Research Design in Social Work: Qualitative, Quantitative & Mixed Methods

Books

Anne Campbell, Brian J. Taylor & Anne McGlade

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    About the Authors

    Anne Campbell is Lecturer in Social Work at Queens University, Belfast. She is responsible for co-ordinating a Master's programme in Social Work studies and is also involved in teaching social work students at Undergraduate level. She has supervised and mentored a wide range of research students at Undergraduate, Masters and PHD levels over a number of years. She is also involved in developing knowledge-based and interactive e- learning tools for practice, research and social work education. She is currently active in research on drug and alcohol issues within regional and international contexts and online applications for social work practice. Anne is co-director of the drug and alcohol research network at Queens (DARN).

    Brian J. Taylor is Professor of Social Work at Ulster University in Northern Ireland, where he has the lead role for research in social work. He spent 10 years in practice and 15 years in professional training and organisation development in social work before moving to the university. He teaches research methods to Ph.D. students and to experienced social workers undertaking postgraduate, post-qualifying study. He was module coordinator for an innovative Introduction to Evidence Based Practice module on the B.Sc. qualifying social work programme. Brian leads the university social work research cluster on Decision, Assessment, Risk and Evidence Studies and is the primary organiser of a biennial international symposium on this topic. He was a founder Board Member of the European Social Work Research Association, and is an honorary Senior Fellow of the School for Social Care Research of the National Institute for Health Research, London.

    Anne McGlade has been Social Care Research Lead for the Social Care and Children's Directorate, Health and Social Care Board since October 2013. She is the lead on the development of the Research and Continuous Improvement Strategy (2015–2020) In Pursuit of Excellence in Evidence Informed Social Work Services in Northern Ireland. She has a longstanding career working in research and evaluation research in health and social care and other settings in England and Northern Ireland. She has a keen interest in the needs of older people, people with disabilities and people from black and minority ethnic groups. She has undertaken and published a range of research studies in these areas. Her interest in equality and human rights led to a career spanning a number of years as an adviser to a range of health and social care organisations. She is also a visiting lecturer and co-tutor on two post-qualifying programmes for social workers at Ulster University: the Application of Research Methods in Social Work and the Evidence Informed Professional and Organisation.

