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Descriptive and Inferential Statistics
Descriptive and Inferential Statistics
5.1 Introduction

Chapters 3 and 4 have introduced some statistical and mathematical foundations upon which this chapter now builds. It looks at common ways to summarise a set of data, including determining their average and variation. These are often referred to as descriptive statistics, in that they describe the centre and spread of the data and allow comparisons of different variables to be made. An extension to this idea is to calculate a statistic for different parts of a study region and see how the statistic varies across the study region – a geographically minded approach ...

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