Realism and Social Science


Andrew Sayer

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    View Copyright Page

  • References

    Abrams, P. (1982) Historical Sociology, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Adam, B. (1990) Time and Social Theory, Cambridge: Polity.
    Agnew, J.A. (1987a) Place and Politics, London: Allen and Unwin.
    Agnew, J.A. (1987b) The United States in the World Economy: 4 Regional Geography, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Allen, J. (1987) ‘Realism as method: a review of Sayer'sMethod in Social Science’ Antipode, 19, pp. 231–9.
    Amin, A. (ed.) (1994) Post-Fordism, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Archer, K. (1987) ‘Mythology and the problem of reading in urban and regional research’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 5: pp. 384–93.
    Archer, M. (1995) Realist Social Theory: the Morphogenetic Approach, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Arthur, J. and Shapiro, A. (eds) (1995) Campus Wars: Multiculturalism and the Politics of Difference, Boulder, Co.: Westview.
    Assiter, A. (1997) Enlightened Women: Modernist Feminism in a Postmodern Age, London: Routledge.
    Baier, A.C. (1994) Moral Prejudices, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press,
    2nd edn
    Bardhan, P. and Roemer, J.E. (1992) ‘Market socialism: a case for rejuvenation’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 6 (3), pp. 101–16.
    Barnes, B. (1982) T.S. Kuhn and Social Science, London: Macmillan.
    Barrett, M. (1987) ‘The concept of difference’, Feminist Review, 26, pp. 29–13.
    Barrett, M. (1991) The Politics of Truth: From Marx to Foucault, Cambridge: Polity.
    Barrett, M. (1992) ‘Words and things: materialism and method in contemporary feminist analysis’, in M.Barrett and A.Phillips (eds) Destabilising Theory, Cambridge: Polity.
    Barrett, M. and Phillips, A. (1992) Destabilising Theory, Cambridge: Polity.
    Bauman, Z. (1992) Intimations of Postmodernity, London: Routledge.
    Bauman, Z. (1993) Postmodern Ethics, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Bauman, Z. (1995) Life in Fragments, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Baynes, K., Bohman, J. and McCarthy, T. (eds) (1987) After Philosophy, Cambridge, MA: MIT.
    Beauregard, R.A. (1988) ‘In the absence of practice: the locality research debate’, Antipode, 20, pp. 52–9.
    Bellamy, R. (1992) Liberalism and Modern Society, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Benhabib, S. (1986) Critique, Norm and Utopia, New York: Columbia University Press.
    Benhabib, S. (1992) Situating the Self, Cambridge: Polity.
    Benton, T. (1993) Natural Relations: Ecology, Animal Rights and Social Justice, London: Verso.
    Bhabha, H.K. (1994) The Location of Culture, London: Routledge.
    Bhaskar, R. (1975) A Realist Theory of Science, Leeds: Leeds Books.
    2nd edn 1979
    , Brighton: Harvester.
    Bhaskar, R. (1979) The Possibility of Naturalism, Brighton: Harvester.
    2nd edn
    1989, Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
    Bhaskar, R. (1986) Scientific Realism and Human Emancipation, London: Verso.
    Bhaskar, R. (1989) Reclaiming Reality, London: Verso.
    Bhaskar, R. (1991) Philosophy and the Idea of Freedom, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Bhaskar, R. (1993) Dialectic: the Pulse of Freedom, London: Verso.
    Bhaskar, R. (1994) Plato, Etc., London: Verso.
    Bhaskar, R. (1995) Plato, Etc., London: Verso.
    Billig, M., Condor, S., Edwards, D., Cane, M., Middleton, D. and Radley, A. (1988) Ideological Dilemmas, Beverley Hills, CA: Sage.
    Blaikie, N. (1993) Approaches to Social Enquiry, Cambridge: Polity.
    Blaut, J. (1963) ‘Space and process’, in W.K.Davies (ed.) The Conceptual Revolution in Geography, London: University of London Press, pp. 42–51.
    Bloch, M. (1989) Ritual, History and Power: Selected Papers in Anthropology, London: Athlone.
    Blok, A. (1974) The Mafia of a Sicilian Village 1860–1960: A Study of Violent Peasant Entrepreneurs, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Bloom, A. (1995) ‘The closing of the American mind’, in Arthur, J. and Shapiro, A. (eds) Campus Wars: Multiculturalism and the Politics of Difference, Boulder, Co.: Westview, pp. 9–18.
    Bock, G. and James, S. (eds) (1992) Beyond Equality and Difference, London: Routledge.
    Boltanski, L. and Thevenot, L. (1991) De La Justification, Paris: Gallimard.
    Bondi, L. (1990) ‘Feminism, postmodernism and geography: space for women?’Antipode, 22, pp. 156–67.
    Bondi, L. and Domosh, M. (1992) ‘Other figures in other places: on feminism, postmodernism and geography’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 10, pp. 199–213.
    Bourdieu, P. (1977) Outline of a Theory of Practice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Bourdieu, P. (1984) Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Bourdieu, P. (1988) Homo Academicus, London: Routledge.
    Bourdieu, P. (1993) Sociology in Question, London: Sage.
