Domination is routinely maintained through the willing, albeit manipulated, consent of populations. That is not the only way it is maintained. Oppression is in no sense ‘caused’ by the consent of the subordinated; nor can it be abolished simply by withdrawing consent, although such a withdrawal is necessary if there is to be any challenge to relations of domination. Relations of ruling can operate without the consent of the ruled, through the use of violence, force and coercion, through the monopolization of wealth and information, through the confining of goods and opportunities to small, elite segments of the population, through policies and practices which benefit some at the expense of others. But the social conditions of male supremacy ...
Ideology – Justifying Domination
Ideology – Justifying domination