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Chapter 7: Learning and Memory
Where once Mnemosyne was a venerated Goddess, we have turned over responsibility for remembering to the cult of computers, which serve our modern mnemonic idols … Human memory has become self-externalised: projected outside the rememberer himself or herself and into non-human machines. These machines, however, cannot remember; what they can do is record, store and retrieve information – which is only part of what human beings do when they enter into a memorious state. (E. S. Casey, 2000, p. 2)
Hermann Ebbinghaus and Frederic Bartlett are generally considered the founding fathers of the psychological study of memory. Yet, they developed radically different approaches to the topic, corresponding roughly to the ‘two psychologies’ discussed in Chapter 1 of this volume. Ebbinghaus (1962) ...