    Buchanan, A.E. (1982) Marx and Justice: The Radical Critique of Justice, London: Rowman and Allenheld.
    Buchanan, A.E. (1985) Ethics, Efficiency and the Market, London: Clarendon.
    Butler, J. (1989) Gender Trouble, London: Routledge.
    Butler, J. (1992) ‘Contingent foundations’, in J.Butler and J.W.Scott (eds) Feminists Theorize the Political, London: Routledge, pp. 3–21.
    Butler, J. (1994) ‘Gender as Performance: Interview’, Radical Philosophy, 67, pp. 32–9.
    Carling, A. (1992) Social Division, London: Verso.
    Castells, M. (1977) The Urban Question, London: Arnold.
    Chandler, A. (1977) The Visible Hand, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Chodorow, N. (1978) The Reproduction of Mothering, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    Clifford, J. and Marcus, G.E. (eds) (1986) Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    Cloke, P., Philo, C. and Sadler, D. (1991) Approaching Human Geography, London: Paul Chapman.
    Cockburn, C. (1983) Brothers, London: Pluto.
    Cockburn, C. (1985) Machinery of Male Dominance, London: Pluto Press.
    Cole, S. (1992) Making Science: Between Nature and Society, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Collier, A. (1994a) Critical Realism, London: Verso.
    Collier, A. (1994b) ‘Values, rationality and the environment’, Radical Philosophy, 66, pp. 3–10.
    Collier, A. (1998) ‘Language, practice and realism’, in I.Parker (ed.), Social Constructionism, Discourse and Realism, London: Sage, pp. 47–58.
    Connerton, P. (1989) How Societies Remember, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Connor, S. (1993) ‘The necessity of value’, in J.Squires (ed.), Principled Positions, London: Lawrence and Wishart.
    Cooke, P. (1986) ‘The changing urban system and regional system in the UK’Regional Studies, 20, pp. 243–51.
    Corbridge, S. (1993a) ‘Ethics in development studies: the example of debt’, in F.J.Schuurman (ed.), Beyond the Impasse: New Directions in Development Theory, London: Zed Books.
    Corbridge, S. (1993b) ‘Marxisms, modernities and moralities: development praxis and the claims of distant strangers’, in D.Booth (ed.), New Directions in Social Development Research, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Cornell, D. (1993) Transformations: Recollective Imagination and Sexual Difference, London: Routledge.
    Cosgrove, D. (1984) Social Formation and Symbolic Landscape, Beckenham, Kent: Croom Helm.
    Cusumano, M.A. (1985) The Japanese Automobile Industry, Cambridge: MA: Harvard University Press.
    Daniel, G. (1962) The Idea of Pre-History, London: C.A. Walts and Co.
    Darby, H.C. (1962) ‘The problem of geographical description’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 30, pp. 1–14.
    Davidson, D. (1984) Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation, Boston: Clarendon Press.
    Day, B. (1987) ‘Rites of passage: education policy from the perspective of school leavers’Policy and Politics, 15, pp. 147–55.
    Dear, M. (1988) ‘The postmodernist challenge: reconstructing human geography’, Transactions of the Insitute of British Geographers, New Series, 13, pp. 264–74.
    Derrida, J. (1976) Margins of Philosophy transl. A.Bass, Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press.
    Deutsche, R. (1991) ‘Boy's town’, ‘Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 9, pp. 5–13.
    Dews, P. (1984) ‘The Letter and the line: discourse and its other in Lyotard’, Diacritics, 14 (3), pp. 40–9.
    Dickens, P.J. (1996) Reconstructing Nature: Alienation, Emancipation and the Division of Labour, London: Routledge.
    Dittmar, H. (1992) The Social Psychology of Material Possessions, Hemel Hempstead Harvester.
    Dobson, A. (1990) Green Political Thought, London: Unwin Hyman.
    Dodd, N. (1994) The Sociology of Money, Cambridge: Polity.
    Doel, M. (1992) ‘In stalling deconstruction: striking out the postmodern’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 10, pp. 163–80.
    Doyal, L. and Gough, I. (1991) A Theory of Human Need, London: Macmillan.
    Dray, W. (ed.) (1966) Philosophical Analysis and History, New York: Harper and Row.
    Dryzek, J.S. (1987) Political Ecology, Oxford: Blackwell.
    EagletonT. (1983) Literary Theory: An Introduction, Oxford, Basil Blackwell.
    Edgley, R. (1985) ‘Reason as dialectic: science, social science and socialist science’, in R.Edgley and R.Osborne (eds), Radical Philosophy Reader, London: Verso.
    Eribon, D. (1989) Michel Foucault, Paris: Flammarion.
    Etzioni, A. (1988) The Moral Dimension: Toward a New Economics, New York: Free Press.
    Fairclough, N. (1992) Discourse and Social Change, Cambridge: Polity.
    Fay, B. (1975) Social Theory and Political Action, London: Allen and Unwin.
    Fay, B. (1987) Critical Social Science, Cambridge: Polity.
    Fay, B. (1996) Contemporary Philosophy of Social Science, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Feyerabend, P. (1993) Against Method, London: New Left Review,
    3rd edn
    Foucault, M. (1977) Discipline and Punish transl. A.Sheridan, London: Penguin.
