The area of violence against women has become increasingly narrow and self-referential. Since the initial phase of development, when new theoretical ideas and methodological approaches were introduced and expanded, the field of study has become more rigid in scope and orientation. In many of the subareas or subdisciplines involved, an unwarranted confidence in theoretical ideas, empirical findings, and/or established ideologies has resulted in a circumscription of the field of study. Where this exists, it usually results in a reluctance to further develop new ideas or arenas of evidence within such subdisciplines or schools of thought. There is closure, often though not exclusively along disciplinary lines, against ideas and evidence from outside the ...
Cross-Border Encounters: Challenges and Opportunities
Cross-border encounters: Challenges and opportunities