Psychotic Disorders in Children and Adolescents

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Robert L. Findling, S. Charles Schulz, Javad H. Kashani & Elena Harlan

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  • Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry Series

    Series Editor: Alan E. Kazdin, Yale University

    Recent volumes in this series…

    • LIFE EVENTS AS STRESSORS IN CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE

      by James H. Johnson

    • CONDUCT DISORDERS IN CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE, 2nd Ed.

      by Alan E. Kazdin

    • CHILD ABUSE, 2nd Ed.

      by David A. Wolfe

    • PREVENTING MALADJUSTMENT FROM INFANCY THROUGH ADOLESCENCE

      by Annette U. Rickel and LaRue Allen

    • TEMPERAMENT AND CHILD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

      by William T. Garrison and Felton J. Earls

    • EMPIRICALLY BASED ASSESSMENT OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 2nd Ed.

      by Thomas M. Achenbach and Stephanie H. McConaughy

    • MARRIAGE, DIVORCE, AND CHILDREN'S ADJUSTMENT, 2nd Ed.

      by Robert E. Emery

    • AUTISM

      by Laura Schreibman

    • DELINQUENCY IN ADOLESCENCE

      by Scott W. Henggeler

    • CHRONIC ILLNESS DURING CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE

      by William T. Garrison and Susan McQuiston

    • ANXIETY DISORDERS IN CHILDREN

      by Rachel G. Klein and Cynthia G. Last

    • CHILDREN OF BATTERED WOMEN

      by Peter G. Jaffe, David A. Wolfe, and Susan Kaye Wilson

    • SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

      by Steven P. Schinke, Gilbert J. Botvin, and Mario A. Orlandi

    • CHILD PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY

      by Frank C. Verhulst and Hans M. Koot

    • EATING AND GROWTH DISORDERS IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN

      by Joseph L. Woolston

    • NEUROLOGICAL BASIS OF CHILDHOOD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

      by George W. Hynd and Stephen R. Hooper

    • ADOLESCENT SEXUAL BEHAVIOR AND CHILDBEARING

      by Laurie Schwab Zabin and Sarah C. Hayward

    • EFFECTS OF PSYCHOTHERAPY WITH CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

      by John R. Weisz and Bahr Weiss

    • BEHAVIOR AND DEVELOPMENT IN FRAGILE X SYNDROME

      by Elisabeth M. Dykens, Robert M. Hodapp, and James F. Leckman

    • ATTENTION DEFICITS AND HYPERACTIVITY IN CHILDREN

      by Stephen P. Hinshaw

    • LEARNING DISABILITIES

      by Byron P. Rourke and Jerel E. Del Dotto

    • PEDIATRIC TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

      by Jeffrey H. Snow and Stephen R. Hooper

    • FAMILIES, CHILDREN, AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF DYSFUNCTION

      by Mark R. Dadds

    • ADOLESCENTS AND THE MEDIA

      by Victor C. Strasburger

    • SCHOOL-BASED PREVENTION PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

      by Joseph A. Durlak

    • CHILDHOOD OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER

      by Greta Francis and Rod A. Gragg

    • TREATING CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS IN RESIDENTIAL AND INPATIENT SETTINGS

      by Robert D. Lyman and Nancy R. Campbell

    • THE IMPACT OF FAMILY VIOLENCE ON CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

      by Javad H. Kashani and Wesley D. Allan

    • CHILDREN'S ADJUSTMENT TO ADOPTION

      by David M. Brodzinsky, Daniel W. Smith, and Anne B. Brodzinsky

    • MOTOR COORDINATION DISORDERS IN CHILDREN

      by David A. Sugden and Helen Wright

    • CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE

      by David M. Fergusson and Paul E. Mullen

    • POVERTY AND CHILDREN'S ADJUSTMENT

      by Suniya S. Luthar

    • ALCOHOL USE AMONG ADOLESCENTS

      by Michael Windle

    • CREATING HEALTH BEHAVIOR CHANGE

      by Cheryl L. Perry

    • PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

      by Robert L. Findling, S. Charles Schulz, Javad H. Kashani, and Elena Harlan

    Copyright

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    Series Editor's Introduction

    Interest in child development and adjustment is by no means new. Yet, only recently has the study of children benefited from advances in both clinical and scientific research. Advances in the social and biological sciences, the emergence of disciplines and subdisciplines that focus exclusively on childhood and adolescence, and greater appreciation of the impact of such influences as the family, peers, and school have helped accelerate research on developmental psychopathology. Apart from interest in the study of child development and adjustment for its own sake, the need to address clinical problems of adulthood naturally draws one to investigate precursors in childhood and adolescence.