  • References

    Abdul-Quader A. , Heckathorn H. , McKnight C. , Bramson H. , Nemeth C. , Sabin K. , Gallagher K. , and Des Jarlias D. ( 2006 ) Effectiveness of respondent driven sampling for recruiting drug users in New York City: Findings from a pilot study. AIDS and Behavior, 9, 403408.
    Agnew A. , Manktelow R. , Taylor B.J. , and Jones L. ( 2010 ) Bereavement needs assessment in specialist palliative care settings: A review of the literature. Palliative Medicine, 24(1), 4659.
    Morrison Aine ( 2006 ) Referrals to the North Belfast Learning Disability Social Work Team 1996–2005: MSc Dissertation. Coleraine: University of Ulster.
    Argyrous G. ( 2006 ) Statistics for Research, with a guide to SPSS. London: Sage.
    ARK Northern Ireland: Access Research and Knowledge (www.ark.ac.uk).
    Beart S. , Hardy G. , and Buchan L. ( 2004 ) Changing selves: A grounded theory account of belonging to a self-advocacy group for people with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 17(2), 91.
    Begley E. , O'Brien M. , Carter-Anand J. , Killick C. , and Taylor B. ( 2012 ) Older people's views of support services in response to elder abuse in communities across Ireland. Quality in Ageing, 13(1), 4859.
    Benton D.C. , and McCormack D. ( 2000 ) ‘Reviewing and Evaluating the Literature’ in Cormack D. (ed.) The Research Process in Nursing. Oxford: Blackwell Science.
    Bergman E.M.L. ( 2012 ) Finding citations to social work literature: the relative benefits of using ‘Web of Science’, ‘Scopus’ or ‘Google Scholar’. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 38(6), 370379.
    Biernacki P. ( 1986 ) Pathways from Heroin Addiction: Recovery Without Treatment. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    Boyatzis R.E. ( 1998 ) Transforming Qualitative Information: Thematic Analysis and Code Development. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.
    Bryman A. ( 2004 ) Social Research Methods. Oxford: OUP.
    Burton D. ( 2000 ) Research Training for Social Scientists. London: Sage.
    Campbell A. (in press) Interim report of ongoing study: A research evaluation of the well-woman BACP-registered counselling programme for Women.
    Campbell A. ( 2004 ) A pre-post evaluation of outcomes for drug related offenders in a prison setting. Londonderry: University of Ulster.
    Campbell A. ( 2015 ) An Evaluation of Workers’ Perception of Dual Diagnosis in a Northern Ireland Health and Social Care Trust. Belfast: Queen's University Belfast.
    Campbell B. ( 2008 ) Social Care Governance: An Examination of the Knowledge and Practice of Social Workers within the South Eastern Health and Social Care Trust, Dissertation (MSc), Coleraine, Northern Ireland: University of Ulster.
    Centre for Reviews and Dissemination ( 2009 ) Systematic Reviews: CRD's Guidance for Undertaking Reviews in Health Care. York: University of York.
    Chalmers I. , and Altman, DG (eds.) ( 1995 ) Systematic Reviews. London: BMJ Publishing.
    Chang J. , and Moon A. ( 1997 ) Korean American elderly's knowledge and perceptions of elder abuse. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 6(1-2): 139154.
    Charmaz K. ( 2006 ) Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis. New York: Sage.
    Clapton G. ( 2009 ) Stories and Lessons from a Study of the Enhancement of Learning Process on a Social Work Degree Programme. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh.
    Coffey A. , and Atkinson P. ( 1998 ) Making Sense of Qualitative Data – Complementary Research Strategies. London: Sage.
    Cohen J. ( 1988 ) Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioural Sciences (2nd edition). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    Cohen J. ( 1992 ). A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 155159.
    Cohen J. , Deblinger E. , Mannarino A. , and Steer R. ( 2004 ) Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry. 2004, 43(4), 393402.
    Cooper H. ( 1998 ) Synthesizing Research: A Guide for Literature Reviews. New York: Sage.
    Corbin J. , and Strauss A.L. ( 2008 ) Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory (3rd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Coren E. , and Fisher M. ( 2006 ) The Conduct of Systematic Research Reviews for SCIE Knowledge Reviews. London: Social Care Institute for Excellence.
    Crombie I. ( 2005 ) The Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal. London: BMJ Publishing Group.
    Currie J. , and Widom C.S. ( 2010 ) Long Term Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect on Adult Economic Well Being. Child Maltreatment, 15(2), 111120.
