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Chapter 13: Disorders and Treatments
We schizophrenics say and do a lot of stuff that is unimportant, and then we mix important things in with all this to see if the doctor cares enough to see them and feel them. (Joan, a client of R. D. Laing in Laing, 1965)
Mental illness has been part of human life for millennia. How we have understood it has been related intimately to how we have attempted to help those who have been diagnosed. In this chapter, I will explore two different, contrasting approaches to understanding and treating mental disorders.
The first approach, grounded initially in medicine and, more recently, also in neuroscience, entails the view that the root problem of mental illness is biological and is based primarily in ...