- Subject index
Fifty research-based literacy strategies designed for busy K-8 classroom teachersOrganized around 10 key areas for teaching and learning literacy—phonemic awareness, phonics, reading fluency, vocabulary, story comprehension, comprehension of informational text, questioning for understanding, discussion for understanding, narrative writing, and writing to learn-Promoting Literacy Development offers 50 clearly written, step-by-step strategies for developing proficient readers and writers. The authors also include suggestions for differentiating instruction for English language learners and for students with special needs.
Section III: Essential Strategies for Teaching Reading Fluency
A Brief Overview of Reading Fluency
Reading fluency is an essential mark of the proficient reader. Recently, fluency has been heralded by many educators as the key connector between reading words and comprehension. Samuels (2006) explains that when students are fluent readers, they read words quickly and accurately, freeing their attention and memory to work on comprehending the print. Research showing the correlation between reading fluency and reading achievement is well documented (Chard, Vaughn, & Tyler, 2002; Dowhower, 1994; Rasinski & Hoffman, 2003). Unfortunately, not all young students become fluent readers by the end of the third grade. Studies of reading fluency in upper and elementary grades have shown that fluency is a significant factor ...