Reconstructing Urban Regime Theory: Regulating Urban Politics in a Global Economy

Books

Edited by: Mickey Lauria

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    View Copyright Page

    Preface

    The purpose of this project is to bring together scholars who have begun to write about the need for and advantages of conceptualizing urban politics within higher-level abstractions. Urban regime theory is the chosen perspective on urban politics precisely because it dispenses with the stalled debates between elite hegemony and pluralist interest group politics, between economic determinism and political machination, and between external and/or structural determinants and local and/or social construction. Rather, urban regime theory provides a robust conceptual framework that views these, on the one hand, as false dualisms and, on the other hand, as theoretically driven historical or empirical questions. The new urban politics literature in general, and urban regime theory in particular, has been criticized for relying solely on middle-range concepts and thus failing to interpret their contextual meaning via higher-level abstractions. In other words, their middle-level concepts are not theoretically well defined for the structure of capital and the role of the state.

    The attraction of regulation theory is that it offers a way of linking changes in the economy to those in politics at a high level of abstraction. Here, the state, and local politics, are part of the mode of regulation within a particular regime of accumulation. But regulation theory has a tendency to underestimate the causal efficacy of local agents and institutions. Stronger conceptual linkages must be established between local agents and institutions, regime transformation, and the restructuring of urban space. Thus, the integration of the two approaches—the project of this book—appeared quite attractive.

    In conceptualizing this edited volume, I decided to try to build an integrated collective project. Thus, the project began at the conceptualization stage with e-mail discussions about urban political economy, urban politics, and planning theory. Quite early, it became clear that two distinct projects were emerging: (a) reintegrating political economy and planning theory and (b) reconceptualizing urban regime theory within the context of a regulationist approach. The former project was developed as a paper session at the 37th Annual Conference of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (October 1995) and a symposium “Planning Theory and Political Economy” for the journal Planning Theory (No. 14, 1996). The latter project was developed as two paper sessions at the 26th Annual Meeting of the Urban Affairs Association (March 1996) and has birthed this edited book.

    As organizer/editor, I collected individual queries, comments, and positions and bounced them back to a collection of interested scholars through an e-mail distribution list. After a few months of collecting and distributing comments, comments on comments, and so on, I requested abstracts of potential chapters for an edited volume. Unfortunately, not all who participated in these early discussions could find time in their schedules to produce chapters for the book. Regardless, I think it is appropriate to recognize the early contributions of Pierre Clavel, Susan Fainstein, Paul Knox, David Perry, Robert Whelan, and David Wilson.

    After developing a book prospectus from the chapter abstracts and securing a book contract, I distributed the prospectus and a guide to chapter contributors with a selective bibliography to ensure a coherent focus. Although the chapters did not receive blind reviews and thus cannot be considered refereed, each chapter was reviewed by at least three other contributing authors1. The reviewers sent their comments directly to the contributing authors with copies to me. I should note that the contributor reviews were professional and provided invaluable guidance for the authors. Subsequently, as editor, I reviewed each chapter and the peer reviews and developed a suggested plan of revision for each contributor. Here I should note that the contributors responded openly and effectively to the suggested plan of revision. The goal of the contributor review process was not only to ensure quality control and provide me with more intellectual force from which to persuade contributing authors of the value of the suggested revisions but also to allow each reviewing contributor to read relevant/tangential chapters in the volume before revising their own contributions. The effect is a more coherent volume.

    Note

    1. Realizing that this was an unusual and time-consuming process, I secured token monetary compensation for each contributing author ($100) as part of their chapter contract from Sage.