    Darragh E. , and Taylor B.J. ( 2008 ) ‘Research and Reflective Practice’ [Chapter 11, pp 148–160] in Higham P. (ed.) Post Qualifying Social Work Practice. London: Sage.
    De Vaus D.A. ( 1996 ) Surveys in Social Research. London: UCL Press.
    Dempster M. ( 2003 ) ‘Systematic Review’, in Miller R.L. , and Brewer J.D. (eds) The A to Z of Social Research. London: Sage.
    Department of Health ( 2001 ) Treatment Choice in Psychological Therapies and Counselling, London.
    di Gregorio S. ( 2000 ) ‘Using Nvivo in your Literature Review’. London: Institute of Education (www.sdgassociates.com/downloads/literature_review.pdf).
    Drisko J.W. ( 1997 ) Strengthening qualitative studies and reports: Standards to promote academic integrity. Journal of Social Work Education, 33: 185197.
    Drisko J.W. ( 1997 ) Strengthening qualitative studies and reports: Standards to enhance academic integrity. Journal of Social Work Education, 33: 113.
    Duffy M. , Gillespie K. , and Clark D.M. ( 2007 ) Post-traumatic stress disorder in the context of terrorism and other civil conflict in Northern Ireland: randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 334 (7604), 11471150.
    Evans G.L. ( 2013 ) A novice researcher's first walk through the maze of grounded theory: Rationalisation for classical grounded theory. The Grounded Theory Review, 12(1), 3755. http://groundedtheoryreview.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Gary-Evans-Rationalization-for-CGTfinal-2.pdf.
    Fetterman D. ( 1998 ) Ethnography. London: Sage.
    Fischer J. ( 1981 ) ‘A Framework for Evaluating Empirical Research Reports’ in Grinnell R. (ed.) Social Work Research and Evaluation, Itasca, IL: FE Peacock, reprinted in Fischer, J (2009) Toward Evidence-Based Practice: Variations on a Theme. Chicago, IL: Lyceum (pp191–192).
    Fisher M. , Qureshi H. , Hardyman W. , and Homewood J. ( 2006 ) Using Qualitative Research in Systematic Reviews: Older People's Views of Hospital Discharge: SCIE Report 09. London: Social Care Institute for Excellence.
    Fleming G. , and Taylor B.J. ( 2007 ) Battle on the home care front: Perceptions of home care workers of factors influencing staff retention. Health & Social Care in the Community, 15(1), 6776.
    Fleming G. , and Taylor B.J. ( 2010 ) An evaluation of day support: A community rehabilitation service? International Journal of Disability, Community and Rehabilitation, 9(1), ISSN 1703–3381, www.ijdcr.ca/VOL09_01/articles/taylor.shtml.
    Flick U. ( 2006 ) An Introduction to Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Floersch J. , Longhofer J. , and Suskewick J. ( 2014 ) The use of ethnography in social work research. Qualitative Social Work, 13(1), 37.
    Franke R.H. , and Kaul J.D. ( 1978 ) The Hawthorne experiments: First statistical interpretation. American Sociological Review, 43, 623643.
    Gerrish K. , and Lacey A. ( 2006 ) The Research Process in Nursing. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Glaser B. , and Strauss A.L. ( 1967 ) The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. New York: Aldine.
    Grinnell R.M. , and Unrau Y.A. ( 2011 ) Social Work Research and Evaluation: Foundations of Evidence-Based Practice (9th edition). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Hamilton D. ( 2012 ) Incidence of Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour among Young People Known to 16+ Teams April 2011-April 2012, Dissertation (MSc). Coleraine, Northern Ireland: University of Ulster.
    Hanley B. , Bradburn J. , Barnes M. , Evans C. , Goodare H. , Kelson M. , Kent A. , Oliver S. , Thomas S. , and Wallcraft J. ( 2004 ) Involving the Public in the NHS, Public Health, and Social Care Research: Briefing Notes for Researchers. London: INVOLVE Support Unit.
    Henry G. ( 1990 ) Practical Sampling. London: Sage.
    Hollywood M. ( 2008 ) The Impact of Restorative Practices on Residential Childcare Facilities within the Southern Health and Social Care Trust, Dissertation (MSc). Coleraine, Northern Ireland: University of Ulster.
    Howitt D. , and Cramer D. ( 2008 ) Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology. Essex: Pearson.
    Humphrey C. ( 2007 ) Observing students practice: Through the looking glass and beyond. Social Work Education, 26(7), 723726
    Irwin M. , and McGlade A. ( 2012 ) You talkin’ to me? Direct Observations: a complex process made easier by effective communication. The Journal of Practice Teaching and Learning, 11(2), 92108.
