Proactive Child Protection and Social Work

Books

Liz Davies & Nora Duckett

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    Acknowledgements

    In memory of Helen Mitchell (1.01.1967–26.01.2014) social worker and whistleblower

    About the Authors

    Liz Davies is an Emeritus Reader in Child Protection at London Metropolitan University and a registered social worker. She began her academic post in 2002, and gained her PhD, entitled Protecting children – a critical contribution to policy and practice development. Following her work in the 1970s as a mental health social worker, she was team manager in the London Borough of Islington where she exposed wide scale abuse of children within the care system. In the 1990s, as child protection manager and trainer in the London Borough of Harrow, she developed a specialism in conducting serious case reviews as well as in the investigation of organised crime and abuse networks. Liz co-authored the first edition of Proactive Child Protection and Social Work (2008) and Communicating with Children and Their Families (2013), both widely used as academic texts. She trained police and social workers for over 15 years in Achieving Best Evidence skills and published training manuals in joint investigation and investigative interviewing. As an academic for 13 years, she designed and delivered social work courses on communication in social work, protecting children and children's social policy, and also supervised PhDs. As a regular contributor to television, radio and print media, she has long campaigned to achieve justice for survivors of abuse, most recently working with the WhiteFlowers survivor and whistleblower network. In 2015, she supported the relaunch of the BASW London Forum and contributes to the BASW Children and Families Committee. Her website is www.lizdavies.net

    Nora Duckett is a Senior Lecturer in Social Work at Anglia Ruskin University in Chelmsford, Essex and a registered social worker. She began her academic career in 2003 and in 2008 co-authored, with Liz Davies, the first edition of Proactive Child Protection and Social Work. Between 2008 and 2011 she contributed to a three-year youth homelessness research project, commissioned by the EU, and she is currently undertaking doctorate level study looking at improving understandings of professional dangerousness in child protection social work education and practice. Prior to her academic role, in the mid-1980s Nora worked in an inner London borough as an unqualified family aide, which led her to complete an access course and obtain a degree and a social work qualification. As well as spending several years working as a social worker in the community and in a hospital setting, she helped pioneer a young women's sexual exploitation service in central London and managed a young runaways strategy project, raising awareness of the risks of running away and coordinating services across London. Her experience of social work with children, young people and families is at the heart of her work as an academic.

    Acknowledgements

    We acknowledge the contribution of many survivors and whistleblowers, who constantly inform our work, including from the WhiteFlowers campaign. We also remember the children and families in the London Boroughs of Islington and Westminster, and where we worked together in the London Borough of Harrow, as well as young women in the sexual exploitation project Breaking Free, all of whose lives we recalled over and over again in writing this second edition. We thank Louise Cooper and Brian Douieb as without their support this book would not have been completed.

    Foreword

    The revised edition of this book comes at an important time for social workers. Amid the changed and changing political context, which is having such a significant impact on children's present and future circumstances, social workers need courage and integrity to fight for social justice for children. To do so they need to be informed by sound evidence such as this book provides.

    I first met Liz in 2004, when she made Golly in the Cupboard (Frampton, 2004 – my childhood memoir of growing up as a mixed race boy in children's homes) a key text for social work students. I have since taught many times with both Liz and Nora, contributing my experience and knowledge as a care leaver, survivor and campaigner to social work modules at London Metropolitan University.

    The first edition of Proactive Child Protection and Social Work became a key text for UK social work courses and reviews praised its practical relevance. This second edition strengthens a children's rights perspective, updates research evidence and focuses in depth on the unmet, neglected protection needs of children in custody, disabled children, young carers and unaccompanied child migrants. The book also draws attention to changes in policy and political and resource reasons for gaps in the social work response as demonstrated by a wide range of case studies.

    As co-ordinator of WhiteFlowers, a loose network of campaigners and whistleblowers, I have worked with both authors. Liz, as the whistleblower for children abused in Islington children's homes, has worked for over 25 years to seek justice for survivors. Together we have raised issues in the media and through political channels, including, in 2015, hosting two unprecedented conferences of survivors, whistleblowers, child protection professionals, lawyers and politicians at the House of Commons.

    As in this revised edition, WhiteFlowers provides a voice to survivors and draws public attention to the experiences of victims. On the Belgian march of 1996, over 300,000 people carried white flowers in solidarity with parents of the children kidnapped and murdered by a group of child sex abusers connected to powerful people. On 4 October 2014, more than 50 survivors and whistleblowers held a vigil outside 114 Grosvenor Avenue in the London borough of Islington. As it poured with rain, they laid white flowers and spoke about abuse of children in this council home during the 1980s and 1990s.

    Nicholas Rabet was a manager at Grosvenor Avenue children's home. He dressed like a cowboy with big boots and a sheriff's badge and owned an amusement arcade in Sussex. In 1991, Rabet first came to police attention in Cambridge, when photographs were found linking him with a known child sex offender. Later, Sussex police investigated but, despite their best efforts, there was no conviction. Rabet went to Thailand in 1995, was convicted of sexual abuse of 30 boys and then took his own life. Islington survivors say that they were taken by Rabet to Haut de la Garenne, the children's home at the centre of Jersey child abuse.

    Many social workers would have visited Grosvenor Avenue just as they visited children in homes across the country where crimes against children are known to have taken place and where children were unprotected. This book is an essential tool for social workers to assist them in hearing the voices of children and noticing the indicators of harm. But as research tells us, hearing and seeing is not enough; children need social work activists and advocates to be courageous in confronting abuse whenever and wherever it happens and pursuing every possible means of keeping children safe. Social workers have a particular duty to children, like those at Grosvenor Avenue, who were in the care of the state. Too many excuses have been made for failings in supporting and protecting young people in care.

    In The Golly in the Cupboard, I concluded:

    With all the wealth and knowledge in our society, such children should be looked on as an opportunity to develop fine adults fully contributing to this world rather than future prison fodder. Society pays for its neglect. Children become Adults.

    (Frampton, 2004)

    Protecting young people also involves helping them to develop a strong sense of self-esteem and self-value, and, if society understood and welcomed the real potential of every young person, there would be greater focus on protecting and nurturing every child to achieve that potential. The children's rights approach, presented so consistently throughout this book and grounded in the authors’ experience, promotes a sensitive, respectful response to children who have a right to protection from all forms of abuse.

    Diamonds are not grown in flower nurseries but developed through years of pressure underground. Young people surviving care are diamonds. And diamonds do not appear all polished and shiny. You see a glint and then the task is to polish it. That way you will see the glint turn into a sparkle and the sparkle into a jewel.

    http://folio4me.co.uk/frampton/showpage.php?page=page6

    Phil Frampton www.philframpton.co.uk

  • Appendix 1- Professional Capabilities Framework

    Appendix 2- Subject Benchmark for Social Work

    5 Subject Knowledge, Understanding and Skills
    Subject Knowledge and Understanding

    5.1 During their degree studies in social work, honours graduates should acquire, critically evaluate, apply and integrate knowledge and understanding in the following five core areas of study.

    5.1.1 Social work services, service users and carers, which include:

    • the social processes (associated with, for example, poverty, migration, unemployment, poor health, disablement, lack of education and other sources of disadvantage) that lead to marginalisation, isolation and exclusion, and their impact on the demand for social work services
    • explanations of the links between definitional processes contributing to social differences (for example, social class, gender, ethnic differences, age, sexuality and religious belief) to the problems of inequality and differential need faced by service users
    • the nature of social work services in a diverse society (with particular reference to concepts such as prejudice, interpersonal, institutional and structural discrimination, empowerment and anti-discriminatory practices)
    • the nature and validity of different definitions of, and explanations for, the characteristics and circumstances of service users and the services required by them, drawing on knowledge from research, practice experience, and from service users and carers
    • the focus on outcomes, such as promoting the well-being of young people and their families, and promoting dignity, choice and independence for adults receiving services
    • the relationship between agency policies, legal requirements and professional boundaries in shaping the nature of services provided in interdisciplinary contexts and the issues associated with working across professional boundaries and within different disciplinary groups.

    5.1.2 The service delivery context, which includes:

    • the location of contemporary social work within historical, comparative and global perspectives, including European and international contexts
    • the changing demography and cultures of communities in which social workers will be practising
    • the complex relationships between public, social and political philosophies, policies and priorities and the organisation and practice of social work, including the contested nature of these
    • the issues and trends in modern public and social policy and their relationship to contemporary practice and service delivery in social work
    • the significance of legislative and legal frameworks and service delivery standards (including the nature of legal authority, the application of legislation in practice, statutory accountability and tensions between statute, policy and practice)
    • the current range and appropriateness of statutory, voluntary and private agencies providing community-based, day-care, residential and other services and the organisational systems inherent within these
    • the significance of interrelationships with other related services, including housing, health, income maintenance and criminal justice (where not an integral social service)
    • the contribution of different approaches to management, leadership and quality in public and independent human services
    • the development of personalised services, individual budgets and direct payments
    • the implications of modern information and communications technology (ICT) for both the provision and receipt of services.