  • References

    Abbott, C. (1983). Portland: Planning, politics and growth in a twentieth century city. Lincoln: University of Nebraska.
    Abbott, C., Howe, D., & Adler, S. (1994). Planning the Oregon way: A twenty-year evaluation. Corvallis: Oregon State University.
    Adams, C., Bartelt, D., Elesh, D., Goldstein, I., Kleniewski, N., & Yancey, W. (1991). Philadelphia. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    Adde, L. (1969). Philadelphia. In Nine Cities: The anatomy of downtown renewal. Washington, DC: Urban Land Institute.
    Aglietta, M. (1979). A theory of capitalist regulation: The U.S. experience. London: New Left Books.
    Althubaity, A. (1995). The role of tax increment financing in land use change and economic development in the Coachella Valley, Southern California. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of California at Riverside.
    Altschuler, A. A., & Gomez-Ibanez, J. A. (with Howitt, A. M.). (1993). Regulation for revenue: The political economy of land use exactions. Washington, DC: Brookings.
    Anderson, P. (1991). Imagined communities. London: Verso.
    Arrow, K. J. (1971). Economic welfare and the allocation of resources for invention. In Essays in the theory of risk-bearing. Princeton: Universities—National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Series.
    Arthur D. Little Inc. (1958, May 9). Research staff report to the downtown subcommittee of the Greater Boston Economic Study Committee.
    AuCoin, D. (1991, September 9). Mayor of neighborhoods faces dismay in me street. Boston Globe, p. 9.
    Axelrod, R. (1984). The evolution of cooperation. New York: Basic Books.
    Axford, N., & Pinch, S. (1994). Growth coalitions and local economic development strategy in southern England. Political Geography13(4), 344–360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0962-6298%2894%2990003-5
    Baade, R. A. (1996). Professional sports as catalysts for metropolitan economic development. Journal of Urban Affairs, 18(1), 1–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1996.tb00361.x
    Baade, R. A., & Dye, R. F. (1988). Sports stadiums and area development: A critical review. Economic Development Quarterly, 2(3), 265–275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/089124248800200306
    Bacher, J. C. (1993). Keeping to the marketplace: The evolution of Canadian housing policy. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
    Bacon, E. N. (1943). How city planning came to Philadelphia. The American City, 58(2), 62.
    Bairn, D. (1992). The sports stadium as a municipal investment. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
    Bakshi, P., Goodwin, M., Painter, J. & Southern, A. (1995). Gender, race and class in the local welfare state. Environment and Planning A, 27, 1539–1554. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a271539
    Bakvis, H. (1991). Regional ministers: Power and influence in the Canadian cabinet. Toronto: University of Toronto.
    Baldassare, M. (1986). Trouble in paradise: The suburban transformation in America. New York: Columbia University Press.
    Banfield, E. C. (1961). Political influence. New York: Free Press.
    Barbrook, R. (1990). Mistranslations: Lipietz in London and Paris. Science as Culture, 8, 80–117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09505439009526273
    Barlow, M. (1995). Greater Manchester: Conurbation complexity and local government structure. Political Geography, 14(4), 379–390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0962-6298%2895%2995720-I
    Bamett, J., & Miller, N. (1983). Edmund Bacon: A Retrospective. Planning, 49 (11), 4–11.
    Bartimole, R. (1994). “If you build it,” Baseball holds a city hostage. The Progressive, 586, 28–31.
    Bartimole, R. (1995). Who governs: The corporate hand. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader(pp. 161–174). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Bauman, J. F. (1981). Visions of a postwar city. Urbanism Past and Present, 6(1), 1–11.
    Bauman, J. F. (1987). Public housing, race, and renewal. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    Beatty, J. (1992). The rascal king: The life and times of James Michael Curley, 1874–1958. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
    Beauregard, R. A. (1989a). Philadelphia: City profile. Cities, 6 (4), 300–308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0264-2751%2889%2990047-4
    Beauregard, R. A. (1989b). The spatial transformation of post-war Philadelphia. In R. A.Beauregard (Ed.), Atop the urban hierarchy (pp. 195–238). Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Littlefield.
    Beauregard, R. A. (1993). Voices of decline: The post-war fate of U.S. cities. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Benko, G., & Lipietz, A. (1994). De la régulation des espaces aux espaces de régulation. In R.Boyer & Y.Salliard (Eds.), Théorie de la regulation: L'état des savoirs (pp. 293–303). Paris: La Decouverte.
    Bhaskar, R. (1979). The possibility of naturalism. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press.
    Bier, T. (1995). Housing dynamics of the Cleveland area, 1950–2000. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader (pp. 244–259). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Blumenfeld, H. (1967). The modern metropolis: Its origins, growth, characteristics, and planning. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Body-Gendrot, S. N. (1987). Grass-roots mobilization in the Thirteenth Arrondissement. In C. N.Stone & H. T.Sanders (Eds.), The politics of urban development. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
    Boston. (1978, May). Boston comprehensive economic development strategy.
    Boston City Election Department. (Various years). City Document No. 10.
    Boston Economic Development and Industrial Commission. (1992). The missing link: A study of career opportunities for Boston residents in Boston hospitals and long-term care facilities.
    Boston Foundation. (1989, December). In the midst of plenty.
    Boston Home Rule Commission. (1971). Final report.
    Boston Redevelopment Authority. (1976, August 26). Downtown Boston today.
    Boston Redevelopment Authority. (1992, February). The economy.
    Bourdieu, P. (1990). The logic of practice. Cambridge: Polity. (First published in French under the title Le sens practique in 1980)
    Bourdieu, P. (1994). Rethinking the state: Genesis and structure of the bureaucratic field. Sociological Theory12 (1), 1–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/202032
    Bourdieu, P., & Wacquant, L. J. D. (1992). An invitation to reflexive sociology. Cambridge: Polity.
    Boyer, R. (1986). La théorie de la régulation: Une analyse critique. Paris: La Decouverte.
    Boyer, R. (1990). The regulation school: A critical introduction. (C.Chamey, Trans.). New York: Columbia University Press.
    Boyer, R., & Hollingsworth, R. J. (Eds.). (1995). The embeddedness of capitalist institutions. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Brenner, R., & Glick, M. (1991). The regulation approach: Theory and history. New Left Review, 188, 45–119.
    Brown, J. (1986, August). The revitalization of downtown Boston: History, assessment and case studies. Boston: Boston Redevelopment Authority.
    Burawoy, M. (1985). The politics of production. London: Verso.
    Calaveta, N. (1992). Growth machines and ballot box planning: The San Diego case. Journal of Urban Affairs, 14, 1–24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1992.tb00272.x
    Calhoun, C., LiPuma, E., & Postone, M. (Eds.). (1993). Bourdieu: Critical perspectives. Chicago: University Press of Chicago.
    Cappellin, R. (1992). Theories of local endogenous development and international cooperation. In M.Tykkulainen (Ed.), Development issues and strategies in the new Europe. Aldershot, UK: Avebury.
    Carchedi, G. (1977). On the economic identification of social classes. London: Routledge Kegan Paul.
    Cariaw, C. (1979, May). A decade of development in Boston. Boston: Boston Redevelopment Authority.
    Carver, H. (1948). Houses for Canadians. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    Castells, M. (1991). The informational city. Cambridge: Basil Blackwell.
    Chamber of Commerce of Greater Philadelphia. (1951). Philadelphia Facts1951. Philadelphia: Author.
    Chandler, M. O. (1995). Politics and the development of public housing. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader (pp. 228–243). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Chen, X., & Orum, A. (1994, July). City-building in the USA and China: An historical and comparative analysis. Paper presented at the conference Shaping the Urban Future: International Perspectives and Exchanges. Bristol, University of Bristol, School for Advanced Urban Studies.
    Chouinard, V. (1990). The uneven development of capitalist states: 1. Theoretical proposals and an analysis of post-war changes in Canada's assisted housing programmes. Environment and Planning, A (22), 1291–1308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a221291
    Christensen, B., & Pallia, D. (1994). 1993–1994 Report. San Bernardino, CA: Inland Empire Economic Summit Defense Reinvestment Action Group.
    Church, A., & Reid, P. (1995). Transfrontier cooperation, spatial development strategies, and the emergence of a new scale of regulation: The Anglo-French border. Regional Studies, 29 (3), 297–306.
    Cisneros, H. G. (1995). Urban entrepreneurialism and national economic growth. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
    Clark, G. (1981a). The employment relation and spatial division of labor: A hypothesis. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 71, 412–24.
    Clark, G. (1981b). Regional economic systems, spatial interdependence and the role of money. In J.Rees, G.Hewings, & H.Stafford (Eds.), Industrial location and regional systems. New York: J. F. Bergin.
    Clark, J. S., Jr., & Clark, D. J. (1982). Rally and relapse: 1946–1968. In R. F.Weigley (Ed.), Philadelphia: A 300-year history (pp. 649–703). New York: Norton.
    Clarke, S. E. (1987). More autonomous policy orientations: An analytical framework. In C. N.Stone & H. T.Sanders (Eds.), The politics of urban development (pp. 105–124). Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
    Clarke, S. E. (1988). Overaccumulation, class struggle and the regulation approach. Capital and Class, 36, 59–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/030981688803600104
    Clarke, S. E. (1990). New Utopias for old: Fordist dreams and post-fordist fantasies. Capital and Class, 42, 131–155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/030981689004200107
