Risk and Society

Books

David Denney

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    View Copyright Page

    Tables and Boxes

    Acknowledgements

    My interest in risk developed during the course of an ESRC project ‘Violence Against Professionals in the Community’. This was part of the Violence Research Programme which was funded between 1997 and 2002 to explore violence against the person. The programme was directed by Professor Betsy Stanko, who was generous with both her time and her immense knowledge. I am also indebted to my co-researchers Jonathan Gabe, Maria O'Beirne, Mary Ann Elston and Ray Lee for carrying forward the research into violence, which motivated me to write this book. Some of our work is mentioned in Chapter 5 on risk and professional practices. My colleague Professor Jane Tunstill always offered encouragement and support.

    I would also like to acknowledge the understanding and endless patience of Chris Rojek, Kay Bridger and Mila Steele at Sage, and I am indebted to the anonymous reviewer who spent a considerable amount of time in giving incisive and detailed criticism. Many of the suggestions offered have now been included. I would also like to thank Bedfordshire County Council for allowing me to reproduce their job advertisement ‘Head of Risk Management Group’. I also wish to acknowledge the kind permission of Solo Syndication to reproduce the articles ‘Chips may cause cancer, warns top food expert’ and Alert as GM pollen spreads’, which were both published in the Daily Mail on 28 June 2002.

    Shirin Denney has lived with the writing of this book, for which I am very grateful.

    I dedicate this book to my children, Joe and Eve.

  • Bibliography

    Abbott, D. and Quiglers, D. (2001) ‘Managing the Risk of Unemployment’, in R.Edwards and J.Glover (eds), Risk and Citizenship. London: Routledge.
    Acheson, D. (1998) Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health. London: Stationery Office.
    Adam, B. and Van Loon, J. (2000a) ‘Re positioning Risk: The Challenge for Social Theory’, in B.Adam, U.Beck and J.Van Loon (eds), The Risk Society and Beyond: Critical Issues for Social Theory. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446219539
    Adam, B., Beck, U. and Van Loon, J. (eds) (2000b) The Risk Society and Beyond: Critical Issues for Social Theory. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446219539
    Adams, J. (1995) Risk. London: UCL Press.
    Akers, L. and Dwyer, P. (2002) Senior Citizenship? Retirement, Migration and Welfare in the European Union. Bristol: Policy Press.
    Alaszewski, A., Harrison, L. and Manthorpe, J. (eds) (1998) Risk, Health and Welfare. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Albrow, M. (1996) The Global Age. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Aldridge, M. (1994) Making Social Work News. London: Routledge.
    Aldridge, M. (1999) ‘Poor Relations, State Social Work and the Press in the UK’, in B.Franklin (ed.), Social Policy the Media and Misrepresentation. London: Routledge.
    Allen, C.D., Barker, T., Newton, J.T and Thorogood, N. (1992) ‘Public Perceptions of the Funding of NHS Dental Services’, British Dental Journal173: 175–6. Also in J.Green and N.Thorogood (eds), Analysing Health Policy. London: Longman.
    Amann, R. (2000) ‘Foreword’, in H.Davies, S.Nutley and P.Smith (eds), What Works: Evidence-based Policy Practice in Public Services. Bristol: Policy Press.
    Anderson, R.M., Donnelly, N.M., Ferguson, N.M., Woolhouse, M.E.J., Watt, C.J., Udt, H.J. and Mahoney, S. (1996) Transmission Dynamics and Epidemiology in British Cattle’, Nature382: 779–88.
    Andrews, D. (1995) ‘The Psychology of Criminal Conduct and Effective Treatment’, in J.McGuire (ed.), What Works: Reducing Offending. Chichester: Wiley.
    Anthias, F. (1999) ‘Theorising Identity: Difference and Social Divisions’, in M.O'Brian, S.Penna and C.Hay (eds), Theorising Modernity: Reflexivity Environment and Identity in Social Theory. London: Longman.
    Baldock, J. (1997) ‘Social Care in Old Age – More than a Funding Problem’, Social Policy and Administration31(1): 73–89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00039
    Barclay, C. and Sleator, A. (1997) Update on BSE and CJD (Research Paper 97/27). London: House of Commons Library.
    Barton, H. (ed.) (2000) Sustainable Communities. London: Earthscan.
    Baudrillard, J. (2002) The Spirit of Terrorism. London: Verso.
    Bauman, Z. (1992) Limitations of Postmodernity. London: Routledge.
    Beachy, R.N. (1999) ‘Facing Fear of Bio-Technology’, Science285: 335. Also cited in G.Marchant (2001) ‘The Precautionary Principle: An “Unprincipled” Approach to Biotechnology Regulation’, Journal of Risk Research 4(2): 143–57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.285.5426.335
    Beaumont, B. (1999) ‘Assessing Risk in Work with Offenders’, in P.Parsloe (ed.), Risk Assessment in Social Care and Social Work. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Beck, U. (1992) Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage.
    Beck, U. (1994) ‘The Re-invention of Politics: Towards a Theory of Reflexive Modernisation’, in U.Beck, A.Giddens and S.Lash (eds), Reflexive Modernisation: Politics Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Beck, U. (1995) Ecological Politics in an Age of Risk. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Beck, U. (1996) ‘World Risk Society as Cosmopolitan Society’. Theory Culture and Society14(54): 1–33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0263276496013004001
    Beck, U. (1997) The Reinvention of Politics: Rethinking Modernity in the Global Social Order. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Beck, U. (1998) Democracy without Enemies. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Beck, U. (1999) World Risk Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Beck, U. (2002a) ‘Risk Society Revisited: Theory, Politics and Research Programmes’, in B.Adam, U.Beck and J.Van Loon (eds), The Risk Society and Beyond: Critical Issues for Social Theory. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446219539
    Beck, U. (2000b) ‘The Cosmopolitan Position: Sociology of the Second Age of Modernity’, British Journal of Sociology51(1): 79–107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/000713100358444
    Beck, U. (2001) ‘Cosmopolisis and Risk: A Conversation with Ulrich Beck’, Theory Culture and Society18(4): 47–63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/02632760122051878
    Beck, U. (2002b) ‘The Terrorist Threat: World Society Revisited’, Theory Culture and Society19(4): 39–55.
    Beck, U. (2002c) ‘The Cosmopolitan Society and its Enemies’, Theory Culture and Society19(1–2): 17–44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/026327602128931206
    Beck, U. (2004) A Critical Introduction to the Risk Society. London: Pluto Press.
    Beck, U., Giddens, A. and Lash, S. (1994) Reflexive Modernisation: Politics Tradition, and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Becker, G. and Nachtigall, R. (1994) ‘Born to be a Mother: The Cultural Construction of Risk in Infertility in the US’, Social Science and Medicine39(4): 507–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536%2894%2990093-0
    Bell, D. (1960) The End of Ideology. Glencoe, IL: The Free Press.
    Bernstein, P.L. (1996) Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk. Chichester: John Wiley.
    Beveridge, W. (1942) Social Insurance and Allied Services (Cmd 6404). London: HMSO.
    Biernatzki, W. (2002) ‘Terrorism and Mass Media’, Communication Research Trends21(1): 1–19.
