The Rock ‘n’ Roll Classroom: Using Music to Manage Mood, Energy, and Learning


Rich Allen & W.W. Wood

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright


    Rich Allen dedicates this book to all those individuals who have helped to make music such a magical part of his professional and personal life, including James McCray, Lance Tomlinson, Doug Tidaback, Greg Johnson, and so very many more

    W. W. Wood dedicates this book to his mother, Judy Douglas, whose model of grace under pressure taught him how to persevere through life's challenges; to Earl Lomax, whose encouragement and mentorship set him on the path toward a literate life; and to his wife, Debbie Wood, without whose constant love and support this book would never have been written.


    Why Education Needs a Soundtrack

    For over a century, researchers have explored the power of music, with the last decade in particular yielding considerable scientific evidence about its extraordinary neurological effects. For example, in May 2010, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine found that patients with Alzheimer's disease—with virtually nonexistent short-term memories—achieve close to normal memory of new verbal information when it is provided in the context of music.

    As the evidence has piled up, many sectors, from health, to manufacturing, to advertising, have deliberately harnessed music, not just to heal, but to control, influence, and modify human behavior. Indeed, we are now at the point where the music that plays in every store, restaurant, and sporting venue is scientifically selected to create a specific effect on patrons.

    Yet, education has not followed suit. Despite a widespread knowledge and acceptance of these concepts, teacher education still fails to include the use of music as a deliberate teaching strategy or classroom management tool. As a result, educators lack the understanding, skills, and resources to use one of the most powerful teaching tools at their disposal—a tool that offers at least five scientifically proven benefits in the classroom.

    • Music acts directly on the body, specifically on metabolism and heartbeat. Listening to certain types of music can trigger the release of endorphins, producing a tranquil state that leads to faster learning.
    • Music relaxes the mind and lowers stress levels that inhibit learning, and when used effectively, music increases alpha levels in the brain, boosting memory and recall and allowing the brain to access reserve capacities.
    • Music stimulates and awakens, reviving bored or sleepy learners and increasing blood and oxygen flow to the brain.
    • Music is a state-changer and can be used effectively to get students into an effective learning state or support transitional activities.
    • Music aids memory, both acting as a powerful anchor that moors learning in memory and also inspiring emotion to create a clear passage to long-term memory.

    Please note this book is not about the “Mozart effect,” the controversial theory that listening to Mozart increases intelligence in children. This theory is not based on solid research, but a single study, whose authors claim their findings were misrepresented; whereas, the five effects noted above have been demonstrated by multiple studies—opening the door to new teaching and classroom management strategies.

    So why don't We Use more Music in our Classrooms?

    As with so many decisions in education, the real reason our sector has lagged so far behind others in using music comes down to resources. Until very recently, the equipment required to use music effectively in the classroom was prohibitively expensive. But today, music players and speakers are relatively cheap and extremely easy to use. The major hurdle to education harnessing the power of music has been removed.

    However, two smaller but significant hurdles remain. First, using music effectively in the classroom is a practical skill. Different types of music used in different ways produce different effects. Teachers must understand what these different types of music are, why they work, what effects they create, and how to use them. Second, not all music is appropriate for use in the classroom—and not just because it includes inappropriate lyrics. Only certain types of music, with certain beats, or instrumental complexity, work in certain situations. Education playlists must be properly researched—and this can be extremely time-consuming.

    This book removes these final two barriers. It clearly explains the different research-supported uses of music in the classroom—what the possible uses are, why they work, and how to apply this knowledge in the classroom. And it also provides appropriate playlists for each application, along with guides to help teachers create their own lists.

    We hope it will be the catalyst for education to act on the evidence that other sectors are currently using—to great effect. Research suggests that, if every classroom had an appropriate sound track, we could boost academic results, improve student behavior, and reduce teacher burnout.

    This final benefit is the hidden but vitally important reason that we are passionate about getting our schools wired for sound. Music takes much of the stress out of teaching. In many ways, it offers you a “remote” for your class. Touch a button and your students shift from bored to engaged. Touch another and they calm down. Change the volume and get every single student's attention—without ever having to raise your voice. These are just a few of the seemingly magical results possible through the effective use of music. We hope this book helps you to make them happen in your classroom.

    W. W. WoodRich Allen


    The authors wish to thank the following people for their invaluable contributions to the development of this manuscript:

    • Karen Pryor, editor. Your ideas for structure, sequencing, connectivity, and flow have pushed the level of readability to amazing heights. We hope this book is immediately useful to any reader—if that truly happens, much of our success will actually be your success. Thank you!
    • Wayne Logue, illustrator. Your images in this book rock! They are humorous, witty, and most important—thought provoking. You have managed to do something quite challenging—taken auditory concepts and made them come alive visually. That, really, is nothing less than the magic of genius. Thank you!
    • Lauren Virshup, thematic music expert extraordinaire! Your suggestions for songs in Chapter 7 were simply stunning. The breadth and depth of your knowledge in this arena of music is utterly astonishing—truly, you stand alone as the complete and total authority in the field, and we appreciate you giving so freely of your time, energy, and insights. Thank you!
    Publisher's Acknowledgments

    Corwin Press gratefully acknowledges the contributions of the following reviewers:

    Emmalee Callaway 2/3 Gifted and Talented Program Teacher Acres Green Elementary School Littleton, CO

    Melanie S. Hedges Art Teacher, NBCT West Gate Elementary School West Palm Beach, FL

    Steve Knobl Principal Gulf High School New Port Richey, FL

    Jeff Loftus Teacher, 7th-Grade Humanities Stoller Middle School Beaverton, OR

    Beth Madison Principal George Middle School Portland, OR

    Kathryn McCormick 7th-Grade Teacher Gahanna Middle School East Gahanna, OH

    Lauren Mittermann 7th- and 8th-Grade Social Studies Teacher Gibraltar Secondary School Fish Creek, WI

    Pamela L. Opel Science Curriculum Specialist Gulfport School District Biloxi, MS

    Debra A. Scarpelli 7th-Grade Math Teacher and Adjunct Professor for RIC RIMLE President and Slater Jr. High School North Smithfield, RI

    About the Authors

    Rich Allen, PhD, is a highly regarded educator with more than twenty-five years' experience coaching teachers. Founder and president of Green Light Education, he is the author of numerous popular educational books, including most recently Humane Teaching (2012); Sparking Student Synapses 9–12: Think Critically and Accelerate Learning (2012); High-Five Teaching K–5: Using Green Light Strategies to Create Dynamic, Student-Focused Classrooms (2011); High-Impact Teaching Strategies for the ‘XYZ’ Era of Education (2010); and Green Light Classrooms: Teaching Techniques That Accelerate Learning (2008).

    He has shared his dynamic instructional strategies not only in the United States and Canada, but also in such diverse countries as the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, Russia, Jordan, and Brazil. Dr. Allen is also a popular keynote speaker at international education conferences and works with schools and school districts to embed effective teaching methods into mainstream curriculum.

    Dr. Allen first took to the stage as an off-Broadway actor, before starting his educational career as a high school math and drama teacher. In 1985 he became a lead facilitator for SuperCamp—an accelerated learning program for teens—and has since worked with more than 25,000 students worldwide. Dr. Allen completed his doctorate in educational psychology at Arizona State University, where he studied how the human brain receives, processes, and recalls information—knowledge that informs all aspects of his teaching strategies. The author divides his time between his home in the U.S. Virgin Islands, on the sun-kissed paradise of St. Croix, and his wife's home in Sydney, Australia, where he is learning to be a step-dad. He can be reached at his e-mail address:

    W. W. Wood, MA, is a highly sought-after speaker on how the human brain learns and effective teaching practices. He speaks regularly in school districts across the United States and at national and international brain and education conferences, with a focus on sharing and modeling practical classroom approaches extrapolated from current cognitive psychology and neuroscience.

    Mr. Wood began his educational career as an English teacher, teaching high school and university level literature and writing classes for fourteen years. He then served as the Communication Arts Consultant for the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education for five years. During his time at DESE, Mr. Wood wrote the state's Curriculum Frameworks for Communication Arts, led the development of the state's communication arts assessment, and started the state's first intensive K–3 professional development model for improving reading instruction (the Missouri Reading Initiative). During his time as a teacher and state educational consultant, Mr. Wood became fascinated with exploring the biological underpinnings of effective teaching and learning. He left DESE in 2000 to become a full-time educational consultant and presenter so he could share his passion for brain-compatible teaching practices with educators around the world. He now serves as president of Open Mind Technologies, Inc., an educational consulting firm. The author lives in Missouri with his wife, Debbie, and has three sons. He can be reached at his e-mail address:

  • Appendix A: 101 More Feel-Good Songs

    We hope that our Top 40 list from Chapter 2 gave you some good ideas for feel-good songs to use in your classroom. But just to make sure that you have enough ideas to get you off to a good start, here are 101 more selections. Of course, these are songs that we like, and we realize that your tastes may be very different. We also realize that most of these songs are popular songs, and therefore written for young adults and adults. For the elementary and middle school teachers reading this, some of these songs may not be suitable. We encourage you to check out the lyrics to any song before you use it in the classroom and make sure you are comfortable with it. Some of these songs may include subject matter and language to which you may not want to expose your students.