    Gavel, P. (1986). The progressive city. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
    Gavel, P. (1995). Regimes and progressive coalitions in cities. Planning Theory, 14, 44–64.
    Cleveland City Planning Commission. (1988). Cleveland civic vision 2000: Downtown plan. Author.
    Cleveland City Planning Commission. (1991). Cleveland civic vision 2000: Citywide plan. Author.
    Cochrane, A. (1991). The changing state of local government: Restructuring for the 1990s. Public Administration, 69, 281–302. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9299.1991.tb00795.x
    Collier, R. W. (1974). Contemporary cathedrals: Large-scale developments in Canadian cities. Montreal: Harvest House.
    Columbus annexation policy pays off. (1979, June 21). Columbus Dispatch, p. B3.
    Coulton, C. J., & Chow, J. (1995). The impact of poverty on Cleveland neighborhoods. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader (pp. 202–227). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Cox, K. R. (1991a). The abstract, the concrete, and the argument in the new urban politics. Journal of Urban Affairs, 13 (3), 299–306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1991.tb00257.x
    Cox, K. R. (1991b). Questions of abstraction in studies in the new urban politics. Journal of Urban Affairs, 13 (3), 267–280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1991.tb00254.x
    Cox, K. R. (1993). The local and the global in the new urban politics: A critical view. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 11, 433–448. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/d110433
    Cox, K. R., & Jonas, A. E. G. (1993). Urban development, collective consumption and the politics of metropolitan fragmentation. Political Geography, 12, 8–37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0962-6298%2893%2990022-Y
    Cox, K. R., & Mair, A. J. (1988). Locality and community in the politics of local economic development. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 78, 307–325. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8306.1988.tb00209.x
    Cox, K. R., & Mair, A. J. (1991). From localised social structures to localities as agents. Environment and Planning A, 23, 197–213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a230197
    Crouch, W. W., & Dinerman, B. (1963). Southern California metropolis. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
    Crow, G. (1989). The use of the concept of strategy in recent sociological literature. Sociology, 23 (1), 1–24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0038038589023001002
    Crump, J. R., & Archer, J. C. (1993). Spatial and temporal variability in the geography of American defense outlays. Political Geography, 12, 38–63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0962-6298%2893%2990023-Z
    Cullingworth, J. B. (1987). Urban and regional planning in Canada. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
    Cummings, S. (Ed.). (1988). Business elites and urban development: Case studies and critical perspectives. Albany: State University of New York Press.
    Cutler, W. W. III. (1980). The persistent dualism: Centralization and decentralization in Philadelphia, 1854–1975. In W. W.Cutler III & H.Gillette, Jr. (Eds.), The divided metropolis (pp. 249–284). Westport, CT: Greenwood.
    Cybriwsky, R. A., & Western, J. (1982). Revitalizing downtowns: By whom and for whom? In D. T.Herbert & R. J.Johnston (Eds.), Geography and the urban environment (pp. 343–365). London: John Wiley.
    Dahl, R. (1961). Who governs?New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    Davis, M. (1990). City of quartz: Excavating the future in Los Angeles. London: Verso.
    Davis, O., & Whinston, A. (1965). Economic problems in urban renewal. In E. S.Phelps (Ed.), Private wants and public needs (pp. 140–153). New York: Norton.
    DeLeon, R. E. (1992). Left coast city: Progressive politics in San Francisco, 1975–1991. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
    Demirovic, A. (1988). Regulation: Kollective praxis und intellectuelle. Unpublished manuscript.
    Devine, K. (1989, April 7). Neighborhood empowerment. Charlestown Ledger.
    DiGaetano, A. (1989). Urban political regime formation: A study in contrast. Journal of Urban Affairs, 11 (3), 261–283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1989.tb00192.x
    DiGaetano, A., & Klemanski, J. S. (1993a). Urban regime capacity: A comparison of Birmingham, England, and Detroit, Michigan. Journal of Urban Affairs, 15 (4), 367–384. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1993.tb00317.x
    DiGaetano, A., & Klemanski, J. S. (1993b). Urban regimes in comparative perspective: The politics of urban development in Britain. Urban Affairs Quarterly, 29 (1), 54–83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004208169302900103
    DiGaetano, A., & Klemanski, J. S. (1994, July). Comparative urban regimes: Regime formation and re-formation in the UK and the US. Paper presented at the conference Shaping the Urban Future: International Perspectives and Exchanges, Bristol, University of Bristol, School for Advanced Urban Studies.
    Downs, A. (1988). The real problem with suburban anti-growth policies. Brookings Review, 6 (2), 23–29. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/20080026
    Dreier, P., & Ehrlich, B. (1991). Downtown development and urban reform: The politics of Boston's linkage policy. Urban Affairs Quarterly, 26 (3), 354–373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004208169102600303
    Duchacek, I. D. (1984). The international dimension of sub-national self-government. Publius, 14 (1), 5–31.
    Dulong, R. (1978). Les regions, I'état et la société locale. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
    Duncan, S., & Savage, M. (1991). New perspectives on the locality debate. Environment and Planning A, 23, 155–164.
    Edwards, R. (1979). Contested terrain: The transformation of the workplace in the twentieth century. New York: Basic Books.
    Ehrlich, B. (1987). The politics of economic development planning: Boston in the 1980s. Unpublished M.C.P. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
    Elkin, S. L. (1985). Twentieth century urban regimes. Journal of Urban Affairs, 5, 11–27
    Elkin, S. L. (1987). City and regime in the American republic. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Epstein, E. (1995, December 22). The Giants' latest pitch. San Francisco Chronicle, p. A-l.
    Erie, S. P. (1988). Rainbow's end, Irish-Americans and the dilemmas of urban machine politics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    EsserJ., & Hirsch, J. (1989). The crisis of fordism and the dimensions of a post-fordist regional and urban structure. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 13(3), 417–437. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1989.tb00128.x
    Estall, R. C. (1966). New England, a study in regional adjustment. New York: Praeger.
    Euchner, C. (1993). Playing the field: Why sports teams move and cities fight to keep them. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Fainstein, N. I., & Fainstein, S. S. (1983). Regime strategies, communal resistance, and economic forces. In S. S.Fainstein & N. I.Fainstein (Eds.), Restructuring the city (pp. 245–282). New York: Longman.
    Fainstein, S. S. (1990). Economics, politics and development policy: The convergence of New York and London. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 14 (4), 553–575. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1990.tb00157.x
    Fainstein, S. S. (1994). The city builders: Property, politics, and planning in London and New York. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
    Fainstein, S. S. (1995). Politics, economics and planning: Why urban regimes matter. Planning Theory, 14, 34–43.
    Feagin, J. R. (1985). The social costs of Houston's growth: A Sunbelt boomtown re-examined. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 9(2), 164–185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1985.tb00426.x
    Feldman, M. M. A. (1977). A contribution to the critique of urban political economy: The journey to work. Antipode, 9, 30–49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8330.1977.tb00709.x
    Feldman, M. M. A. (1995). Regime and regulation in substantive planning theory. Planning Theory, 14, 65–78.
    Feldman, M. M. A., & Florida, R. L. (1990). Economic restructuring and the changing role of the state in U.S. housing. In W.van Vliet & J.van Weesep (Eds.), Government and housing: Developments in seven countries (Vol. 36, Urban Affairs Annual Reviews). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Feldman, M. M. A., … McIntyre, R. (1994). Flexible production: Its incidence and implications for labor markets and economic development strategy(Final Report to the Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce). Washington, DC: National Technical Information Service.
    Feldman, T. (1995). Local solutions to land use conflict under the endangered species act: Habitat conservation planning in Riverside County. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California at Riverside.
    Ferrer, A.,… Van Til, J. (1994, July). Barcelona and Philadelphia: An unlikely comparison. Paper presented at the conference Shaping the Urban Future: International Perspectives and Exchanges, Bristol, University of Bristol, School for Advanced Urban Studies.
    Finance Commission of the City of Boston. (1979, July 18). The administration of Massachusetts general law chapter 121A by the City of Boston and the Boston Redevelopment Authority.
    Fleischmann, A. (1986). The goals and strategies of local boundary changes: Government organization or private gain?Journal of Urban Affairs, 8, 63–75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1986.tb00155.x
    Florida, R. L., & Feldman, M. (1988). Housing in U.S. fordism. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 12, 187–210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1988.tb00449.x
    Florida, R. L., & Jonas, A. E. G. (1991). U.S. urban policy: The post-war state and capitalist regulation. Antipode, 23(4), 349–384. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8330.1991.tb00419.x
    Florida, R. L., & Kenney, M. (1988). Venture capital, high technology and regional development. Regional Studies, 22, 33–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00343408812331344750
    Fogelson, R. M. (1967). The fragmented metropolis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Foley, A. (1990, November 8). Metropolitan Boston employment structure. In Technical appendix to the Howell Report (Vol. 2). Boston: Boston Redevelopment Authority.