    5.1.3 Values and ethics, which include:

    • the nature, historical evolution and application of social work values
    • the moral concepts of rights, responsibility, freedom, authority and power inherent in the practice of social workers as moral and statutory agents
    • the complex relationships between justice, care and control in social welfare and the practical and ethical implications of these, including roles as statutory agents and in upholding the law in respect of discrimination
    • aspects of philosophical ethics relevant to the understanding and resolution of value dilemmas and conflicts in both interpersonal and professional contexts
    • the conceptual links between codes defining ethical practice, the regulation of professional conduct and the management of potential conflicts generated by the codes held by different professional groups.

    5.1.4 Social work theory, which includes:

    • research-based concepts and critical explanations from social work theory and other disciplines that contribute to the knowledge base of social work, including their distinctive epistemological status and application to practice
    • the relevance of sociological perspectives to understanding societal and structural influences on human behaviour at individual, group and community levels
    • the relevance of psychological, physical and physiological perspectives to understanding personal and social development and functioning
    • social science theories explaining group and organisational behaviour, adaptation and change
    • models and methods of assessment, including factors underpinning the selection and testing of relevant information, the nature of professional judgement and the processes of risk assessment and decision-making
    • approaches and methods of intervention in a range of settings, including factors guiding the choice and evaluation of these
    • user-led perspectives
    • knowledge and critical appraisal of relevant social research and evaluation methodologies, and the evidence base for social work.

    5.1.5 The nature of social work practice, which includes:

    • the characteristics of practice in a range of community-based and organisational settings within statutory, voluntary and private sectors, and the factors influencing changes and developments in practice within these contexts
    • the nature and characteristics of skills associated with effective practice, both direct and indirect, with a range of service-users and in a variety of settings
    • the processes that facilitate and support service user choice and independence
    • the factors and processes that facilitate effective interdisciplinary, interprofessional and interagency collaboration and partnership
    • the place of theoretical perspectives and evidence from international research in assessment and decision-making processes in social work practice
    • the integration of theoretical perspectives and evidence from international research into the design and implementation of effective social work intervention, with a wide range of service users, carers and others
    • the processes of reflection and evaluation, including familiarity with the range of approaches for evaluating service and welfare outcomes, and their significance for the development of practice and the practitioner.
    Problem-Solving Skills

    5.5 These are sub-divided into four areas.

    5.5.1 Managing problem-solving activities: honours graduates in social work should be able to plan problem-solving activities, i.e. to:

    • think logically, systematically, critically and reflectively
    • apply ethical principles and practices critically in planning problem-solving activities
    • plan a sequence of actions to achieve specified objectives, making use of research, theory and other forms of evidence
    • manage processes of change, drawing on research, theory and other forms of evidence.

    5.5.2 Gathering information: honours graduates in social work should be able to:

    • gather information from a wide range of sources and by a variety of methods, for a range of purposes. These methods should include electronic searches, reviews of relevant literature, policy and procedures, face-to-face interviews, written and telephone contact with individuals and groups
    • take into account differences of viewpoint in gathering information and critically assess the reliability and relevance of the information gathered
    • assimilate and disseminate relevant information in reports and case records.

    5.5.3 Analysis and synthesis: honours graduates in social work should be able to analyse and synthesise knowledge gathered for problem-solving purposes, i.e. to:

    • assess human situations, taking into account a variety of factors (including the views of participants, theoretical concepts, research evidence, legislation and organisational policies and procedures)
    • analyse information gathered, weighing competing evidence and modifying their viewpoint in light of new information, then relate this information to a particular task, situation or problem
    • consider specific factors relevant to social work practice (such as risk, rights, cultural differences and linguistic sensitivities, responsibilities to protect vulnerable individuals and legal obligations)
    • assess the merits of contrasting theories, explanations, research, policies and procedures
    • synthesise knowledge and sustain reasoned argument
    • employ a critical understanding of human agency at the macro (societal), mezzo (organisational and community) and micro (inter and intrapersonal) levels
    • critically analyse and take account of the impact of inequality and discrimination in work with people in particular contexts and problem situations.

    5.5.4 Intervention and evaluation: honours graduates in social work should be able to use their knowledge of a range of interventions and evaluation processes selectively to:

    • build and sustain purposeful relationships with people and organisations in community-based, and interprofessional contexts
    • make decisions, set goals and construct specific plans to achieve these, taking into account relevant factors including ethical guidelines
    • negotiate goals and plans with others, analysing and addressing in a creative manner human, organisational and structural impediments to change
    • implement plans through a variety of systematic processes that include working in partnership
    • undertake practice in a manner that promotes the well-being and protects the safety of all parties
    • engage effectively in conflict resolution
    • support service users to take decisions and access services, with the social worker as navigator, advocate and supporter
    • manage the complex dynamics of dependency and, in some settings, provide direct care and personal support in everyday living situations
    • meet deadlines and comply with external definitions of a task
    • plan, implement and critically review processes and outcomes
    • bring work to an effective conclusion, taking into account the implications for all involved
    • monitor situations, review processes and evaluate outcomes
    • use and evaluate methods of intervention critically and reflectively.
    Communication Skills

    5.6 Honours graduates in social work should be able to communicate clearly, accurately and precisely (in an appropriate medium) with individuals and groups in a range of formal and informal situations, i.e. to:

    • make effective contact with individuals and organisations for a range of objectives, by verbal, paper-based and electronic means
    • clarify and negotiate the purpose of such contacts and the boundaries of their involvement
    • listen actively to others, engage appropriately with the life experiences of service users, understand accurately their viewpoint and overcome personal prejudices to respond appropriately to a range of complex personal and interpersonal situations
    • use both verbal and non-verbal cues to guide interpretation
    • identify and use opportunities for purposeful and supportive communication with service users within their everyday living situations
    • follow and develop an argument and evaluate the viewpoints of, and evidence presented by, others
    • write accurately and clearly in styles adapted to the audience, purpose and context of the communication
    • use advocacy skills to promote others’ rights, interests and needs
    • present conclusions verbally and on paper, in a structured form, appropriate to the audience for which these have been prepared
    • make effective preparation for, and lead meetings in a productive way
    • communicate effectively across potential barriers resulting from differences
    • (for example, in culture, language and age).
    Skills in Working with Others

    5.7 Honours graduates in social work should be able to work effectively with others, i.e. to:

    • involve users of social work services in ways that increase their resources, capacity and power to influence factors affecting their lives
    • consult actively with others, including service users and carers, who hold relevant information or expertise
    • act cooperatively with others, liaising and negotiating across differences such as organisational and professional boundaries and differences of identity or language
    • develop effective helping relationships and partnerships with other individuals, groups and organisations that facilitate change
    • act with others to increase social justice by identifying and responding to prejudice, institutional discrimination and structural inequality
    • act within a framework of multiple accountability (for example, to agencies, the public, service users, carers and others)
    • challenge others when necessary, in ways that are most likely to produce positive outcomes.
    Skills in Personal and Professional Development

    5.8 Honours graduates in social work should be able to:

    • advance their own learning and understanding with a degree of independence
    • reflect on and modify their behaviour in the light of experience
    • identify and keep under review their own personal and professional boundaries
    • manage uncertainty, change and stress in work situations
    • handle inter and intrapersonal conflict constructively
    • understand and manage changing situations and respond in a flexible manner
    • challenge unacceptable practices in a responsible manner
    • take responsibility for their own further and continuing acquisition and use of knowledge and skills
    • use research critically and effectively to sustain and develop their practice.
    7 Benchmark Standards

    7. 1 Given the essentially applied nature of social work and the co-terminosity of the degree and the professional award, students must demonstrate that they have met the standards specified in relation to both academic and practice capabilities. These standards relate to subject-specific knowledge, understanding and skills (including key skills inherent in the concept of ‘graduateness’). Qualifying students will be expected to meet each of these standards in accordance with the specific standards set by the relevant country (see section 2).

    Typical Graduate

    7.2 Levels of attainment will vary along a continuum from the threshold to excellence. This level represents that of typical students graduating with an honours degree in social work.

    Knowledge and Understanding

    7.3 On graduating with an honours degree in social work, students should be able to demonstrate:

    • a sound understanding of the five core areas of knowledge and understanding relevant to social work, as detailed in paragraph 5.1, including their application to practice and service delivery
    • an ability to use this knowledge and understanding in an integrated way, in specific practice contexts
    • an ability to use this knowledge and understanding to engage in effective relationships with service users and carers appraisal of previous learning and experience and ability to incorporate this into their future learning and practice
    • acknowledgement and understanding of the potential and limitations of social work as a practice-based discipline to effect individual and social change
    • an ability to use research and enquiry techniques with reflective awareness, to collect, analyse and interpret relevant information
    • a developed capacity for the critical evaluation of knowledge and evidence from a range of sources.
    Subject-Specific and other Skills

    7.4 On graduating with an honours degree in social work, students should be able to demonstrate a developed capacity to:

    • apply creatively a repertoire of core skills as detailed in section 5
    • communicate effectively with service users and carers, and with other professionals
    • integrate clear understanding of ethical issues and codes of values, and practice with their interventions in specific situations
    • consistently exercise an appropriate level of autonomy and initiative in individual decision-making within the context of supervisory, collaborative, ethical and organisational requirements
    • demonstrate habits of critical reflection on their performance and take responsibility for modifying action in light of this.