    Bloor, M. (1995) ‘A User's Guide to Contrasting Theories of HIV-related Risk Behaviour’, in J.Gabe (ed.), Medicine, Health and Risk. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Boden, D. (2002) ‘Worlds in Action: Information, Instantaneity and Global Futures Trading’, in B.Adam, U.Beck and J.Van Loon (eds), The Risk Society and Beyond: Critical Issues for Social Theory. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446219539
    Bourne, J. and Sivanandan, A. (1980) ‘Cheerleaders and Ombudsman: The Sociology of Race Relations in Britain’, Race and Class21: 331–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/030639688002100401
    Boyne, R. (2003) Risk. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Bradac, J. (2001) ‘Theory Comparison: Uncertainty Reduction, Problematic Integration, Uncertainty Management and Other Constructs’, Journal of Communication51(3): 456–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2001.tb02891.x
    Bradley, T. and Walters, R. (2002) ‘Prevention and Community Safety: The New Zealand Experience’, in G.Hughes, E.McLauglin and J.Muncie (eds), Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions. London: Sage.
    Brearley, C.P. (1982) Risk and Social Work: Hazards and Helping. London: Routledge.
    Brewer, C. and Lait, J. (1980) Can Social Work Survive?London: Maurice Temple Smith.
    Brindle, D. (1999) ‘Media Coverage of Social Policy: A Journalistic Perspective in Social Policy’, in B.Franklin (ed.), The Media and Misrepresentation. London: Routledge.
    British Broadcasting Corporation (1999) ‘One in Five “Mentally Ill”’ (3 February). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Broadcasting Corporation (2002a) ‘Graduate Job Prospects Slide’ (11 March). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Broadcasting Corporation (2002b) ‘Fifteen Million Ethiopians Face Starvation’ (Today Programme, 11 November). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Broadcasting Corporation (2002c) One O'Clock News (7 June). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Broadcasting Corporation (2003a) ‘BT Opens Indian Call Centres’ (7 March). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Broadcasting Corporation (2003b) ‘Warning on Gene “ID Cards”’ (4 March). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Broadcasting Corporation (2003c) ‘Flight 587: Horizon’ (8 May). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Broadcasting Corporation (2003d) ‘The Day Britain Stopped’ (13 May). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Broadcasting Corporation, (2003e) ‘Top Ten Terrorist Targets’ (19 August). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Broadcasting Corporation (2003f) ‘Blair in Washington’ (News 24, 17 July). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Broadcasting Corporation (2004) ‘At a Glance: Butler Report’ (14 July). http://www.bbc.co.uk
    British Entertainment and Discothèque Association (1995) ‘Memorandum of Evidence’, in Home Affairs Select Committee, The Private Security Industry, HL 17–2. London: HMSO.
    Broad, B. and Denney, D. (1996) ‘Users Rights and the Probation Service: Some Opportunities and Obstacles’, Probation Journal35(1): 61–76.
    Brouwer, E. (1998) ‘Sheep to Cows to Man: A History of TSEs’, in S.Ratzan (ed.), The Mad Cow Crisis. London: UCL Press.
    Brown, G. and Davidson, S. (1978) ‘Social Class, Psychiatric Disorder of Mother, and Accidents to Children’, Lancet i: 378–80. Also in J.Green (1997) Risk and Misfortune. London: UCL Press.
    Brown, M. (2000) ‘Calculations of Risk in Contemporary Penal Practice’, in M.Brown and J.Pratt (eds), Dangerous Offenders: Punishment and Social Order. London: Routledge.
    Brown, P. (1995) ‘Popular Epidemiology, Toxic Waste and Social Movements’, in J.Gabe (ed.), Medicine, Health and Risk. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Brown, R., Bute, S. and Ford, P. (1986) Social Workers and Risk: The Prevention and Management of Violence. London: Macmillan.
    Bruntland, G.H. (1987) Our Common Future, World Commisssion on Environment and Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Brysk, A. (2002) Globalization and Human Rights. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    Buckerman, O. (2001) ‘Am I Going Down?’, The Guardian, 28 May: 15.
    Bunton, R. and Burrows, R. (1995) ‘Consumption and Health in the “Epidemiological” Clinic of Late Modern Medicine’, in R.Bunton, S.Nettleton and R.Burrows (eds), The Sociology of Health Promotion: Critical Analyses of Consumption Lifestyle and Risk. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203429495
    Burrel, I. (2003) ‘TV Dramas Put Lives at Risk with Misleading Medical Advice’, The Independent, 30 July.
    Business (2001) ‘10 Risks Businesses Must Take To Succeed’, Business.
    Butler, Rt Hon the Lord (2004) ‘Review of Intelligence on Weapons of Mass destruction’. Report of a Committee of Privy Counsellors. London: The Stationery Office.
    Cabinet Office (2004) ‘Framework for Risk Based Decision Making’. http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk
    Cahill, M. (2002a) The Environment and Social Policy. London: Routledge.
    Cahill, M. (2002b) ‘The Implications of Consumerism for the Transition to a Sustainable Society’, in M.Cahill and T.Fitzpatrick (eds), Environmental Issues and Social Welfare. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Cahill, M. and Fitzpatrick, T. (eds) (2002) Environmental Issues and Social Welfare. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Caplan, P. (2000) ‘Eating British Beef with Confidence: A Consideration of Consumers’ Responses to BSE in Britain’, in P.Caplan (ed.), Risk Revisited. London: Pluto Press.
    Cappannari, A. (2002) ‘American College Students Graduate with Record Levels of Debt’, (22 April) http://www.wsws.org/articles/2002
    Carling, A. (2000) ‘New Labour's Polity: Tony Giddens and the Third Way’, Journal of Analytical Socialism3(3): 214–42. Also cited in B.Jordan and C.Jordan (2000), Social Work and the Third Way: Tough Love as Social Policy. London: Sage.
    Carson, R. (1962) Silent Spring. Boston, MA: Houghton Mills.
    Carter, R., Goddard, A., Reah, D., Sanger, K. and Bowring, M. (1997) Working with Texts. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203468470
    Castel, R. (1991) ‘From Dangerousness to Risk’, in G.Burchell, C.Gordon and P.Miller (eds), The Foucault Effect: Studies in GovernmentalityChicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Cebulla, A., Abbott, D., Ford, J., Middleton, S., Quiglars, D. and Walker, R. (1998) ‘A Geography of Insurance Exclusion – Perceptions of Unemployment Risk and Actuarial Risk Assessment’. Paper presented to the Second European Urban and Regional Studies Conference, University of Durham, September 1998.
    Clark, J. (2003) Worlds Apart: Civil Society and the Battle for Ethical Globilisation. London: Earthscan.
    Clarke, J. and Newman, J. (1997) The Managerial State. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221747
    Clear, T.R. and Cadora, E. (2001) ‘Risk and Correctional Practice’, in K.Stenson and R.Sullivan (eds), Crime, Risk and Justice. Cullompton: Willan.
    Cohen, S. (1972) Folk Devils and Moral Panics: The Creation of the Mods and Rockers. London: McGibbon and Kee.
    Cohen, W. (1997) Speech to Conference on Terrorism, Weapons of Mass Destruction and the US, in J.Stern (1999) Getting and Using the Weapons of Mass Destruction, in R.Howard and R.Sawyer (eds) (2003) Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment. Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin.
    Colledge, R.G. and Stimpson, R.J. (1997) Spatial Behaviour: A Geographical Perspective. New York: Guilford Press.
    Commission on Global Governance (1995) Our Global Neighbourhood, The Report of the Commission on Global Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Connor, S. (2003) ‘The Diseases from Nowhere Which Strike with a Venom’, The Independent, 25 April: 4.
    Cooper, A., English, J. and Thakur, R. (eds) (2002) Enhancing Global Governance. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.
    Cooper, D. (2002) ‘Boundary Harms: From Community Protection to a Politics of Value – The Case of the Jewish Eruv’, in G.Hughes, E.McLauglin and J.Muncie (eds), Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions. London: Sage.