    Forbes. (1995, October 16). The four hundred richest people in America. Forbes, 1569, pp. 262, 295.
    Frieden, B., & Sagalyn, L. (1989). Downtown Inc., how America rebuilds cities. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
    Frye, N. (1982). Divisions on a ground: Essays on Canadian culture. Toronto: Anansi.
    Garber, J. A., & Imbroscio, D. (1992). Growth policies in Canadian and American cities: The myth of the North American city reconsidered. Charlottetown, PEI: Canadian Political Science Association.
    Gelfand, M. I. (1975). A nation of cities. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Giddens, A. (1984). The constitution of society. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
    Gillispie, M. (1996, February 3). Tribe, Cavs to cover costs of running sports complex. Cleveland Plain Dealer, p. B-6.
    Goetz, E. G. (1991). Promoting low-income housing through innovations in land use regulations. Journal of Urban Affairs, 13(3), 337–351. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1991.tb00259.x
    Goldberg, M. A., & Mercer, J. (1986). The myth of the North American city: Continentalism challenged. Vancouver: University of British Columbia.
    Goldsmith, W. W., & Blakely, E. J. (1992). Separate societies: Poverty and inequality in U.S. cities. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    Goodwin, M. (1992). The changing local state. In P.Cloke (Ed.), Policy and change in Thatcher's Britain: A critical perspective (pp. 77–96). Oxford, UK: Pergamon.
    Goodwin, M., Duncan, S., & Halford, S. (1993). Regulation theory, the local state and the transition of urban politics. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 11(1), 67–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/d110067
    Goodwin, M., & Painter, J. (in press). Local governance, the crises of fordism and the changing geographies of regulation. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 21.
    Gottdiener, M. (1983). Some theoretical issues in growth control analysis. Urban Affairs Quarterly, 18(4), 565–569. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004208168301800411
    Grabowski, J. J. (1992). Sports in Cleveland: An illustrated history. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Gramsci, A. (1971). Selections from the prison notebooks. London: Lawrence & Wishart.
    Gramsci, A. (1995). Further selections from the prison notebooks. London: Lawrence & Wishart.
    Granatstein, J. L. (1971). Marlborough marathon. Toronto: A M Hakkert.
    Granovetter, M. (1985). Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, 91, 481–510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/228311
    Greater Boston Economic Study Committee. (1959). A report on downtown Boston. Hall, F., & McIntyre Hall, L. (1993/1994). A growth machine for those who count. Critical Sociology, 20(1), 79–102.
    Hambleton, R. (1994, July). Reinventing local government: A cross-national analysis. Paper presented at the conference Shaping the Urban Future: International Perspectives and Exchanges, Bristol, University of Bristol, School for Advanced Urban Studies.
    Harding, A. (1994). Urban regimes and growth machines: Towards a cross-national research agenda. Urban Affairs Quarterly, 29(3) 356–382.
    Harding, A. (1995). Elite theory and growth machines. In D.Judge, G.Stoker, & H.Wolman (Eds.), Theories of urban politics (pp. 35–53). London: Sage.
    Harvey, D. (1982). The limits to capital. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Harvey, D. (1985). The urbanization of capital: Studies in the history and theory of capitalist urbanization. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Harvey, D. (1989). The condition of postmodernity: An enquiry into the origins of cultural change. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Häusler, J., & Hirsch, J. (1987). Regulation und Parteien im Uebergang zum post-fordismus. Das Argument, 165, 651–671.
    Hay, C., & Jessop, B. (1995, August 31). The governance of local economic development and the development of local economic governance: A strategic-relational approach. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago.
    Heider, T. (1995, December 28). Gateway gets 10-year loan from county. Cleveland Plain Dealer p. A-1.
    Hepworth, M. (1990). Geography of the information economy. New York: Guilford.
    Herrero, T. R. (1991). Housing linkage: Will it play a role in the 1990s?Journal of Urban Affairs13(1), 1–19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1991.tb00236.x
    Hill, E. W. (1995). The Cleveland economy: A case study of economic restructuring. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader (pp. 53–88). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Hirzel, D. M. (1993). Cleveland gateway. Urban Land, 52, 34–37.
    Hoch, C. (1984). City limits: Municipal boundary formation and class segregation. In W. K.Tabb & L.Sawers (Eds.), Marxism and the metropolis (pp. 298–322). New York: Oxford University Press.
    Hodgkinson, H. D. (1972). Miracle in Boston. Massachusetts Historical Society, Proceedings84, 71–81.
    Home builders fear annexation. (1986, March 20). Columbus Dispatch, p. 2C
    Horan, C. (1990). Organizing the “new Boston”: Growth policy, governing coalitions and tax reform. Polity, 22(3), 489–510. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3234760
    Horan, C. (1991). Beyond governing coalitions: Analyzing urban regimes in the 1990s. Journal of Urban Affairs, 13(2), 119–135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1991.tb00244.x
    Horowitz, G. (1978, June 11). Notes on “conservatism, liberalism and socialism in Canada.”Canadian Journal of Political Science.
    Hoxworth, D. H., & Thomas, J. C. (1993). Economic development decision making in a fragmented polity: Convention center expansion in Kansas City. Journal of Urban Affairs, 15, 275–292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1993.tb00163.x
    Hunter, F. (1953). Community power structure. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
    Inland Empire Economic Partnership. (1994). 1993 achievements in economic development. Ontario, CA: Inland Empire Economic Partnership, mimeo.
    Isin, E. F. (1992). Cities without citizens: Modernity of the city as a corporation. Montreal: Black Rose. Jackson, P. (1991). Mapping meanings: A cultural critique of locality studies. Environment and Planning A, 23, 215–228.
    Jauhiainen, J. (1994, July). A comparative framework in the question of waterfront redevelopment in Barcelona, Cardiff and Genoa. Paper presented at the conference Shaping the Urban Future: International Perspectives and Exchanges, Bristol, University of Bristol, School for Advanced Urban Studies.
    Jenkins, R. (1992). Pierre Bourdieu. London: Routledge.
    Jennings, J. (1986). Urban machinism and the black voter: The Kevin White years. In J.Jennings & M.King (Eds.), From access to power, black politics in Boston (pp. 57–88). Rochester, VT: Schenkman.
    Jenson, J. (1990). Representations in crisis: The roots of Canada's permeable fordism. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 24(3), 653–683. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0008423900020795
    Jenson, J. (1993). Naming nations: Making nationalist claims in Canadian public discourse. Canadian review of sociology and anthropology, 30(3), 337–350.
    Jessop, B. (1982). The capitalist state: Marxist theories and methods. Oxford: Martin Robertson.
    Jessop, B. (1983). Accumulation strategies, state forms, and hegemonic projects. Kapitalistate, 10, 89–111.
    Jessop, B. (1990a). Regulation theories in retrospect and prospect. Economy and Society, 19(2), 153–216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03085149000000006
    Jessop, B. (1990b). State theory: Putting the capitalist state in its place. Cambridge: Polity.
    Jessop, B. (1992a). Fordism and post-fordism: Acritical reformulation. In M.Storper & A.Scott (Eds.), Pathways to industrialization and regional development (pp. 43–65). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Jessop, B. (1992b). Regulation und politik: Integrale ökonomie und integraler Staat. In A.Demirovic, H.-P.Krebs, & T.Sablowski (Eds.), Hegemonie und staat (pp. 232–262). Münster: Westfälisches Dampfboot Verlag.
    Jessop, B. (1993). Towards a Schumpeterian workfare state? Preliminary remarks on post-fordist political economy. Studies in Political Economy, 40, 7–39.
    Jessop, B. (1994). Post-fordism and the state. In A.Amin (Ed.), Post-fordism: A reader (pp. 251–279). Oxford, UK: Blackwell. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470712726.ch8
    Jessop, B. (1995a). The nation-state: Erosion or reorganization? In Lancaster Regionalism Group working papers (Governance Series, No. 50). Lancaster, UK: Lancaster University.
    Jessop, B. (1995b). The regulation approach, governance and post-fordism: Alternative perspectives on economic and political change?Economy and Society, 24(3), 307–333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03085149500000013
    Jessop, B. (1995c). Towards a Schumpeterian workfare regime in Britain? Reflections on regulation, governance and welfare state. Environment and planning A, 27,(6), 1613–1626. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a271613
    Jessop, B. (1996a). The governance of uneven development: The East Thames corridor. Lancaster Regionalism Group Working Papers (Governance Series), 54. Lancaster, UK: Lancaster University.
    Jessop, B. (1996b). Interpretive sociology and the dialectic of structure and agency: Reflections on Holmwood and Stewart's explanation and social theory. Theory, Culture and Society, 13(1), 119–126. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/026327696013001006
    Jezierski, L. (1994, July). Comparative partnerships and local regimes. Paper presented at the conference Shaping the Urban Future: International Perspectives and Exchanges, Bristol, University of Bristol, School for Advanced Urban Studies.
    Jonas, A. E. G. (1991). Urban growth coalitions and urban development policy: Postwar growth and the politics of annexation in metropolitan Columbus. Urban Geography, 12, 197–226. http://dx.doi.org/10.2747/0272-3638.12.3.197
    Jonas, A. E. G. (in press). In search of order: Traditional business reformism and the crisis of neoliberalism in Massachusetts. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 21.
    Jonas, A. E. G. (1996). Local labour control regimes: Uneven development and the social regulation of production. Regional Studies30(4), 323–338. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00343409612331349688