    References

    A National Voice ( 2006 ) Brothers and sisters: siblings matter to children in care. Manchester: ANV.
    ACMD (Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs) ( 2011 ) Hidden harm. Responding to the needs of children of problem drug users. London: ACMD.
    Action for Children ( 2013 ) The state of child neglect in the UK. Watford: Action for Children and the University of Stirling.
    ADASS (Association of Directors of Adult Social Services) and ADCS (Association of Directors of Children's Services) ( 2011 ) See me, hear me, talk to me – talk to my family as well. London: ADASS and ADCS.
    Adfam (Families drugs and alcohol) ( 2013 ) Parental substance misuse through the eyes of the worker. London: Adfam.
    Adler D. ( 2012 ) Frontline won't address problematic perceptions about the profession. Guardian, 9 November.
    AFRUCA (Africans Unite Against Child Abuse) ( 2009 ) What is witchcraft abuse? London: AFRUCA.
    Aiden H. , and McCarthy A. ( 2014 ) Current attitudes towards disabled people. London: Scope.
    Ainsworth M. , and Bell S. ( 1970 ) Attachment, exploration, and separation: Illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation. Child Development, 41, 4967.
    Alinsky S. ( 1971 ) Rules for radicals. USA: Random House.
    Allison E. , and Hattenstone S. ( 2012 ) A true horror story: The abuse of teenage boys in a detention centre. Guardian. 13 April.
    Allison E. , and Hattenstone S. ( 2014 ) Durham police uncover paedophile ring with more than 500 potential victims. Guardian, 28 March.
    Allnock D. , Bunting L. , Price A. , Morgan-Klein N. , Ellis J. , Radford L. , and Stafford A. ( 2009 ) Sexual abuse and therapeutic services for children and young people. London: NSPCC.
    Allnock D. , and Miller P. ( 2013 ) No one noticed. No one heard. London: NSPCC.
    APPG (All Party Parliamentary Group) ( 2012 ) Report form the joint inquiry into children who go missing from care. London: APPG.
    Bamburgh S. , Shaw M. , and Kershaw S. ( 2014 ) The Family Drug and Alcohol Court Service in London: a new way of doing care proceedings. Journal of Social Work Practice, 28(3), 35770.
    Barlow J. , and Schrader McMillan A. ( 2010 ) Safeguarding children from emotional maltreatment. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Barn R. , and Das C. ( 2015 ) Family Group Conferences and Cultural Competence in Social Work. British Journal of Social Work, BCU 105.
    Barnardo's ( 2006 ) Past abuse suffered by children in custody. London: Howard League for Penal Reform.
    Barnardo's ( 2014 ) On the outside, identifying and supporting children with a parent in prison. www.Barnardos.org.uk/on-the-outside.pdf
    Barnet A. ( 2005 ) Deaf victims end 40-year silence on child sex abuse. Guardian, 20 March.
    Barter C. , McCarry M. , Berridge D. , and Evans K. ( 2009 ) Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships. London: NSPCC/University of Bristol.
    BASW (British Association of Social Workers) ( 2012a ) Code of ethics for social work. http://cdn.basw.co.uk/upload/basw_112315–7.pdf
    BASW (British Association of Social Workers) ( 2012b ) The state of social work. http://cdn.basw.co.uk/upload/basw_23651-3.pdf
    BASW (British Association of Social Workers) ( 2013 ) Inquiry into the state of social work report. http://cdn.basw.co.uk/upload/basw_90352-5.pdf
    BASW (British Association of Social Workers) ( 2015 ) Historic social work meeting agrees joint approach to safeguard and promote a valuable profession. www.basw.co.uk/news/article/?id=1000
    Batty D. ( 2008 ) Jersey police enter new secret chamber in children's home abuse inquiry. Guardian, 10 March.
    BBC ( 2005 ) Today programme interview with Sita Kisanga, 15 June. www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/today/newsletter/newsletter_20050615.shtml
    BBC ( 2006a ) Mother allowed baby son's murder. 2 November. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/south_west/6107138.stm
    BBC ( 2006b ) Saving Becky. Real story documentary. 29 August.
    BBC ( 2009a ) Nursery paedophile Vanessa George jailed indefinitely. 15 December. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/8345756.stm
    BBC ( 2009b ) Baby Peter: Trio who caused his death. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/7727641.stm
    BBC ( 2010a ) Young carers are four times the official UK number. 16 November. www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/11758368
    BBC ( 2010b ) Milton mother who killed baby detained indefinitely. 16 June. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10327455
    BBC ( 2010c ) ‘Rise in female genital mutilation’ in London. 22 August. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-11053375?print=true
    BBC ( 2012 ) Witchcraft murder: Couple jailed for Kristy Bamu killing. 5 March. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-17255470
    BBC ( 2015a ) Victims of historic sexual abuse at deaf school speak about their ordeal. 5 November. www.bbc.co.uk/news/disability-34639080
    BBC ( 2015b ) Child abuse cases delayed by police backlog. 5 November. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-34713745
    BBC ( 2015c ) Sexting boy's naked selfie recorded as crime by police. 3 September. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-34136388
    BBC ( 2015d ) Marie Black gets life term for child abuse. 28 September. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-norfolk-34377382
    BBC ( 2015e ) Historic child abuse: Key investigations. 17 August. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-28194271
    BBC ( 2015f ) Homelessness figures: Nearly 100,000 children in England ‘homeless’. 24 September. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-34346908
    BBC ( 2015g ) Children missing from Devon and Cornwall care 356 times. 5 May. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-devon-31154294
    BBC ( 2015h ) Witchcraft abuse cases on the rise. 11 October. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-34475424
    BBC ( 2015i ) ‘Fifty girls’ taken from UK to Somalia for FGM. 17 July. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-33572428
    BBC ( 2016 ) New ‘sexting’ guidance to avoid criminalising children. 15 February. www.bbc.co.uk.news/technology-35577506
    Bean P. , and Melville J. ( 1989 ) Lost children of the empire. London: Unwin.
    Beckett C. ( 2007 ) Child protection: An introduction. London: Sage.
    Bee H. ( 1992 ) The developing child. New York: HarperCollins.
    Bell M. , and Wilson K. ( 2006 ) Children's views of family group conferences. British Journal of Social Work, 36, 671–81.
    Benton T. ( 2011 ) An analysis of reported bullying at school within NFER attitude surveys. Berkshire: National Foundation for Educational Research.
    Berelowitz S. , Clifton J. , Firmin C. , Gulyurtlu S. , Edwards G. ( 2013 ) ‘If only someone had listened’. Final report inquiry into child sexual exploitation in gangs and groups. London: OCC.
    Berelowitz S. , Firmin C. , Edwards G. , and Gulyurtlu S. ( 2012 ) ‘I thought I was the only one in the world’. Interim Report Inquiry into Child Sexual Exploitation in Gangs and Groups. London: OCC.
    Beresford B. , and Rhodes D. ( 2012 ) Housing and disabled children. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
    Biehal N. , Cusworth L. , Wade J. , and Clarke S. ( 2014 ) Keeping children safe: allegations concerning the abuse or neglect of children in care. Final report. London: NSPCC.
    Birmingham Safeguarding Children Board (BSCB) ( 2010 ) Serious case review in respect of the death of a child Case 14. Birmingham: BSCB.
    Blackpool Safeguarding Children Board (BSCB) ( 2015 ) Serious case review of Child BT. Overview report. Blackpool: BSCB.
    Blake N. ( 2006 ) The Deepcut review report. London: The Stationery Office.
    BMA (British Medical Association) ( 2014 ) Young lives behind bars. London: BMA.
    Bokhari F. ( 2008 ) Removing barriers, protecting children in tourist destinations. ChildRight, May Colchester: Children's Legal Centre.
    Bowcott O. ( 2015 ) Children to be given a voice in Family Law proceedings. Guardian. 19 February.
    Bowlby J. ( 1969 ) Attachment and loss, Vol. 1: Attachment. New York: Basic Books.
    Brady M. , Kwhali G. , Brown S. , Crowe S. , and Matouskova G. ( 2014 ) Social worker's knowledge and confidence with cases of child sexual abuse. London: NSPCC and University of Coventry.
    Brandon M. , Bailey S. , Belderson P. , and Larsson B. ( 2013 ) Neglect and serious case reviews. A report by the University of East Anglia. London: NSPCC.
    Brandon M. , Belderson P. , Warren C. , Howe D. , Gardner R. , Dodsworth J. , and Black J. ( 2008 ) Analysing child deaths and serious injury through abuse and neglect: What can we learn? A biennial analysis of serious case reviews 2003–5. London: DCSF.
