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A Break with Tradition: Negotiating New Psychological Contracts in Japan
A break with tradition: Negotiating new psychological contracts in japan
MotohiroMorishima

Traditional Japanese employment contracts were based on a special set of employment practices, characterized by open-ended employment and the evaluation of employees’ competence and skill development (Morishima, 1995). Employment relationships were expected to be long term, though the exact duration was unspecified, and the exchange of contributions and rewards was expected to balance over the life of a relationship. In these exchanges, employers evaluated and rewarded employees not only for their actual contributions but also on the basis of their potential contributions to the organization over the long term, including their willingness to develop firm-specific skills that would make them more valuable. In sum, employees were ...

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