    Foucault, M. (1978) The History of Sexuality transl. R.Hurley, London: Penguin.
    Foucault, M. (1980) Power/Knowledge, New York: Pantheon Books.
    Franklin, S. (1993) ‘Essentialism, which essentialism? Some implications of reproductive and genetic techno-science’, Journal of Homosexuality, 24, 3/4, pp. 27–39.
    Fraser, N. (1995) ‘From redistribution to recognition? Dilemmas of a “post-socialist age”’, New Left Review, 212, pp. 68–93.
    Fraser, N. (1999) ‘Social justice in the age of identity politics: redistribution, recognition and participation’, in L.Ray and A.Sayer (eds), Culture and Economy after the Cultural Turn, London: Sage.
    Fraser, N. and Nicholson, L. (1989) ‘Social criticism without philosophy: an encounter between feminism and postmodernism’, in L.Nicholson (ed.), Feminism/Postmodernism, London: Verso.
    Fröbel, F. et al. (1979) The New International Division of Labour, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Fuss, D. (1990) Essentially Speaking: Feminism, Nature and Difference, London: Routledge.
    Geertz, C. (1973) The Interpretation of Cultures, New York: Basic Books.
    Gellner, E. (1968) ‘The new idealism – cause and meaning in the social sciences’, in A.Musgrave and I.Lakatos (eds), Problems in the Philosophy of Science, Amsterdam: North Holland.
    Gellner, E. (1970) ‘Concepts and society’, in B.Wilson (ed.), Rationality, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 18–49.
    Geras, N. (1990) Discourses of Extremity: Radical Ethics and Post-Marxist Extravagances, London: Verso.
    Gherardi, S. (1995) Gender, Symbolism and Organizational Cultures, London: Sage.
    Giddens, A. (1976) New Rules of Sociological Method, London: Hutchinson.
    Giddens, A. (1979) Central Problems of Social Theory, London: Macmillan.
    Giddens, A. (1981) A Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism Volume 1, London: Macmillan.
    Giddens, A. (1984) The Constitution of Society, Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Giddens, A. (1985) ‘Time, space and regionalization’, in D.Gregory and J.Urry (eds), Social Relations and Spatial Structures, London: Macmillan, pp. 265–95.
    Giddens, A. (1987) Social Theory and Modern Society, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Gilbert, A. (1988) ‘The new regional geography in English and French-speaking countries’Progress in Human Geography, 12, pp. 208–28.
    Gilligan, C. (1982) In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Graham, J. (1988) ‘Postmodernism and Marxism’, Antipode, 20, pp. 60–6.
    Graham, J. (1990) ‘Theory and essentialism in Marxist geography’, Antipode, 22, pp. 53–66.
    Gray, J. (1986) Liberalism, Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    Gray, J. (1995) Enlightenment's Wake, London: Routledge.
    Greenwood, D. (1994) Realism, Identity and Emotion: Reclaiming Social Psychology, London: Sage.
    Gregory, D. (1978) Ideology, Science and Human Geography, London: Hutchinson.
    Gregory, D. (1981) ‘Human agency and human geography’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers News Series, 6, pp. 1–18.
    Gregory, D. (1982) Regional Transformation and Industrial Revolution: A Geography of the Yorkshire Woollen Industry, London: Macmillan.
    Gregory, D. (1985) ‘Suspended animation: the stasis of diffusion theory’, in D.Gregory and J.Urry (eds), Social Relations and Spatial Structures, London: Macmillan, pp. 296–336.
    Gregory, D. (1987) ‘Postmodernism and the politics of social theory’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 5, pp. 245–8.
    Gregory, D. (1988) ‘The production of regions in England's Industrial Revolution’, Journal of Historical Geography, 14 (1), pp. 50–8.
    Gregory, D. (1989a) ‘Areal differentiation and post-modern human geography’, in D.Gregory and R.Walford (eds), Horizons in Human Geography, London: Macmillan, pp. 67–96.
    Gregory, D. (1989b) ‘The crisis of modernity? Human geography and critical social theory’, in R.Peet and N.J.Thrift (eds), New Models in Geography Vol. II, London: Allen and Unwin, pp. 348–84.
    Gregory, D. and Urry, J. (eds) (1985) Social Relations and Spatial Structures, London: Macmillan.
    Grimshaw, J. (1986) Feminist Philosophers: Women's Perspectives on Philosophical Traditions, Brighton: Wheatsheaf.
    Grimshaw, J. (1996) ‘Philosophy, feminism and universalism’, Radical Philosophy, 76, pp. 19–28.
    Gutmann, A. (1992) ‘Introduction’ in C.Taylor et al., Multiculturalism and “The Politics of Recognition”, Princetown, NJ: Princetown University Press.
    Habermas, J. (1984) The Theory of Communicative Action Vol. 1 transl. T.McCarthy, London: Heinemann.
    Habermas, J. (1990) Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action, Cambridge: Polity.
    Hacking, I. (1983) Representing and Intervening, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Hagerstrand, T. (1985) ‘Time-geography: focus on the corporeality of man, society, and environment’, The Science and Praxis of Complexity, London: United Nations University.