    Brandon M. , Sidebotham P. , Bailey S. , and Belderson P. ( 2011 ) A study of recommendations arising from serious case reviews 2009–10. London: DfE.
    Brandon M. , Sidebotham P. , Belderson P. , Hawley C. , Ellis C. , and Megson M. ( 2012a ) New learning from serious case reviews: a two year report for 2009–11. London: Department for Education.
    Brandon M. , Sidebotham P. , Ellis C. , Bailey S. , and Belderson P. ( 2012b ) Child and family practitioners’ understanding of child development: London: Department for Education.
    BRAP ( 2011 ) Child Protection and BME communities www.brap.org.uk/our-ideas/child-protection
    Bridge Child Care Consultancy ( 1991 ) Report on the death of Sukina. London: The Bridge.
    Bridge Child Care Consultancy Service ( 1995 ) Paul: Death from neglect. London: Islington Area Child Protection Committee.
    Bruer J. ( 1999 ) The myth of the first three years. New York: Free Press.
    Bunting L. ( 2005 ) Females who sexually offend against children. London: NSPCC.
    Butler-Sloss, Lord Justice E. ( 1988 ) Report of the inquiry into child abuse in Cleveland 1987. Cmnd 412. London: HMSO.
    Caada (Coordinated Action Against Domestic Abuse) ( 2014 ) In plain sight: Effective help for children exposed to domestic abuse. Bristol: Caada.
    CAFCASS (Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Services) ( 2012 ) Three weeks in November, three years on. London: CAFCASS.
    Calder M. ( 2008a ) Professional dangerousness: causes and contemporary features. In Calder M. (ed.) Contemporary risk assessment in safeguarding children. Lyme Regis: Russell House.
    Calder M. ( 2008b ) Organisational dangerousness: causes, consequences and correctives. In Calder M. (ed.) Contemporary risk assessment in safeguarding children. Lyme Regis: Russell House.
    Calder M. ( 2008c ) Contemporary risk assessment in safeguarding children. Lyme Regis: Russell House.
    Calder M. , and Hackett S. (eds) ( 2013 ) Assessment in child care. 2nd edition. Lyme Regis: Russell House.
    Campbell B. ( 1997 ) Unofficial secrets. Child sexual abuse. The Cleveland case. London: Virago.
    Carers Trust ( 2015 ) New rights for young carers, young adult carers, and their families: an overview. London: Carers Trust. https://professionals.carers.org/sites/default/files/new_rights_for_young_carers_young_adult_carers_and_their_families.pdf
    Carlile Lord ( 2006 ) An independent inquiry by Lord Carlile of Berriew QC. London: Howard League.
    CEOP (Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre) ( 2013 ) Threat assessment of child sexual exploitation and abuse. http://ceop.police.uk/Documents/ceopdocs/CEOP_TACSEA2013_240613%20FINAL.pdf
    CESCB (Cheshire East Safeguarding Children's Board) ( 2011 ) Serious case review CE001: Child B, C and D. Executive summary. Cheshire: CESCB.
    Chaika A. ( 2013 ) Invisible England. Charleston US: Chalk Circle Press.
    Chamba R. , Ahmad W. , Hirst M. , Lawton D. , and Beresford B. ( 1999 ) On the edge. Bristol: Policy Press.
    Chamberlain T. , George N. , Golden S. , Walker F. , and Benton T. ( 2010 ) Tellus4 National Report. London: DCSF.
    Cherti M. , and Bradley L. ( 2011 ) Inside Madrassas. London: Institute for Public Policy Research.
    ChildLine ( 2012 ) Caught in a trap. The impact of grooming in 2012. www.nspcc.org.uk/globalassets/documents/research-reports/caught-trap-study.pdf
    Child Rights International Network ( 2007 ) UK: Bid to end smacking in shops. http://crinarchive.org/violence/search/closeup.asp?infoID=13028
    Clarke-Billings L. ( 2015 ) Mary Stroman: Council at centre of Baby P scandal again accused of ‘serious failings’. Telegraph, 19 October.
    Clayton S. ( 2011 ) Hamedullah: The road home. DVD. London: Eastwest productions.
    Clyde Lord ( 1992 ) Report of the inquiry into the removal of children from Orkney in February 1991, H0C195. London: HMSO.
    Coles D. ( 2015 ) ‘Could have been saved’: failing the mentally ill in prison. 23 February 2015. www.channel4.com/news/mental-health-deaths-custody-detention-prisons-alex-kelly
    Colton M. , Vanstone M. , and Walby C. ( 2002 ) Victimisation, care and justice. British Journal of Social Work, 32, 54151.
    Committee against Torture ( 2013 ) Concluding observations on the fifth periodic report on the United Kingdom para 26. www.justice.gov.uk/downloads/human-rights/cat-concluding-observations-may-2013.pdf.
    Contact a Family ( 2011 ) Forgotten families. London: Contact a Family.
    Cooper C. ( 2013 ) ‘To whistleblow is like a death sentence’: five people who risked everything to speak out. Independent, 23 March.
    Cooper J. ( 2011 ) Most social workers threatened in past 6 months. Community Care, 16 November.
    Cooper T. ( 2007 ) Trust no one. London: Orion.
    Cossar A. , Brandon M. , and Jordan P. ( 2011 ) ‘Don't make assumptions’. London: Office of the Children's Commissioner.
    CPS (Crown Prosecution Service) ( 2013 ) Honour based violence and forced marriage. www.cps.gov.uk/legal/h_to_k/honour_based_violence_and_forced_marriage/
    CRAE (Children's Rights Alliance for England) ( 2014 ) State of children's rights in England. London: CRAE.
    CRAE (Children's Rights Alliance for England) ( 2002 ) Rethinking child imprisonment. London: CRAE. www.crae.org.uk/media/26398/RethinkingChildImprisonment.pdf
    Crawford A. ( 2013 ) Thames torso case boy ‘identified’. Kenya. Africa Review. 8 February.
    Crawley H. ( 2012 ) Working with children and young people subject to immigration control. 2nd edition. London: Immigration Law Practitioners’ Association.
    Crowley A. , and Vulliamy C. ( 2000 ) Listen up! Children talk about smacking. Cardiff: Save the Children.
    CSCB (Cambridgeshire Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2010 ) Serious case review of F. Cambridge: CSCB.
    CSCB (Coventry Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2013 ) Serious case review re Daniel Pelka born 15th July 2008 died 3rd March 2012. Coventry: CSCB.
    CSEYHP (Combating social exclusion among young homeless populations) ( 2008–11 ) A comparative investigation of homeless paths. www.movisie.com/combating-youth-homelessness
    CSJ (Centre for Social Justice) ( 2013 ) It happens here: Equipping the United Kingdom to fight modern slavery. London: The Centre for Social Justice.
    CSJ (Centre for Social Justice) ( 2015 ) Finding their feet. Equipping care leavers to reach their potential. London: Centre for Social Justice.
    Cunningham F. ( 2015 ) A modern response to modern slavery. London: Centre for Social Justice.
    Cuthbert C. , Rayns G. , and Stanley K. ( 2011 ) All babies count: Prevention and protection for vulnerable babies. London: NSPCC.
    Cutting E. ( 2001 ) It doesn't sort anything. Edinburgh: Save the Children.
    Dale P. , Green R. , and Fellows R. ( 2002 ) Babies in danger. Community Care, 7–13 March.
    Danczuk S. ( 2015 ) Smile for the camera. The double life of Cyril Smith. London: Biteback Books.
    D'Arcy M. , and Gosling P. ( 1998 ) Abuse of trust. Frank Beck and the Leicestershire children's homes scandal. London: Bowerdean.
    Davies D. ( 2015 ) In plain sight. The life and lies of Jimmy Savile. London: Quercus.
    Davies L. ( 2004 ) The difference between child abuse and child protection could be you: Creating a community network of protective adults. Child Abuse Review, 13, 42632.
    Davies L. ( 2007 ) Responding to the protection needs of traumatized and sexually abused children. In Hosin A. (ed.) Responses to traumatized children. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    Davies L. ( 2008a ) Reclaiming the language of child protection. In Calder M. (ed.) Contemporary risk assessment in safeguarding children. Lyme Regis: Russell House.
    Davies L. ( 2008b ) In the shadow of a tragedy. www.guardian.co.uk/society/2008/jan/28/climbie.childprotection
    Davies L. ( 2008c ) Where next for social work. Professional Social Work, December. Birmingham: BASW.
    Davies L. ( 2009b ) Safeguarding children. In Adams R. (ed.) (2011) Working with children and families. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Davies L. ( 2010 ) A ten-year struggle. Professional Social Work. May. Birmingham: BASW.
    Davies L. ( 2011 ) Interviewing children – good practice in Sweden. Community Care, 8 September.
    Davies L. ( 2014 ) Working positively with the media to protect children, Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 36: 1, 4758.
    Davies L. ( 2015 ) Focus must be on needs AND risks or we will fail to protect children from abuse. Professional Social Work, October. Birmingham: BASW.
    Davies L. , and Kerrigan Lebloch E. ( 2011 ) Communicating with children and their families. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
    Davies L. , and Townsend D. ( 2008a ) Working together, training together. Achieving best evidence. Lyme Regis: Russell House.
