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 26, 438–461.
    Murphy, J., Jellinek, M., Quinn, D., Smith, G., Poitrast, F., & Goshko, M. (1991). Substance abuse and serious child mistreatment: Prevalence, risk, and outcome in a court sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 15, 197–211.
    Navarre, E. (1987). Psychological maltreatment: The core component of child abuse. In M.Brassard, R.Germain, & S.Hart (Eds.), Psychological maltreatment of children and youth (pp. 45–56). New York: Pergamon.
    Nibert, D., Cooper, S., & Ford, J. (1989). Parents' observations of the effect of a sexual abuse prevention program on preschool children. Child Welfare, 68, 539–546.
    O'Brien, M. (1991). Taking sibling incest seriously. In M.Patton (Ed.), Family sexual abuse: Frontline research and evaluation (pp. 75–92). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    O'Keefe, M. (1995). Predictors of child abuse in maritally violent families. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 10, 3–25.
    O'Neill, K., & Gupta, K. (1991). Post-traumatic stress disorder in women who were victims of childhood sexual abuse. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 8, 124–127.
    Paik, H., & Comstock, G. (1994). The effects of television violence on antisocial behavior: A meta-analysis. Community Research, 21, 416–539.
    Parke, R., & Collmer, C. (1975). Child abuse: An interdisciplinary analysis. In E. M.Hetherington (Ed.), Review of child development research (pp. 509–590). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Patten, S., Gatz, Y., Jones, B., & Thomas, D. (1989). Posttraumatic stress disorder and the treatment of sexual abuse. Social Work, 34, 197–203.
    Patterson, G. (1982). Coercive family process. Eugene, OR: Castalia.
    Peele, S. (1989). The diseasing of America. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
    Pernanen, K. (1991). Alcohol in human violence. New York: Guilford.
    Peters, J. (1976). Children who are victims of sexual assault and the psychology of offenders. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 30, 398–421.
    Peters, D., & Range, L. (1995). Childhood sexual abuse and current suicidality in college women and men. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19, 335–341.
    Phillips, D. (1983). The impact of mass media violence on U.S. homicides. American Sociological Review, 48, 560–568.
    Potter-Efron, R., & Potter-Efron, P. (1985). Family violence as a treatment issue with chemically dependent adolescents. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 2, 1–5.
    Rada, R. (1976). Alcoholism and the child molester. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 273, 492–496.
    Reik, T. (1948). Listening with the third ear. New York: Grove.
    Rodriguez, N., Ryan, S., Rowan, A., & Foy, D. (1996). Posttraumatic stress disorder in a clinical sample of adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 943–952.
    Rohsenow, D., Corbett, R., & Devine, D. (1988). Molested as children: A hidden contribution to substance abuse?Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 5, 13–18.
    Ross, S. (1996). Risk of physical abuse to children of spouse abusing parents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 589–598.
    Royse, D. (1995). Research methods for social workers. Chicago: Nelson-Hall.
    Rush, F. (1977). The Freudian cover-up. Chrysalis, 1, 31–45.
    Rush, F. (1980). The best kept secret: Sexual abuse of children. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
    Russell, D. (1986). The secret trauma: Incest in the lives of girls and women. New York: Basic Books.
    Sarwer, D., & Durlak, J. (1996). Childhood sexual abuse as a predictor of adult female sexual dysfunction: A study of couples seeking sex therapy. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 963–972.
    Saunders, D. (1994). Child custody decisions in families experiencing woman abuse. Social Work, 39, 51–59.
    Saunders, E. (1991). Rorschach indicators of chronic childhood sexual abuse in female borderline patients. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 55, 48–71.
    Sedney, M., & Brooks, B. (1984). Factors associated with a history of childhood sexual experience in a non-clinical female population. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 23, 215–218.
    Sgroi, S. (1989). Stages of recovery for adult survivors of child sexual abuse. In S.Sgroi (Ed.), Vulnerable populations (Vol. 2, pp. 111–130). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