    • “Accidentally in Love,” Counting Crows
    • “All Is Love,” from Where the Wild Things Are, Karen O and the Kids
    • “All Night Long,” Lionel Richie
    • “All Star,” Smash Mouth
    • “Amazed,” Lonestar
    • “Barbara Ann,” The Beach Boys
    • “Boogie On Reggae Woman,” Stevie Wonder
    • “Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy,” The Andrews Sisters
    • “Breezin',” George Benson
    • “Catch My Disease,” Ben Lee
    • “Come On Eileen,” Dexys Midnight Runners
    • “Cruisin',” Smokey Robinson
    • “Dancing Queen,” ABBA
    • “Dancing With Myself,” Billy Idol
    • “Don't Stop Believin',” Journey
    • “Down Under,” Men at Work
    • “Dynamite,” Taio Cruz
    • “Everybody Have Fun Tonight,” Wang Chung
    • “Everyday,” Buddy Holly
    • “Feels So Good,” Chuck Mangione
    • “Footloose,” Kenny Loggins
    • “Gonna Fly Now,” from Rocky, Bill Conti
    • “Good Lovin',” The Rascals
    • “Graduation (Friends Forever),” Vitamin C
    • “Hallelujah, I Love Her So,” Ray Charles
    • “Happy Together,” The Turtles
    • “Higher and Higher,” Jimmy Barnes
    • “Hope,” Shaggy
    • “I'll Be There for You,” from Friends, The Rembrandts
    • “I'll Take You There,” The Staple Singers
    • “I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles),” The Proclaimers
    • “I'm Henry the VIII I Am,” Herman's Hermits
    • “I'm Yours,” Jason Mraz
    • “I Can See Clearly Now,” Johnny Nash
    • “I Love a Rainy Night,” Eddie Rabbitt
    • “I Love Rock and Roll,” Joan Jett and the Blackhearts
    • “I Think I Love You,” The Partridge Family
    • “Joy to the World,” Three Dog Night
    • “Jumpin' Jack Flash,” The Rolling Stones
    • “Jump, Jive an' Wail,” Brian Setzer Orchestra
    • “Kung Fu Fighting,” Carl Douglas
    • “Let's Twist Again,” Chubby Checker
    • “Lil' Red Riding Hood,” Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
    • “(Lime in the) Coconut,” The Sugar Beats
    • “Lovely Day,” Donavon Frankenreiter
    • “Love Train,” The O'Jays
    • “Macarena (Bayside Boys Remix),” Los Del Rio
    • “Mah Na Mah Na,” Piero Umiliani
    • “Make Me Smile,” Chicago
    • “MmmBop,” Hanson
    • “Morning Train (Nine to Five),” Sheena Easton
    • “Mr. Blue Sky,” Electric Light Orchestra (ELO)
    • “My Girl,” The Temptations
    • “Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da (Desmond and Molly),” The Beatles
    • “Our House,” Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young
    • “Party Rock Anthem,” LMFAO
    • “Pata Pata,” Miriam Makeba
    • “Pinch Me,” Barenaked Ladies
    • “Pretty Woman,” Roy Orbison
    • “Red Red Wine,” UB40
    • “Return to Innocence,” Enigma
    • “River of Dreams,” Billy Joel
    • “Rock Around the Clock,” Bill Haley and the Comets
    • “Rock Your Baby (Club Version),” George McCrae
    • “Shout,” The Isley Brothers
    • “Small Town,” John Mellencamp
    • “Smile,” Uncle Kracker
    • “Soak Up the Sun,” Sheryl Crow
    • “Somebody to Love,” Queen
    • “Spooky,” The Classics IV
    • “Steal My Kisses,” Ben Harper
    • “Stuck Like Glue,” Sugarland
    • “Sweet Child o' Mine,” Guns N' Roses
    • “Tequila,” The Champs
    • “That's the Way I Like It,” K. C. and the Sunshine Band
    • “The Champ,” Nelly
    • “The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin' Groovy),” Simon and Garfunkel
    • “The Impression That I Get,” The Mighty Mighty Bosstones
    • “The Lazy Song,” Bruno Mars
    • “The Letter (Live),” Joe Cocker
    • “The Lion Sleeps Tonight,” The Tokens
    • “The Longest Time,” Billy Joel
    • “The Power of Love,” Huey Lewis and the News
    • “The Sound of Sunshine,” Michael Franti and Spearhead
    • “The Way I Am,” Ingrid Michaelson
    • “Tomorrow,” from Annie, Cast
    • “Tubthumping,” Chumbawumba
    • “Twist and Shout,” The Beatles
    • “Walk Like an Egyptian,” The Bangles
    • “Walk of Life,” Dire Straits
    • “We're Going to Be Friends,” The White Stripes
    • “(What a) Wonderful World,” Herman's Hermits
    • “What I Like About You,” The Romantics
    • “Where Everybody Knows Your Name,” Gary Portnoy
    • “Whip It,” Devo
    • “Wild Thing,” The Troggs
    • “Will It Go Round in Circles,” Billy Preston
    • “Yoshimi Battles the Pink Robots (Part 1),” The Flaming Lips
    • “You Belong With Me,” Taylor Swift
    • “You Can't Stop the Beat,” from Hair Spray, Cast
    • “You've Got a Friend in Me,” Lyle Lovett

    Appendix B: 101 More Calming Songs

    Here you will find more calming selections. We have tried to provide a varied list here, with a good mix of instrumentals and vocals. We hope you find some new “chill out” favorites here to use in your classroom.

    • “Alice in Wonderland,” Earl Klugh
    • “All Yours,” Marc Johnson
    • “Amore Come Dolore (Needs Remix),” Ennio Morricone
    • “Andantino Grazioso,” from Symphony No. 24 in B Flat Major, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    • “An Ending (Ascent),” Brian Eno
    • “Angels of Hope,” David Lanz
    • “A Summer Child,” Fourplay
    • “Avalon Shores,” John Tesh
    • “Bailero,” from Chants d'Auverge, Dame Kiri Te Kanawa, vocal
    • “Baptism,” Paul Cardall
    • “Beloved,” David Lanz
    • “Be Thou My Vision,” David Nevue
    • “Blossom/Meadow,” George Winston
    • “Blue Moon (Live),” Art Blakey
    • “Both Sides Now,” Dianne Reeves
    • “Breakdown,” Jack Johnson
    • “Can't Take That Away From Me,” Jeremy Davenport
    • “China Roses,” Enya
    • “Clair de Lune,” from Suite Bergamasque, Claude Debussy
    • Concerto in C Major for Flute, Harp, and Orchestra, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    • “Dance of the Searching Souls,” Kevin Kern
    • “Dawn Dancing,” Karl Jenkins
    • “Dream a Little Dream of Me,” The Mamas and the Papas
    • “Dreamland Express,” John Denver
    • “Drifting,” Enya
    • “Far From Turtle,” Bob James
    • “Fly Me to the Moon,” Anita O'Day
    • “Gee Baby, Ain't I Good to You,” Diana Krall
    • “Gira Con Me,” Josh Groban
    • “Halcyon Days,” John Tesh
    • “Heartland,” Jim Brickman
    • “Heritage,” Hiroshima
    • “If,” Bread
    • “I Feel Blue,” Alif Tree
    • “I Got It Bad and That Ain't Good,” Nina Simone
    • “Imagination,” Stan Getz
    • “I'm Getting Sentimental Over You,” Thelonious Monk
    • “I Remember Clifford,” Milt Jackson
    • “Ill Wind,” Ben Webster
    • “Innocence,” Kenny G
    • “Is This America?” Pat Metheny
    • “John Dunbar Theme,” from Dances With Wolves, Hollywood Bowl Orchestra
    • “Liquid Soul,” Chris Standring
    • “Love Me Tender,” Elvis Presley
    • “Magic,” Colbie Caillat
    • “Mana'o Pili,” Brothers Cazimero
    • “Meditation on Two Chords,” Avishai Cohen
    • “Mi Cosa,” Wes Montgomery
    • “Moon Dreams,” Miles Davis
    • “Mr. Lucky,” Vince Guaraldi
    • “Muskrat Love,” America
    • “Natural High,” Tosca
    • “Never My Love,” The Association
    • “No Wonder They Sing,” Philip Aaberg
    • “On Earth as It Is in Heaven,” Mission
    • “One Dream at a Time,” David Benoit
    • “One Safe Place (Live),” Marc Cohn
    • “On Golden Pond,” Dave Grusin
    • “On Your Shore,” Enya
    • “Over the Rainbow,” Eva Cassidy
    • “Over the Rainbow,” Jane Monheit
    • “Peace Piece,” Liz Story
    • Piano Sonata No. 14 in C Sharp Minor (Moonlight Sonata), Ludwig van Beethoven
    • “Precious and Few,” Climax
    • “Resting,” Greg & Steve
    • Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, 18th Variation, Sergei Rachmaninoff
    • “Sanctuary Medley,” Greg Maroney
    • “Shepherd Moons,” Enya
    • “Shower the People,” James Taylor
    • “Since I Fell for You (Live),” Ramsey Lewis
    • “Sleep Baby Mine,” George Winston
    • “Solitude,” Herbie Hancock
    • “Some Children See Him,” George Winston
    • “Something in the Way She Moves,” James Taylor
    • “Songbird,” Eva Cassidy
    • “Song for Somalia,” Fourplay
    • “Sophisticated Lady,” Dave Grusin
    • “Sound of Invisible Waters,” Deuter
    • “Spring,” Peter Kater
    • “Stranger on the Shore,” from The Majestic, The Spencer Wyatt Big Band
    • “Summertime,” Booker T. and the MGs
    • “S'Wonderful,” Diana Krall
    • “The Bighorn Medicine Wheel,” Laura Sullivan
    • “The Comb of the Winds,” Enya
    • “The Fairy Queen,” Clannad
    • “The Long Day Is Over,” Norah Jones
    • “The Luckiest,” Ben Folds
    • “The Oh of Pleasure,” Ray Lynch
    • “These Foolish Things,” Lester Young
    • “Thinking of You,” Milt Jackson
    • “Time Goes on,” Pat Metheny
    • “Time on My Hands,” Ben Webster
    • “To Take … to Hold,” Yanni
    • “The Velocity of Love,” Suzanne Ciani
    • “The Wedding Song,” Kenny G
    • “Walk Katie Home,” Seth Glier
    • “Whatever It Is,” Ben Lee
    • “When I Fall in Love,” Nat King Cole
    • “White Daisy Passing,” Rocky Votolato
    • “World to Me,” Four Shadow
    • “You Are So Beautiful,” Joe Cocker

    Appendix C: 101 More Pump-Up Songs

    In addition to our Top 40 list from Chapter 4, here are 101 more songs to stimulate your students. We hope you find some fun stuff here. The majority of these songs are instrumental, but our standard disclaimer about checking out lyrics before using songs in the classroom still stands (for those songs to which it applies). Have fun checking these out!