    Cornwell, R. (2003) ‘Has the War Left the World a Safer Place?’, The Independent, 16 April: 4.
    Cox, S. and McKellin, W. (1999) ‘“There's This Thing in Our Family”: Predictive Testing and the Construction of Risk for Huntington Disease’, in P.Conrad and J.Gabe (eds), Sociological Positions on the New Genetics. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Crawford, A. (2001) ‘Joined up but Fragmented: Contradictions, Ambiguity and Ambivalence at the Heart of New Labour's “Third Way”’, in R.Matthews and J.Pitts (eds), Crime and Disorder and Community Safety. London: Routledge.
    Crawford, A. (2002a) ‘The Growth of Crime Prevention in France, as Contrasted with the English Experience: Some Thoughts on the Politics of Insecurity’, in G.Hughes, E.McLauglin and J.Muncie (eds), Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions. London: Sage.
    Crawford, A. (ed.) (2002b) Crime and Insecurity: The Governance of Safety in Europe. Cullompton: Willan.
    Crawford, A. (2002c) ‘Introduction: Governance and Security’, in A.Crawford (ed.), Crime and Insecurity: The Governance of Safety in Europe. Cullompton: Willan.
    Croall, H. (1998) Crime and Society in Britain. London: Longman.
    Croft, J.A. (2001) ‘Risk or At Risk: Conceptualising Housing Debt in a Risk Society’, Housing Studies16(6): 737–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02673030120090511
    Crombie, H. (1995) Sustainable Development and Health. Birmingham: Public Health Alliance.
    Daily Mail (2002a) ‘Chips May Cause Cancer’, Friday 28 June: 2.
    Daily Mail (2002b) ‘Alert as GM Pollen Spreads’, Friday 28 June: 2.
    Dealer, S. (1998) ‘Can the Spread of BSE and CJD Be Predicted?’, in S.Ratzan (ed.), The Mad Cow Crisis. London: UCL Press.
    Dealer, S.F and Kent, J.T. (1995) ‘BSE: An Update on the Statistical Evidence’, British Food Journal97(8): 22–34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00070709510100064
    Dean, M. (1997) ‘Sociology after Society’, in D.Owen (ed.), Sociology after PostModernism. London: Sage.
    Dean, M. (1999) ‘Risk Calculable and Incalculable’, in D.Lupton (ed.), Risk and Sociocultural Change: New Directions and Positions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Denney, D. (1992) Racism and Anti-racism in Probation. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203167984
    Denney, D. (1998) Social Policy and Social Work. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Denney, D. and O'Beirne, M. (2003) ‘Violence to Probation Staff: Patterns and Managerial Responses’, Social Policy and Administration37(1): 49–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00323
    Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions (1998) A New Deal for Transport (Cm 3950). London: HMSO.
    Department of Social Security (1998) A New Contract for Welfare: Partnership in Pensions. London: HMSO.
    Dingwall, R. (2000) ‘“Risk Society”: The Cult of Theory and the Millennium’, in N.Manning and I.Shaw (eds), New Risks, New Welfare: Signposts for Social Policy. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Dingwall, R., Eekelar, J.M. and Murray, T. (1983) The Protection of Children: State Intervention and Family Life. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Douglas, M. (1966) Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203361832
    Douglas, M. (1973) Natural Symbols: Explorations in Cosmology (
    2nd edn
    ). London: Barrie and Jenkins.
    Douglas, M. (1985) Risk Acceptability According to the Social Sciences. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
    Douglas, M. (1992) Risk and Blame: Essays in Cultural Theory. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203430866
    Douglas, M. and Wildavsky, A. (1982) Risk and Culture. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    Drake, C.J.M. (1998) ‘The Role of Ideology in Terrorists’ Target Selection’, Terrorism and Political Violence10(2): 53–85. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546559808427457
    Draper, A. and Green, J. (2002) ‘Food Safety and Consumers: Constructions of Choice and Risk’, Social Policy and Administration36(6): 610–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00307
    Dresner, S. (2002) The Principles of Sustainability. London: Earthscan.
    Driver, S. and Martell, L. (2002) Blair's Britain. Bristol: Policy Press.
    Durham, F.D. (1998) ‘News Frames as Social Narratives: TWA Flight 800’, Journal of Communication48(4): 100–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1998.tb02772.x
    Dwyer, P. and Wynn, J. (2001) Youth Education and Risk. London: Routledge.
    Earth Government (2003) Press Release (27 March). Available at: http://www.shaw.ca/earthgov/Ecbewketters.htm
    Economist (2002) ‘George Bush's Plan for Peace’, Economist, 29 June.
    Edelman, M. (1993) ‘Contestable Categories and Public Opinion’, Political Communication10(3): 231–42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10584609.1993.9962981
    Edwards, A. and Hughes, G. (eds) (2002) Crime Control and Community. Cullompton: Willan.
    Edwards, R. and Glover, J. (eds) (2001) Risk and Citizenship. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203470688
    Elderidge, J. (1999) Risk, Society and the Media: Now You See It, Now You Don't. Harlow: Longman.
    Elkin, T., McLaren, D. and Hillman, M. (1991) Reviving the City: Towards Sustainable Urban Development. London: Friends of the Earth.
    Elston, M.A., Gabe, J., Denney, D., Lee, R. and O’Brian, M. (2002) ‘Violence Against Doctors: A Medicalised Problem? The Case of National Health Service General Practitioners’, Sociology of Health and Illness24(5): 575–98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.00309
    Ericson, R. and Carriere, K. (1994) ‘The Fragmentation of Criminology’, in D.Nelken (ed.), The Future of Criminology. London: Sage.
    Ericson, R. and Haggerty, K. (1997) Policing the Risk Society. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Esping-Anderson, G. (1996) Welfare States in Transition: National Adaptations in Global Economics. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446216941
    Evers, L. (2003) ‘PLCs Not Acting in the Spirit of Turnbull’, Accountancy Age, 22 April. Available at: http://www.accountancyage.com
    Ewald, F. (1991) ‘Insurance and Risks’, in G.Burchell, C.Gordon and P.Miller (eds), The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Falk, R. (1995) ‘The World Order between Inter-state Law and the Law of Humanity’, in D.Archibugi and D.Held (eds), Cosmopolitan Democracy. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Feeley, M. and Simon, J. (1992) ‘The New Penology: Notes on the Emerging Strategy of Corrections and its Implications’, Criminology30: 449–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.1992.tb01112.x
    Ferguson, E. (2001) ‘The Roles of Contextual Moderation and Personality in Relation to the Knowledge-Risk Link in the Workplace’, Journal of Risk Research4(4): 323–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13669870110062721
    Ferguson, E., Farrel, K., Lowe, K.C. and James, V. (2001) ‘Perception of Risk of Blood Transfusion: Knowledge, Group Membership and Pervaded Control’, Transfusion Medicine11: 129–35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3148.2001.00295-4.x
    Ferguson, I. and Johnstone, C. (2001) ‘Postmodernism and Social Welfare: A Critique’, in M.Lavalette and A.Pratt (eds), Social Policy: A Conceptual and Theoretical Outline, (
    2nd edn
    ). London: Sage.
    Fernando, S. (ed.) (1995) Mental Health in a Multi-ethnic Society: A Multi-disciplinary Handbook. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203299265
    Fisher, M., Newton, C. and Sainsbury, E. (1984) Mental Health Social Work Observed. London: National Institute of Social Work.
    Fiske, J. (1994) Reading the Popular. London: Routledge.