    Jones, B., & Bachelor, L. W. (1986). The sustaining hand: Community leadership and corporate power. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
    Judd, D., & Parkinson, M. (Eds.). (1991). Leadership and urban regeneration: Cities in North America and Europe. London: Sage.
    Kantor, P. (1987). The dependent city: The changing political economy of urban economic development in the United States. Urban Affairs Quarterly, 22(4), 493–520. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004208168702200402
    Kantor, P. (1988). The dependent city. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman.
    Katz, J. B. (1978). The impact of federal grants in Boston in 1978. Waltham, MA: Brandeis University.
    Keating, W. D., & Krumholz, N. (1991). Downtown plans of the 1980s: A case for more equity in the 1990s. Journal of the American Planning Association, 57, 136–152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01944369108975483
    Keating, W. D., Krumholz, N., & Metzger, J. (1989). Cleveland: Post-populist public-private partnerships. In G. D.Squires (Ed.), Unequal partnerships: The political economy of urban redevelopment in postwar America (pp. 121–141). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
    Keating, W. D., Krumholz, N., & Perry, D. C. (1995). The ninety-year war over public power in Cleveland. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader (pp. 137–154). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Keil, R. (1993). Weltstadt—Stadt der Welt. Muenster: Westfaelisches Dampfboot.
    Kennedy, L. (1992). Planning the city upon a hill, Boston since 1636. Amherst: University of Massachusetts.
    Kerstein, R. (1993). Suburban growth politics in Hillsborough County: Growth management and political regimes. Social Science Quarterly, 74, 614–630.
    Kerstein, R. (1995). Political exceptionalism in sunbelt cities. Journal of Urban Affairs, 17, 143–163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1995.tb00341.x
    Keyes, L. (1969). The rehabilitation planning game, a study in the diversity of neighborhoods. Boston: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
    King, J. (1990). How the BRA got some respect. Planning, 56(5), 4–9.
    King, M. (1981). Chain of change, struggles for black community development. Boston: South End.
    Kissling, C. (1992, January 19). Gateway's “50–50” leans heavier on the public. Cleveland Plain Dealer, p. B-1.
    Klaassen, L. H., & Cheshire, P. C. (1993). Urban analysis across the Atlantic divide. In A. A.Summers, P. C.Cheshire, & L.Senn (Eds.), Urban change in the United States and Western Europe: Comparative analysis and policy (pp. 581–592). Washington, DC: Urban Institute.
    Kling, R., Olin, S., & Poster, M. (Eds.). (1991). Postsuburban California: The transformation of Orange County since World War II. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Knaap, G., & Nelson, A. C. (1992). The regulated landscape: Lessons on state land use planning from Oregon. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.
    Knights, D., & Morgan, G. (1990). The concept of strategy in sociology. Sociology, 24(3), 475–483. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0038038590024003008
    Koff, S. (1996, January 9). Council balks on Gateway bail-out. Cleveland Plain Dealer, p. B-1.
    Koff, S., Heider, T., & Grossi, T. (1996, February 10). NFL owners OK deal. Cleveland Plain Dealer, p. A-1.
    Kotz, D. M., McDonough, T., & Reich, M. (Eds.). (1994). Social structures of accumulation: The political economy of growth and crisis. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511559501
    Krätke, S. (1995). Stadt, Raum, Oekonomie: Einfuehrung in aktuelle Problemfelder der Stadtoekonomie und Wirtschaftsgeographie. Basel, Switzerland: Birkhaueser Verlag.
    Krätke, S., & Schmoll, F. (1991). The local state and social restructuring. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 15(1), 542–552.
    Lauria, M. (1986). Toward a specification of the local state: State intervention strategies in response to a manufacturing plant closure. Antipode, 18(1), 39–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8330.1986.tb00352.x
    Lauria, M. (1994a). The transformation of local politics: Manufacturing plant closures and governing coalition fragmentation. Political Geography, 13(6), 515–539. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0962-6298%2894%2990039-6
    Lauria, M. (1994b, July). Waterfront development, urban regeneration and local politics in New Orleans and Liverpool. Paper presented at the conference Shaping the Urban Future: International Perspectives and Exchanges, Bristol, University of Bristol, School for Advanced Urban Studies.
    Lauria, M., & Whelan, R. K. (1995). Planning theory and political economy: The need for reintegration. Planning Theory, 14, 8–33.
    Lawless, P. (1994). Partnership in urban regeneration in the UK: The Sheffield central area study. Urban Studies, 31(8), 1303–1324. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00420989420081171
    Leitner, H. (1990). Cities in pursuit of economic growth: The local state as entrepreneur. Political Geography Quarterly, 9, 146–170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0260-9827%2890%2990016-4
    Leitner, H., & Garner, M. (1993). The limits of local initiatives: A reassessment of urban entrepreneurialism for urban development. Urban Geography, 14, 57–77. http://dx.doi.org/10.2747/0272-3638.14.1.57
    Leo, C. (1977). The politics of urban development: Canadian urban expressway disputes. Toronto: Institute of Public Administration of Canada.
    Leo, C. (1994). The urban economy and the power of the local state: The politics of planning in Edmonton and Vancouver. In F.Frisken (Ed.), The changing Canadian metropolis: A public policy perspective (Vol. 2). Berkeley: Institute of Governmental Studies Press, University of California.
    Leo, C. (1995a). Global change and local politics: Economic decline and the local regime in Edmonton. Journal of Urban Affairs, 17(3), 277–299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1995.tb00348.x
    Leo, C. (1995b). The state in the city: A political economy perspective on growth and decay. In J.Lightbody (Ed.), Canadian metropolitics: Governing our cities (pp. 27–50). Toronto: Copp Clark.
    Leo, C., & Fenton, R. (1990). Mediated enforcement and the evolution of the state: Urban development corporations in Canadian city centres. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 14(2), 185–206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1990.tb00668.x
    Ley, D. (1994). Social polarization and community response: Contesting marginality in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside. In F.Frisken (Ed.), The changing Canadian metropolis: A public policy perspective (Vol. 2). Berkeley: Institute of Governmental Studies Press, University of California.
    Lindblom, C. E. (1977). Politics and markets: The world's political-economic systems. New York: Basic Books.
    Lipietz, A. (1986). Behind the crisis: The exhaustion of a regime of accumulation. A regulation school perspective on some French empirical works. Review of Radical Political Economics, 18, 13–32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/048661348601800102
    Lipietz, A. (1987). Mirages and miracles: The crisis of global fordism (D.Macey, Trans.). London: Verso.
    Lipietz, A. (1988, Summer). Reflections on a tale: The Marxist foundations of the concept of regulation and accumulation. Studies in Political Economy, 26, 7–36.
    Lipietz, A. (1992). Towards a new economic order. Cambridge, UK: Polity.
    Lipietz, A. (1993). The local and the global: Regional individuality or interregionalism?Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 18(1), 8–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/623066
    Lipietz, A. (1994). The national and the regional: Their autonomy vis-à-vis the capitalist world crisis. In R. P.Palan & B.Gills (Eds.), Transcending the state-global divide: A neo-structuralist agenda in international relations (pp. 23–44). Boulder, CO: Lynne Riener.
    Lipset, S. M. (1990). Continental divide: The values and institutions of the United States and Canada. New York: Routledge.
    Logan, J., & Molotch, H. (1987). Urban fortunes: The political economy of place. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Logan, J., & Swanstrom, T. (Eds.). (1990). Beyond the city limits. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    Longhurst, B. (1991). Raymond Williams and local cultures. Environment and Planning A, 23, 229–238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a230229
    Lordon, F. (1995, November). L'etat et I'economie politique. Paper presented to Colloque de Politique Economique, Paris.
    Lorimer, J. (1978). The developers. Toronto: Lorimer. Lorenz, E. H. (1993). Flexible production systems and the social construction of trust. Politics and Society, 21, 307–324.
    Logue, E. PapersManuscripts and archives, Stirling Memorial Library, Yale University, New Haven, CT. Boxes 153, 217.
    Lovering, J. (1990). Fordism's unknown successor: A comment on Scott's theory of flexible accumulation and the re-emergence of regional economies. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 14, 159–174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1990.tb00825.x
    Lowe, J. R. (1967). Cities in a race with time. New York: Random House.
    Magnet, M. (1995). How business bosses saved a sick city. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader (pp. 155–160). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Malecki, E. J., & Bradbury, S. L. (1992). R…D facilities and professional labour: Labour force dynamics in high technology. Regional Studies, 26(2), 123–136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00343409212331346841
    Mann, M. (1984). The autonomous power of the state: Its origins, mechanisms and results. In M.Mann (Ed.), States, war and capitalism (pp. 1–33). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
    Mann, M. (1988). The autonomous power of the state: Its origins, mechanisms, and results. In M.Mann (Ed.), States, war and capitalism (pp. 1–32). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
    Mann, M. (1993). The sources of social power: Vol. 2. The rise of classes and nation-states, 1760–1919. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511570902
    Marchione, W. (1976, September). The 1949 charter reform. New England Quarterly, pp. 373–398. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/364680