    • “Acoustic Jubilee,” Dominic Gaudious
    • “Another Friday Night,” Jeff Golub
    • “Applebutter,” Bela Fleck
    • “Black Coffee,” Fishbelly Black
    • “Boogie Wonderland,” Earth, Wind, & Fire
    • “Cafe Carnival,” Craig Chaquico
    • “Can't Be Still,” Booker T. and the MGs
    • “Caribe,” Michel Camilo
    • “Cha Cha Slide,” Countdown Mix Masters
    • “Classical Gas,” Mason Williams
    • “Cold Duck Time,” Pancho Sanchez
    • “Crazy Horse Mongoose,” Galactic
    • “Crazy Rhythm,” Django Reinhardt
    • “Cuckoo's Nest,” Nickel Creek
    • “Dance, Dance, Dance,” The Beach Boys
    • “Dance Mania,” Tito Puente
    • “Dance to the Music,” Sly and the Family Stone
    • “Dawg's Due,” Bela Fleck
    • “Dinner at the Sugarbush,” Brent Lewis
    • “Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough,” Michael Jackson
    • “Doom Tac a Doom,” Brent Lewis
    • Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, Allegro, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    • “Electricity,” Moby
    • “Flight of the Bumblebee,” Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    • “Funky Cha-Cha,” Arturo Sandoval
    • “Get Down With It,” The Woggles
    • “Giddyap Hoedown,” Big Smith
    • “Glad All Over,” Hush
    • “Gloria,” Laura Branigan
    • “Gonna Make You Sweat,” C & C Music Factory
    • “Grand Central,” Jeff Golub
    • “Guancona,” Tito Puente
    • “Heaven,” Moby
    • “Hideaway,” James Govan and the Boogie Blues Band
    • “Hoe Down,” from Rodeo, Aaron Copland
    • “I Get Around,” The Beach Boys
    • “Ijeliu,” James Asher
    • “I'll Always Hold You Close,” Down to the Bone
    • “I'm So Excited,” The Pointer Sisters
    • “Indian Diary,” Neos
    • “Instrumental,” Galaxie 500
    • “Jellybread,” Booker T. and the MGs
    • “Juke (Single),” Little Walter
    • “Jump,” Van Halen
    • “Jump in Line (Shake, Shake Senora),” Harry Belafonte
    • “Kambu Angels,” Samite
    • “Kenya,” The Rippingtons
    • “Kim,” Charlie Parker
    • “Land of 1,000 Dances,” Wilson Pickett
    • “Last Night,” The Mar-Keys
    • “Latin Note,” St. Germain
    • “Le Freak,” Chic
    • “Legs,” ZZ Top
    • “Long Train Runnin',” The Doobie Brothers
    • “Mambo #5,” Perez Prado 2000
    • “March of the Toreadors,” from Carmen, Georges Bizet
    • “Night Train,” Jimmy Smith and Wes Montgomery
    • “No Matter What Shape (Your Stomach's In),” The T-Bones
    • “Nut Popper #1 (Remastered '97 Version),” The Paul Butterfield Blues Band
    • “Nut Rocker,” B. Bumble and the Stingers
    • “Out of Limits,” The Marketts
    • “Peter Gunn Theme,” Henry Mancini
    • “Ran Kan Kan,” Tito Puente
    • “Ready, Steady, Go,” Oakenfold
    • “Red Alert,” Basement Jaxx
    • “Ghost Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend),” Peggy Lee
    • “Roam,” The B-52s
    • “Rockit,” Herbie Hancock
    • “Rock Lobster,” The B-52s
    • “Rock Prelude,” David Garrett
    • “Rods and Cones,” Blue Man Group
    • “Rhythm of the Night,” DeBarge
    • “Se Escaparon,” Bombon
    • “Shake Your Bootie,” KC and the Sunshine Band
    • “Snap,” David Benoit
    • “So Flute,” St. Germain
    • “Soul Limbo (Single Version),” Booker T. and the MGs
    • “Stompin' at the Savoy,” Harry Connick, Jr.
    • “Summer,” David Garrett
    • “Super Strut,” Deodato
    • “Sweet Georgia Brown,” Les Paul
    • “Swing That Thing,” Harmonious Wail
    • “Swingtown,” Steve Miller Band
    • “That's It,” Fishbelly Black
    • “The Ballad of Jed Clampett,” Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs
    • “The Fair of Ballydarreen,” Anam Ri
    • “The Green Minute,” Galactic
    • “The Hunt,” from Brideshead Revisited, Geoffrey Burgon and the Philharmonia Orchestra
    • “The Locomotion,” Little Eva
    • “The Work Song,” Herb Alpert
    • “Tickle Toe,” Lyle Lovett and His Large Band
    • “Tighten Up,” The Bamboos
    • “Time to Start,” Blue Man Group
    • “Travelin' Band,” Creedence Clearwater Revival
    • “Traveling Without Moving,” Jamiroquai
    • “We Got the Beat,” The Go-Gos
    • “Whipped Cream,” Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
    • “Wipe Out,” The Ventures
    • “Working for the Weekend,” Loverboy
    • “Yakety Yak,” The Coasters
    • “You Should Be Dancing,” The Bee Gees

    Appendix D: 101 More Background Songs (Individual Work)

    Here are 101 more background selections to use while your students do individual seatwork. Again, we strive for variety in these lists—within the parameters we have set for each type of music—so you will see some classical, some jazz, and some electronic music, but easy listening and smooth jazz selections dominate, as they are such a good fit for this purpose. As we did in the Top 40 list in Chapter 5, we have subdivided this list into “Reading” and “Writing” subcategories.

    • “Autumn,” Peter Kater
    • “Bossa,” Harry Pickens
    • “Breathe,” Greg Maroney
    • “Butter,” Boney James
    • “Corcovado,” Vince Guaraldi
    • “Dark Night of the Soul,” Philip Wesley
    • “Dawn,” Tim Neumark
    • “Day Dream,” Johnny Hodges
    • “Did You Mean It?” Peter Buffett
    • “East of the Sun,” George Shearing
    • Etude op. 10 No. 3 (Tristesse), Frederic Chopin
    • “Every Snowflake,” from Elizabethtown, Nancy Wilson
    • “Far From Turtle,” Bob James
    • “Flamingo,” Don Byas
    • “Forever, Forever (Solo Piano),” Keiko Matsui
    • “For the Love of You (Live),” Russell Malone
    • “Gay Sons of Lesbian Mothers,” Kaki King
    • “Gentle Breezy,” Harry Pickens
    • “Goodbye,” Keith Jarrett and Charlie Haden
    • “Good Dog, Happy Man,” Bill Frisell
    • “Harmony Grove,” Greg Maroney
    • “Heartbeat at High Knob,” Zola Van
    • “Here's That Rainy Day,” Joe Pass
    • “House of Cards,” Vitamin String Quartet
    • “I Didn't Know What Time It Was,” George Shearing
    • “I Love to See the Temple,” Paul Cardall
    • “In a Sentimental Mood,” John Coltrane and Duke Ellington
    • “Interplay,” Royce Campbell
    • “Joseph Smith's First Prayer,” Paul Cardall
    • “Le Jardin,” Kevin Kern
    • Liebestraum No. 3 in A Flat Major, op. 62, Franz Liszt
    • “Living Without You,” George Winston
    • “Lullaby of the Leaves,” Art Tatum
    • “Memories,” Ryan Stewart
    • “New River Dawn,” Bill Leslie
    • “No More Tears,” David Nevue
    • “One Day I'll Fly Away,” Keith Jarrett and Charlie Haden
    • “One Dream at a Time,” David Benoit
    • “Pastorale,” Ray Lynch
    • “Peace and Joy,” Gary Lamb
    • “Return to the Heart,” David Lanz
    • “River,” Peter Kater
    • “Sahara,” Alto Reed
    • Serenade No. 13 for Strings in G Major, K. 525: I. Allegro (Eine Kleine Nachtmusik), Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    • “Sometimes I'm Happy,” The Lester Young Quartet
    • “Spring Breeze,” Greg Maroney
    • “Sueños de España (Dreams of Spain),” Charo
    • “The Bighorn Medicine Wheel,” Laura Sullivan
    • “The Blink of an Eye,” Jeff Golub
    • “The Comb of the Winds,” Enya
    • “The Swan,” from Carnival of the Animals (Chamber Version), Gaby Casadesus, Philippe Entremont, and Yo-Yo Ma
    • “Trail Magic at Rocky Comfort,” Zola Van
    • “Watching the Night Fall,” Gary Lamb
    • “Water Shows the Hidden Heart,” Enya
    • “Wedding on the Mountain,” Robin Spielberg
    • “What Lies Ahead,” Scott Wilkie
    • “When I'm Alone,” Peter White
    • “Where Can I Go Without You,” Keith Jarrett and Charlie Haden
    • “Whisper Not,” Milt Jackson
    • “Wonderland,” David Nevue
    • “Billy's Blues,” Philippe Saisse
    • “Blue Light Blues,” Django Reinhardt
    • “Broken Mirrors,” Urban Knights
    • “Cabrillo,” Marc Antoine
    • “Colors/Dance,” George Winston
    • “Dancing in the Quiet Rain,” Robin Spielberg
    • “Drifting,” Enya
    • “Elmina,” Kofi
    • “February Sea,” George Winston
    • “Flight of Fantasy,” Yanni
    • “Glow,” Peter White
    • “Heartland,” Jim Brickman
    • “I Wish I Knew,” Ken Navarro
    • “Kei's Song,” David Benoit
    • “Life Story,” Peter White
    • “Lilies,” Harry Pickens
    • “Lo Fi Groovy,” All India Radio
    • “Madison,” Ola Gjeilo
    • “Maybe Tonight,” Earl Klugh
    • “Middle of the Night,” Rick Braun
    • “Montana Half-Light,” Philip Aaberg
    • “No Moon at All,” Keith Jarrett and Charlie Haden
    • “Oi Gata,” Joe McBride and the Texas Rhythm Club
    • “Rain at Ghost Dance Canyon Trail: Dixon Springs,” Zola Van
    • “Ray Dawn Balloon,” Trey Anastasio
    • “Remembering You,” Robin Spielberg
    • “Rhythm in the Pews,” Ray Lynch
    • “Rooster,” Toubab Krewe
    • “Same Road, Same Reason,” Acoustic Alchemy
    • “See, My Love …,” Andreas Vollenweider
    • “Slow Jam,” Euge Groove
    • “Softly,” Harry Pickens
    • “Solitude (Reprise),” from Kansas City, Kansas City Band
    • “Soul Serenade,” Jeff Golub
    • “Spring,” from The Four Seasons, Antonio Vivaldi
    • “Steps: Battery Rock to Rock Creek,” Zola Van
    • “Sugar,” Count Basie and His Orchestra
    • “The Vigil,” David Nevue
    • “Tune 88,” Jeff Lorber
    • “Two Teeth Missing,” D. D. Denham
    • “Valerio,” Marc Antoine

    Appendix E: 101 More Background Songs (Group Work)

    Here are 101 more songs to play behind group work. There's some great stuff here; we hope you find something you like. As we discussed in Chapter 6, we have subdivided the list into songs to be used while students do more challenging work (“Newer Material, Harder Tasks”) or less challenging work (“Older Material, Easier Tasks”).