    Ford, J. (2000) ‘Risk in a Flexible Labour Market’, in P.Taylor-Gooby (ed.), Risk, Trust and Welfare. London: Macmillan.
    Ford, J., Burrows, R. and Nettleton, S. (2001) Home Ownership in a Risk Society. Bristol: Policy Press.
    Forrest, R. and Murie, A. (1992) Selling the Welfare State. London: Routledge.
    Forrest, R. and Murie, A. (eds) (1995) Housing and Family Wealth: Comparative International Positions. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203416273
    Foster, P. and Wilding, P. (2000) ‘Whither Welfare Professionalism?’, Social Policy and Administration34(2): 143–60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00182
    Foucault, M. (1965) Madness and Civilisation: The History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. New York: Pergamon.
    Foucault, M. (1972) The Archaeology of Knowledge. London: Routledge.
    Foucault, M. (1977) Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. London: Routledge.
    Foucault, M. (1989) The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. London: Routledge.
    Fox, N.J. (1999) ‘Postmodern Reflections on “Risk” Hazards and Life Choices’, in D.Lupton (ed.), Risk and Sub Cultural Theory: New Directions and Positions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Frankenburg, R. (1994) ‘The Impact of HIV/AIDs on Concepts Relating to Risk and Culture within British Community Epidemiology: Candidates or Targets for Intervention’, Social Science38(10): 1325–35.
    Fresco, L. (2001) Genetically Modified Crops, Keynote Speech Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Conference on Crop and Biodiversity, Falkenberg, Sweden, 16–18 September.
    Freudenburg, W.R., Coleman, C.L., Gonzales, J. and Hegeland, C. (1996) ‘Media Coverage of Hazardous Events’, Risk Analysis16: 31–42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.1996.tb01434.x
    Frewer, L., Hunt, S., Rowe, G., Nilsson, A., Mays, C. and Menard, M. (1998) ‘Media Reporting of Risk in European Countries at the Time of the 10th Anniversary of the Chernobyl Accident’, Reading: Institute of Food Research, in A.A.F.Wahlberg and Sjoberg, L. (2000), ‘Risk Perception and the Media’, Journal of Risk Research3(1): 31–50.
    Friedson, E. (1994) Professionalism Reborn. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Fukuyama, F. (1992) The End of History and the Last Man. New York: Basic Books.
    Fukuyama, F. (2001) ‘The West Was Won’, The Guardian, 11 October.
    Furedi, F. (1998) Culture of Fear: Risk Taking and the Morality of Low Expectation. London: Cassel.
    Gabe, J. (ed.) (1995) Medicine, Health and Risk. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Gabe, J., Denney, D., Lee, R., Elston, M.A. and O'Brian, M. (2002) ‘Researching Professional Discourses on Violence’, British Journal of Criminology41: 460–71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjc/41.3.460
    Garland, D. (1990) Punishment and Modern Society: A Study in Social Theory. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Garland, D. (1999) ‘The Commonplace and the Catastrpohic: Interpretations of Crime in Late Modernity’, Theoretical Criminology3(3): 353–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362480699003003008
    Garland, D. (2001) The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Gerbner, G. and Gross, L. (1976) ‘Living with Television: The Violence Profile’, Journal of Communication26: 173–99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1976.tb01397.x
    Giddens, A. (1990) The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Giddens, A. (1991) Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Giddens, A. (1994) ‘Living in Post Traditional Society’, in U.Beck, A.Giddens and S.Lash, Reflexive Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Giddens, A. (1998) The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Giddens, A. (1999) Runaway World. London: Profile Books.
    Giddens, A. (2000) The Third Way and its Critics. Cambridge: Polity Press in association with Blackwell.
    Glasius, M. and Kaldor, M. (2001) ‘The State of Global Civil Society Before and After September 11th’, in M.Glasius, M.Kaldor and H.Achier (eds), Global Civil Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Glasius, M., Kaldor, M. and Anheier, H. (eds) (2001) Global Civil Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Glennester, H. (1995) British Social Policy since 1945. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Goode, E. and Ben Yahuda, N. (1994) Moral Panics: The Social Construction of Deviance. Cambridge, MA and Oxford: Blackwell.
    Gordon, C. (1991) ‘Governmental Rationality: An Outline’, in G.Burchell, C.Gordon and P.Miller (eds), The Foucault Effect. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Gordon, D. and Gibbons, J. (1998) ‘Placing Children on Child Protection Registers: Risk Indicators and Local Authority Differences’, British Journal of Social Work28: 423–36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.bjsw.a011348
    Gostin, L. (2000) Public Health Law: Power, Duty, Restraint. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    Gottfredson, S.D. and Gottfredson, D.M. (1986) ‘Accuracy of Prediction Models’, in A.Blumstein, J.Cohen, J.Royth and C.Visher (eds), Criminal Careers and ‘Criminal Careers’. Washington, DC: National Academic Press.
    Government Actuary's Department (2004) ‘United Kingdom population set to pass 60 million next year’, http://www.gad.gov.uk (accessed 30 September 2004).
    Gramling, R. and Freudenberg, W.R. (1996) ‘Environmental Sociology’, Sociological Spectrum16(4): 347–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02732173.1996.9982141
    Green, J. (1997) Risk and Misfortune: The Social Construction of Accidents. London: UCL Press.
    Green, J. and Thorogood, N. (1998) Analysing Health Policy: A Sociological Approach. London: Longman.
    Guardian (1994a) ‘Death Ferry Sailed into the Baltic Storm with Faulty Door Seals’, The Guardian, 29 September: 1.
    Guardian (1994b) Leading Article: ‘For Those in Peril of the Sea’, The Guardian, 2 October: 23.
    Guardian (2000) ‘Paying Up for Dirty Tankers’, The Guardian, 21 November: 18.
    Guardian (2001a) ‘Charities Uneasy about Street's Cancer Death’, The Guardian, 19 June: 10.
    Guardian (2001b) ‘They All Failed Victoria’, The Guardian, 13 January: 1.
    Guardian (2002a) ‘Fear of Tanker Disaster’, The Guardian, 29 November: 15.
    Guardian (2002b) ‘“Dirty Bomb” plot’, The Guardian, 11 June: 12.
    Guardian (2002c) ‘Attack on Bagdad without New UN Resolution Illegal Says QC’, The Guardian, 20 November: 16.
    Guardian (2002d) ‘Civil Wrongs Maya Jaggi’, The Guardian Weekend, 22 June: 13.
    Guardian (2003a) ‘Taliban Captives Should Go Home Say Rights Group’, The Guardian, 3 March: 5.
    Guardian (2003b) ‘Diplomacy Dies, Now Its War’, The Guardian, 18 March: 2.
    Guardian (2004a) ‘Rebranding “Bush as a man of peace”’, The Guardian, 3 January: 1.
    Guardian (2004b) ‘Why Limits Must Be Set on the Use of Science’, The Guardian, 15 May: 11.
    Guardian (2004c) ‘There Were No Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq’, The Guardian, 7 October: 1.
    Guardian (2005a) ‘Freed Britons Sent Home’, 27 January: 1.
    Guardian (2005b) ‘Lawyers Criticise House Arrest Plan’, 27 January: 4.
    Hall, S. (1998) ‘The Great Moving Nowhere Show’, Marxism Today, Special Issue, November/December: 9–14.
    Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T. and Roberts, B. (1978) Policing the Crisis: Mugging the State and Law and Order. London: Macmillan.