    Marglin, S. A. (1974). What do bosses do?Review of Radical Political Economics, 6, 60–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/048661347400600206
    Markusen, A. R., & Bloch, R. (1985). Defensive cities: Military spending, high technology, and human settlement. In M.Castells (Ed.), High technology, space, and society (pp. 106–120). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
    Massey, D. (1994). Time, place and gender. Cambridge, UK: Polity.
    Mayer, M. (1994). Post-fordist city politics. In A.Amin (Ed.), Post-fordism: A reader (pp. 316–337). Oxford, UK: Blackwell. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470712726.ch10
    Mensch, G. O. (1975). Stalemate in technology: Innovations overcome the depression. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.
    Mier, R. (Ed.). (1993). Social justice and local development policy. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Miggins, E. M. (1995). Between spires and stacks: The people and neighborhoods of Cleveland. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader (pp. 179–201). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Miller, C. P., & Wheeler, R. A. (1995). Cleveland: The making and remaking of an American city. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader (pp. 31–48). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Miller, G. (1981). Cities by contract: The politics of municipal incorporation. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Miron, L. (1992). Corporate ideology and the politics of entrepreneurism in New Orleans. Antipode, 24(4), 263–288. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8330.1992.tb00447.x
    Mollenkopf, J. H. (1983). The contested city. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Molotch, H. L. (1976). The city as a growth machine: Towards a political economy of place. American Journal of Sociology, 82, 309–331. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/226311
    Molotch, H., & Vicari, S. (1988). Three ways to build: The development process in the United States, Japan, and Italy. Urban Affairs Quarterly, 24(2), 188–210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004208168802400202
    Morishima, M. (1973). Marx's economics: A dual theory of value and growth. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    Nelson, A. C. (1995). Growth management and the savings-and-loan bailout. The Urban Lawyer, 27(1), 71–85.
    Newman, P. C. (1982). The acquisitors. Toronto: Seal.
    Newton, K. (1975). American urban politics: Social class, political structure and public goods. Urban Affairs Quarterly, 11(2), 241–264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107808747501100204
    Nisbet, A. (1991). The textile industry in New England: Is flexible specialization occurring? Masters Research Project, University of Rhode Island Graduate Curriculum in Community Planning and Area Development.
    Noel, A. (1988). Action collective, partis politiques et relations industrielles: Une logique politique pour I'approche de la regulation. International Conference on Regulation Theory, Barcelona.
    Noyelle, T., & Stanback, T. M., Jr. (1984). The economic transformation of American cities. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Allanheld.
    O'Connor, T. H. (1993). Building a new Boston, politics and urban renewal, 1950–1970. Boston: Northeastern University.
    Olson, M. (1965). The logic of collective action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Orr, M. E., & Stoker, G. (1994). Urban regimes and leadership in Detroit. Urban Affairs Quarterly, 30(1), 48–73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004208169403000103
    Ozanian, M. K. (1995, May 9). Suite deals: Why new stadiums are shaking up the pecking order of sports franchises. Financial World, 164(11), 42–56.
    Pagano, M. A., & Bowman, A. O. (1995). Cityscapes and capital. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Painter, J. (1991). Regulation theory and local government. Local Government Studies, 17(6), 23–44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03003939108433604
    Painter, J. (1995). Regulation theory, post-fordism and urban politics. In D.Judge, G.Stoker, & H.Wolman (Eds.), Theories of urban politics (pp. 276–295). London: Sage.
    Painter, J., & Goodwin, M. (1995). Local governance and concrete research: Investigating the uneven development of regulation. Economy and Society, 24(3), 334–356. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03085149500000014
    Painter, J., Wood, M., & Goodwin, M. (1995, September). British local governance after fordism: A regulationist interpretation. Paper presented at the ESRC Local Governance Research Programme conference, Exeter, UK.
    Peck, J., & Tickell, A. (1992). Local modes of social regulation? Regulation theory, Thatcherism and uneven development. Geoforum, 23, 347–364. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0016-7185%2892%2990047-8
    Peck, J., & Tickell, A. (1994). Searching for a new institutional fix: The after-fordist crisis and the global-local disorder. In A.Amin (Ed.), Post-fordism: A reader (pp. 280–315). Oxford, UK: Blackwell. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470712726.ch9
    Perkins, G. (1990). Boston gross city product and productivity: 1972–1986 with geographic comparisons. Technical appendix to the Howell Report (Vol. 1). Boston: Boston Redevelopment Authority.
    Peterson, I. (1995, September 10). The “mistake” wakes up, roaring. New York Times, p. A-9.
    Peterson, P. (1981). City limits. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226922645.001.0001
    Petshek, K. R. (1973). The challenge of urban reform. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    Philadelphia City Planning Commission. (1954, September). Planning in Philadelphia. ASPO Newsletter, 20(9), 76–80.
    Pickvance, C., & Preteceille, E. (1991). State restructuring and local power: A comparative perspective. London: Pinter.
    Pincetl, S. (1994). The regional management of growth in California: A history of failure. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 18, 256–274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1994.tb00265.x
    Piore, M. J., & Sabel, C. F. (1984). The second industrial divide: Possibilities for prosperity. New York: Basic Books.
    Piven, F. F., & Friedland, R. (1984). Public choice and private power: A theory of the urban fiscal crisis. In A.Kirby, P.Knox, & S.Pinch (Eds.), Public service provision and urban development (pp. 390–420). New York: Croom Helm/St. Martin's.
    Plotkin, S. (1987). Keep out: The struggle for land use control. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Plotkin, S. (1990). Enclave consciousness and neighborhood activism. In J.Kling & P.Posner (Eds.), Dilemmas of community activism (pp. 218–239). Philadelphia: Temple.
    Polanyi, K. (1944). The great transformation. New York: Farrar & Rinehart.
    Poulantzas, N. (1978). State, power, socialism. London: New Left Books.
    Powers, J. (1986, June 1). On me move with Steve Coyle. Boston Globe Magazine, pp. 23–40.
    Ragonetti, T. (1977, April 22). Informal tax agreements in Boston: Analysis, evaluation and directions for change, a report to Collector—Treasurer James V. Young.
    Real Estate Research Corporation. (1974). Urban renewal land disposition study. Chicago.
    Rosentraub, M. S., Swindell, D., Przybylski, M., & Mullins, D. R. (1994). Sport and downtown development strategy: If you build it, will jobs come?Journal of Urban Affairs, 16(3), 221–239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1994.tb00327.x
    Rutchick, J., Heider, T., & Koff, S. (1995, July 9). How Gateway went awry. Cleveland Plain Dealer, p. A-1
    Rutchick, J., & Koff, S. (1995, June 27). Chema quits as Gateway director. Cleveland Plain Dealer, p. A-l.
    Rycroft, C. (1990). The internationalization of U.S. intergovernmental relations in science and technology policy. Technology in Society, 12, 217–233. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0160-791X%2890%2990009-2
    San Bernardino County. n.d. Memorandum of understanding by and between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the California Department of Fish and Game, the County of San Bernardino, the fifteen affected cities in southwestern San Bernardino County and additional undersigned participating agencies for the purpose of developing and implementing a habitat conservation plan to conserve wildlife and plant species of concern in the San Bernardino Valley. Author draft mimeo.
    San Bernardino/Riverside Counties. (1994). San Bernardino/Riverside Counties economic recovery/defense conversion strategic plan (Report No. 8), San Bernardino, CA.
    Salamon Brothers. (1989, December, 13). The Boston office market: Will it survive the Massachusetts miracle?New York: Author.
    Sancton, A. (1991). The municipal role in the governance of Canadian cities. In T.Bunting & P.Filion (Eds.), Canadian cities in transition. Toronto: Oxford University Press.
    Sanders, H. T., & Stone, C. N. (1987). Developmental politics reconsidered. Urban Affairs Quarterly. 22(4), 521–539. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004208168702200403
    Sandomir, R. (1996, February 12). Compromise got Cleveland a stadium. New York rimes, p. B-9.
    Sassen, S. (1991). The global city: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University.
    Savitch, H. V. (1988). Post-industrial cities: Politics and planning in New York, Paris and London. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Savitch, H. V., & Kantor, P. (1994, July). City business: An international perspective on market place politics. Paper presented at the conference Shaping the Urban Future: International Perspectives and Exchanges, Bristol, University of Bristol, School for Advanced Urban Studies.
    Saxenian, A. (1994). Regional advantage: Culture and competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Sayer, A. (1984). Method in social science: A realist approach (
    1st ed.
    ). London: Hutchison. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203310762
    Sayer, A. (1989). Post-fordism in question. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 13, 666–693. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1989.tb00141.x
    Sayer, A. (1992). Method in social science: A realist approach (
    2nd ed.
    ). London: Routledge Kegan Paul.
    Sayer, A., & Walker, R. (1992). The new social economy: Reworking the division of labor. Cambridge, UK: Blackwell.
    Schattschneider, E. E. (1970). The semi-sovereign people. Hinsdale, IL: Dryden. Schumpeter, J. S. (1939). Business cycles. New York: McGraw-Hill.