    Khan K.S. , Rietter G. , Popay J. , Nixon J. , and Kleijnen J. ( 2004 ) ‘Stage II Conducting the Review – Phase 5: Study Quality Assessment’, in Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, Undertaking Systematic Reviews of Research on Effectiveness: CRD's Guidance for those Carrying Out or Commissioning Reviews Report Number 4 (2nd edition). York: Centre for Reviews and Dissemination.
    Killick C. , and Taylor B.J. ( 2009 ) Professional decision making on elder abuse: Systematic narrative review. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect, 21, 211238.
    Killick C. , and Taylor B.J. ( 2012 ) Judgments of social care professionals on elder abuse referrals: A factorial survey. British Journal of Social Work, 42(5), 814832.
    Lipsey M.W. , and Wilson D.B. ( 2001 ) Practical Meta-Analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Macdonald G. ( 2003 ) Using Systematic Reviews to Improve Social Care. London: Social Care Institute for Excellence.
    Malekinejad M. , Johnston L. , Kendall C. , Kerr L. , Rifkin M. , and Rutherford.G. ( 2008 ) Using respondent sampling methodology for HIV biological and behavioural surveillance in international settings: A systematic review, 12, 105130.
    Marzano L. , Hawton K. , Rivlin A. , and Fazel S. ( 2011 ) Psychosocial influences on prisoner suicide: A case control study of near lethal self-harm in women prisoners. Social Science and Medicine, 72, 874883.
    McColgan M. , and Campbell A. ( 2007 ) A Survey of the Childcare Needs of Women in the Northwest of Ireland. Londonderry: University of Ulster.
    McColgan M. , and Campbell A. ( 2012 ) The Mental Health of Young People in the North West Region of NI, An Action Research Project. Derry: Ulster University.
    McFadden P. ( 2013 ) Resilience and Burnout in Child Protection, (PhD Thesis), University of Ulster (p 338).
    McFadden P. , Taylor B.J. , Campbell A. , and McQuilkin J. ( 2012 ) Systematically identifying relevant research: Case study on child protection social workers’ resilience. Research on Social Work Practice, 22(6), 626636.
    McGlade A. ( 2007 ) Developing an evaluative approach to assess the impact of a special visual assessment and treatment service on adults with a learning disability, (MPhil Thesis). University of Ulster.
    McKenna H.P. et.al. ( 2006 ) Surveys. In: Gerrish K. , Lacey A. (eds) The Research Process in Nursing (5th edition). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
    McSherry D. , Larkin E. , Fargas M. , Kelly G. , and Robinson C. ( 2008 ) Care Pathways and Outcomes. Belfast: Institute for Child Care Research, Queen's University Belfast.
    Medical Research Council ( 2008 ) Developing and Evaluating Complex Interventions. London: MRC.
    Morrison A. ( 2006 ) Referrals to the North Belfast Learning Disability Social Work Team 1996–2005: MSc Dissertation. Coleraine: University of Ulster.
    Morrison A. , Bickerstaff D. , and Taylor B.J. ( 2010 ) Referrals to a learning disability social work team 1996 to 2005. British Journal of Learning Disability, 38(3), 168174.
    National Patient Safety Agency (National Research Ethics Service) ( 2010 ) Defining Research. London: NPSA.
    Neil E. ( 2004 ) The Contact after Adoption Study: Face to face contact, in Neil E. , and Howe D. (eds) Contact in Adoption and Permanent Foster Care. London: British Association for Adoption & Fostering.
    Noblit G.W. , and Hare R.D. ( 1988 ) Meta-Ethnography: Synthesising Qualitative Studies. New York: Sage.
    Pallant J. ( 2013 ) SPSS Survival Manual: A step by step guide to data analysis using SPSS. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
    Pawson R. , Boaz A. , Grayson L. , Long A. , and Barnes C. ( 2003 ) Types and Quality of Knowledge in Social Care, Knowledge Review 3. London: Social Care Institute for Excellence.
    Petticrew M. , and Roberts H. ( 2006 ) Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences: A Practical Guide. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Ryburn M. ( 1998 ) In whose best interests? – Post adoption contact with the birth family. Child & Family Law Quarterly, 10(1), 5370.
    Sandelowski M. , and Barroso J. ( 2007 ) Handbook for Synthesising Qualitative Research. New York: Springer.
    Sarantakos S. ( 2005 ) Social Research. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Sarantakos S. ( 2010 ) Social Research, Basingstoke: Macmillan.
    Scott I. , and Mazhindu D. ( 2005 ) Statistics for Health Care Professionals: An Introduction. London: Sage.
    Shaw I. , and Norton M. ( 2007 ) The Kinds and Quality of Social Work Research in UK Universities (Using Knowledge in Social Care Report 17). London: Social Care Institute for Excellence.
    Shaw I. , Arksey H. , and Mullender A. ( 2004 ) ESRC Research and Social Work and Social Care, Report 11. London: Social Care Institute for Excellence.