    Sgroi, S., & Bunk, B. (1988). A clinical approach to adult survivors of child sexual abuse. In S.Sgroi (Ed.), Vulnerable populations (Vol. 1, pp. 137–186). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
    Sgroi, S., Bunk, B., & Wabrek, C. (1988). Children's sexual behaviors and their relationship to sexual abuse. In S.Sgroi (Ed.), Vulnerable populations (Vol. 1, pp. 1–24). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
    Silbert, M., & Pines, A. (1983). Early sexual exploitation as an influence in prostitution. Social Work, 2, 285–289.
    Silverman, A., Reinherz, H., & Giaconia, R. (1996). The long-term sequelae of child and adolescent abuse: A longitudinal community study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20, 709–723.
    Singer, M., Petchers, M., & Hussey, D. (1989). The relationship between sexual abuse and substance abuse among psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 319–325.
    Sirles, E., & Franke, P. (1989). Factors influencing mothers' reactions to intrafamily sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 131–140.
    Smith, H., & Israel, E. (1987). Sibling incest: A study of the dynamics of 25 cases. Child Abuse & Neglect, 11, 101–108.
    Steinmetz, S. (1977). The cycle of violence: Aggressive and abusive family interaction. New York: Praeger.
    Straus, M., Gelles, R., & Steinmetz, S. (1980). Behind Closed Doors: Violence in the American home. Garden City, NY: Anchor.
    Suh, E., & Abel, E. (1990). The impact of spousal violence on the children of the abused. Journal of Independent Social Work, 4, 27–34.
    Summit, R. (1983). The child sexual abuse accommodation syndrome. Child Abuse & Neglect, 7, 177–193.
    Summit, R. & Kryso, J. (1978). Sexual abuse of children: A clinical spectrum. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 48, 237–251.
    Sutphen, R., Wiehe, V., & Leukefeld, C. (1996). Dual violence families: The relationship between spouse abuse, child abuse and substance abuse. National Conference on Child Abuse & Neglect, Washington, DC.
    Tavris, C. (1982). Anger: The misunderstood emotion. New York: Simon & Schuster.
    Thomas, A., & Chess, S. (1977). Temperament and development. New York: Brunner/Mazel.
    Vander Zanden, J. (1993). Human development. New York: Knopf.
    Vissing, Y., Straus, M., Gelles, R., & Harrop, J. (1991). Verbal aggression by parents and psychosocial problems of children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 15, 223–238.
    Walker, L. (1994). Abused women and survivor therapy: A practical guide for the psychotherapist. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Wiehe, V. (1989). Child abuse: An ecological perspective. In R.Pardeck (Ed.), Child abuse and neglect: Theory, research and practice (pp. 139–147). New York: Gordon & Breach.
    Wilbur, C. (1984). Multiple personality and child abuse: An overview. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 7, 3–7.
    Worling, J. (1995). Adolescent sibling-incest offenders: Differences in family and individual functioning when compared to adolescent nonsibling sex offenders. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19, 633–643.
    Young, L. (1992). Sexual abuse and the problem of embodiment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 16, 89–100.
    Zastrow, C., & Kirst-Ashman, K. (1994). Understanding human behavior and the social environment. Chicago: Nelson-Hall.

    About the Author

    Vernon R. Wiehe is Professor in the College of Social Work at the University of Kentucky at Lexington. After he received a master's degree from the University of Chicago, he did postgraduate work in the Program of Advanced Studies in Social Work at Smith College. He received his doctorate from Washington University in St. Louis. He is the author of numerous articles in professional journals as well as the following books: Perilous Rivalry: When Siblings Become Abusive; Working with Child Abuse and Neglect; Intimate Betrayal: Understanding and Responding to the Trauma of Acquaintance Rape; and The Brother/Sister Hurt: Recognizing the Effects of Sibling Abuse. Dr. Wiehe has appeared on numerous television and radio talk shows discussing family violence, including Phil Donahue and Sonya Live. He is a frequently cited author on the subject of family violence.


    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website