    Hallowell, N. (1999) ‘Doing the Right Thing: Genetic Risk and Responsibility’, in P.Conrad and J.Gabe (eds), Sociological Positions on the New Genetics. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Hancock, L. (2001) Community, Crime and Disorder: Safety and Regeneration in Urban Neigbourhoods. Basingstoke: Palgrave. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230597457
    Hargreaves Heap, S. and Ross, A. (eds) (1992) Understanding the Enterprise Culture: Themes in the Work of Mary Douglas. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    Harris, J. (1998) ‘Bureau Professionals and New Managerialism: The Labour Process of State Social Work’, British Journal of Social Work28: 839–62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.bjsw.a011404
    Heelo, H. (2000) ‘Campaigning and Governing’, in N.J.Ornstein and T.E.Mann (eds), The Permanent Campaign and its Future. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute/Brookings Institute.
    Heggen, K. and Dwyer, P. (1998) ‘New Policies, New Options: Learning from Changing Student Transitions at Two Ends of the World’, Journal of Research in Compulsory Education3(3): 261–77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13596749800200039
    Held, D. (1995) Democracy and the Global Order. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Hendrick, H. (1994) Child Welfare in England, 1972–89. London: Routledge.
    Hertz, R. and Marshall, L. (2001) Working Families. Berkley, CA: University of California Press.
    Heywood, F., Olman, C. and Means, R. (2002) Housing and Home in Later Life. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Hier, S. (2003) ‘Risk and Panic in Late Modernity: Implication of the Converging Sites of Social Anxiety’, British Journal of Sociology54(1): 3–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0007131032000045879
    Hobbs, D., Lister, S., Hadfield, P., Winlow, S. and Hall, J. (2000) ‘Deceiving Shadows: Governance and Limitations of the Night Time Economy’, British Journal of Sociology51: 701–17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00071310020015334
    Hoffman, B. (1998) ‘Defining Terrorism’, in R.Howard and R.Sawyer (eds) (2002), Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment. Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin.
    Hogarth, T., Elias, P. and Ford, J. (1996) Mothers, Families and Jobs (University of Warwick Institute for Employment Research). Warwick: University of Warwick.
    Hogg, R. (2002) ‘Criminology Beyond the Nation State: Global Conflicts, Human Rights and the “New World Disorder”’, in K.Carrington and R.Hogg (eds), Critical Criminology: Issues, Debates, Challenges. Cullompton: Willan.
    Home Office (1998) Supporting Families: a consultation document. London: HMSO.
    Hood, C., Rothstein, H. and Baldwin, R. (2001) The Government of Risk: Understanding Risk Regulation Regimes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199243638.001.0001
    Hood, C., Rothstein, H., Spackman, M., Rees, J. and Baldwin, R. (1999) ‘Explaining Risk Regulation Regimes: Exploring the “Minimal Feasibility Response” Hypothesis’, Health Risk and Society1(2): 151–66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13698579908407015
    Hope, T. (2001) ‘Crime Victimisation and Inequality in the Risk Society’, in R.Matthews and J.Pitts (eds), Crime Disorder and Community Safety. London: Routledge.
    Howard, R. (2002) ‘Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism’ (Preface), in R.Howard and R.Sawyer (eds), Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment. Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin.
    Howard, R. and Sawyer, R. (eds) (2003) Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment. Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin.
    Huby, M. (2001) ‘The Sustainable Use of Resources on a Global Scale’, Social Policy and Administration35(5): 521–38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.t01-1-00251
    Hudson, B. (2000) ‘Human Rights, Public Safety and the Probation Service: Defending Justice in the Risk Society’, Bill McWilliams Memorial Lecture Imprint, 28 June. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Hudson, B. (2001) ‘Punishment Rights and Difference: Defending Justice in the Risk Society’, in K.Stenson and R.Sullivan (eds), Crime Risk and Justice. Cullompton: Willan.
    Hughes, G. (1998) Understanding Crime Prevention, Social Control, Risk and Late Modernity. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Hughes, G. and Edwards, H. (eds) (2002) Crime Control and Community: The New Politics of Public Safety. Cullompton: Willan.
    Hughes, G., McLauglin, E. and Muncie, J. (eds) (2002) Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions. London: Sage.
    Huxley, P. (1993) ‘Case Management and Care Management in the Community’, British Journal of Social Work23(4): 365–81.
    Huxley, P. (1997) ‘Mental Illness’, in Davies, M. (ed), The Blackwell Companion to Social Work. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Irvine, D. (2003) The Doctor's Tale. Abingdon: Radcliffe Medical Press.
    Irwin, A. and Wynne, B. (1996) Misunderstanding Science? The Public Reconstruction of Science and Technology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511563737
    Jaeger, C., Renn, O., Rosa, E. and Webler, T. (2001) Risk Uncertainty and Rational Action. London: Earthscan Publications.
    Jain, J. and Guiver, J. (2002) ‘Turning the Car Inside Out: Transport, Equity and Environment’, in M.Cahill and T.Fitzpatrick (eds), Environmental Issues and Social Welfare. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Jones, D.R. (1986) ‘Flying and Danger, Joy and Fear’, Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine57: 131–6.
    Jordan, B. (1998) The New Politics of Welfare. London: Sage.
    Jordan, B. and Jordan, C. (2000) Social Work and the Third Way: Tough Love as Social Policy. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446220009
    Kagan, R. (2003) Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order. London: Atlantic Books.
    Kampfner, J. (2004) Blair's Wars. London: The Free Press.
    Kasperson, R.E. (1992) ‘The Social Amplification of Risk: Progress in Developing an Integrative Framework’, in D.Krimsky and D.Golding (eds), Social Theories of Risk. Praeger: Westport.
    Kay, H. (1999) Futures-Promoting Childrens and Young Peoples Mental Health. London: The Mental Health Foundation.
    Kellner, D. (2002) ‘September 11th: Social Theory and Democratic Politics’, Theory Culture and Society19(4): 147–60.
    Kemp, J. (1993) The Philosophy of Kant. Bristol: Thoemmes Press.
    Kemshall, H. (1997) ‘Sleep Safely: Crime Risks May Be Smaller than You Think’, Social Policy and Administration31(3): 247–60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00054
    Kemshall, H. (2000) ‘Researching Risk in the Probation Service’, Social Policy and Administration34(4): 465–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00204
    Kemshall, H. (2002) Risk, Social Policy and Welfare. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Kemshall, H., Patron, N., Walsh, M. and Waterson, J. (1997) ‘Concepts of Risk in Relation to Organisational Structure and Functioning within the Personal Social Services and Probation’, Social Policy and Administration31(43): 213–33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00052
    Kendrick, D., Marsh, P. and Williams, E.I. (1995) ‘General Practitioners, Child Accident Prevention and the Health of the Nation’, Health Education Research10: 345–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/her/10.3.345
    Kikbusch, I. (1988) ‘New Positions for Research in Health Behaviour’, in R.Anderson (ed.), Health and Behaviour Research and Health Promotion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Laming, H. (2003) The Victoria Climbie Inquiry. London: Stationery Office.
    Lane, J. (2000) New Public Management. London: Routledge.
    Lane, K. (1994) ‘Birth as Euphoria: The Social Meaning of Birth’, in D.Colquhoun and A.Kellehear (eds), Health Research in Practice. London: Chapman and Hall.
    Lane, K. (1995) ‘The Medical Model of the Body as a Site of Risk’, in J.Gabe (ed.), Medicine Health and Risk. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Lang, T. (1998) ‘BSE and CJD: Recent Developments’, in S.Ratzan (ed.), The Mad Cow Crisis. London: UCL Press.