    Halford, S. (1987) ‘Women's initiatives in local government: tokenism or power’, WP-59, Brighton, Sussex: Urban and Regional Studies, University of Sussex.
    Hall, P., Breheny, M.J., McQuaid, R. and Hart, D. (1987) Western Sunrise: The Genesis and Growth of Britain's Major High Tech Corridor, London: Unwin Hyman.
    Hansen, N.R. (1965) Patterns of Discovery, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Haraway, D. (1985) ‘A manifesto for cyborgs: science, technology and socialist feminism in the 1980s’, in L.Nicholson (ed.) Feminism/Postmodernism, London: Routledge, pp. 190–233.
    Haraway, D. (1991) Simians, Cyborgs and Women: the reinvention of nature, London: Free Association Books.
    Haraway, D. (1997) Modest Witness@Second Millenium, New York: Routledge.
    Harding, S. (1989) ‘Feminism, science and anti-Enlightenment critiques’, in L.Nicholson (ed.), Feminism/Postmodernism, London: Routledge, pp. 83–107.
    Harding, S. (1991) Whose Science, Whose Knowledge? Thinking from Women's Lives, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Harré, R. (1961) Theories and Things, London: Sheed and Ward.
    Harré, R. (1970) The Principles of Scientific Thinking, London: Macmillan.
    Harré, R. (1972) The Philosophies of Science, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Harré, R. (1979) Social Being, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Harré, R. (1983) Personal Being, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Harré, R. (1986) Varieties of Realism, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Harré, R. (1994) Physical Being, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Harré, R. (1998) ‘When the knower is also the known’, in T.May and M.Williams (eds), Knowing the Social World, Buckingham: Open University Press, pp. 37–49.
    Harré, R. and Madden, E.H. (1975) Causal Powers, Blackwell: Oxford.
    Harris, C. (1986) Redundancy and Recession, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Hartsock, N. (1989) ‘Foucault on power: a theory for women’, in L.Nicholson (ed.), Feminism/Postmodernism, London: Routledge, pp. 157–76.
    Harvey, D. (1973) Social Justice and the City, London: Arnold.
    Harvey, D. (1982) The Limits to Capital, London: Edward Arnold.
    Harvey, D. (1985) ‘The geopolitics of capitalism’ in D.Gregory and J.Urry (eds) Spatial Structures and Social Relations, London: Macmillan, pp. 128–63.
    Harvey, D. (1987) ‘Three myths in search of reality in urban studies’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 5, pp. 367–76.
    Harvey, D. (1989) The Condition of Postmodernity, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Harvey, D. (1992) ‘Social justice, postmodernism and the city’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 16, pp. 585–96.
    Harvey, D. (1996) Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Harvey, D. and Scott, A.J. (1989) ‘The practice of human geography: theory and empirical specificity in the transition from Fordism to flexible accumulation’, in B.Macmillan (ed.), Remodelling Geography, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 217–29.
    Held, D. (1994) ‘What should democracy mean today?’ in The Polity Reader in Social Theory, Cambridge: Polity.
    Hempel, C. (1962) ‘Explanation in science and history’, reprinted 1966 in W.Dray (ed.), Philosophical Analysis and History, New York: Harper and Row, pp. 95–126.
    Henry, N. (1992) ‘The new industrial spaces: locational logic of a new production era’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 16, pp. 375–96.
    Hesse, M.B. (1974) The Structure of Scientific Inference, London: Macmillan.
    Hesse, M.B. (1980) Revolutions and Reconstructions in the Philosophy of Science, Brighton: Harvester.
    Hindess, B. (1987) Freedom, Equality and the Market, London: Tavistock.
    hooks, b. (1991) ‘Postmodern blackness’, reprinted in P.Williams and L.Chrisman (eds), Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader (1993), Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp. 421–7.
    Hoy, D.C. (1986) Foucault: A Critical Reader, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Hull, C. (1997) ‘The need in thinking: materiality in Theodor W. Adorno and Judith Butler’, Radical Philosophy, 84, pp. 22–35.
    Hutcheon, L. (1988) A Poetics of Postmodernism, London: Routledge.
    Ignatieff, M. (1984) The Needs of Strangers, London: Chatto and Windus.
    Jessop, B. (1990) State Theory: Putting Capitalist States in their Place, Cambridge: Polity.
    Johnson, L. (1987) ‘(Un)Realist perspectives: patriarchy and feminist challenges in geography’, Antipode, 19, pp. 210–15.
    Johnston, R.J. (1993) ‘Real political geography’, Political Geography, 12 (3), 473–80.
    Jonas, A. (1986) ‘Rediscovering regional geography: prospectus and problems’, Columbus, OH: Department of Geography, Ohio State University.
    Keat, R. and Urry, J. (1982,
    2nd edn
    ) Social Theory as Science, London: Routledge.
    Keeble, D. (1980) ‘Industrial decline, regional policy and the urban-rural manufacturing shift in the United Kingdom’, Environment and Planning A, Vol. 12, pp. 945–62.
    Krige, J. (1980) Science, Revolution and Discontinuity, Brighton: Harvester.
    Kuhn, T.S. (1970) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Chicago: University of Chicago.
