- Subject index
The recent widespread rejection of conventional theory and method has led to the evolution of different ways of gathering and analyzing data. This accessible textbook introduces key research methods that challenge psychology's traditional preoccupation with `scientific' experiments. The book provides a well-structured guide to methods, containing a range of qualitative approaches (for example, semi-structured interviews, grounded theory, discourse analysis) alongside a reworking of quantitative methods to suit contemporary psychological research. A number of chapters are also explicitly concerned with research as a dynamic interactive process. The internationally respected contributors steer the reader through the main stag
Chapter 5: Conversation Analysis
The world of nature, as explored by the natural scientist, does not ‘mean’ anything to molecules, atoms and electrons. But the observational field of the social scientist – social reality – has a specific meaning and relevance structure for the human beings living, acting, and thinking within it. (Schütz, 1962: 59)
Over approximately the past 30 years there have been, broadly speaking, two contrasting approaches to the study of discourse. The first, embracing mainstream linguistics, psycholinguistics and some forms of sociolinguistic research, has adopted an ‘information-processing’ model of communication; the key components of which are speakers' communicative intentions, the encoding of those intentions into verbal messages, and the ‘wires’ (articulatory apparatus, grammar, etc.) down which messages are sent from speakers to listeners – whose ...