    Newer Material, Harder Tasks
    • “Above the Clouds, You Can't See Anything,” D. D. Denham
    • “Ain't No Sunshine,” Dwayne Kerr
    • “Blue Train,” Black & Brown
    • “Celia,” Bud Powell
    • “Desafinado,” Stan Getz and Charlie Byrd
    • “Don't Lose Your Cool,” Tab Benoit
    • “Dudeman,” Viktor Krauss
    • “Gentle Rain,” Joe McBride and the Texas Rhythm Club
    • “Hamp's Hump,” Galactic
    • “Hispanic Dance (With a Blues Touch),” Claude Bolling and Alexandre Lagoya
    • “Jamaica Heartbeat,” Acoustic Alchemy
    • “Living,” Moby
    • “Look Who's Here,” Russell Malone
    • “Madrid,” Marc Antoine
    • “Mercamon,” Galactic
    • “Metropolis,” Boney James
    • “Monday Night, Tuesday Morning,” Kofi
    • “Ooh La La,” Jeff Lorber
    • “Paradise Cove,” Paul Hardcastle
    • “Ready or Not,” 3rd Force
    • “Red Dust,” Zero 7
    • “Risin' (Instrumental),” Josh One
    • “Robin and Marian,” Nickel Creek
    • “Signe (Live),” Eric Clapton
    • “Slam Dunk,” Euge Groove
    • “Somebody Loves Me,” Bud Powell
    • “Song 4 My Girl,” Outta Nowhere
    • “Spring and October,” Weathertunes
    • “Straight, No Chaser,” Thelonious Monk
    • “Strong Man,” Wynton Kelly
    • “The Inlaw Josie Wales,” Trey Anastasio
    • “The Message,” Urban Knights
    • “Tokido,” Samite
    • “Turn It Out,” Peter White
    • “What You Think About …,” St. Germain
    • “Why Don't You Dance,” Jacob Varmus
    • “Willow Weep for Me,” Wynton Kelly
    Older Material, Easier Tasks
    • “Ain't Nobody,” Jeff Lorber
    • “Anejo de Cabo,” Craig Chaquico
    • “Asphalt Funk,” Tea Leaf Green
    • “At the Backroom,” Brian Culbertson
    • “Baby Steps,” Peter White
    • “Beautiful Blues,” L. Santanaga
    • “Boomtown,” Fishbelly Black
    • “Bumpin' on Sunset,” Wes Montgomery
    • “Caribbean Breeze,” The Rippingtons
    • “Chatter,” Mike Stern
    • “Club Nowhere,” Blue Man Group
    • “Conversations,” Lao Tizer
    • “Doo Rag,” Galactic
    • “Down Low,” Jeff Lorber
    • “Electra Glide,” Down to the Bone
    • “Get Down on It,” Wayman Tisdale
    • “Go Go,” Galactic
    • “Gonna Be Alright,” Mindi Abair
    • “Green Impala,” Joyce Cooling
    • “Grover,” Fishbelly Black
    • “Harlem Air Shaft,” Duke Ellington
    • “Kisses in the Rain,” Rick Braun
    • “Lavish,” Soul Ballet
    • “Let Me Love You,” Tha' Hot Club
    • “Lost in the Groove,” Dan Kusz
    • “Lulu's Back,” Jeff Golub
    • “Madagascar,” Garaj Mahal
    • “Me, Myself, and Rio,” Doc Powell
    • “Moomba,” Richard Elliot
    • “Morning Magic,” Larry Carlton
    • “Off Into It,” Wayman Tisdale
    • “Palm Strings,” Marc Antoine
    • “Parkside Shuffle,” Down to the Bone
    • “Pebble Beach,” David Benoit
    • “Pedro Blanco,” Peter White
    • “Pick Up the Pieces,” Avenue Blue and Jeff Golub
    • “Potato Hole,” Booker T.
    • “Put It Where You Want It,” Larry Carlton
    • “Rainbow Man,” Earl Klugh
    • “Rendezvous,” Eric Marienthal
    • “Reptile,” Eric Clapton
    • “Return of the Eagle,” Craig Chaquico
    • “Rewind,” Euge Groove
    • “RSVP,” Boney James and Rick Braun
    • “Save the Last Dance,” Mindi Abair
    • “See What I'm Sayin'?” Boney James
    • “Shadow and Light,” Craig Chaquico
    • “Shoot the Loop,” Acoustic Alchemy
    • “Sittin' Back,” Brian Culbertson
    • “Summer,” Dan Kusz
    • “Sweet Home Chicago,” Urban Knights
    • “S'Wonderful,” Dave Brubeck
    • “Taking It Uptown,” Fishbelly Black
    • “Tango in Barbados,” David Benoit
    • “The Cello Song,” Steven Sharp Nelson
    • “The Happy Organ,” Dave “Baby” Cortez
    • “Thursday,” Takenobu
    • “Toast & Jam,” Joyce Cooling
    • “Tuscan Chica,” Soul Ballet
    • “Westside,” Theo Bishop
    • “What Exit,” Spyro Gyra
    • “White Fang,” Bill Frisell
    • “Written Hour,” Wayne Jones
    • “X Marks the Spot,” Joe Sample

    Appendix F: 101 More Songs for Teaching Content

    In addition to the starter lists in Chapter 7, here are 101 more songs for teaching content. There are so many good choices out there, we could have easily listed several hundred more, but we are going to stick with the 101-songs theme we have established in these appendices. For more ideas, you can always check out our website,, where we will add many more songs in the future.

    4 More Art Songs
    Level One
    • “Painting Flowers,” All Time Low—middle school
    Level Two
    • “What a Wonderful World,” Louis Armstrong—elementary
    • “Painter Song,” Norah Jones—middle school
    • “Sunday,” from Sunday in the Park, Cast—high school
    9 More Language Arts Songs
    Level One
    • “Reading Is Magic,” Mr. Billy—elementary
    • “Don't Pick a Fight With a Poet,” Madeleine Peyroux—high school
    Level Two
    • “ZYX,” They Might Be Giants—elementary
    Level Three
    • “Story Elements Song,” Have Fun Teaching—elementary
    • “Unpack Your Adjectives,” Schoolhouse Rock—elementary
    • “Verb Rap Song,” Have Fun Teaching—elementary
    • “Busy Prepositions,” Schoolhouse Rock—middle school
    • “Interjections,” Schoolhouse Rock—middle school
    • “Lolly, Lolly, Lolly, Get Your Adverbs Here,” Schoolhouse Rock—middle school
    13 More Literature Songs
    Level One
    • “Superman,” Los Lonely Boys—American literature, middle school
    Level Two
    • “Hey Nancy Drew,” Price—children's literature, middle school
    • “Kryptonite,” 3 Doors Down—American literature, middle school
    • “Remember the Tin Man,” Tracy Chapman—American literature, high school
    • “Saint Augustine in Hell,” Sting—world literature, high school
    Level Three
    • “Five Little Monkeys,” The Learning Station—children's literature, elementary
    • “Goldilocks and the 3 Bears,” The Learning Station—children's literature, elementary
    • “Trees—Joyce Kilmer,” The Dead Poets—American literature, middle school
    • “Cymbeline,” Loreena McKennitt—British/Irish literature, high school
    • “Insomnia,” Luciana Souza—American literature, high school
    • “Life Is Fine,” The Dead Poets—American literature, high school
    • “Sea Fever—John Masefield,” The Dead Poets—British/Irish literature, high school
    • “100s of Ways—Rumi,” The Dead Poets—world literature, high school
    21 More Math Songs
    Level One
    • “Apartment Four,” They Might Be Giants—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Eight Hundred and Thirteen Mile Car Trip,” They Might Be Giants—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Got to Know Math,” Miz B—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Math Monster,” Silly Joe—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Math Song,” Laura Freeman—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Number Two,” They Might Be Giants—arithmetic, elementary
    • “The Number Rock,” Greg and Steve—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Never Ending Math Equation,” Modest Mouse—algebra and advanced math, high school
    Level Two
    • “Ten Mississippi,” They Might Be Giants—arithmetic, elementary
    • “The Math Game,” Eric Herman and the Invisible Band—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Triops Has Three Eyes,” They Might Be Giants—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Zeroes,” They Might Be Giants—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Order of Operations, ‘O, O, O,’” Mr. Duey—arithmetic, middle school
    • “Parallel Lines,” Todd Rundgren—geometry, high school
    • “Pi,” Kate Bush—geometry, high school
    Level Three
    • “Elementary, My Dear,” Schoolhouse Rock—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Even Numbers,” They Might Be Giants—arithmetic, elementary
    • “Lucky Seven Sampson,” Schoolhouse Rock—arithmetic, elementary
    • “The Good Eleven,” Schoolhouse Rock—arithmetic, elementary
    • “My Apothem,” The Trigs—geometry, high school
    • “Proofs Is Easy,” The Trigs—geometry, high school
    7 More Music Songs
    Level One
    • “Where's the Music,” Medeski, Martin and Wood—elementary
    • “Listen to the Music,” The Doobie Brothers—middle school
    • “Turn the Beat Around,” Vicki Sue Robinson—middle school
    • “Dear Mr. Fantasy,” Traffic—high school
    • “More Than a Feeling,” Boston—high school
    Level Two
    • “It's the Same Old Song,” The Four Tops—high school
    • “Radio Song,” R. E. M.—high school
    5 More Physical Education Songs
    Level One
    • “Can You (Point Your Fingers and Do the Twist)?” The Wiggles—elementary
    • “Freeze Dance,” Funky Mama—elementary
    • “Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes,” The Wiggles—elementary
    • “The Boogie Walk,” Greg and Steve—elementary
    • “It Keeps You Runnin',” The Doobie Brothers—middle school
    19 More Science Songs
    Level One
    • “Robot Parade,” They Might Be Giants—physics and engineering, elementary
    • “Chemistry,” Semisonic—physical science, high school
    • “Gravity Fails,” The Bottle Rockets—physics and engineering, high school
    • “Museums,” Wall of Voodoo—biology, high school
    Level Two
    • “Ecology,” Banana Slug String Band—biology, elementary
    • “Mammals,” They Might Be Giants—biology, middle school
    • “Mendel's Theme,” Dr. Chordate—biology, high school
    • “The Chemical Compounds Song,” Ellen McHenry—physical science, high school
    Level Three
    • “Habitat,” Walkin' Jim Stoltz—biology, elementary
    • “Latitude/Longitude,” Mr. Duey—physical science, elementary
    • “RECYCLE,” Tom Chapin—biology, elementary
    • “Solid Liquid Gas,” They Might Be Giants—physical science, elementary
    • “The Bloodmobile,” They Might Be Giants—biology, elementary
    • “The Rock Song,” Ellen McHenry—physical science, elementary
    • “Water Cycle Boogie,” Banana Slug String Band—physical science, elementary
    • “Animals Belong in Class,” Teacher and the Rockbots—biology, middle school
    • “Them Not So Dry Bones,” Schoolhouse Rock—biology, middle school
    • “Hey Avogadro,” Professor Boggs—physical science, high school
    • “Parts of a Cell,” Hip Science—biology, high school
    23 More American History Songs
    Level One
    • “Wabash Cannonball,” Roy Acuff—elementary
    • “Don't Fence Me In,” Leon Russell and Willie Nelson—middle school
    • “Only in America,” Jay and the Americans—high school
    Level Two
    • “True Story of Amelia Earhart,” Plainsong—elementary
    • “Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian),” Paul Revere and the Raiders—middle school
    • “Fortunate Son,” Creedence Clearwater Revival—high school
    • “John Brown's Body,” Pete Seeger—high school
    • “Living in the Promiseland,” Willie Nelson—high school
    • “Ohio,” Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young—high school
    • “Rain on the Scarecrow,” John Mellencamp—high school
    • “Rosie the Riveter,” The Four Vagabonds—high school
    • “The Downeaster ‘Alexa,’” Billy Joel—high school
    • “What's Going On?” Marvin Gaye—high school
    Level Three
    • “Ballad of Davy Crockett,” Fess Parker—elementary
    • “Fireworks,” Schoolhouse Rock—elementary
    • “Pretty Boy Floyd,” Bob Dylan—middle school
    • “Trail of Tears,” John Denver—middle school
    • “Remember the Alamo,” The Kingston Trio—high school
    • “Society's Child,” Janis Ian—high school
    • “The Ballad of Ira Hayes,” Johnny Cash—high school
    • “Tom Joad (Part 1 and Part 2),” Woody Guthrie—high school
    • “White America,” Eminem—high school [Get the clean version]
    • “You Don't Own Me,” Lesley Gore—high school

    Appendix G: 101 More Songs for Classroom Management

    Here are 101 more management songs, broken down by some of the different subcategories we discussed in Chapter 8. We could have easily listed 101 more such songs, but these lists are only intended to get you started, so we held back. Have fun building your lists!