    Kymlicka, W. (1989) Liberalism, Community and Culture, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Kymlicka, W. (1990) Contemporary Political Philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Laclau, E. and Mouffe, C. (1985) Hegemony and Socialist Strategy, London: Verso.
    Lancaster Regionalism Group (1985) Localities, Class and Gender, London: Pion.
    Larrain, J. (1994) ‘The postmodern critique of ideology’, Sociological Review, 42, pp. 289–314.
    Lash, S. and Urry, J. (1987) The End of Organized Capitalism, Cambridge: Polity.
    Lawson, T. (1997) Economics and Reality, London: Routledge.
    Le Doeuff, M. (1989) The Philosophical Imaginary, London: Athlone.
    Lefebvre, H. (1991) The Production of Space, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Littler, C.R. (1982) The Development of the Labour Process in Capitalist Societies, London: Heinemann Educational Books.
    Louch, A.R. (1966) The Explanation of Human Action, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    Longino, H. (1990) Science as Social Knowledge, Princetown, NJ: Princetown University Press.
    Lukes, S. (1985) Marxism and Morality, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Lyotard, J-F. (1984) The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge transl. J.B.Thompson, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
    Lyotard, J-F. and Thebaud, J-L. (1985) Just Gaming transl. J.B.Thompson, Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Mäki, U. (1993) ‘Two philosophies of the rhetoric of economics’ in W.Henderson, T.Dudley-Evans and R.Backhouse (eds), Economics and Language, London: Routledge, p. 37.
    Mäki, U. (1995) ‘Diagnosing McCloskey’, Journal of Economic Literature, 33, pp. 1300–18.
    Malik, K. (1996) ‘Universalism and difference: race and the postmodernists’, Race and Class, 37 (3), pp. 1–18.
    Mann, M. (1986) The Sources of Social Power Vol. 1: A History of Power from the Beginning to AD 1760, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Mann, M. (1990) The Rise and Decline of the Nation State, Oxford: Clarendon.
    Marcus, G.E. and Fischer, M.M.J. (1986) Anthropology as Cultural Critique: An Experimental Moment in the Human Sciences, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
    Markusen, A., Hall, P. and Glasmeier, A. (1986) High Tech America, Winchester, MA: Allen and Unwin.
    Marsh, D., Buller, J., Hay, C., Johnston, J., Kerr, P., McAnulla, S. and Watson, M. (1998) Postwar British Politics in Perspective, Cambridge: Polity.
    Martell, L. (1994) Ecology and Society, Cambridge: Polity.
    Martin, J.R. (1994) ‘Methodological essentialism, false difference, and other dangerous traps’, Signs, 19, 3, pp. 630–57.
    Marx, K. and Engels, F. (1974) The German Ideology, transl. and edited by C.J.Arthur, London: Lawrence and Wishart.
    Massey, D. (1984, 1996) Spatial Divisions of Labour, London: Macmillan.
    Massey, D. (1991) ‘The political place of locality studies’, Environment and Planning A, 23, pp. 267–81.
    Massey, D. (1991) ‘A global sense of place’, Marxism Today, June, pp. 24–9.
    Massey, D. (1996) Space, Place and Gender, Cambridge: Polity.
    Massey, D. and Allen, J. (1985) Geography Matters, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Massey, D. and Meegan, R.A. (1982) Anatomy of Job Loss, London: Methuen.
    McDowell, L. (1991) ‘The baby and the bathwater: diversity, deconstruction and feminist theory in geography’, Geoforum, 22, pp. 123–33.
    McLennan, G. (1989) Marxism, Pluralism and Beyond, Cambridge: Polity.
    McLennan, G. (1995) Pluralism, Open University Press.
    McLennan, G. (1996) ‘Post-Marxism and the “four sins” of modernist theorising’, New Left Review, 213, pp. 53–74.
    McLuhan, M. (1967) The Media is the Message, London: Penguin.
    McNay, L. (1994) ‘Bodies in transition’, Radical Philosophy, 78, pp. 34–5.
    Millstone, E. (1978) ‘A framework for the sociology of knowledge’, Social Studies of Science, 8, p. 115.
    Morgan, K. and Sayer, A. (1988) Microcircuits of Capital: ‘Sunrise Industry and Uneven Development, Cambridge: Polity.
    Murphy, R. (1994) ‘The sociological construction of science without nature’, Sociology, 28 (4), pp. 957–74.
    Nellhaus, T. (1998) ‘Signs, social ontology, and critical realism’, Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 28 (1), pp. 1–24.
    Nelson, J. (1995) Feminism, Objectivity and Economics, London: Routledge.
    Nelson, J.S., Megill, A. and McCloskey, D.M. (eds), (1987) The Rhetoric of the Human Sciences, Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
    New, C. (1995) ‘Sociology and the case for realism’, The Sociological Review, 43 (4), pp. 808–27.
    New, C. (1996) ‘Man bad, woman good: essentialisms and ecofeminisms’, New Left Review, 216, pp. 79–93.
    New, C. (1996) Agency, Health and Social Survival: The Ecopolitics of Rival Psychologies, London: Taylor and Francis.
    Nicholson, L. (1990) Feminism/Postmodernism, London: Routledge.
