Rethinking Methods in Psychology
Publication Year: 1995
The recent widespread rejection of conventional theory and method has led to the evolution of different ways of gathering and analyzing data. This accessible textbook introduces key research methods that challenge psychology's traditional preoccupation with `scientific' experiments. The book provides a well-structured guide to methods, containing a range of qualitative approaches (for example, semi-structured interviews, grounded theory, discourse analysis) alongside a reworking of quantitative methods to suit contemporary psychological research. A number of chapters are also explicitly concerned with research as a dynamic interactive process. The internationally respected contributors steer the reader through the main stag
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
Part I: The Search for Meanings
- Chapter 2: Semi-Structured Interviewing and Qualitative Analysis
- Chapter 3: Grounded Theory
- Chapter 4: Life Story Research
Part II: Discourse as Topic
- Chapter 5: Conversation Analysis
- Chapter 6: Discourse Analysis and
- Chapter 7: Basic Principles of Transcription and
Part III: Research as Dynamic Interaction
Part IV: Using Numbers Differently
Editorial arrangement and Chapter 1 © Jonathan A. Smith, Rom Harré and Luk Van Langenhove 1995
Chapter 2 © Jonathan A. Smith 1995
Chapter 3 © Kathy Charmaz 1995
Chapter 4 © Ken Plummer 1995
Chapter 5 © Paul Drew 1995
Chapter 6 © Jonathan Potter and Margaret Wetherell 1995
Chapter 7 © Daniel C. O'Connell and Sabine Kowal 1995
Chapter 8 © Krysia Yardley 1995
Chapter 9 © Peter Reason and John Heron 1995
Chapter 10 © James T. Lamiell 1995
Chapter 11 © Jonathan A. Smith 1995
Chapter 12 © Rex Stainton Rogers 1995
First published 1995. Reprinted 1996
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without permission in writing from the Publishers.
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ISBN 0 8039 7732 8
ISBN 0 8039 7733 6 pbk
Library of Congress catalog card number 95–070199
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Printed in Great Britain by The Cromwell Press Ltd, Broughton Gifford, Melksham, Wiltshire
Notes on Contributors[Page vii]
Kathy Charmaz is Professor and Chair of the Sociology Department at Sonoma State University in California. She is the author of Good Days, Bad Days: The Self in Chronic Illness and Time (1991) and currently has diverse research projects concerning the body, grief and methods.
Paul Drew lectures in sociology at the University of York, UK teaching courses associated with conversational analysis and its application to institutional and workplace interactions – which are also the foci of his research, and the areas in which he has published widely (including most recently a co-edited collection, Talk at Work with John Heritage, 1992).
Rom Harré is a lecturer in the philosophy of science and fellow of Linacre College in Oxford University. He is also Professor in the Department of Psychology at Georgetown University, Washington, DC and Adjunct Professor of Social and Behavioural Sciences at Binghamton University. His publications include Social Being (1979, 1993), Personal Being (1983), Physical Being (1991), The Discursive Mind (with Grant Gillett, 1994) and he is the editor of The Social Construction of Emotions (1987).
John Heron has for many years been a leading figure in humanistic and transpersonal approaches to education, research and human development. He is noted in particular for his articulation of co-operative inquiry; for his contribution to the theory and practice of humanistic facilitation; and for his radical perspective on human personhood as set out in his book Feeling and Personhood (1992).
Sabine Kowal is with the Institute for Linguistics of the Technical University Berlin. Her research interests include psycholinguistics of language production, discourse analysis, rhetoric. Her publications include Über die zeitliche Organisation des Sprechens in der öffentlichkeist: Pausen, Sprechtempo und Verzögerungen in Interviews und Reden con Politikern (1991).
James T. Lamiell is Professor of Psychology at Georgetown University. He has also been Fulbright Senior Professor to the University of Heidelberg (1980). He has authored numerous articles as well as the book The Psychology of Personality: An Epistemological Inquiry (1987).
Daniel C. O'Connell is Professor of Psychology at Georgetown University. He has pursued for more than a quarter of a century an interest in the temporal organization of speech, including the uses of pause duration, frequency, and location as well as articulation rate and hesitation phenomena. His book, Critical Essays on Language Use and Psychology (1988) discusses these issues.[Page viii]
Ken Plummer is Professor of Sociology at the University of Essex. He is the author of many articles and books on sexualities, life stories and symbolic interactionism, and his publications include Sexual Stigma (1975), Documents of Life (1983), Symbolic Interactionism (edited, 1991), Modern Homosexualities (edited, 1992) and Telling Sexual Stories (1995).
Jonathan Potter is Reader in Discourse Analysis at the Department of Social Sciences, Loughborough University. His current research is focused on processes of fact construction in a range of social realms. He has written Discursive Psychology (1992, with Derek Edwards), and Mapping the Language of Racism (1992, with Margaret Wetherell). He is co-editor of the journal Theory and Psychology.
Peter Reason is currently Director of the Centre for Action Research in Professional Practice at the University of Bath. He has been developing the theory and practice of collaborative approaches to inquiry for over 15 years. His most recent book is Participation in Human Inquiry (1994).
Jonathan A. Smith is a lecturer in psychology at the University of Sheffield. His research interests are in self and identity, life transitions, the psychology of health and illness and qualitative approaches to psychology. He is also co-editor (with Rom Harré and Luk Van Langenhove) of Rethinking Psychology (1995).
Rex Stainton Rogers is a lecturer in psychology at the University of Reading. He is co-author of Stories of Childhood (1992), Textuality and Tectonics (1994), and Social Psychology: A Critical Agenda (1995) and a part of ‘Beryl Curt’ which is a forum for critical social theorists.
Luk Van Langenhove is a part-time professor at the Vrije Universiteit Brussels. He is also deputy Secretary General of the Belgian Science Policy Office. His main research interests are in several applied fields of psychology and in the theoretical foundations of the social sciences.
Margaret Wetherell is Senior Lecturer in Social Psychology in the Social Sciences Faculty of the Open University. She is currently researching issues of subjectivity and masculinity, and has a long standing research interest in racism and identity. She has written Men in Perspective (1995, with. Nigel Edley) and Mapping the Language of Racism (1992, with Jonathan Potter).
Krysia Yardley is Unit Consultant Clinical Psychologist for Merthyr and Cynon Valley Health Unit and District Adviser for Mid Glamorgan Health Authority. She has specific research interests in qualitative methodologies and epistemological issues, especially as related to role play techniques and to psychodynamic therapies. She has published in the areas of social skills, self and identity, role play and psychotherapy research.
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