    3 More Timer Songs
    • “Countdown Theme,” Pipa and the Four From the Top
    • “Get Smart,” Bob Crane and his Drums and Orchestra
    • “Mission Impossible Theme,” from Mission Impossible, Danny Elfman
    6 More Songs with Embedded Directions
    • “It's Cleanup Time,” Jack Hartmann
    • “I've Got Self-Control,” Ben Stiefel
    • “Lunchtime Is Time to Eat,” Jack Hartmann
    • “The Wigglies,” Peace Pals
    • “Wash Your Hands,” Miss Jenny
    • “When Words Don't Work,” Peace Pals
    Songs that Match Classroom Activities: 12 More Color Songs
    • “Bein' Green,” Kermit the Frog
    • “Black Is Black,” Los Bravos
    • “Blue Suede Shoes,” Carl Perkins
    • “Blue Velvet,” Bobby Vinton
    • “Devil With a Blue Dress On,” Mitch Ryder
    • “Lil' Red Riding Hood,” Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
    • “Long Cool Woman (in a Black Dress),” The Hollies
    • “Mellow Yellow,” Donovan
    • “Purple People Eater,” Sheb Wooley
    • “That Old Black Magic,” James Darren
    • “(The Angels Wanna Wear My) Red Shoes,” Elvis Costello
    • “Yellow Submarine,” The Beatles
    Songs that Match Classroom Activities: 13 More Student Traits Songs
    • “Beechwood 4-5789,” The Marvelettes (highest or lowest number)
    • “Birthday,” The Beatles (closest to birthday)
    • “Diamond Girl,” Seals and Crofts (wearing most jewelry)
    • “Elevation,” U2 (tallest)
    • “Hair” from the musical Hair, Tom Pierson and Cast (longest hair)
    • “Little Old Lady From Pasadena,” Jan and Dean (oldest)
    • “Long Cool Woman (in a Black Dress),” The Hollies (tallest girl)
    • “Only Sixteen,” Sam Cooke (high school students, closest to 16th birthday)
    • “Physical,” Olivia Newton-John (in best shape, person who works out most)
    • “Pick-A-Little, Talk-A-Little,” from The Music Man, Hermione Gingold and the Biddys (person who talks the most)
    • “Sharp Dressed Man,” ZZ Top (best dressed boy)
    • “When I'm Sixty-Four,” The Beatles (youngest or oldest in group)
    • “867-5309/Jenny” by Tommy Tutone (highest or lowest number)
    Songs that Match Classroom Activities: 25 More Name Songs
    • “Amanda,” Boston
    • “Bad, Bad Leroy Brown,” Jim Croce
    • “Ben,” Michael Jackson
    • “Bernadette,” The Four Tops
    • “Daniel,” Elton John
    • “Donna,” Ritchie Valens
    • “Gloria,” Laura Branigan
    • “Help Me, Rhonda,” The Beach Boys
    • “Jack and Diane,” John Mellencamp
    • “Little Willy,” Sweet
    • “Love Grows Where My Rosemary Goes,” Edison Lighthouse
    • “Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds,” The Beatles
    • “Melissa,” The Allman Brothers Band
    • “My Maria,” Brooks and Dunn
    • “Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da (Desmond & Molly),” The Beatles
    • “Peggy Sue,” Buddy Holly
    • “Proud Mary,” Creedence Clearwater Revival
    • “Sherry,” Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons
    • “Smile a Little Smile for Me (Rosemarie),” Flying Machine
    • “Sweet Baby James,” James Taylor
    • “Take the Money and Run (Billy Jo and Bobbie Sue),” Steve Miller Band
    • “Tracy,” The Cuff Links
    • “Walk Away Renee,” The Four Tops
    • “You Can Call Me Al,” Paul Simon
    • “27 Jennifers,” Mike Doughty
    Songs that Match Classroom Activities: 14 More Beginning Songs
    • “Back in the Saddle Again,” Gene Autry
    • “Begin,” Ben Lee
    • “Brand New Day,” Sting
    • “Brand New Day: A Call and Response Song for Starting the Day,” Jack Hartmann
    • “Good Morning,” Greg and Steve
    • “Good Morning, Starshine,” Oliver
    • “If You're Ready (Come Go With Me),” The Staple Singers
    • “Let's Get It Started (Spike Mix),” Black Eyed Peas
    • “Lovely Day,” Donavon Frankenreiter
    • “Morning Has Broken,” Cat Stevens
    • “Ready for School,” Jack Hartmann
    • “The Promise of a New Day,” Paula Abdul
    • “Walk Right In,” Dr. Hook
    • “Woke Up This Morning,” from The Sopranos, Joe McBride and the Texas Rhythm Club
    Songs that Match Classroom Activities: 14 More Ending Songs
    • “Day-O,” Harry Belafonte
    • “Every Time We Say Goodbye,” Steve Tyrell
    • “Exodus,” Bob Marley
    • “Farewell, So Long, Goodbye,” Bill Haley
    • “Get Back,” The Beatles
    • “Goodnight Sweetheart,” The Flamingos
    • “Good Riddance,” Green Day
    • “It's Time to Go,” Hap Palmer
    • “Mickey Mouse March,” Aaron Neville
    • “Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye,” Steam
    • “Never Can Say Goodbye,” Gloria Gaynor
    • “See You Later Alligator,” Jack Hartmann
    • “The Letter,” The Box Tops
    • “Who Let the Dogs Out,” Baja Men
    Songs that Match Classroom Activities: 14 More Movement Songs
    • “Gimme Three Steps,” Lynyrd Skynyrd
    • “I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles),” The Proclaimers
    • “I've Been Everywhere,” Johnny Cash
    • “Macarena,” Los Del Rio
    • “On the Road Again,” Willie Nelson
    • “Ramblin' Man,” The Allman Brothers Band
    • “The Boogie Walk,” Greg and Steve
    • “The Freeze,” Greg and Steve
    • “These Boots Are Made for Walkin',” Nancy Sinatra
    • “The Wanderer,” Dion
    • “Time to Start,” Blue Man Group
    • “Travelin' Band,” Creedence Clearwater Revival
    • “Walk Like an Egyptian,” The Bangles
    • “Will It Go Round in Circles,” Billy Preston

    Appendix H: Resources

    Throughout this book, we have mentioned several resources you can draw upon to find and build your lists of music. For the sake of convenience, we list these resources (plus a few more) once again here. Happy hunting!

    Websites—Music Lists, Internet Radio, Lesson Plans

    This website began life in 1982 as a printed book, The Green Book of Songs by Subject, by Jeff Green. Unlike other “list” publications that focus on award-winning or popular songs, The Green Book of Songs by Subject was the first effort to organize the totality of 20th century (and now 21st century) popular music by topics. Just look up a topic and you will find a list of songs from the past 100-plus years about that topic! For those of you who prefer searching for your music online, however, all the great content of The Green Book and much more can be found on the website. Members can search the database—more than 116,000 songs by 10,000 artists covering more than 2,200 topics—as much as they want for a truly affordable annual subscription fee. The site offers three ways to search for subjects as well as hyperlinked “see also” categories and an extensive thesaurus. Users can also search by five major genres and for “hits” only. This site even has a “Teacher's Page” section specifically about using music for teaching, with links to several great lesson plans, two of which were developed in conjunction with the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

    This site is The Green Book's sister site. It acts as a repository of topical song lists already created for you by the site's owners. These ready-to-use playlists are, to quote the site, “about holidays, current events, and interesting topics of every kind!” You can search for song lists using broad categories, or you can find hundreds of lists categorized under more specific keyword tags. If you are thinking of creating a topical song list, it makes sense to check here first to see if you can find a list already compiled for you. This site can save you hours of work!

    The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio, offers teachers interested in the history of rock and roll music a wealth of resources to explore the subject, including lesson plans for using rock music to teach a wide variety of educational content, primarily language arts and history topics.

    This site is packed with hundreds of songs with embedded educational content and is searchable by subject area and artist. You can listen to short clips of most of the songs on the site, and lyrics are included as well (and sometimes even sheet music). What you won't find here are songs by “big name” popular recording artists (we assume that would be prohibitively costly for the owners of the site). On the other hand, many of the songs on this site embed much more content into their lyrics than the typical pop song, so this is a great site to use to expand your classroom collection of content songs.

    Rdio is a paid service that, for a low monthly fee, allows you to access more than 15 million songs and listen to them without having to buy them. You can create playlists, discover what your friends and other people with similar tastes are listening to, and share using Twitter and Facebook. You can even access your music using your smartphone.

    Pandora, a company started in 2000, provides an easy way to listen to music you love and discover new music with which you are likely to fall in love. Their Music Genome Project analyzes hundreds of details of every song in their vast music library. Then, when you enter a song or artist, Pandora creates a “station” of music with similar characteristics that is delivered directly to you through your computer. This service also offers teachers a fantastic way to expand their classroom music lists; just find a song that works well for an educational purpose (calming students down, pumping them up, helping them focus and stay on task, etc.) and create a station around that song. Pandora does the rest of the work—playing songs with similar characteristics. All you have to do is sit back and take note of other songs you would like to try in your classroom.

    This is another Internet radio site similar to Pandora. While its recommendation tool is not as powerful as Pandora's, offers some advantages for those who enjoy social networking. On this site, not only can you create stations based on songs or artists you like, but you can also share personal information and photos and interact with listeners who share your tastes in music.

    This is yet another enjoyable Internet radio site with powerful built-in social networking capabilities. You can build your own playlists and then share your favorites with other users and with nonusers via social networking sites such as Facebook or MySpace.