    Norris, C. (1990) What's Wrong with Postmodernism: Critical Theory and the Ends of Philosophy, London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
    Norris, C. (1991:
    revised edn
    .) Deconstruction: Theory and Practice, London: Routledge.
    Norris, C. (1993) The Truth about Postmodernism, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Norris, C. (1997) Against Relativism, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Nove, A. (1983) The Economics of Feasible Socialism, London: Allen and Unwin.
    Nozick, R. (1974) Anarchy, State and Utopia, New York: Basic Books.
    Nussbaum, M.C. (1992) ‘Human functioning and social justice: in defence of Aristotelian essentialism’, Political Theory, 20 (2), pp. 202–46.
    Nussbaum, M. and Glover, J. (eds) (1995) Women, Culture and Development, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    O'Brien, M. and Penna, S. (1998) Theorizing Welfare, London: Sage.
    Olsson, G. (1991) Lines of Power/Limits of Language, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
    O'Neill, J. (1993) Ecology, Policy and Politics, London: Routledge.
    O'Neill, J. (1994) ‘Essentialism and the market’, The Philosophical Forum, Vol. XXVI (2), pp. 87–100.
    O'Neill, J. (1995) ‘Essences and markets’, mimeo, Lancaster University.
    O'Neill, J. (1998) The Market: Ethics, Knowledge and Politics, London: Routledge.
    Osborne, P. (1991) Socialism and the Limits of Liberalism, London: Verso.
    Osborne, P. (1997) ‘Friendly fire: the hoaxing ofSocial Text’, Radical Philosophy, 81, pp. 54–6.
    Outhwaite, W. (1987) New Philosophies of Science, London: Macmillan.
    Pateman, C. (1987) ‘Feminist critiques of the public/private dichotomy’, in A.Phillips (ed.), Feminism and Equality, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Pawson, R. (1989) A Measure for Measures, London: Sage.
    Pawson, R. and Tilley, N. (1997) Realistic Evaluation, London: Sage.
    Peacock, M. (1993) ‘Hayek: realism and spontaneous order’, Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 23, pp. 249–64.
    Peet, R. (1998) Modern Geographical Thought, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Phillips, A. (1987) Feminism and Equality, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Phillips, A. (1991) Engendering Democracy, Cambridge: Polity.
    Phillips, A. (ed.) (1987) Feminism and Equality, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Phillips, A. (1991) ‘So what's wrong with the individual? Socialist and feminist debates on equality’ in P.Osborne (ed.), Socialism and the Limits of Liberalism, London: Verso, pp. 139–60.
    Pickles, J. (1986) Geography and Phenomenology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Pile, S. (1994) ‘Maculinism, the use of dualistic epistemologies and third spaces’, Antipode, 26 (3), pp. 255–77.
    Pile, S. and Rose, G. (1992) ‘All or nothing? Politics and critique in the modernism-postmodernism debate’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 10, pp. 123–36.
    Plant, R. (1991) Modern Political Thought, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Poole, R. (1991) Morality and Modernity, London: Routledge.
    Potter, J. (1997) Representing Reality, London: Sage.
    Potter, J. (1998) ‘Fragments in the realisation of relativism’, in I.Parker (ed.), Social Constructionism, Discourse and Realism, London: Sage, pp. 27–46.
    Pred, A. (1986) Place, Practice and Structure, Cambridge: Polity.
    Pred, A. (1989) ‘The locally spoken word and local struggles’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 7 (2), pp. 211–34.
    Pudup, M.B. (1988) ‘Arguments within regional geography’, Progress in Human Geography, 12, pp. 369–90.
    Putterman, L. (1990) Division of Labor and Welfare, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    QuineW.V.O. (1961) From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Rattansi, A. (1994) ‘“Western” racisms, ethnicities and identities’, in A.Rattansi and S.Westwood (eds), Racism, Modernity and Identity: on the western front, Cambridge: Polity.
    Rawls, J. (1971) A Theory of Justice, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Rawls, J. (1993) Political Liberalism, New York: Columbia University Press.
    Ricoeur, P. (1982) Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences transl. J.B.Thompson, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Roemer, J.E. (1994) A Future for Socialism, London: Verso.
    Robbins, B. (1998) ‘Science-envy: Sokal, science and the police’, Radical Philosophy, 88, pp. 2–5.
    Rorty, R. (1980) Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Rosaldo, R. (1987) ‘Where objectivity lies: the rhetoric of anthropology’, in J.S.Nelson, A.Megill and D.M.McCloskey (eds), The Rhetoric of the Human Sciences, Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, pp. 87–110.
    Sack, R.D. (1980) Conceptions of Space in Social Thought, London: Macmillan.
    Sack, R.D. (1987) Human Territoriality: Its Theory and History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Saunders, P. (1986) (
    2nd edn
    ) Social Theory and the Urban Question, London: Hutchinson.
    Savage, M., Barlow, J., Duncan, S. and Saunders, P. (1987) ‘Locality research: the Sussex programme on economic restructuring and change’, Quarterly Journal of Social Affairs, 3, pp. 27–51.
    Sayer, R.A. (1976) ‘A Critique of Urban Modelling’, Progress in Planning, 6 (3), pp. 187–254.