    Within a relatively brief period, the study of psychopathology among children and adolescents has proliferated considerably. Several different professional journals, annual book series, and handbooks devoted entirely to the study of children and adolescents and their adjustment document the proliferation of work in the field. Nevertheless, there is a paucity of resource material that presents information in an authoritative, systematic, and disseminable fashion. There is a need within the field to convey the latest developments and to represent different disciplines, approaches, and conceptual views on the topics of childhood and adolescent adjustment and maladjustment.

    The Sage Series on the Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry uniquely serves several needs of the field. The Series encompasses individual monographs prepared by experts in the fields of clinical child psychology, child psychiatry, child development, and related disciplines. The primary focus is on developmental psychopathology, which refers broadly here to the diagnosis, assessment, treatment, and prevention of problems that arise in the period from infancy through adolescence. A working assumption of the Series is that understanding, identifying, and treating problems of youth must draw on multiple disciplines and diverse views within a given discipline.

    The task for individual contributors is to present the latest theory and research on various topics including specific types of dysfunction, diagnostic and treatment approaches, and special problem areas that affect adjustment. The Series addresses core topics within clinical work. Authors are asked to bridge potential theory, research and clinical practice, and to outline the current status and future directions. The goals of the Series and the tasks presented to individual contributors are demanding. We have been extremely fortunate in recruiting leaders in the fields who have been able to translate their recognized scholarship and expertise into highly readable works on contemporary topics.

    The present monograph, Psychotic Disorders in Children and Adolescents, is by Robert L. Findling, S. Charles Schultz, Javad H. Kashani, and Elena Harlan. This is an extraordinary book and without peer in elaborating the diverse ways in which psychotic symptoms and disorders are manifested among children and adolescents. Multiple disorders in which psychotic symptoms may be evident are presented, each with comments regarding etiology, age of onset, differential diagnosis, course, and prognosis. Case vignettes and research are carefully woven to convey the scope of symptoms and impairment of the children and lines of work that shed light on the disorders. Assessment is covered as well; several measures are described and evaluated for assessing clinical dysfunction in children and adolescents. Finally, the book ends with directions for research. Overall, the authors bring to bear remarkable experience and expertise on child and adolescent dysfunction. This book will be extremely useful to those who wish to understand child and adolescent psychoses and the clinical and research challenges these disorders raise.

    Alan E.Kazdin, Phd

    Acknowledgments

    The authors would like to express sincere gratitude to the Stanley Foundation for supporting the research done under the auspices of the Stanley Bipolar Disorder Research Center. The authors would also like to express thanks to the Prentiss Foundation. These foundations have generously supported intervention and neuroimaging research for children and teenagers with bipolar spectrum and psychotic disorders at University Hospitals of Cleveland/Case Western Reserve University. The authors would also like to thank Alan Kazdin, PhD, for his encouragement and guidance in the preparation of this book. The authors are grateful to Barbra DePasquale and Toni Deutschlander for their assistance in manuscript preparation.

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    About the Authors

    Robert L. Findling, MD, is Director of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at University Hospitals of Cleveland and Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. Dr. Findling's clinical and research efforts have focused on the early-onset psychoses and pediatric psychopharmacology.

    S. Charles Schulz, MD, is Professor and Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Minnesota. He is an internationally respected investigator whose work has focused on schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, and the psychopharmacology of antipsychotics.

    Javad H. Kashani, MD, is Director of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Services at University Hospitals Health System Laurelwood Hospital and Counseling Centers and Professor of Psychiatry at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.

    Elena Harlan, BA, is a graduate student of clinical psychology at the University of Missouri-Columbia.


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