    Gary Lamb is a pianist who composes music specifically in the 60 to 80 bpm range ideal for background music. Many teachers use his music to create that state of “relaxed alertness” so valuable when doing academic work. We have used a lot of his music for background music over the years, and we've found most of it to work very well. On his site, he has a six-CD set of music called Music for the Mind that is definitely worth checking out.

    Last, but certainly not least, there is the companion website for this book. The site is organized like the book—separate pages for feelgood music, calming music, pump-up music, and so on, and in addition to offering you links to the music suggested here, it is also designed to expand these playlists over time so that you always have fresh ideas for your classroom at your fingertips.


    Abikoff H., Courtney M. E., Szeibel P. J., & Koplewicz H. S. (1996). The effects of auditory stimulation on the arithmetic performance of children with ADHD and nondisabled children. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 29(3), 238246.
    Ahmadiasl N., Alaei H., & Hanninen O. (2003). Effect of exercise on learning, memory and levels of epinephrine in rats' hippocampus. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2, 106109.
    Allen R. H. (2001). Impact teaching: Ideas and strategies for teachers to maximize student learning. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
    Alley T. R., & Greene M. E. (2008). The relative and perceived impact of irrelevant speech, vocal music, and non-vocal music on working memory. Current Psychology, 27(4), 277289.
    Alpert J. I. (1982). The effect of disc jockey, peer, and music teacher approval on music selection and preference. Journal of Research in Music Education, 30, 173186.
    Anderson S. A., & Fuller G. B. (2010). Effect of music on reading comprehension of junior high school students. School Psychology Quarterly, 25(3), 178187.
    Areni C. S., & Kim D. (1993). The influence of background music on shopping behavior: Classical vs. top 40 music in a wine store. Advances in Consumer Research, 20(1), 336340.
    Arkes H. R., Rettig L. E., & Scougale J. E. (1986). The effect of concurrent task complexity and music experience on preference for simple and complex music. Psychomusicology, 6(1-2), 5160.
    Armstrong G. B., & Sopory P. (1997). Effects of background television on phonological and visuo-spatial working memory. Communication Research, 24(5), 459480.
    Balkwill L.-L., & Thompson W. F. (1999). A cross-cultural investigation of the perception of emotion in music: Psychophysical and cultural cues. Music Perception, 17(1), 4364.
    Ball P. (2010). One world under a groove. New Scientist, 206(2759), 3033.
    Banbury S. P., & Berry D. C. (1998). Disruption of office-related tasks by speech and office noise. British Journal of Psychology, 89(3), 499517.
    Bartlett J. C., & Snelus P. (1980). Lifespan memory for popular songs. American Journal of Psychology, 93, 551560.
    Beckett A. (1990). The effects of music on exercise as determined by physiological recovery rates and distances. Journal of Music Therapy, 27(3), 126136.
    Belojevic G., Slepcevic V., & Jakovljevic B. (2001). Mental performance in noise: The role of introversion. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21(2), 209213.
    Bernardi L., Porta C., & Sleight P. (2006). Cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and respiratory changes induced by different types of music in musicians and non-musicians: The importance of silence. Heart, 92(4), 445452.
    Birnbaum L., Boone T., & Huschle B. (2009). Cardiovascular responses to music tempo during steady-state exercise. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 12(1), 5057.
    Blood A. J., & Zatorre R. J. (2001). Intensely pleasurable responses to music correlate with activity in brain regions implicated in reward and emotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of the United States of America, 98(20), 1181811823.
    Blood D. J., & Ferriss S. J. (1993). Effects of background music on anxiety, satisfaction with communication, and productivity. Psychological Reports, 72(1), 171177.
    Boyle R. (1996). Effects of irrelevant sounds on phonological coding in reading comprehension and short term memory. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 49(2), 398416.
    Brodsky W. (2001). The effects of music tempo on simulated driving performance and vehicular control. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 4(4), 219241.
    Caine R. N., & Caine G. (1991). Making connections: Teaching and the human brain. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
    Caldwell C., & Hibbert S. A. (1999). Play that one again: The effect of music tempo on consumer behavior in a restaurant. European Advances in Consumer Research, 4, 5862.
    Cassidy G., & MacDonald A. R. (2007). The effect of background music and background noise on the task performance of introverts and extraverts. Psychology of Music, 35(3), 517537.
    Chan M. F., Chung Y. F. L., Chung S. W. A., & Lee O. K. A. (2008). Investigating the physiological responses of patients listening to music in the intensive care unit. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18, 12501257.
    Chazin S., & Neuschatz J. S. (1990). Using a mnemonic to aid in the recall of unfamiliar information. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 71, 10671071.
    Cheek J. R., Bradley L. J., Parr G., & Lan W. (2003). Using music therapy techniques to treat teacher burnout. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 25(3), 204218.
    Chetta H. D. (1981). The effect of music and desensitization on preoperative anxiety in children. Journal of Music Therapy, 18(2), 7487.
    Chou P. T.-M. (2010). Attention drainage effect: How background music effects concentration in Taiwanese college students. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 10(1), 3646.
    Clark M. E., McCorkle R. R., & Williams S. B. (1981). Music therapy-assisted labor and delivery. Journal of Music Therapy, 18(2), 88100.
    Clayton M., Sager R., & Will U. (2004). In time with the music: The concept of entrainment and its significance for ethnomusicology. ESEM CounterPoint, 1.
    Copeland B. L., & Franks B. D. (1991). Effects of types and intensities of background music on treadmill endurance. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 31(1), 100103.
    Corhan C. M., & Gounard B. R. (1976). Types of music, schedules of background stimulation, and visual vigilance performance. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 42, 662.
    Daltrozzo J., Tillmann B., Platel H., & Schon D. (2009). Temporal aspects of the feeling of familiarity for music and the emergence of conceptual processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(8), 17541769.
    Davenport W. G. (1974). Arousal theory and vigilance: Schedules for background stimulation. Journal of General Psychology, 91, 5159.
    Davis W. B., & Thaut M. H. (1989). The influence of preferred relaxing music on measures of state anxiety, relaxation, and physiological responses. Journal of Music Therapy, 26(4), 168187.
    Day R.-F., Lin C.-H., Huang W.-H., & Chuang S.-H. (2009). Effects of music tempo and task difficulty on multi-attribute decision-making: An eye-tracking approach. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(1), 130143.
    De l'Etoile S. K. (2002). The effect of musical mood induction procedure on mood state-dependent word retrieval. Journal of Music Therapy, 39(2), 145160.
    Devlin H. J., & Sawatzky D. D. (1987). The effects of background music in a simulated initial counseling session with female subjects. Canadian Journal of Counselling, 21(2-3), 125132.
    Dillman-Carpentier F., & Potter R. F. (2007). Effects of music on physiological arousal: Explorations into tempo and genre. Media Psychology, 10(3), 339363.
    Dube L., Chebat J.-C., & Morin S. (1995). The effects of background music on consumers' desire to affiliate in buyer-seller interactions. Psychology & Marketing, 12(4), 305319.
    Duerksen G. L. (1972). Some effects of expectation on evaluation of recorded musical performances. Journal of Research in Music Education, 20, 268272.
    Dunbar R. (1997). Grooming, gossip and the evolution of language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Edworthy J., & Waring H. (2006). The effects of music tempo and loudness level on treadmill exercise. Ergonomics, 49(15), 15971610.
    Eich E., & Metcalfe J. (1989). Mood dependent memory for internal versus external events. Journal of Exceptional Psychology, 15, 443455.
    Eroglu S. A., Machleit K. A., & Chebat J.-C. (2005). The interaction of retail density and music tempo: Effects on shopper responses. Psychology and Marketing, 22(7), 577589.
    Fontaine C. W., & Schwalm N. D. (1979). Effects of familiarity of music on vigilant performance. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 49, 7174.
    Fox J. G., & Embrey E. D. (1972). Music—an aid to productivity. Applied Ergonomics, 3(4), 202205.
    Fritz T., Jentschke S., Gosselin N., Sammler D., Peretz I., Turner R., Friederici A. D., & Koelsch S. (2009). Universal recognition of three basic emotions in music. Current Biology, 19(7), 573576.
    Froehlich M. A. R. (1984). A comparison of the effect of music therapy and medical play therapy on the verbalization behavior of pediatric patients. Journal of Music Therapy, 21(1), 215.
    Furman C. E., & Duke R. A. (1988). Effect of majority consensus on preferences for recorded orchestral and popular music. Journal of Research in Music Education, 36(4), 220231.
    Furnham A., & Allass K. (1999). The influence of musical distraction of varying complexity on the cognitive performance of extroverts and introverts. European Journal of Personality, 13, 2738.
    Furnham A., & Strbac L. (2002). Music is as distracting as noise: The differential distraction of background music and noise on the cognitive test performance of introverts and extroverts. Ergonomics, 45(3), 203217.
    Gardstrom S. C. (1999). Music exposure and criminal behavior: Perceptions of juvenile offenders. Journal of Music Therapy, 36(3), 207221.
    Geringer J. M., & Madsen C. K. (1987). Pitch and tempo preferences in recorded popular music. In Madsen C. K., & Prickett C. A. (Eds.), Applications of research in music behavior (pp. 204212). Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
    Getz R. P. (1966). The effects of repetition on listening response. Journal of Research in Music Education, 14(3), 178192.
    Ginsborg J., & Sloboda J. A. (2007). Singers' recall for the words and melody of a new, unaccompanied song. Psychology of Music, 35(3), 421440.
    Goering C. Z., & Virshup L. (2009). Addressing social justice, political justice, moral character, and coming of age in To Kill a Mockingbird: A LitTunes lesson plan. Available from
    Goldstein A. (1980). Thrills in response to music and other stimuli. Physiological Psychology, 8(1), 126129.
    Gomez P., & Danuser B. (2004). Affective and physiological responses to environmental noises and music. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 53(2), 91103.
    Gorn G. J. (1982). The effects of music in advertising on consumer choice behavior: A classical conditioning approach. Journal of Marketing, 46(1), 94101.
    Gowensmith W. N., & Bloom L. J. (1997). The effects of heavy metal music on arousal and anger. Journal of Music Therapy, 34(1), 3345.
    Graham F. K., & Clifton R. K. (1966). Heart-rate change as a component of the orienting response. Psychological Bulletin, 65, 305320.
    Green J. (2002). The Green book of songs by subject: The thematic guide to popular music (5th Ed.). Nashville: Professional Desk References, Inc.