    Sayer, A. (1981a) ‘Abstraction: a realist interpretation’, Radical Philosophy, 28, pp. 6–15.
    Sayer, A. (1981b) ‘Defensible values in geography: Can values be science-free?’ in R.J.Johnston and D.T.Herbert (eds), Geography and the Urban Environment, Vol. 4. Chichester: Wiley, pp. 29–56.
    Sayer, A. (1982) ‘Explanation in economic geography’, Progress in Human Geography, 6, pp. 68–88.
    Sayer, A. (1983) ‘Defining the urban’, Geojournal, 9 (3) pp. 279–85.
    Sayer, A. (1985) ‘The difference that space makes’, in D.Gregory, J.Urry (eds), Social Relations and Spatial Structures, London: Macmillan, pp. 49–66.
    Sayer, A. (1986) ‘New developments in manufacturing: the just-in-time system’, Capital and Class, 30, pp. 43–71.
    Sayer, A. (1991) ‘Behind the locality debate: deconstructing geography's dualisms’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 23, pp. 283–308.
    Sayer, A. (1992) Method in Social Science: A Realist Approach, London: Routledge,
    2nd edn
    Sayer, A. (1994) ‘Realism and space: a reply to Ron Johnston’, Political Geography, 13 (2), pp. 107–9.
    Sayer, A. (1995) Radical Political Economy: A Critique, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Sayer, A. and Morgan, K. (1986) ‘A modern industry in a declining region: links between method, theory and policy’, in D.Massey and R.A.Meegan (eds), The Politics of Method, London: Methuen.
    Sayer, A. and Storper, M. (1997) ‘Ethics unbound: for a normative turn in social theory’, in Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 15 (1) pp. 1–18.
    Sayer, A. and Walker, R.A. (1992) The New Social Economy: Reworking the Division of Labor.Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
    Schor, N. and Weed, E. (1994) (eds) The Essential Difference, Bloomington and Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press.
    Scott, A.J. and Angel, D.P. (1987) ‘The US semiconductor industry: a locational analysis’, Environment and Planning A, 19, pp. 875–912.
    Seers, D. (1972) ‘What are we trying to measure?’, Journal of Development Studies, 8 (3), pp. 21–36.
    Sen, A.K. (1984) Resources, Values and Development, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Sen, A. (1992) Objectivity and Position, The Liddley Lecture, University of Kansas.
    Sheppard, E. (1996) ‘Site, situation, and social theory’, Environment and Planning A, 28, pp. 1339–44.
    Sheppard, E. and Barnes, T. (1990) The Capitalist Space Economy, London: Pion.
    Sim, S. (1988) ‘“Svelte discourse” and the philosophy of caution’, Radical Philosophy, 49, p. 31.
    Simmel, G. (1965) Essays on Sociology, Philosophy and Aesthetics, K.H.Wolff (ed.), London: Harper and Row.
    Simonsen, K. (1991) ‘Towards an understanding of the contextuality of mode of life’Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, Vol. 9 (4) pp. 417–32.
    Sismondo, S. (1993) ‘Some social constructions’, Social Studies of Science, 23, pp. 515–53.
    Slater, D. (1989) ‘Peripheral capitalism’, in D.Peet and N.Thrift (eds), New Models in Geography, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 267–94.
    Slater, D. (1992) ‘On the borders of social theory: learning from other regions’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 10, pp. 307–28.
    Slater, D. (1997) ‘Spatialities of power and postmodern ethics – rethinking geopolitical encounters’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 15, pp. 55–72.
    Smith, A. (1759)
    Revised edn 1982
    , The Theory of Moral Sentiments, Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund.
    Smith, D.M. (1994) Geography and Social Justice, Oxford: Blackwell.
    SmithD.M. (1997) ‘Back to the good life: towards an enlarged conception of social justice’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 15, pp. 19–36.
    Smith, N. (1987) ‘Dangers of the empirical turn: some comments on the CURS initiative’, Antipode, 19, pp. 59–68.
    Smith, N. (1990) ‘Uneven development and location theory’, in R.Peet and N.Thrift (eds), New Models in Geography, Vol. 1, London: Unwin Hyman, pp. 142–63.
    Smith, N. (1992) ‘History and the philosophy of geography: real wars, theory wars’, Progress in Human Geography, 16, pp. 257–71.
    Soja, E.W. (1985) ‘The spatiality of social life: towards a transformative retheorisation’ in D.Gregory and J.Urry (eds), Spatial Structures and Social Relations, London: Macmillan, pp. 90–127.
    Soja, E.W. (1986) ‘Taking Los Angeles apart: some fragments of a critical human geography’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 4, pp. 255–72.
    Soja, E. (1989) Postmodern Geographies, London: Verso.
    Sokal, A. and Bricmont, J. (1998) Intellectual Impostures, London: Routledge.
    Soper, K. (1986) Humanism and Anti-Humanism, London: Hutchinson.
    Soper, K. (1990) Feminism, humanism and postmodernism, Radical Philosophy, 55, pp. 11–17.
    Soper, K. (1991) Postmodernism, critical theory and critical realism, in R.Bhaskar (ed.), A Meeting of Minds, London: The Socialist Society.
