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Chapter 7: Transformations in Adolescent Peer Networks
Transformations in peer networks concern the dynamics of both the network and behaviors. Beginning in early childhood, children sort themselves nonrandomly into friendships, selecting peers who are similar to themselves in important ways. In turn, the processes of creating and keeping friendships influence the behavior and attitudes of individuals. Thus, the interplay between dynamics in behaviors and networks is captured by two distinct processes: (1) selection processes and (2) influence processes.
Selection processes comprise the formation and dissolution of relationships and, thus, changes in the network. The best-known example of a selection process may be the assortative pairing process: the formation of a relationship based on the similarity of two individuals (McPherson, Smith-Lovin, & Cook, 2001), ...