    Grewe O., Katzur B., Kopiez R., & Altenmuller E. (2011). Chills in different sensory domains: Frisson elicited by acoustical, visual, tactile and gustatory stimuli. Psychology of Music, 39(2), 220239.
    Grewe O., Nagel F., Kopiez R., & Altenmuller E. (2007). Emotions over time: Synchronicity and development of subjective, physiological, and facial affective reactions to music. Emotion, 7(4), 774788.
    Gueguen N., Jacob C., Le Guellec H., Morineau T., & Lourel M. (2008). Sound level of environmental music and drinking behavior: A field experiment with beer drinkers. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 32(10), 14.
    Guhn M., Hamm A., & Zentner M. (2007). Physiological and musico-acoustic correlates of the chill response. Music Perception, 24(5), 473483.
    Haas F., Distenfeld S., & Axen K. (1986). Effects of perceived musical rhythm on respiratory pattern. Journal of Applied Physiology, 6, 11851191.
    Hadsell N. A. (1989). Multivariate analyses of musicians' and nonmusicians' ratings of pre-categorized stimulative and sedative music. Journal of Music Therapy, 26(3), 106114.
    Hall J. C. (1952). The effect of background music on the reading comprehension of 278 eighth and ninth grade students. Journal of Educational Research, 45, 451458.
    Hallam S., Price J., & Katsarou G. (2002). The effects of background music on primary school pupils' task performance. Educational Studies, 28(2), 111122.
    Hammer S. E. (1996). The effects of guided imagery through music on state and trait anxiety. Journal of Music Therapy, 33(1), 4770.
    Hansen C. H., & Hansen R. D. (1991). Schematic information processing of heavy metal lyrics. Communication Research, 18, 373411.
    Hanser S. B. (1985). Music therapy and stress reduction research. Journal of Music Therapy, 22(4), 193206.
    Hanser S. B., Larson S. C., & O'Connell A. S. (1983). The effect of music on relaxation of expectant mothers during labor. Journal of Music Therapy, 20(2), 5058.
    Hanser S. B., Martin P., and Bradstreet K. (1982, November). The effect of music on relaxation of dental patients. Paper presented to the National Association for Music Therapy Annual Conference, Baltimore, MD.
    Hargreaves D. J., & Castell K. C. (1987). Development of liking for familiar and unfamiliar melodies. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, 91, 6569.
    Hargreaves D. J., & Hargreaves J. J. (2004). Uses of music in everyday life. Music Perception, 22, 4177.
    Heller G. N. (1987). Ideas, initiatives, and implementations: Music therapy in America, 1789–1848. Journal of Music Therapy, 24(1), 3546.
    Hevner K. (1935). The affective character of the major and minor modes in music. American Journal of Psychology, 47, 103118.
    Hevner K. (1936a). Experimental studies of the elements of expression in music. American Journal of Psychology, 48, 246268.
    Hevner K. (1936b). Expression in music: A discussion of experimental studies and theories. Psychological Review, 42(2), 186204.
    Hilliard O. M., & Tolin P. (1979). Effect of familiarity with background music on performance of simple and difficult reading comprehension tasks. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 49, 713714.
    Holbrook M. B., & Anand P. (1990). Effects of tempo and situational arousal on the listener's perceptual and affective responses to music. Psychology of Music, 18(2), 150162.
    Hui M. K., Dube L., & Chebat J. C. (1997). The impact of music on consumers' reactions to waiting for services. Journal of Retailing, 73, 87104.
    Husain G., Thompson W. F., & Schellenberg E. G. (2002). Effects of musical tempo and mode on arousal, mood, and spatial abilities. Music Perception, 20(2), 151171.
    Infante D. A., & Berg C. M. (1979, June). The impact of music modality on perception of communication situations in video sequences. Communication Monographs, 46, 135148.
    Iwanaga M., Ikeda M., & Iwaki T. (1996). The effects of repetitive exposure to music on subjective and physiological responses. Journal of Music Therapy, 33(3), 219230.
    Iwanaga M., & Moroki Y. (1999). Subjective and physiological responses to music stimuli controlled over activity and preference. Journal of Music Therapy, 36(1), 2638.
    Jancke L., & Sandmann P. (2010). Music listening while you learn: No influence of background music on verbal learning. Behavioral and Brain Functions, 6(3), 114.
    Jones D. M., Miles C., & Page J. (1990). Disruption of proofreading by irrelevant speech: Effects of attention, arousal, or memory? Applied Cognitive Psychology,, 4(2), 89108.
    Juslin P. N., & Laukka P. (2004). Expression, perception, and induction of musical emotions: A review and a questionnaire study of everyday listening. Journal of New Music Research, 33, 217238.
    Kallinen K. (2002). Reading news from a pocket computer in a distracting environment: Effects of the tempo of background music. Computers in Human Behavior, 18(5), 537551.
    Karageorghis C. I., Jones L., & Low D. C. (2006). Relationship between exercise heart rate and music tempo preference. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77(2), 240244, 246–250.
    Kellaris J. J., Cox A. D., & Cox D. (1993). The effect of background music on ad processing: A contingency explanation. Journal of Marketing, 57(4), 114125.
    Kellaris J. J., & Kent R. J. (1992). The influence of music on consumers' temporal perceptions: Does time fly when you're having fun? Journal of Consumer Research,, 1(4), 365376.
    Khalfa S., Dalla Bella S., Roy M., Peretz I., & Lupien S. J. (2003). Effects of relaxing music on salivary cortisol level after psychological stress. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 999, 374376.
    Khalfa S., Roy M., Rainville P., Dalla Bella S., & Peretz I. (2008). Role of tempo entrainment in psychophysiological differentiation of happy and sad music? International Journal of Psychophysiology,, 68(1), 1726.
    Kiger D. (1989). Effects of music information load on a reading comprehension task. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 69(2), 531534.
    Kilgour A. R., Jakobson L. S., & Cuddy L. L. (2000). Music training and rate of presentation as mediators of text and song recall. Memory and Cognition, 28(5), 700710.
    Klingberg T. (2009). The overflowing brain: Information overload and the limits of working memory. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Knight W. E. J., & Rickard N. S. (2001). Relaxing music prevents stress-induced increases in subjective anxiety, systolic blood pressure, and heart rate in healthy males and females. Journal of Music Therapy, 38(4), 254272.
    Krumhansl C. L. (1997). An exploratory study of musical emotions and psychophysiology. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 51, 336353.
    Labbe E., Schmidt N., Babin J., & Pharr M. (2007). Coping with stress: The effectiveness of different types of music. Applied Psychophysiological Biofeedback, 32(3/4), 163168.
    LaCasse M. M. (2010). Background music: Can it make a difference in the classroom? (Unpublished master's thesis). Sierra Nevada College, Incline Village, NV.
    Lacourse E., Claes M., & Villeneuve M. (2000). Heavy metal music and adolescent suicidal risk. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30(3), 321332.
    Lai H. L., & Good M. (2005). Music improves sleep quality in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 49(3), 234244.
    Lammers H. B. (2003). An Oceanside field experiment on background music effects on the restaurant tab. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 96(3, Part 1), 10251026.
    LeBlanc A. (1982). An interactive theory of music preference. Journal of Music Therapy, 19, 2845.
    Le Roux G. M. (2005). “Whistle while you work”: A historical account of some associations among music, work, and health. American Journal of Public Health, 95(7), 11061109.
    Logan T. G., & Roberts A. R. (1984). The effects of different types of relaxation music on tension level. Journal of Music Therapy, 21(4), 177183.
    Lovell G., & Morgan J. (1942). Physiological and motor responses to a regularly recurring sound: A study in monotony. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 30, 435451.
    Lundqvist L.-O., Carlsson F., Hilmersson P., & Juslin P. N. (2009). Emotional responses to music: Experience, expression, and physiology. Psychology of Music, 37(1), 6190.
    Madsen C. K. (1997). Focus of attention and aesthetic response. Journal of Research in Music Education, 45(1), 8089.
    Madsen C. K., Byrnes S. R., Capperella-Sheldon D. A., & Brittin R. V. (1993). Aesthetic response to music: Musicians versus nonmusicians. Journal of Music Therapy, 30(3), 174191.
    Martin R. C., Wogalter M. S., & Forlano J. G. (1988). Reading comprehension in the presence of unattended speech and music. Journal of Memory and Language, 27(4), 382398.
    Mayfield C., & Moss S. (1989). Effect of music tempo on task performance. Psychological Reports, 65(3, Part 2), 12831290.
    McElrea H., & Standing F. (1992). Fast music causes fast drinking. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 75, 362.
    Medina J. (2008). Brain rules: 12 principles for surviving and thriving at work, home, and school. Seattle, WA: Pear Press.
    Meyer L. (1956). Emotion and meaning in music. Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press.
    Middleton W. C., Fay P. J., Kerr W. A., & Amft F. (1944). The effect of music on feelings of restfulness-tiredness and pleasantness-unpleasantness. Journal of Psychology, 17, 299318.
    Milliman R. E. (1982). Using background music to affect the behavior of supermarket shoppers. Journal of Marketing, 46, 8691.
    Milliman R. E. (1986). The influence of background music on the behavior of restaurant patrons. Journal of Consumer Research, 13, 286289.
    Miluk-Kolasa B., Matejek M., & Stupnicki R. (1996). The effects of music listening on changes in selected physiological parameters in adult pre-surgical patients. Journal of Music Therapy, 33(3), 208218.
    Miluk-Kolasa B., Obminski Z., Stupnicki R., & Golec L. (1994). Effects of music treatment on salivary cortisol in patients exposed to pre-surgical stress. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology, 102, 118120.
    Moreno R., & Mayer R. E. (2000). A coherence effect in multimedia learning: The case for minimizing irrelevant sounds in the design of multimedia instructional messages. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92(1), 117125.
    Mulder J., Ter Bogt T., Raaijmakers Q., & Vollebergh W. (2007). Music taste groups and problem behavior. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36, 313324.
    Mull H. K. (1957). The effect of repetition upon the enjoyment of modern music. Journal of Psychology, 43, 155162.
    Mulliken C. N., & Henk W. A. (1985). Using music as a background for reading: An exploratory study. Journal of Reading, 28(4), 353358.
    Nilsson U., Unosson M., & Rawal N. (2005). Stress reduction and analgesia in patients exposed to calming music postoperatively: A randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Anaesthesiology, 22(2), 96102.
    North A. C., & Hargreaves D. J. (1998). The effect of music on atmosphere and purchase intentions in a cafeteria. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28, 22542273.
    North A. C., & Hargreaves D. J. (1999a). Can music move people? The effects of musical complexity and silence on waiting time. Environment and Behavior, 31, 136149.
    North A. C., & Hargreaves D. J. (1999b). Music and driving game performance. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 40(4), 285292.