    Scott, A. J. (1986). Industrial organization and location: Division of labor, the firm, and spatial process. Economic Geography, 62, 215–231. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/144006
    Scott, A. J. (1988). New industrial spaces: Flexible production organization and regional development in North America and Europe. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Scott, A. J. (1990). Metropolis: From the division of labor to urban form. Berkeley: University of California.
    Scott, A. J., & Paul, A. (1990). Collective order and economic coordination in industrial agglomerations: The technopoles of Southern California. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 8, 179–193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/c080179
    Schultz, E., & Simmons, W. (1959). Offices in the sky. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
    Sege, I. (1992, May 28). Mass. residents shared 1980s boom unequally. Boston Globe, p. 1.
    Sewell, J. (1993). The shape of the city: Toronto struggles with modem planning. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    Shatten, R. A. (1995). Cleveland Tomorrow: A practicing model of new roles and processes for corporate leadership in cities. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader (pp. 321–331). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Shefter, M. (1985). Political crisis/fiscal crisis: The collapse and revival of New York City. New York: Basic Books.
    Sheppard, E., & Barnes, T. J. (1990). The capitalist space economy: Geographical analysis after Ricardo, Marx and Sraffa. London: Unwin Hyman.
    Shropshire, K. L. (1995). The sports franchise game: Cities in pursuit of sports franchises, stadiums, and arenas. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    Slavet, J. (1977, November). Tax policy analysis and planning study, the Boston case (HUD Research Grant No. 2628). Second Project Monitor.
    Smith, M. P., & Feagin, J. R. (1987). The capitalist city: Global restructuring and community politics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
    Snyder, S. (1988, December 27). Where have all the powers gone?Boston Globe, p. 33.
    Soja, E. W. (1989). Postmodern geographies: The reassertion of space in critical social theory. London: Verso.
    Sorkin, M. (Ed.). (1992). Variations on a theme park: The new American city and the end of public space. New York: Noonday.
    Stoker, G. (1990). Regulation theory, local government and the transition from fordism. In D. S.King & J.Pierre, Challenges to local government (pp. 242–264). London: Sage.
    Stoker, G. (1995). Regime theory and urban politics. In D.Judge, G.Stoker, & H.Wolman (Eds.), Theories of urban politics (pp. 54–71). London: Sage.
    Stoker, G., & Mossberger, K. (1994). Urban regime theory in comparative perspective. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 12, 195–212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/c120195
    Stone, C. N. (1987). The study of the politics of urban development. In C. N.Stone & H. T.Sanders (Eds.), The politics of urban development (pp. 3–22). Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
    Stone, C. N. (1989). Regime politics: Governing Atlanta, 1946–1988. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
    Stone, C. N. (1991). The hedgehog, the fox, and the new urban politics: A rejoinder to Kevin R. Cox. Journal of Urban Affairs, 13(3), 289–297. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1991.tb00256.x
    Stone, C. N. (1993). Urban regimes and the capacity to govern: A political economy approach. Journal of Urban Affairs, 15, 1–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1993.tb00300.x
    Stone, C. N., Orr, M. E., & Imbroscio, D. (1991). The reshaping of urban leadership in U.S. cities: A regime analysis. In M.Gottdiener & C. G.Pickvance (Eds.), Urban life in transition (Vol. 39, pp. 222–239). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Stone, C. N., & Sanders, H. T. (Eds.). (1987). The politics of urban development. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
    Storper, M. (1991, April 13–17). Regional “worlds of production”: Conventions of learning and innovation in flexible production systems of France, Italy, and the USA. Presented at the annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Miami.
    Storper, M., & Harrison, B. (1990). Flexibility, hierarchy, and regional development: The changing structure of industrial production systems and their forms of governance in the 1990s. Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Planning. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
    Storper, M., & Walker, R. (1989). The capitalist imperative: Territory, technology and industrial growth. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell.
    Sum, N-L. (1995, November). Politics of identity: A temporal-spatial perspective on Greater China. Paper presented at the East Asia Research Centre, School of East Asian Studies, University of Sheffield.
    Swanstrom, T. (1985). The crisis of growth politics: Cleveland, Kucinich, and the challenge of urban populism. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    Swanstrom, T. (1995). Urban populism, fiscal crisis, and the new political economy. In W. D.Keating, N.Krumholz, & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Cleveland: A metropolitan reader (pp. 97–118). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
    Sweeney, S. M. (1994, December). Where's Roldo?Northern Ohio Live, pp. 19–21, 45.
    Swyngedouw, E. A. (1991, April). “Spatial organization” as a force of production and the space/technology nexus. Presented at the annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers, Miami.
    Thrift, N. (1983). On the determination of social action in space and time. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 1(1), 23–57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/d010023
    Thrift, N. (1989, September). Flexible production in financial services. Is it new? Does it matter?Presented at the Cardiff Symposium on Regulation, Innovation, and Spatial Development, Cardiff, Wales, UK.
    Tickell, A., & Peck, J. A. (1992). Accumulation, regulation and the geographies of post-fordism: Missing links in regulationist research. Progress in Human Geography, 16(2), 190–218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/030913259201600203
    Tickell, A., & Peck, J. A. (1995). Social regulation after fordism: Regulation theory, neo-Iiberalism and the global-local nexus. Economy and Society, 24, 357–386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03085149500000015
    Tinkcom, M. B. (1982). Depression and War: 1929–1946. In R. F.Weigley (Ed.), Philadelphia: A 300-year history (pp. 601–648). New York: Norton.
    U.S. Bureau of the Census. (1951, 1962, 1970, 1980, 1990). County business patterns. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
    Van Allsburg, C. M. (1986). Dual-earner housing needs. Journal of Planning Literature, 1, 388–399. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/088541228600100304
    Van der Pijl, K. (1982). The making of the Atlantic ruling class. London: Verso.
    Vicari, S., & Molotch, H. (1990). Building Milan: Alternative machines of growth. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 14(4), 602–624. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.1990.tb00159.x
    Vickers, R. J. (1996, February 6). Seating licenses seen as option. Cleveland Plain Dealer, p. A-1.
    Vigman, F. K. (1955). Crisis of the cities. Washington, DC: Public Affairs Press.
    Walker, D. (1979). The great Winnipeg dream: The redevelopment of Portage and Main. Oakville, Ontario: Mosaic Press.
    Walker, R. A. (1988). The dynamics of value, price and profit. Capital & Class, 35, 146–181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/030981688803500110
    Walker, R. A. (1989). A requiem for corporate geography: New directions in industrial organization, the production of place and uneven development. Geografiska Annaler, 71(B), 43–68.
    Walker, R. A. (1995). Regulation and flexible specialization as theories of capitalist development: Challengers to Marx and Schumpeter? In H.Liggett & D. C.Perry (Eds.), Spatial practices: Critical explorations in social/spatial theory (pp. 167–208). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Warner, K., & Molotch, H. L. (1995). Power to build: How development persists despite local controls. Urban Affairs Review, 30, 378–406. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107808749503000304
    Watson, W. (1990). Strategy, rationality and inference: The possibility of symbolic performances. Sociology, 24(3), 485–498. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0038038590024003009
    Weinberg, M. (1981). Boston's Kevin White: A mayor who survives. Political Science Quarterly, 96(1), 87–106. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2149678
    Whelan, R. K. (1987). New Orleans: Mayoral politics and economic-development policies in the postwar years 1945–86. In C. N.Stone & H. T.Sanders (Eds.), The politics of urban development (pp. 216–222). Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
    Whelan, R. K., Young, A. H., & Lauria, M. (1994). Urban regimes and racial politics in New Orleans. Journal of Urban Affairs, 16(1), 1–21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9906.1994.tb00510.x
    Whitman, D., & Friedman, D. (1994, October 17). The white underclass. U.S. News and World Report, 40–53.
    Williams, R. (1961). The long revolution. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin.
    Williamson, O. (1975). Markets and hierarchies. New York: Free Press.
    Wilson, D. (1995). Representing the city: Growth coalitions and uneven development in two midwest cities. Planning Theory, 14, 96–115.
    Wolf, S. G. (1982). The bicentennial city: 1968–1982. In R. F.Weigley (Ed.), Philadelphia: A 300-year history (pp. 704–734). New York: Norton.
    Wolfe, A. (1981). America's impasse. New York: Pantheon.
    Wood, A. M. (1993). Local economic development networks and prospecting for industry. Environment and Planning A, 25, 1649–1662. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a251649
    Woolley, S. (1992, June 5). Inland Empire steps up effort to lure business from neighboring Los Angeles. Wall Street Journal, p. A2.
    Yin, R. (1980). Creeping federalism: The federal impact on the structure and function of local government. In N.Glickman (Ed.), The urban impact of federal policies (pp. 595–618). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Zimbalist, A. (1992). Baseball billions: A probing look inside the big business of our national pastime. New York: Basic Books.