    Davies L. , and Townsend D. ( 2008b ) Working together. Joint investigation in child protection. Lyme Regis: Russell House.
    Davies M. ( 2012 ) (ed.) Social work with children and families. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Davies N. ( 1998 ) Lives that were beyond belief. Guardian, 1 August.
    Davis N. ( 1999 ) Once upon a time. Therapeutic stories to heal abused children. Charleston, SC: Bibliobazaar.
    Dawe S. , and Harnett P. ( 2007 ) Reducing potential for child abuse among methodone-maintained parents. Journal of Substance Abuse, 32(4), 38190.
    DCSF (Department for Children, Schools and Families) ( 2008 ) Safeguarding children in whom illness is fabricated or induced. London: DCSF.
    DCSF (Department for Children, Schools and Families) ( 2009a ) Incredibly caring. A training resource for professionals in fabricated or induced illness (FII) in children. Oxford: Radcliffe Publishing Limited.
    DCSF (Department for Children, Schools and Families) ( 2009b ) Safeguarding children from sexual exploitation. Supplementary guidance. London: DCSF.
    DCSF (Department for Children, Schools and Families) ( 2010a ) Working together to safeguard children: A guide to inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. London: The Stationery Office.
    DCSF (Department for Children, Schools and Families) and Home Office ( 2010b ) Safeguarding children and young people who may be affected by gang activity. London: DCSF.
    Deakin J. ( 2006 ) Dangerous people, dangerous places. Children and Society, 20, 37690.
    Department of Health ( 2016 ) Health risks from alcohol: new guidelines. www.gov.uk/government/consultations/health-risks-from-alcohol-new-guidelines
    DfE (Department for Education) ( 2011a ) The protection of children online: a brief scoping review to identify vulnerable groups. London: DfE.
    DfE (Department for Education) ( 2011b ) Preventing and tackling bullying. Advice for school leaders, staff and governing bodies. London: DfE.
    DfE (Department for Education) and Home Office ( 2011c ) Safeguarding children who may have been trafficked. Practice guidance. London: The Stationery Office.
    DfE (Department for Education) ( 2012b ) National action plan to tackle child abuse linked to faith or belief. Executive summary. London: DfE. http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/doc/c/common%20assessment%20framework%20form.doc
    DfE (Department for Education) ( 2013 ) Working together to safeguard children. A guide for inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. London: The Stationery Office.
    DfE (Department for Education) ( 2014a ) Knowledge and skills for child and family social work. London: DfE.
    DfE (Department for Education) ( 2014b ) Characteristics of children in need in England, 2013–p14. www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/367877/SFR43_2014_Main_Text.pdf
    DfE (Department for Education) ( 2014c ) Outcomes for children looked after by local authorities. Table 4. London: DfE.
    DfE (Department for Education) ( 2014d ) Care of unaccompanied and trafficked children: Statutory guidance for local authorities. London: DfE.
    DfE (Department for Education) ( 2014e ) Statutory guidance on children who run away or go missing from home or care. London: DfE.
    DfE (Department for Education) ( 2015 ) Working together to safeguard children: A guide for inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. London: The Stationery Office.
    DfES (Department for Education and Skills) ( 2006a ) Working together to safeguard children: A guide for inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. London: The Stationery Office.
    DfES (Department for Education and Skills) ( 2006b ) Safeguarding disabled children: A resource for Local Safeguarding Children Boards. London: DfES.
    Dimmer S. ( 2013 ) Schoolboy murder trial: How I fought to save my brother Daniel. Coventry Telegraph, 4 July. www.coventrytelegraph.net/news/coventry-news/daniel-pelka-murder-trial-how-4866501
    Dirie W. ( 2001 ) Desert flower. London: Virago.
    Doyle C. ( 2013 ) A framework for assessing emotional abuse. In Calder M. , and Hackett S. (eds) (2013) Assessment in child care. Lyme Regis: Russell House.
    Dustin D. , and Davies L. ( 2006 ) Female Genital Cutting (FGC), anti-oppressive practice and children's rights: implications for social work practice. Child Care in Practice, 13(1), 316.
    Ecpat ( 2008 ) Combatting child sex tourism. www.ecpat.net/sites/default/files/cst_faq_eng.pdf
    Ecpat ( 2011 ) Off the radar, protecting children from child sex offenders who travel. London: Ecpat.
    Engelbrecht G. ( 2014 ) Medomsley Detention Centre: the ‘unpleasant experience’ which grew into brutality and sexual abuse. Northern Echo, 12 April.
    Fairweather E. ( 2008 ) Baby P council falsely accused me of abusing a child. Daily Mail, 16 November.
    Falkov A. ( 1995 ) Study of working together part 8 reports. Fatal child abuse and parental psychiatric disorder. An analysis of 100 case reviews. London: Department of Health.
    Falkov, A (ed.) ( 1998 ) Crossing bridges. Brighton: Pavilion Publishing.
    Fergusson D. , and Mullen P. ( 1999 ) Childhood sexual abuse: An evidence based perspective. London: Sage.
    Fitzgerald J. ( 1999 ) Child protection and the computer age. London: The Bridge Publishing House Ltd.
    Fogg A. ( 2012 ) Male circumcision. Let there be no more tragedies like baby Goodluck. Guardian, 17 December.
    Ford H. ( 2006 ) Women who sexually abuse. Chichester: Wiley.
    Forrester D. , and Harwin J. ( 2006 ) Parental substance misuse and child care social work. Child and Family Social Work, 11(4), 32535.
    Foster C. , Garber J. , and Durlak J. ( 2008 ) Current and past maternal depression, maternal interaction behaviours and children's externalising and internalising symptoms. Journal of Applied Child Psychology, 36(4), 52737.
    Frampton P. ( 2004 ) The golly in the cupboard. Manchester: Tamic Publications.
    Franklin A. , and Knight A. ( 2012 ) Someone on our side. London: The Children's Society.
    Fyfe M. ( 2007 ) Survivors’ stories. Hitchin: 11th Commandment Publishing.
    Gallagher B. , Bradford M. , and Pease K. ( 2008 ) Attempted and completed incidents of stranger-perpetrated child sexual abuse and abduction. Child Abuse and Neglect, 32: 51728.
    Garrett P. ( 2006 ) Protecting children in a globalised world, ‘Race’ and ‘Place’ in the Laming report on the death of Victoria Climbié. Journal of Social Work, 6(3), 31536.
    Gilbert R. , Kemp A. , Thoburn J. , Sidebotham P. , Radford L. , Glaser D. , and Macmillan H. ( 2009 ) Recognising and responding to child maltreatment. Lancet. 373, 9658, 16780.
    Gill A. ( 1984 ) Martin Allen is missing. London: Corgi.
    GLA (Greater London Assembly) ( 2014 ) Keeping London's children safe. London: GLA.
    GLA (Greater London Authority) ( 2003 ) Young people, big issues. London: GLA.
    Glaser D. ( 2002 ) Emotional abuse and neglect (psychological maltreatment): a conceptual framework. Child Abuse and Neglect, 26: 697714
    Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children ( 2006 ) Ending legalised violence against children. www.endcorporalpunishment.org
    Goodwin J. ( 2001 ) Black magic, the butchered body of a five year old thrown in the Thames. Daily Mail, 8 December.
    Gorin S. ( 2004 ) Understanding what children say about living with domestic violence, parental substance misuse or parental mental health problems. York: Joseph Rowntree Trust.
    Gower M. ( 2014 ) Ending child immigration detention. House of Commons briefing paper. SN/HA/5591 http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/SN05591#fullreport
    Gray D. , and Watt P. ( 2012 ) Giving victims a voice. Joint report into sexual allegations made against Jimmy Savile. London: NSPCC and Metropolitan Police.
    Greenshields M. ( 2009 ) Baby bled to death after circumcision. Slough and Langley Observer, 20 February.
    Guardian ( 2003 ) He threatened to rape me. Guardian, 9 October. www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2003/oct/09/politics.children
    Guardian ( 2015 ) The scale of child abuse images online is shocking says NSPCC. Guardian, 22 July.
    Guasp A. ( 2012 ) The school report. The experiences of gay young people in Britain's schools in 2012. London: Stonewall.
    Gyateng T. , Moretti A. , May T. , and Turnbull P. ( 2013 ) Young people and the secure estate. London: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales.
    Hackett S. , Phillips J. , Masson H. , and Balfe M. ( 2013 ) Individual, family and abuse characteristics of 700 British child and adolescent sexual abusers. Child Abuse Review, 22(4): 23245.
    Hackett S. , and Uprichard E. ( 2007 ) Animal abuse and child maltreatment. London: NSPCC.
    Hamer M. ( 2007 ) Kids need cards. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Hames M. ( 2000 ) The dirty squad. London: Little Brown.