    North A. C., Shilcock A., & Hargreaves D. J. (2003). The effect of musical style of restaurant customers' spending. Environment and Behavior, 35(5), 712718.
    O'Connell A. S. (1984). The effects of sedative music on test-anxiety in college students. Unpublished master's thesis. Stockton, CA: University of the Pacific.
    Oldham G. R., Cummings A., Mischel L. J., Schmidtke J. M., & Zhou J. (1995). Listen while you work? Quasi-experimental relations between personal-stereo headset use and employee work responses. Journal of Applied Psychology, 80(5), 547564.
    Park C. W., & Young S. M. (1986). Consumer response to television commercials: The impact of involvement and background music on brand attitude formation. Journal of Marketing Research, 23, 1124.
    Peery J. C., & Peery I. W. (1986). Effects of exposure to classical music on the musical preference of preschool children. Journal of Research in Music Education, 34, 2433.
    Pelletier C. L. (2004). The effect of music on decreasing arousal due to stress: A meta-analysis reference. Journal of Music Therapy, 41(3), 192214.
    Pereira C. S., Teixeira J., Figueiredo P., Xavier J., & Castro S. L. (2011). Music and emotions in the brain: Familiarity matters. PLoS ONE, 6(11), e27241.
    Perham N., & Vizard J. (2011). Can preference for background music mediate the irrelevant sound effect? Applied Cognitive Psychology,, 25(4), 625631.
    Phillips C. (2004). Does background music impact computer task performance? Usability News,, 6(1). Available online at
    Phillips-Silver J., & Trainor L. J. (2005). Feeling the beat: Movement influences infants' rhythm perception. Science, 308(5727), 1430.
    Phillips-Silver J., & Trainor L. J. (2007). Hearing what the body feels: Auditory encoding of rhythmic movement. Cognition, 105(3), 533546.
    Pinker S. (1997). How the mind works. New York, NY: Norton.
    Potter R. F., & Choi J. (2006). The effects of auditory structural complexity on attitudes, attention, arousal and memory. Media Psychology, 8(4), 395419.
    Pring L., & Walker J. (1994). The effects of unvocalized music on short-term memory. Current Psychology, 13(2), 165.
    Prueter B. A., & Mezzano J. (1973). Effects of background music upon initial counseling interaction. Journal of Music Therapy, 10, 205212.
    Purnell-Webb P., & Speelman C. P. (2008). Effects of music on memory for text. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 106, 927957.
    Radocy R. E. (1976). Effects of authority figure biases on changing judgments of musical events. Journal of Research in Music Education, 24, 119128.
    Rickard N. S. (2004). Intense emotional responses to music: A test of the physiological arousal hypothesis. Psychology of Music, 32, 371388.
    Rider M. S. (1985). Entrainment mechanisms are involved in pain reduction, muscle relaxation, and music-mediated imagery. Journal of Music Therapy, 22, 183192.
    Rider M. S., Floyd J. W., & Kirkpatrick J. (1985). The effect of music, imagery, and relaxation on adrenal corticosteroids and the re-entrainment of circadian rhythms. Journal of Music Therapy, 22(1), 4658.
    Rieck W., & Dugger-Wadsworth D. (2008). From Broadway to classroom: Using entertainment media to get your point across. Clearing House, 81(4), 165168.
    Robazza C., Macaluso C., & D'Urso V. (1994). Emotional reactions to music by gender, age, and expertise. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 79, 939944.
    Robb S. L., Nichols R. J., Rutan R. L., Bishop B. L., & Parker J. C. (1995). The effects of music assisted relaxation on preoperative anxiety. Journal of Music Therapy, 32(1), 221.
    Rosenbaum J., & Prinsky L. (1987). Sex, violence and rock ‘n’ roll: Youths' perceptions of popular music. Popular Music and Society, 11(2), 7989.
    Rosenfield A. H. (1985, December). Music, the beautiful disturber. Psychology Today, 4856.
    Sacks O. (1973). Awakenings. New York, NY: Doubleday.
    Safranek M., Koshland G., & Raymond G. (1982). Effect of auditory rhythm on muscle activity. Physical Therapy, 62, 161168.
    Salimpoor V. N., Benovoy M., Larcher K., Dagher A., & Zatorre R. J. (2011). Anatomically distinct dopamine release during anticipation and experience of peak emotion to music. Nature Neuroscience, 14(2), 257264.
    Samson S., & Zatorre R. J. (1991). Recognition memory for text and melody of songs after unilateral temporal lobe lesion: Evidence for dual encoding. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 17(4), 793804.
    Sanders G. S., & Barron R. S. (1975). The motivating effects of distraction on task performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32(6), 956963.
    Scartelli J. P. (1984). The effect of EMG biofeedback and sedative music, EMG biofeedback only, and sedative music only on frontalis muscle relaxation ability. Journal of Music Therapy, 21(2), 6778.
    Schafer T., & Sedlmeier P. (2009). From the functions of music to music preference. Psychology of Music, 37, 279300.
    Schellenberg E. G., Nakata T., Hunter P. G., & Tamoto S. (2007). Exposure to music and cognitive performance: Tests of children and adults. Psychology of Music, 35(1), 519.
    Schulkind M. D., Hennis L. K., & Rubin D. C. (1999). Music, emotion, and autobiographical memory: They are playing our song. Memory & Cognition, 27, 948955.
    Schwartz K. D., & Fouts G. T. (2003). Music preferences, personality style, and developmental issues of adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 32, 205213.
    Shatin L. (1970). Alteration of mood via music: A study of the vectoring effect. Journal of Psychology, 75, 8186.
    Silva K. M., & Silva F. J. (2009). What radio can do to increase a song's appeal: A study of Canadian music presented to American college students. Psychology of Music, 37, 181194.
    Simpson S. D., & Karageorghis C. I. (2006). The effects of synchronous music on 400m. sprint performance. Journal of Sports Science, 24(10), 10951102.
    Sloboda J. A. (1991). Music structure and emotional response: Some empirical findings. Psychology of Music, 19, 110120.
    Smith C. A., & Morris L. W. (1977). Differential effects of stimulative and sedative music on anxiety, concentration, and performance. Psychological Reports, 41(3, Part 2), 10471053.
    Smith J. C., & Joyce C. A. (2004). Mozart versus new age music: Relaxation states, stress, and ABC relaxation theory. Journal of Music Therapy, 41, 215224.
    Smith P. C., & Curnow R. (1966). Arousal hypotheses and the effects of music on purchasing behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 50(3), 255256.
    Smith S. M., Glenberg A., & Bjork R. A. (1978). Environmental context and human memory. Memory and Cognition, 6, 342353.
    Soderlund G., Sikstrom S., & Smart A. (2007). Listen to the noise: Noise is beneficial for cognitive performance in ADHD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48(8), 840847.
    Stanton H. E. (1975). Music and test anxiety: Further evidence for an interaction. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 45, 8082.
    Stekelenburg J. J., & Van Boxtel A. (2002). Pericranial muscular, respiratory, and heart rate components of the orienting response. Psychophysiology, 39(6), 707722.
    Stevens K. (1990). Patients' perceptions of music during surgery. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 15, 10451051.
    Stratton V. N., & Zalanowski A. H. (1984). The relationship between music, degree of liking, and self-reported relaxation. Journal of Music Therapy, 21(4), 184192.
    Svoboda E. (2009). Beat your stress hormone. Prevention, 61(2), 9598.
    Sweeney J. C., & Wyber F. (2002). The role of cognitions and emotion in the music-approach-avoidance behavior relationship. Journal of Services Marketing, 16(1), 5169.
    Taylor D. B. (1973). Subject responses to precategorized stimulative and sedative music. Journal of Music Therapy, 10, 8694.
    Teasdale J. D., & Fogarty S. J. (1979). Differential effects of induced mood on retrieval of pleasant and unpleasant events from episodic memory. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88(3), 248257.
    Teo T., Hargreaves D. J., & Lee J. (2008). Musical preference, identification, and familiarity. Journal of Research in Music Education, 56(1), 1832.
    Ter Bogt T. F. M., Mulder J., Raaijmakers Q. A. W., & Gabhainn S. N. (2011). Moved by music: A typology of music listeners. Psychology of Music, 39, 147163.
    Thaut M. H., & de l'Etoile S. K. (1993). The effects of music on mood state-dependent recall. Journal of Music Therapy, 30(2), 7080.
    Thaut M. H., Schleiffers S., & Davis W. (1991). Analysis of EMG activity in biceps and triceps muscle in an upper extremity gross motor task under the influence of auditory rhythm. Journal of Music Therapy, 28(2), 6488.
    Thayer R. E., Newman J. R., & McClain T. M. (1994). Self-regulation of mood: Strategies for changing a bad mood, raising energy, and reducing tension. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 910925.
    Tom G. (1990). Marketing with music: Exploratory study. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 7(2), 4953.
    Took K. J., & Weiss D. S. (1994). The relationship between heavy metal and rap music and adolescent turmoil: Real or artifact? Adolescence, 29, 613621.
    Trehub S. E. (2003). The developmental origins of musicality. Nature Neuroscience, 6(7), 669673.
    Van der Zwaag M. D., Westerink J. H. D. M., & van den Broek E. L. (2011). Emotional and psychophysiological responses to tempo, mode, and percussiveness. Musicae Scientiae, 15(2), 250269.
    Wakshlag J. J., Reitz R. J., & Zillman D. (1982). Selective exposure and acquisition of information from educational television programs as a function of appeal and tempo of background music. Journal of Educational Psychology, 74(5), 666677.
    Wallace W. T. (1994). Memory for music: Effect of melody on recall of text. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 20(6), 14711485.
    Wallace W. T., & Rubin D. C. (1991). Characteristics and constraints in ballads and their effect on memory. Discourse Processes, 14(2), 181202.
    Wannamaker C., & Reznikoff M. (1989). Effects of aggressive and nonaggressive rock songs on projective and structured tests. Journal of Psychology, 123, 561570.
    Waterhouse J., Hudson P., & Edwards B. (2010). Effects of music tempo upon submaximal cycling performance. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 20(4), 662669.
    Watkins G. R. (1997). Music therapy: Proposed physiological mechanisms and clinical implications. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 11(2), 4350.
    Webster G. D., & Weir C. G. (2005). Emotional responses to music: Interactive effects of mode, texture, and tempo. Motivation and Emotion, 29(1), 1939.
    Wininger S. R., & Pargman D. (2003). Assessment of factors associated with exercise enjoyment. Journal of Music Therapy, 40(1), 5773.
    Wolfe D. E., & Horn C. (1993). Use of melodies as structural prompts for learning and retention of sequential verbal information by preschool students. Journal of Music Therapy, 30(2), 100118.
    Yalch R. F. (1991). Memory in a jingle jungle: Music as a mnemonic device in communicating advertising slogans. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 268275.
    Yalch R. F., & Spangenberg E. (1990). Effects of store music on shopping behavior. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 7(2), 5563.
    Yerkes R. M., & Dodson J. D. (1908). Relation of strength of stimulus to rapidity of habit-formation. Journal of Comparative Neurology and Psychology, 18, 459482.
    Ylias G., & Heaven P. C. L. (2003). The influence of distraction on reading comprehension: A big five analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 34(6), 10691079.

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website