    Lang, T., Barling, D. and Carather, M. (2002) ‘Food, Social Policy and the Environment: Towards a New Model’, in M.Cahill and T.Fitzpatrick (eds), Environmental Issues and Social Welfare. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Langan, J. (1999) ‘Assessing Risk in Mental Health’, in P.Parsloe (ed.), Risk Assessment in Social Care and Social Work. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Larana, E. (2001) ‘Reflexivity, Risk and Collective Action over Waste Management: A Constructive Proposal’, Current Sociology49(1): 23–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011392101049001003
    Lash, S. and Wynne, B. (1992) ‘Preface’, in U.Beck, The Risk Society. London: Sage.
    Lee, D. and Newby, H. (1981) The Problem of Sociology. London: Hutchinson.
    Le Grand, J. (1997) ‘Knights, Knaves or Pawns? Human Behaviour and Social Policy’, Journal of Social Policy26(2): 149–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0047279497004984
    Leisering, L. and Leibfried, S. (1999) Time and Poverty in Western Welfare. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Lèvi-Strauss, C. (1966) ‘The Culinary Triangle’, Partisan Review33: 586–95.
    Loader, I. (1997) ‘Private Security and the Demand for Protection in Contemporary Britain’, Policing and Society7: 143–62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10439463.1997.9964770
    Lodge, D. (1981) Working with Structuralism. London: Routledge.
    Lombroso, C. (1897) L'Uomo Delinquente (
    5th edn
    ). Turin: Bocca.
    London Stock Exchange (1992) Report of the Committee on Financial Aspects of Financial Governance. London: The London Stock Exchange.
    Lowe, R. (1993) The Welfare State in Britain since 1945. London: Macmillan.
    Luhmann, N. (1991) Risk: A Sociological Theory. Berlin: Walter de Guyter.
    Luhmann, N. (2000) The Reality of the Mass Media. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Lupton, D. (1993) ‘Risk as Moral Danger: The Social and Political Functions of Risk Discourse in Public Health’, International Journal of Health Services23(3): 425–35. http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/16AY-E2GC-DFLD-51X2
    Lupton, D. (1999a) Risk. London: Routledge.
    Lupton, D. (ed.) (1999b) Risk and Socio-Cultural Theory: New directions and Positions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Lupton, D. (2000) ‘The Heart of the Meal: Food Preferences and Habits among Rural Australian Couples’, Sociology of Health and Illness22: 94–109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.00193
    Lupton, D. and Tulloch, J. (2000) ‘Theorizing Fear of Crime: Beyond the Rational-Irrational Question’, British Journal of Sociology50(3): 507–23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-4446.1999.00507.x
    Lupton, D. and Tulloch, J. (2002) ‘Risk is Part of Your Life: Risk Epistemologies among a Group of Australians’, British Journal of Sociology36(2): 317–34.
    MacDonald, K. and MacDonald, G. (1999) ‘Perceptions of Risk’, in P.Parsloe (ed.), Risk Assessment in Social Care and Social Work. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    McGuire, J. (ed.) (1995) What Works: Reducing Re-offending. Chichester: Wiley.
    Macintyre, S., Reilly, J., Miller, D. and Eldridge, J. (1998) ‘Food Choice, Food Scare and Health: the Role of the Media’, in A.Murcott (ed.), The Nations Diet: The Social Science of Food Choice. London: Longman.
    McLaughlin, E. (2002) ‘Same Bed, Different Dreams: Postmodern Reflections on Crime Prevention and Community Safety’, in G.Hughes and A.Edwards (eds), Crime Control and Community. Cullompton: Willan.
    Macnaughten, P. (2000) ‘Trust, Risk and the Environment’, in F.Tonkiss, A.Passey, N.Fenton and L.Hems (eds), Trust and Civil Society. London: Macmillan.
    McMichael, A.J. (1993) Planetary Overload: Global Environmental Change and the Health of Human Species. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    McQuaid, J. (1998) Guest Editorial: ‘The Future of Risk Research’, Journal of Risk Research1(1): 3–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/136698798377277
    Macey, M. (2002) ‘Interpreting Islam: Young Muslim Men's Involvement in Criminal Activity in Bradford’, in B.Spalek (ed.), Islam, Crime and Criminal Justice. Cullompton: Willan.
    Mair, G. (2001) ‘Technology and the Futures of Community Penalties’, in A.Bottoms, L.Gelsthorpe and S.Rex (eds), Community Penalties: Change and Challenges. Cullompton: Willan.
    Maley, W., Sampford, C. and Thakur, R. (eds) (2002) From Civil Strife to Civil Society. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.
    Manthorpe, J. (2000) ‘Risk Assessment’, in M.Davies (ed.), The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Social Work. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Marchant, G. (2001) ‘The Precautionary Principle: An “Unprincipled” Approach to Biotechnology Regulation’, Journal of Risk Research4(2): 143–57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/136698701750128088
    Matthews, R. and Pitts, J. (2001) Crime, Disorder and Community Safety. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203470992
    Meikle, J. (1998) ‘“Food Poisoning”, The Guardian, 14 January: 15', in M.Cahill (2002) The Environment and Social Policy. London: Routledge.
    Milburn, M.A. and McGrail, A.B. (1992) ‘The Dramatic Presentation of News and Its Effect on Cognitive Complexity’, Political Psychology13: 613–32. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3791493
    Moores, S. (2000) Media and Everyday Life in Modern Society. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    Mullard, M. and Spicker, P. (1998) Social Policy in a Changing Society. London: Routledge.
    Muncie, J. (1999) ‘Exorcising Demons: Media, Politics and Criminal Justice’, in B.Franklin (ed.), Social Policy, the Media and Misrepresentation. London: Routledge.
    Munro, E. (1996) ‘Avoidable and Unavoidable Mistakes in Child Protection Work’, British Journal of Social Work26: 793–808. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.bjsw.a011160
    Munro, E. and Rumgay, J. (2000) ‘Role of Risk Assessment in Reducing Homicides by People with Mental Illness’, British Journal of Psychiatry176: 116–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.176.2.116
    Munro, M. (2000a) ‘Labour Market Insecurity in the Owner-Occupied Housing Market’, Environment and Planning32(8): 175–89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a32186
    Munro, M. (2000b) ‘Riding the Roller Coaster: Household Responses to Changing Housing Market Risk’, in P.Taylor-Gooby (ed.), Risk, Trust and Welfare. London: Macmillan.
    Mythen, G. (2004) Ulrich Beck: A Critical Introduction to the Risk Society. London: Pluto.
    National Institute for Social Work (1999) Violence Towards Social Care Staff (an Internal Discussion Paper). London: National Institute for Social Work.
    National Research Council. ‘Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in Democratic Society’, in L.Gostin (2000) Public Health Law: Power, Duty, Restraint. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    Nellis, M. (2001) ‘Community Penalties in Historical Position’, in A.Bottoms, L.Gelsthorpe and S.Rex (eds), Community Penalties: Change and Challenges. Cullompton: Willan.
    Newburn, T. and Hayman, S. (2002) Policing, Surveillance and Social Control. Cullompton: Willan.
    Nye, J. (2002) The Paradox of American Power. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    O'Malley, P. (2000) ‘Risk Societies and the Government of Crime’, in M.Brown and J.Pratt (eds), Dangerous Offenders. London: Routledge.
    O'Malley, P. (2001) ‘Risk, Crime and Prudentialism Revisited’, in K.Stenson and R.Sullivan (eds), Crime, Risk and Justice. Cullompton: Willan.
    O'Malley, P. (2002) ‘Drugs, Risks and Freedoms’, in G.Hughes, E.McLauglin and J.Muncie (eds), Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions. London: Sage.