    Hamilton C. ( 2007 ) Would you leave your child alone? http://women.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/women/families/articles
    Hardwick L. , and Hardwick T. ( 2015 ) Do we meet the needs of children in asylum-seeking families? Critical and Radical Social Work, 3(2), 28189.
    Haskett M. , Scott S. , Grant R. , Ward C. , and Robinson C. ( 2003 ) Child-related cognitions and affective functioning of physically abusive and comparison parents. Child Abuse and Neglect, 27, 66386.
    HC 137: 1 (House of Commons Education Committee) ( 2012–13 ) Children first: the child protection system in England. Fourth Report of session 2012–13. Volume 1. London: The Stationery Office.
    HC 137: 2 (House of Commons Education Committee) ( 2012–13 ) Children first: the child protection system in England. Fourth Report of session 2012–13. Volume 2. London: The Stationery Office.
    HC 107 (House of Commons Internal Development Committee) ( 2013–14 ) Violence against women and girls. London: The Stationery Office.
    HCPC (Health and Social Care Professionals Council) ( 2015 ) Whistleblowing. www.hpc-uk.org/registrants/raisingconcerns/whistleblowing/
    HCPC ( 2016 ) Standards of conduct, performance and ethics. www.hpc.uk.org/aboutregistration/standards/standardsofconductperformanceandethics
    Health and Social Care Information Centre ( 2015 ) Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), April 2015 to June 2015. www.hscic.gov.uk/article/2021/Website-Search?productid=18864&q=fgm&sort=Most+recent&size=10&page=1&area=both
    Hellen N. ( 2015 ) UK soldiers of 16 ‘too young’. The Times, 11 January. www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/news/uk_news/Defence/article1505677.ece
    Hershkowitz I. , Lamb M. , and Horowitz D. ( 2007 ) Victimisation of children with disabilities. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 77(44), 62933.
    Hessel S. ( 2011 ) Time for outrage (Indignez-vous!) London: Quartet.
    Hicks L. , and Stein M. ( 2010 ) Neglect matters. A multi-agency guide for professionals working together on behalf of teenagers. London: Department for Children, Schools and Families.
    Higgins M. , and Swain J. ( 2010 ) Disability and child sexual abuse. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Hill A. ( 2015a ) Child sexual exploitation is in the back of our minds all the time. Guardian, 3 March.
    Hill A. ( 2015b ) Ofsted reports 36% rise in children missing from foster care. Guardian, 15 January.
    HM Government ( 2006 ) Working together to safeguard children: A guide to inter-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. London: The Stationery Office.
    HM Government ( 2011 ) Multi agency practice guidelines. Female genital mutilation. London: HM Government.
    HM Government, Forced Marriage Unit ( 2014a ) The right to choose. Multi-agency statutory guidance for dealing with forced marriage. London: Home Office and Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
    HM Government, Forced Marriage Unit ( 2014b ) Statistics on forced marriage 2014. London: Home Office and Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
    HM Government ( 2014 ) The fifth periodic report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. United Kingdom. www.equalityhumanrights.com/sites/default/files/uploads/Pdfs/The%20UK's%20Fifth%20Periodic%20Review%20Report%20on%20the%20UNCRC.pdf
    HM Government ( 2015a ) Information sharing advice for practitioners providing safeguarding services to children, young people, parents and carers. London: The Stationery Office.
    HM Government ( 2015b ) PM announces new taskforce to transform child protection. 24June. www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-announces-new-taskforce-to-transform-child-protection
    HMIP (Her Majesty's Inspector of Prisons) ( 2011 ) Three reports on unannounced inspections of short term holding facility at Heathrow Airport Terminal 1, 3, and 4. London: HMIP.
    HMIP (Her Majesty's Inspector of Prisons) ( 2013 ) Report on an unannounced inspection of HMP/YOI Feltham. London: HMIP.
    HMIP (Her Majesty's Inspector of Prisons) ( 2014 ) Report on an unannounced inspection of HMYOI Werrington 23 September–4 October. London: HMIP.
    Hobday A. , and Ollier K. ( 1998 ) Creative therapy. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Home Office ( 2012 ) Statement opposing female genital mutilation. www.gov.uk/government/publications/statement-opposing-female-genital-mutilation
    Home Office ( 2013 ) Multi-agency working and information sharing project. London: Home Office.
    Home Office ( 2014 ) Female genital mutilation: resource pack. London: HM Government.
    Home Office ( 2015a ) Revised prevent duty guidance for England and Wales. London: Home Office.
    Home Office ( 2015b ) Guidance: Domestic violence and abuse. London: Home Office.
    Home Office ( 2015c ) Mandatory reporting of female genital mutilation. London: Home Office.
    Home Office, Department of Health, Department of Education and Science, Welsh Office ( 1991 ) Working Together: A guide to arrangements for inter-agency co-operation for the protection of children from abuse. London: HMSO.
    Horgan G. ( 2002 ) It's a hit not a ‘smack’. Belfast: Save the Children.
    Hoskins R. ( 2012 ) The boy in the river. London: Pan Macmillan.
    League Howard ( 2007 ) Press release. UK government flouting United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. 21 June. London: The Howard League.
    Howe D. ( 1987 ) An introduction to social work theory. Surrey: Ashgate.
    HSCB (Haringey Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2009 ) Serious case review child A. London: DfE.
    HSCB (Haringey Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2012 ) Serious case review family Z. London: HSCB.
    HSCB (Haringey Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2015 ) Child O. Overview report. October 2015. London: HSCB.
    Hughes S. ( 2014 ) Children will be seen and heard in family courts. Press Release. London: Ministry of Justice Press Release.
    Human Rights Council ( 2014 ) Ending violence against children: a global call to make the invisible visible. www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/RegularSessions/Session27/Documents/Endingviolenceagainstchildren_conceptnote.pdf
    Humphreys C. , and Stanley N. ( 2015 ) Domestic violence and protecting children. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Humphreys M. ( 1996 ) Empty cradles. London: Corgi.
    IFSW (International Federation of Social Work) ( 2012 ) Statement of ethical principles. http://ifsw.org/policies/statement-of-ethical-principles/
    IFSW (International Federation of Social Work) ( 2014 ) Global definition of the social work profession. http://ifsw.org/get-involved/global-definition-of-social-work/
    Jones L. , Bellis M. , Wood S. , Hughes K. , McCoy E. , Eckley L. , Bates G. , Mikton C. , Shakespeare T. , and Officer A. ( 2012 ) Prevalence and risk of violence against children with disabilities: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Lancet, July 2012.
    Jones R. ( 2015a ) The stealth privatisation of children's services. Community Care. 7 January.
    Jones R. ( 2015b ) Hedge funds have no place in children's services. Guardian, 17 September.
    Jütte S. , Bentley H. , Tallis D. , Mayes J. , Jetha N. , O'Hagan O. , Brookes H. , and McConnell N. ( 2015 ) How safe are our children? London: NSPCC.
    Kane J. ( 1998 ) Sold for sex. Bury St Edmunds: Arena.
    Keeble H. , and Hollington K. ( 2010 ) Baby X. Britain's child abusers brought to justice. London: Simon and Schuster.
    Keeble H. , and Hollington K. ( 2011 ) Hidden victims. The real story of Britain's vulnerable children and the people who rescue them. London: Simon and Schuster.
    Keeble H. , and Hollington K. ( 2012 ) Hurting too much. Shocking stories from the frontline of child protection. London: Simon and Schuster.
    Kelly A. , and McNamara M. ( 2015 ) 3000 children enslaved in Britain after being trafficked from Vietnam. Guardian, 23 May.
    Kelly, Sir Christopher ( 2004 ) Serious case review ‘Ian Huntley’. North Lincolnshire: North Lincolnshire Area Child Protection Committee.
    Kennedy M. ( 1996 ) Sexual abuse and disabled children. in Morris J. (ed.) Encounters with strangers: Feminism and disability. London: Women's Press, pp 11634.
    Kerrigan Lebloch E. , and King S. ( 2006 ) Child sexual exploitation: A partnership response and model intervention. Child Abuse Review, 15, 36272.
    Kline R. , and Preston-Shoot M. ( 2012 ) Professional accountability in social care and health. London: Learning Matters.
    Kothari P. , Witham G. , and Quinn T. ( 2014 ) A fair start in life for every child. London: Save the Children.
    Kovic Y. , Lucas-Hancock J. , and Miller D. ( 2009 ) Safe: Personal safety skills for deaf children. London: NSPCC.