    Soper, K. (1995a) What is Nature?Oxford: Blackwell.
    Soper, K. (1995b) ‘Forget Foucault?’New Formations, 25, Summer, pp. 21–7.
    Spivak, G.C. (1987) In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics, London: Methuen.
    Squires, J. (1993) Principled Positions, London: Lawrence and Wishart.
    Steele, D.R. (1992) From Marx to Mises, La Salle, IL: Open Court.
    Stones, R. (1996) Sociological Reasoning: Towards a Post-Modern Sociology, London: Macmillan.
    Storper, M. (1987) ‘The post-Enlightenment challenge to Marxist urban studies’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 5, pp. 418–26.
    Storper, M. and Salais, R. (1996) Worlds of Production: the Action Frameworks of the Economy, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Strohmayer, U. and Hannah, M. (1992) ‘Domesticating postmodernism’, Antipode, 24, pp. 29–55.
    Tallis, R. (1988) Not Saussure, London: Macmillan.
    Taylor, C. (1967) ‘Neutrality and political science’, in A.Ryan (ed.) (1973) The Philosophy of Social Explanation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 139–70.
    Taylor, C. (1987) ‘Overcoming epistemology’, in K.Baynes, et al. (eds), After Philosophy, Cambridge, MA: MIT, pp. 464–88.
    Taylor, C. (1989) Sources of the Self: the Making of the Modern Identity, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Taylor, C. (1992) Multiculturalism and the Politics of Recognition, with commentaries by A.Gutmann (ed.), S.C.Rockefeller, M.Walzer, S.Wolf, Princetown, NJ: Princetown University Press.
    Thompson, E.P. (1967) ‘Time, work-discipline and industrial capitalism’, Past and Present, 38.
    Thompson, E.P. (1979) The Poverty of Theory, London: Merlin.
    Thrift, N.J. (1983) ‘On the determination of action in space and time’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 1, pp. 23–57.
    Thrift, N. (1990) ‘The making of a capitalist time consciousness’, in J.Hassard (ed.) The Sociology of Time, London: Macmillan.
    Thrift, N. (1997) Spatial Formations, London: Sage.
    Tomlinson, J. (1990) Hayek and the Market, London: Pluto Press.
    Toye, J. (1987) Dilemmas of Development, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Tronto, J.C. (1987) ‘Beyond gender differences in a theory of care’, Signs, 12, pp. 644–63.
    Tronto, J.C. (1993) Moral Boundaries, London: Routledge.
    Ullmann, S. (1962) Semantics, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Urry, J. (1986) ‘Capitalist production, scientific management and the service class’, in A.J.Scott, and M.Storper (eds), Production, Work, Territory, Hemel Hempstead, Herts: Allen and Unwin, pp. 41–66.
    Urry, J. (1987) ‘Society, space and locality’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 5, 4, pp. 435–44.
    Urry, J. (1996) ‘Sociology of time and space’, in B.Turner (ed.) Companion to Social Theory, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Valentine, G. (1989) ‘The geography of women's fear’, Area, 21, pp. 385–90.
    Veatch, H.E. (1962) Rational Man, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
    Wade Hands, D. (1994) ‘Conjectures and reputations: the sociology of scientific knowledge and the history of economic thought’, History of Political Economy, 29 (4), pp. 695–740.
    Walby, S. (1986) Patriarchy at Work, Cambridge: Polity.
    Waldron, J. (1992) ‘Superceding historic injustice’, Ethics, 103, pp. 4–28.
    Walzer, M. (1983) Spheres of Justice, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Warde, A. (1988) ‘Industrial restructuring, local politics and the reproduction of labour power: some theoretical considerations’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 6, pp. 75–95.
    Wellmer, A. (1972) Critical Theory of Society, New York: Seabury Press.
    Whatmore, S. (1997) ‘Dissecting the autonomous self: hybrid cartographies for a relational ethics’, Society and Space: Environment and Planning D, 15, pp. 37–54.
    White, H.I. (1987) The Content of the Form, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Williams, R. (1962) Communications, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Williams, P. and Chrisman, L. (eds) (1993) Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader, Brighton: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
    Willis, P. (1977) Learning to Labour, Aldershot, Hants: Gower.
    Wolfe, A. (1989) Whose Keeper? Social Science and Moral Obligation, Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
    Wolf, S. (1992) ‘Comment’ in Taylor, C. (1992) Multiculturalism and the Politics of Recognition, with commentaries by A.Gutmann (ed.), S.C.Rockefeller, M.Walzer, S.Wolf, Princetown, NJ: Princetown University Press, pp. 75–86.
    Wright, E.O. (1994) Interrogating Inequality: Essays on Class Analysis, Socialism and Marxism, London: Verso.
    Yanagisako, S. and Delaney, C. (eds) (1995) Naturalizing Power, London: Routledge.
    Young, I.M. (1990a) Justice and the Politics of Difference, Princetown, NJ: Princetown University Press.
    Young, I.M. (1990b) ‘The ideal of community and the politics of difference’, in L.Nicholson (ed), Feminism/Postmodernism, London: Routledge, pp. 300–23.

    • Loading...
Back to Top