    Observer (2001a) ‘League Table for Surgeons: Track Records and Success Rates to be Published’, The Observer, 21 October: 13.
    Observer (2001b) ‘The Terror Crisis: So Are Civilisations at War? Interview with Samuel Huntingdon’, The Observer, 21 October: 28.
    Observer (2002) ‘How Oil Slick Will Bring Black Death to Coast's Way of Life’, The Observer, 24 November: 18.
    Ontario Commission on Systematic Racism in the Criminal Justice System (1995) Ontario: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
    Pahl, J. (1999) ‘Coping with Physical Violence and Abuse’, in J.Balloch, J.McClean and M.Fisher (eds), Social Services Working Under Pressure. London: Policy Press.
    Parsloe, P. (ed.) (1999) Risk Assessment in Social Care and Social Work. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Parton, N. (1998) ‘Risk, Advanced Liberalism and Child Welfare: The Need to Rediscover Uncertainty Ambiguity’, British Journal of Social Work28: 5–27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.bjsw.a011317
    Petts, J., Horlick-Jones, T., Murdock, G. (2001) Social Amplification of Risk: The Media and the Public (Health and Safety Executive). London: HMSO.
    Phillips, L. (2000) ‘Mediated Communication and the Privatisation of Public Problems: Discourses on Ecological Risks and Political Action’, European Journal of Communication15(2): 171–207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0267323100015002002
    Pidgeon, N. (1999) ‘Risk Communication and the Social Amplification of Risk: Theory, evidence and policy implications’, Risk Decision and Policy4(2): 145–59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/135753099348049
    Pilgrim, D. and Rogers, A. (1993) A Sociology of Mental Health and Illness. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Plant, M. and Plant, M. (1993) Risktakers, Alcohol, Drugs, Sex and Youth. London: Routledge.
    Power, M. (1997) The Audit Society:Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Press Association (2003) ‘Potters Bar Disaster’, 12 June.
    Rahman, M., Palmer, G., Kenway, P. and Howarth, C. (2000) Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion 2000. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
    Ratzon, S. (ed.) (1998) The Mad Cow Crisis. London: UCL Press.
    Raynor, P. (2001) ‘Community Penalties and Social Integration: Community as a Solution and as a Problem’, in A.Bottoms, L.Gelsthorpe and S.Rex (eds), Community Penalties: Change and Challenges. Cullompton: Willan.
    Reder, P., Duncan, S. and Grey, M. (1993) Beyond Blame: Child Abuse Tragedies Revisited. London: Routledge.
    Reiner, R., Livingstone, S. and Allen, J. (2001) ‘Casino Culture: Media and Crime in a Winner-Loser Society’, in K.Stenson and R.Sullivan (eds), Crime, Risk and Justice. Cullompton: Willan.
    Rhodes, R.A.W. (1997) Understanding Governance: Policy Networks, Governance, Reflexivity and Accountability. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Ring, P. (2003) ‘Risk and UK Pension Reform’, Social Policy and Administration37(1): 65–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00324
    Robbins, K. (1997) ‘What is Globalisation?’, Sociology Review6(2): 2–6.
    Rogers, A. and Pilgrim, D. (1995) ‘The Risk of Resistance: Positions on the Mass Childhood Immunisation Programme’, in J.Gabe (ed.), Medicine, Health and Risk. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Rosa, E.A. (1998) ‘Meta-Theoretical Foundations for Post Normal Risk’, Journal of Risk Research1: 15–44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/136698798377303
    Rose, N. (1999a) ‘Inventiveness in Politics’, Economy and Society28(3): 467–93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03085149900000014
    Rose, N. (1999b) Powers of Freedom: Reforming Political Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511488856
    Royal College of Nursing/National Health Service Executive (1998) Safer Working in the Community: A Guide for NHS Managers and Staff on Reducing the Risks from Violence and Aggression. London: Royal College of Nursing.
    Royal Society (1992) Risk: Analysis, Perception and Management. Report of a Royal Society Study Group. London: The Royal Society.
    Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (2004) ‘Health and Safety at School: School Trips’. http://www.rospa.com (7 October).
    Sargent, K. (1999) ‘Assessing Risks for Children’, in P.Parsloe (ed.), Risk Assessment in Social Care and Social Work. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Saussure, F. de (1974) Course in General Linguistics. London: Fontana.
    Saward, M. (2003) Democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Schultz, R. and Vogt, A. (2002) ‘The Real Intelligence Failure on 9/11 and the Case for a Doctrine of Striking First’, in D.Howard and R.Sawyer (eds) (2003) Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment. Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin.
    Schutz, A. (1964) Collected Papers (2 vols). The Hague: Martin Nijhoff.
    Scott, A. (2002) ‘Risk Society or Angst Society? Two Views of Risk Consciousness and Community’, in B.Adam, U.Beck and J.Van Loon (eds), The Risk Society and Beyond: Critical Issues in Social Theory. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446219539
    Scott, H. (1998) ‘Risk and Community Care for People with Mental Illness’, in B.Heyman (ed), Risk, Health and Health Care: A Qualitative Approach. London: Arnold.
    Scraton, P. (2002) Beyond September 11th: An Anthology of Dissent. London: Pluto Press.
    Seidel, G. and Vidal, L. (1997) ‘The Implications of “Medical” Gender in “Development” and “Culturalist” Discourses for HIV/AIDS Policy in Africa’, in C.Shore and S.Wright (eds), Anthropology of Policy. London: Routledge.
    Selden, R. (1989) A Reader's Guide to Contemporary Literary Theory. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
    Sharkey, P. (1995) Introducing Community Care. London: Collins.
    Sharlin, H.I. (1986) ‘EDB: A Case Study in Communicating’, Risk Analysis6: 61–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.1986.tb00194.x
    Shaw, A. (1999) ‘What Are “They” Doing to Our Food? Public Concerns about Food in the UK’, Sociological Research Online4(3).
    Shaw, A. (2000) ‘Public Understanding of Food Risks: What Do the Experts Say?’, Food Science and Technology Today14(3): 140–43.
    She (2000) ‘Cosmetic Surgery – Before and After’, She (June).
    Short, C. (1998) ‘The Meaning of Globalisation for Development Policy’, Social Policy and Administration32(5): 456–63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00108
    Slovic, P. (1986) ‘Informing and Educating the Public about Risk’, Risk Analysis6: 403–15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.1986.tb00953.x
    Slovic, P. (1987) ‘Perception of Risk, Science236: 280–5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.3563507
    Slovic, P. (2000) The Perception of Risk. London: Earthscan.
    Smiljanic, N. (2002) ‘Human Rights and Muslims in Britain’, in B.Spalek (ed.), Islam, Crime and Criminal Justice. Cullompton: Willan.
    Smith, M.J. (2004) ‘Mad Cows and Mad Money: Problems of Risk in the Making and Understanding of Policy’, The British Journal of Politics and International Relations6: 312–32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-856X.2004.00142.x
    Smith, W. and Torstensson, M. (1997) ‘Gender Differences in Risk Perception and Neutralizing Fear of Crime: Towards Resolving the Paradoxes’, British Journal of Criminology37(4): 608–34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.bjc.a014201
    Solomos, J. (1988) Black Youth, Racism and the State: The Policies of Ideology and Polity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Soumerai, S.B., Ross-Degnan, D. and Khan, J.S. (1992) ‘Effects of Professional and Media Warnings about the Association between Aspirin Use in Children and Reyes Syndrome’, Millbank Quarterly70: 155–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3350088
    Sparks, R. (1992) Television and the Drama of Crime: Moral Tales and the Place of Crime in Public Life. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Spicker, P. (1998) Social Policy in a Changing Society. London: Routledge.