    Krugman S. , Lantz E. , Sinal S. , De Jong A. , and Coffman K. ( 2007 ) Forced suffocation of infants with baby wipes. Child Abuse and Neglect, 31(6), 61521.
    Laggay M. , and Courtney L. ( 2013 ) Time to listen: Independent advocacy within the child protection process. London: National Children's Bureau.
    Laming H. ( 2003 ) The Victoria Climbié inquiry report. London: The Stationery Office.
    Lazenblatt A. , and Taylor J. ( 2011 ) Fabricated or induced illness in children: a rare form of child abuse? London: NSPCC.
    Levitas R. ( 2012 ) There may be trouble ahead? Poverty Response series 3. Bristol. Poverty and Social Exclusion in the UK.
    Levy A. , and Scott-Clark C. ( 2010 ) Tiffany Wright starved to death in this room on a urine-soaked bed surrounded by soiled nappies. Guardian Weekend, 6 February.
    Longinotto K. ( 2002 ) The day I will never forget. Women Make Movies Film and Video Department. www.wmm.com/filmcatalog/pages/c604.shtml
    Lovejoy M. , Graczyk P. , O'Hare E. , and Neuman G. ( 2000 ) Maternal depression and parenting behaviour: a meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 20(5), 56192.
    LSCB (London Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2015 ) London child protection procedures. London: Association of London Government.
    Lyon C. ( 2000 ) Loving smack or lawful assault? London: Institute for Public Policy Research.
    Main E. ( 2013 ) Young carers talking. London: Carers Trust.
    Mallard C. ( 2008 ) Ritual abuse – a personal account and the unpublished police guidelines. in Noblitt R. , and Noblitt R. (eds) Ritual abuse in the twenty-first century. Oregon: Robert D Reed Publishers.
    Mann J. ( 2015 ) Wanless review and the Dickens files. Debate in House of Commons. 4 November. www.theyworkforyou.com/whall/?id=2015-11-04a.371.0&s=speaker%3A11093#g371.3
    Mariathasan J. , and Hutchinson D. ( 2010 ) Children talk to ChildLine about parental drug and alcohol misuse. London: NSPCC.
    McSherry D. ( 2004 ) Which came first, the chicken or the egg? Examining the relationship between child neglect and poverty. British Journal of Social Work, 34(5), 72733.
    Meadows S. ( 1997 ) ABC of child abuse. 3rd edition. London: British Medical Journal Publishing.
    Meghji S. ( 2007 ) Children's homes left in limbo. Children and Young People Now, 3–9 October 2007.
    Mencap ( 2005 ) They won't believe me. London: Mencap.
    Mencap ( 2013 ) Short breaks support is failing family carers. London: Mencap.
    Mepham S. ( 2010 ) Disabled children: The right to feel safe. Child Care in Practice, 16(1), 1934.
    Miller D. , and Brown J. ( 2014 ) We have the right to be safe: Protecting disabled children from abuse. London: NSPCC.
    Milotte M. ( 1997 ) Banished babies. Dublin, Ireland: New Ireland Books.
    MoJ (Ministry of Justice) ( 2008 ) The public law outline. London: Ministry of Justice.
    MoJ (Ministry of Justice) ( 2011 ) Achieving best evidence in criminal proceedings: Guidance on interviewing victims and witnesses and using special measures. London: Ministry of Justice.
    Momoh C. (ed) ( 2005 ) Female genital mutilation. Oxford: Radcliffe Publishing.
    Morgan R. ( 2014 ) Children's care monitor 2013/4. London: Ofsted.
    Morris S. ( 2011 ) Colin Batley, leader of sex cult preying on children, could spend life in jail. Guardian, 11 March.
    Morris S. ( 2013 ) Daniel Pelka: professionals failed ‘invisible’ murdered boy, report says. Guardian, 17 September. www.theguardian.com/society/2013/sep/17/professionals-failed-report-daniel-pelka
    Morrison T. ( 1998 ) Partnership, collaboration and change under The Children Act. in Adcock M. , and White R. (eds) Significant harm: its management and outcome. London: Significant Publications.
    Mullender A. , Burton S. , Hague G. , Imam U. , Kelly L. , Malos E. , and Regan L. ( 2003a ) Stop hitting mum. East Molesey: Young Voice.
    Mullender A. , Regan L. , and Malos E. ( 2003b ) Children's perspectives on domestic violence. London: Sage.
    Mullender A. , and Morley R. ( 1994 ) Children living with domestic violence. London: Whiting and Birch.
    Munro E. ( 2002 ) Effective child protection. London: Sage.
    Munro E. ( 2011 ) Munro review of child protection final report – a child centred system. London: DfE.
    Munro E. , and Calder M. ( 2005 ) Where has child protection gone? The Political Quarterly, 76(3), 43945.
    Munro E. , and Musholt K. ( 2013 ) Neuroscience and the risks of maltreatment. Children and Youth Services Review. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2013.11.002
    Murray M. , and Osborne C. ( 2009 ) Safeguarding disabled children practice guidance. London: DCSF.
    Nazer M. , and Lewis D. ( 2004 ) Slave. The true story of a girl's lost childhood and her fight for survival. London: Virago.
    NCA (National Crime Agency) ( 2015 ) National strategic assessment of serious and organised abuse. www.nationalcrimeagency.gov.uk/publications/560-national-strategic-assessment-of-serious-and-organised-crime-2015/file
    Nelson S. ( 2001 ) Beyond trauma. Mental health care needs of women who survived childhood sexual abuse. Edinburgh: Health in Mind (EAMH).
    Nelson S. ( 2002 ) Physical symptoms in sexually abused women: Somatisation or undetected injury? Child Abuse Review, 11(1), 5164.
    Nelson S. ( 2004 ) Neighbourhood mapping for children's safety. Edinburgh: Womanzone.
    Nelson S. ( 2008a ) See us – hear us. Schools working with sexually abused young people. Dundee: Violence is Preventable.
    Nelson S. ( 2008b ) The Orkney ‘Satanic abuse case’. Who cared about the children? in Noblitt R. , and Perskin P. (eds) Ritual abuse in the twenty-first century. Psychological, forensic, social and political considerations. 337354 Brandon, Oregon USA: Robert D Reed Publishers.
    Nelson S. , and Baldwin N. ( 2002 ) Comprehensive neighbourhood mapping: Developing a powerful tool for child protection. Child Abuse Review, 11, 21429.
    Newcastle Local Safeguarding Children Board ( 2006 ) Serious case review executive summary, Baby O. Newcastle: Newcastle LSCB.
    Newiss G. , and Traynor M. ( 2013 ) Taken. A study of child abduction in the UK. London: CEOP.
    Newton J. ( 2013 ) Preventing Mental Ill Health. London: Routledge.
    Norfolk Constabulary ( 2015 ) Sex offenders sentenced to over 70 years in jail. 28 September. www.norfolk.police.uk/newsandevents/newsstories/2015/september/sexoffenderssentenced.aspx
    Norman A. ( 2013 ) Human rights have disappeared from ‘Working Together’. http://ukhumanrightsblog.com/2013/04/09/human-rights-have-disappeared-from-working-together-allan-norman/
    NPCC (National Police Chiefs’ Council) ( 2015 ) Over 1400 suspects investigated for child sexual abuse by people of public prominence, or within institutions. 20 May. http://news.npcc.police.uk/releases/over-1400-suspects-investigated-for-child-sexual-abuse-by-people-of-public-prominence-or-within-institutions
    NSPCC ( 2007 ) NSPCC looks to work with retailers to create smack free shopping. www.nspcc.org.uk/whatwedo/mediacentre/pressreleases/2007_10_april_nspcc_looks_to_work_with
    NSPCC ( 2008 ) ChildLine Casenotes: Children talking to ChildLine about bullying. London: NSPCC.
    NSPCC ( 2010 ) ChildLine Casenotes: Children talking to ChildLine about parental alcohol and drug misuse. London: NSPCC. www.drugsandalcohol.ie/13691/1/NSPCC_clcasenoteparentalalcoholdrugabuse.pdf
    NSPCC ( 2012a ) Core-info: Oral injuries and bite marks on children. London: NSPCC.
    NSPCC ( 2012b ) Core-info: Fractures on children. London: NSPCC.
    NSPCC ( 2012c ) Core-info: Thermal injuries on children. London: NSPCC.
    NSPCC ( 2012d ) Core-info: Bruises on children. London: NSPCC.
    NSPCC ( 2013a ) Core-info: Head and spinal injuries. London: NSPCC.
    NSPCC ( 2015 ) ‘Always there when I need you’. ChildLine Review 2014–15. www.nspcc.org.uk/globalassets/documents/annual-reports/childline-annual-review-always-there-2014–2015.pdf
    NTA (National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse) ( 2012 ) Parents with drug problems: How treatment helps families. www.nta.nhs.uk/uploads/families2012vfinali.pdf.
    OCC (Office of the Children's Commissioner) ( 2006 ) Bullying today. London: OCC.
    OCC (Office of the Children's Commissioner) ( 2011 ) ‘I think I must have been born bad’. London: OCC.
    OCC (Office of the Children's Commissioner) ( 2012 ) Nobody made the connection. London: OCC.
    OCC (Office of the Children's Commissioner) ( 2013 ) A child rights impact assessment of budget decisions. London: OCC.
    OCC (Office of the Children's Commissioner) ( 2014 ) ‘What's going to happen tomorrow?’ London: OCC.
    OCC (Office of the Children's Commissioner) ( 2015 ) Protecting children from harm. London: OCC.
    Ofsted ( 2009 ) Supporting young carers. London: Ofsted.
    Ofsted ( 2011a ) The voice of the child. London: Ofsted.