    Shulman L. ( 2009 ) The Skills of Helping Individuals, Families, Groups, and Communities (6th edition), Belmont, CA: Brooks-Cole.
    Spencer L. , Ritchie J. , Lewis J. , and Dillon L. ( 2003 ) Quality in Qualitative Evaluation: A Framework for Assessing Research Evidence. London: HMSO.
    Starks H. , and Trinidad S.B. ( 2007 ) ‘Choose your method: A comparison of phenomenology, discourse analysis and grounded theory’, Qualitative Health Research, 17(10): 13721380.
    Strauss A.L. , and Corbin J. ( 1990 ) Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques, London: Sage.
    Taylor B.J. ( 2003 ) ‘Literature Searching’ pp171–176, in Miller R. , and Brewer J. (eds) The A to Z of Social Research. London: Sage.
    Taylor B.J. ( 2004 ) Risk in community care: professional decision making on the long-term care of older people: thesis (PhD), Belfast: Queen's University Belfast.
    Taylor B.J. ( 2006 ) Risk management paradigms in health and social services for professional decision making on the long-term care of older people. British Journal of Social Work, 36(8), 141129.
    Taylor B.J. ( 2009 ) Invited commentary on papers by Holden et al. and Shek on the quality of Social Work Abstracts. Research on Social Work Practice, 19(3), 366369
    Taylor B.J. ( 2012a ) ‘Intervention Research’ (Chapter 27; pages 424–439) in Gray M. , Midgley J. , and Webb S. (eds) Social Work Handbook. New York: Sage.
    Taylor B.J. ( 2012a ) Developing an integrated assessment tool for the health and social care of older people. British Journal of Social Work, 42(7), 12931314.
    Taylor B.J. ( 2013 ) Professional Decision Making and Risk in Social Work (2nd edition). Exeter: Learning Matters.
    Taylor, BJ (Ed.) ( 2011 ) Working with Aggression and Resistance in Social Work. Exeter: Learning Matters.
    Taylor B.J. , and Campbell B. ( 2011 ) Quality, risk and governance: Social workers’ perspectives. International Journal of Leadership in Public Services, 7(4), 256272.
    Taylor B.J. , and Devine T. ( 1993 ) Assessing Needs and Planning Care in Social Work. Hampshire: Ashgate.
    Taylor B.J. , and Donnelly M. ( 2006a ) Professional perspectives on decision making about the long-term care of older people. British Journal Social Work, 36(5), 807826.
    Taylor B.J. , and Donnelly M. ( 2006b ) Risks to home care workers: Professional perspectives. Health, Risk & Society, 8(3), 23956.
    Taylor B.J. , and McKeown C. ( 2013 ) Assessing and managing risk with people with physical disabilities: The development of a safety checklist. Health, Risk and Society, 15(2), 162175.
    Taylor B.J. , and Neill A. ( 2009 ) Sheltered housing and care for older people: Perspective of tenants and scheme managers. Quality in Ageing: Policy, Practice and Research, 10(4), 1828.
    Taylor B.J. , Dempster M. , and Donnelly M. ( 2003 ) Hidden gems: Systematically searching electronic databases for research publications for social work and social care. British Journal of Social Work, 33(4), 423439.
    Taylor B.J. , Dempster M. , and Donnelly M. ( 2007 ) Grading gems: Appraising the quality of research for social work and social care. British Journal of Social Work, 37(2), 335354.
    Taylor B.J. , Killick C. , and McGlade A. ( 2015 ) Understanding and Using Research in Social Work. London: Sage.
    Taylor B.J. , Killick C. , O'Brien M. , Begley E. , and Carter-Anand J. ( 2014 ) Older people's conceptualisation of elder abuse and neglect. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect, 26(3), 223243.
    Taylor B.J. , McGilloway S. , and Donnelly M. ( 2004 ) Preparing young adults with disability for employment. Health & Social Care in the Community 12(2), 93101.
    Taylor B.J. , Mullineux J.C. , and Fleming G. ( 2010 ) Partnership, service needs and assessing competence in post qualifying education and training. Social Work Education: The International Journal, 29(5), 475489.
    Taylor B.J. , Wylie E. , Dempster M. , and Donnelly M. ( 2007 ) Systematically retrieving research: A case study evaluating seven databases. Research on Social Work Practice, 17(6), 697706.
    Turkington S. , and Taylor B.J. ( 2009 ) Post-adoption face-to-face contact with birth parents: Prospective adopters’ views. Child Care in Practice, 15(1), 2138.
    Williams M. , and Paul Vogt W. ( 2011 ) The Sage Handbook of Innovation in Social Research Methods. London: Sage.
    Wilson G. , and Campbell A. ( 2013 ) Developing Social Work Education: Academic Perspectives. British Journal of Social Work, 43(5), 10051023.

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website