    Spicker, P. (2001) ‘Social Insecurity and Social Protection’, in R.Edwards and J.Glover (eds), Risk and Citizenship. Routledge: London.
    Stanley, J. and Goddard, C. (2002) In the Firing Line. Chichester: John Wiley.
    Stegman, M., Brownstein, J. and Temkin, K. (1995) ‘Home Ownership and Family Wealth in the United States’, in R.Forrest and A.Murie (eds), Housing and Family Wealth: Comparative International Positions. London: Routledge.
    Stenson, K. (2001) ‘The New Politics of Crime Control’, in K.Stenson and R.Sullivan (eds), Crime, Risk and Justice. Cullompton: Willan.
    Stenson, K. (2002) ‘Community safety in Middle England – the local politics of crime control’, in G.Hughes and A.Edwards (eds), Crime Control and Community. Cullompton: Willan.
    Stenson, K. and Edwards, A. (2001) ‘Crime Control and Liberal Government: The “Third Way” and the Return to the Local’, in K.Stenson and R.Sullivan (eds), Crime, Risk and Justice. Cullompton: Willan.
    Stenson, K. and Sullivan, R. (eds) (2001) Crime, Risk and Social Justice. Cullompton: Willan.
    Stenson, K. and Watt, P. (1999) ‘Governmentality and the “Death of the Social”? A Discourse Analysis of Local Government Texts in South-East England’, Urban Studies36(1): 189–201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0042098993817
    Stern, J. (1999) ‘Getting and Using the Weapons’, in R.Howard and R.Sawyer (eds) (2003) Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment. Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin.
    Stern, J. (1999) The Ultimate Terrorists. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Stevenson, O. (1999) ‘Old People at Risk’, in P.Parsloe (ed.), Risk Assessment in Social Care and Social Work. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Strydom, P. (2002) Risk, Environment and Society. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    Suzuki, M. (2002) ‘Water in our Future’, in H.Van Ginkel, B.Barret, J.Court and J.Velasquez (eds), Human Development and the Environment. New York: United Nations Press.
    Taylor-Gooby, P. (2000) Risk, Trust and Welfare. London: Macmillan.
    Taylor-Gooby, P. (2001a) ‘Risk, Contingency and the Third Way. Evidence from the BHPS and Qualitative Studies’, Social Policy and Administration35(2): 195–211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9515.00227
    Taylor-Gooby, P. (ed.) (2001b) Welfare Sates under Pressure. London: Sage.
    Taylor-Gooby, P., Dean, H., Munro, M. and Parker, G. (1999) ‘Risk and the Welfare State’, British Journal of Sociology50(2): 182–91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-4446.1999.00177.x
    Tew, M. (1990) Safer Childbirth: A Critical History of Maternity Care. London: Chapman and Hall.
    The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations (1999). London: HMSO.
    Thomas, P. (2002) ‘Legislative Responses to Terrorism’, in P.Scraton (ed.), Beyond September 11th: An Anthology of Dissent. London: Pluto Press.
    Thorogood, N. (1995) ‘London Dentist in HIV Scare: HIV and Dentistry in Popular Discourse’, Primary Dental Care2(2): 59–60.
    Tilley, N. (2002) ‘Crime Prevention in Britain 1975–2010’, in G.Hughes, E.McLauglin and J.Muncie (eds), Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions. London: Sage.
    Tullock, J. and Lupton, D. (2003) Risk and Everyday Life. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446216392
    Turnbull, A. (1999) Internal Control-Guidance for Directors on the Combined Code, London: Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales.
    Turner, B. (1997) ‘Forward from Governmentality to Risk: Some Reflections on Foucault's Contribution to Medical Sociology’, in A.Peterson and R.Banton (eds), Foucault, Health and Medicine. London: Routledge.
    Twigg, J. (1999) ‘Social Care’, in J.Baldock, N.Manning, S.Miller and S.Vickerstaff (eds), Social Policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Underdown, A. and Ellis, T. (1998) Strategies for Effective Offender Supervision. London: Home Office.
    Ungar, S. (2001) ‘Moral Panic versus the Risk Society: The Implications of the Changing Sites of Social Anxiety’, British Journal of Sociology52(2): 271–91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00071310120044980
    Vail, J. (1999) ‘Insecure Times’, in J.Vail, J.Wheelock and M.Hill, Insecure Times: Living with Insecurity in Contemporary Society. London: Routledge.
    Van Ginkel, H., Barret, B., Court, J. and Velasquez, J. (eds) (2002) Human Development and the Environment: Challenges for the New Millennium. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.
    Van Swaaningen, R. (2002) ‘Towards a Replacement Discourse on Community Safety’, in G.Hughes, E.McLauglin and J.Muncie (eds), Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions. London: Sage.
    Vandereen, G. (2002) ‘Regarding Riskism: On the Primary Importance of Public Opinion on Safety and Security’. Paper given to Law and Society Conference, July 2002. Vancouver, Canada.
    Wade, A. and Smart, C. (2002) Facing Family Change: Children's Strategies and Resources. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
    Wadham, J. (2002) ‘Mental Health Bill, DSPDs’, letter to the Editor, The Guardian, 26 June.
    Wahlberg, A.A.F. and Sjoberg, L. (2000) ‘Risk Perception and the Media’, Journal of Risk Research3(1): 31–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/136698700376699
    Walker, C. and McGuiness, M. (2002) ‘Commercial Risk, Political Violence and Policing the City of London’, in A.Crawford (ed.), Crime and Insecurity: The Governance of Safety in Europe. Cullompton: Willan.
    Wall, D. (2002) ‘Insecurity and the Policing of Cyberspace’, in A.Crawford (ed.), Crime and Insecurity: The Governance of Safety in Europe. Cullompton: Willan.
    Weber, M. (1949) The Methodology of the Social Sciences. Trans. E.Shils and A.M.Henderson.Glencoe, IL: The Free Press.
    Wildavsky, A. (1988) Searching for Safety. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
    Wiles, P. and Pease, K. (2001) ‘Distributive Justice and Crime’, in R.Matthews and J.Pitts (eds), Crime Disorder and Community Safety. London: Routledge.
    Wilkinson, I. (2001a) ‘Social Theories of Risk Perception: At Once Indispensable and Insufficient’, Current Sociology49(1): 1–22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011392101049001002
    Wilkinson, I. (2001b) Anxiety in a Risk Society. London: Routledge.
    Wimbledon, Mitcham and Morden Guardian (2002) ‘Ethnic Groups at Risk’, Wimbledon, Mitcham and Morden Guardian, 11 June.
    Wittenberg, R., Comas-Herra, A., Pickard, L. and Hancock, R. (2004) Future Demand for Long-term Care in the UK: a summary of projections of long-term care finance for older people to 2051. York: Joseph Rowntree Trust.
    World Commission on the Environment and Development (1987) Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    World Health Organisation (1989) European Charter on Environment and Health. Geneva: World Health Organisation.
    Wright, A. (2002) Policing. Cullompton: Willan.
    Wynne, B. (1992) ‘Risk and Social Learning: Reification to Engagement’, in S.Krimsky and D.Golding (eds), Social Theories of Risk. Westport, CT: Praeger.
    Young, J. (1999) The Exclusive Society. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446222065
    Zey, M. (1998) Seizing the Future: The Dawn of the Macindustrial Era (
    2nd edn
    ). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
    Zveric, U. (1998) ‘Criminal Victimisation in Countries in Transition: Rome UNICRI’, in R.I.Mawby (ed.), Burglary. Cullompton: Willan.

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website