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Fifty research-based literacy strategies designed for busy K-8 classroom teachersOrganized around 10 key areas for teaching and learning literacy—phonemic awareness, phonics, reading fluency, vocabulary, story comprehension, comprehension of informational text, questioning for understanding, discussion for understanding, narrative writing, and writing to learn-Promoting Literacy Development offers 50 clearly written, step-by-step strategies for developing proficient readers and writers. The authors also include suggestions for differentiating instruction for English language learners and for students with special needs.
Strategy 9: Constructing Words
Speaking Briefly: An Overview of the Literacy Strategy
Constructing Words is an instructional strategy that engages students in word study across the grades (Cunningham, 1991). The purpose of the activity is to provide opportunities for readers to recognize word patterns and generate new words. As students actively manipulate onsets and rimes to explore different combinations of letters and sounds, they are applying their knowledge of phonics and decoding skills. In fact, this activity was found to be especially effective as an intervention for striving readers (Snow, Burns, & Griffin, 1998).
This activity is best suited for a guided reading lesson or as an intervention activity. In order to increase its effectiveness, teachers may use assessment data to target certain word patterns or sound stems ...