    Name Index

    About the Contributors

    Robert A. Beauregard is Professor in the Milano Graduate School of Management and Urban Policy at the New School for Social Research, where he teaches urban political economy and economic development. He has a Ph.D. in city and regional planning from Cornell University and previously taught at the University of Pittsburgh and Rutgers University. He was Harvey Perloff Visiting Professor in the Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of California, Los Angeles. His most recent book is Voices of Decline: The Postwar Fate of U.S. Cities.

    Kevin R. Cox is Professor of Geography at Ohio State University and Distinguished Visiting Professor at Reading University. His research interests include the politics of local economic development, critical human geography, and the political economy of South Africa. He is the author of Location and Public Problems and Conflict and Power and Politics in the City, editor of Urbanization and Conflict in Market Societies, and coeditor of Conflict, Politics, and the Urban Scene and Behavioral Geography Revisited. His papers have appeared in numerous journals, including Acta Sociologica, Urban Studies, the Journal of Urban Affairs, the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Society and Space, Urban Geography, Political Geography, and Geografiska Annaler.

    Marshall M. A. Feldman is Associate Professor of Community Planning at the University of Rhode Island. He also has taught at Cleveland State University; the University of California, Berkeley; San Francisco State University; the University of California, Santa Cruz; and the University of Texas. He holds a Ph.D. in urban planning from the University of California, Los Angeles, and received a B.S. and a Masters of Engineering (Industrial) from Cornell University. His research is on housing and economic development and more generally on urbanization and urban political economy. He has written in these areas and on planning education, planning theory, and methodology.

    Mark Goodwin is Professor of Human Geography in the Institute of Earth Studies at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. He received his doctorate from the London School of Economics. He has published widely in the fields of urban politics, urban geography, and regional change. He is the joint author of two books on the local state and local politics, Housing States and Localities and The Local State and Uneven Development. He has two books forthcoming on urban change. He is also a joint author of Practising Human Geography, which explores the construction and interpretation of geographical data. He has directed several research projects; the latest, with Joe Painter, examines changes in the structures and practices of local governance.

    Cynthia Horan is Visiting Assistant Professor of African American Studies and Government at Wesleyan University in Connecticut. She previously taught at the University of Toronto. She earned a Ph.D. in urban studies and planning from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and has published articles in the Journal of Urban Affairs, Polity, and Research in Political Economy. She is currently writing a book on the politics of Boston's postwar economic transformation. Her research interests include urban political economy, state theory, and racial politics.

    Bob Jessop is Professor of Sociology at Lancaster University, England. Previously, he taught in the Department of Government at Essex University. He has written extensively on theories of the state, the political economy of Thatcherism, the regulation approach, postsocialist economies, and social theory. He is currently completing a research project on the transformation of local governance in Britain and continuing work on regionalism in East Asia. His books include The Capitalist State, Nicos Poulantzas, Thatcherism: A Tale of Two Nations, State Theory, and The Politics of Flexibility. His work on the regulation approach and governance has appeared in Economy and Society and various edited collections.

    Andrew E. G. Jonas is Lecturer in the School of Geography and Earth Resources, University of Hull, United Kingdom, and Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences, University of California, Riverside. His research interests are U.S. urban policy and politics, labor and community responses to deindustrialization, and conservation policy in California. He has published articles in Economic Geography, Society and Space, Journal of Urban Affairs, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Urban Geography, Political Geography, Antipode, and Area. He currently has a 2-year NSF project on habitat conservation planning and urban development in Southern California and is coediting a book on critical perspectives on the city as a growth machine.

    W. Dennis Keating is Professor of Urban Planning and Law, and Associate Dean of the Levin College of Urban Affairs at Cleveland State University. He has a Ph.D. in City and Regional Planning from the University of California, Berkeley, and a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School. His latest books are Revitalizing Urban Neighborhoods, Cleveland: A Metropolitan Reader, and The Suburban Racial Dilemma. He is currently editing books on distressed central city areas and rent control.

    Mickey Lauria is Professor of Urban and Regional Planning and Director of the Division of Urban Research and Policy Studies in the College of Urban and Public Affairs at the University of New Orleans. His earned his A.B. in political science and geography from the University of California, Los Angeles, and his M.A. and Ph.D. in geography from the University of Minnesota. He is coeditor of the Journal of Planning Education and Research. He has published articles on urban redevelopment, urban politics, and community-based development organizations in planning, geography, and urban studies journals. His recent local research interests also include patterns and impacts of housing foreclosures, historical analysis of preservation conflicts, and planning issues involving race and class in New Orleans.

    Christopher Leo is Professor of Political Science and Coordinator of Urban Studies at the University of Winnipeg. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Economy from the University of Toronto. Recent articles have appeared in the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Journal of Urban Affairs, The Changing Canadian Metropolis: Contemporary Perspectives, and Canadian Metropolitics. Recent and current research deals with the politics of development in Vancouver, Edmonton, Winnipeg, and Toronto; the politics of growth management in Portland, Oregon; comparison of European and North American urban politics; and the impact of global change on local politics.

    Joe Painter is Lecturer in Geography at the University of Durham. He received his B.A. from Cambridge University and his Ph.D. from the Open University. He was previously Lecturer in Geography at the University of Wales, Lampeter. He is the author of several articles on regulation theory, urban politics, and the restructuring of the local state and of the book Politics, Geography, and “Political Geography.” He is currently completing a major research project on the changing role of the British local state.


    • Loading...
Back to Top