    Ofsted ( 2011b ) Ages of concern: Learning lessons from serious case reviews. London: Ofsted.
    Ofsted ( 2012a ) No place for bullying. London: Ofsted.
    Ofsted ( 2012b ) Protecting disabled children. A thematic inspection. London: Ofsted.
    Ofsted ( 2013 ) What about the children? Joint working between adult and children's services when parents or carers have mental ill health and/or drug and alcohol problems. London: Ofsted.
    Ofsted ( 2014a ) The report of Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Education, Children's Services and Skills 2013–14. Manchester: Ofsted.
    Ofsted ( 2014b ) It's the child's time: professional responses to neglect. London: Ofsted.
    Ofsted ( 2015 ) Children looked after placements by English local authorities. London: Ofsted.
    O'Hagan K. ( 2006 ) Identifying emotional and psychological abuse, a guide for childcare professionals. Buckingham: Open University Press.
    ONS (Office for National Statistics) ( 2013 ) Focus on: violent crime and sexual offences, 2011/12. Newport: ONS.
    ONS (Office for National Statistics) ( 2015 ) Crime survey England and Wales 2013–14. London: ONS.
    Oranges and Sunshine ( 2010 ) London: See Saw Films.
    OSCB (Oxfordshire Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2015 ) Serious case review into child sexual exploitation in Oxfordshire: from the experiences of Children A, B, C, D, E and F. Oxford: OSCB.
    Owen J. ( 2014a ) UK under fire for recruiting an army of children. Independent, 25 May.
    Owen J. ( 2014b ) Shaken babies. Parents to see ‘life saving’ film. Independent, 4 May.
    Parton N. ( 2006 ) Safeguarding childhood. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Parton N. ( 2012 ) The Munro Review of child protection: an appraisal. Children And Society, 26(2), 15062.
    Peake A. ( 1997 ) Strong mothers: A resource for mothers and children who have been sexually assaulted. Lyme Regis: Russell House.
    Peake A. , and Rouf K. ( 1989 ) My book, my body. London: Children's Society.
    Pearce J. , Hynes P. , and Bovarnick S. ( 2009 ) Breaking the wall of silence. London: NSPCC and University of Bedfordshire.
    Peckover S. ( 2009 ) Domestic abuse and safeguarding children. in Hughes L. , and Owen H. (eds) Good practice in safeguarding children. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Pemberton C. ( 2013 ) Survey exposes rising thresholds leaving children in danger. Community Care. 19 November.
    Philomena ( 2013 ) Los Angeles USA: 20th Century Fox.
    Pinter I. ( 2015 ) Cut off from justice. London: The Children's Society.
    Plotnikoff J. , and Woolfson R. ( 2008 ) The go between. Evaluation of intermediary pathfinder projects. http://lexiconlimited.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Intermediaries_study_report.pdf
    Pona I. , Royston S. , Bracey C. , and Gibbs A. ( 2015 ) Seriously awkward. How vulnerable 16 and 17 year olds are falling through the cracks. London: The Children's Society.
    Pople L. , Rodrigues L. , and Royston S. ( 2013 ) Through young eyes. London: The Children's Society.
    Prime R. ( 2014 ) Children in custody 2013–14. London: HMIP and Youth Justice Board.
    Prince J. , Austin J. , Shewring L. , Birdsey N. , McInnes K. , and Roderique-Davies G. ( 2014 ) Attitudes to parenting practices and child discipline. Cardiff: Welsh Government Social Research.
    Radford L. , Corral L. , Bradley C. , Fisher H. , Bassett C. , Howat N. , and Collishaw S. ( 2011 ) Child abuse and neglect in the UK today. London: NSPCC.
    Rayns G. , Dawe S. , and Cuthbert C. ( 2011 ) All babies count. Spotlight on drugs and alcohol. London: NSPCC.
    Reder P. , and Duncan S. ( 1999 ) Lost innocents. A follow up study of fatal child abuse. Abingdon: Routledge.
    Reder P. , and Duncan S. ( 2004 ) Making the most of the Victoria Climbié inquiry report. Child Abuse Review, 13, 95114.
    Reder P. , Duncan S. , and Gray M. ( 1993 ) Beyond blame. Child abuse tragedies revisited. A summary of 35 inquiries since 1973. Abingdon: Routledge.
    Reed H. ( 2012 ) In the eye of the storm. Britain's forgotten children and families. London: Action for Children, NSPCC, The Children's Society.
    Rees G. ( 2011 ) Still running 3: Early findings from our third national survey of young runaways. London: The Children's Society.
    Refugee Council ( 2014 ) Unlawful detention must end. www.refugeecouncil.org.uk/latest/news/3905_unlawful_child_detention_must_end
    Refugee Council ( 2015 ) The children's section. www.refugeecouncil.org.uk/what_we_do/childrens_services
    Rhodes G. ( 2015 ) Britain's child migrants. Guardian, 24 October. www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2015/oct/24/britains-child-migrants-i-was-told-i-was-going-on-a-picnic
    Richardson C. ( 2006 ) The truth about self harm. London: Mental Health and Camelot Foundations.
    Ring E. ( 2003 ) State investigation into vaccine trials under threat. Cork: Irish Examiner, 2 August.
    Rogers C. ( 2011 ) African children trafficked to the UK for blood rituals. BBC News. 12 October. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-15280776
    Roth D. , Lindley B. , and Ashley C. ( 2011 ) Big bruv, little sis. London: Family Rights Group.
    Royal College of Paediatricians and Child Health ( 2009 ) Fabricated or induced illness by carers. London: The Royal College of Paediatricians and Child Health.
    RSCB (Rotherham Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2012 ) Executive summary of serious case review Child S. Rotherham: RSCB.
    RSCB (Rotherham Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2014 ) Independent inquiry into child sexual exploitation in Rotherham.1997–2013. Rotherham: RSCB.
    SafeLives ( 2015 ) Getting it right first time: policy report. Bristol: SafeLives.
    Salter M. ( 2014 ) Organised sexual abuse. London: Routledge.
    Salter D. , McMillan D. , Richards M. , Talbot T. , Hodges J. , Bentovim A. , Hastings R. , Stevenson J. , and Skuse D. ( 2003 ) Development of sexually abusive behaviour in sexually victimised males. Lancet, 361(9356), 47176.
    Saradjian J. ( 1997 ) Women who sexually abuse children. Chichester: Wiley.
    Saunders B. , and Goddard C. ( 2010 ) Physical punishment in childhood. Chichester: Wiley.
    SCIE ( 2011 ) Think child, think parent, think family: a guide to parental mental health and child welfare. www.scie.org.uk/publications/guides/guide30/
    Scorer R. ( 2015 ) The English Catholic Church and the sex abuse crisis. London: Biteback Books.
    Secretary of State Home Department ( 2016 ) Response to written question 13206 on 23 October 2015. www.parliament.uk
    Shakespeare T. , Priestley M. , and Barnes S. ( 1999 ) Life as a disabled child. Leeds: University of Leeds. http://disability-studies.leeds.ac.uk/research/life-as-a-disabled-child/
    Shelter ( 2013 ) Nowhere to go. The scandal of homeless children in B and Bs. Policy briefing. London: Shelter.
    Shepherd J. , and Sampson A. ( 2000 ) Don't shake the baby: Towards a preventive strategy. British Journal of Social Work, 30, 72135.
    Sheridan M. ( 1992 ) From birth to five years. Children's developmental progress. Abingdon: Routledge.
    Sixsmith M. ( 2010 ) The lost child of Philomena Lee. A mother, her son and a fifty-year search. London: Pan Macmillan.
    Smith C. , Bradbury-Jones C. , Lazenbatt A. , and Taylor J. ( 2013 ) Provision for young people who have displayed harmful sexual behaviour. Edinburgh: The University of Edinburgh and the NSPCC.
    Smith D. , and Meadows S. ( 2000 ) Maternal understanding of the toxicity of substances used in non-accidental poisoning. Child Abuse Review, 9, 25763.
    Smith J. , Duckett N. , and Menezes F. ( 2015 ) Running to the future: ‘youth inequalities, homelessness and points of reinsertion’. in Kelly P. , and Kamp A. (eds) A critical youth studies for the 21st century. Leiden, NL: Brill.
    Staffordshire County Council ( 1991 ) The experience and the protection of children. The report of the Staffordshire child care inquiry 1990. Stafford: Staffordshire County Council.
    Stalker K. , Green Lister P. , Lerpiniere J. , and McArthur K. ( 2010 ) Child protection and the needs and rights of disabled children and young people. Glasgow: University of Strathclyde.
    Stanley N. , and Cox P. ( 2008 ) Parental mental health and child welfare. London: SCIE.
    Stanley N. , Manthorpe J. , and Penhale B. ( 1999 ) Institutional abuse. Abingdon: Routledge.
    Stanley N. , Miller P. , Richardson Foster H. , and Thomson G. ( 2010 ) Children and families experiencing domestic violence: Police and children's social services’ responses. London: NSPCC.
    Stanley N. , Penhale B. , Riordan D. , Barbour R. , and Holden S. ( 2003 ) Child protection and mental health services. Inter-professional responses to the needs of mothers. Bristol: Policy Press.
    Stevenson L. ( 2015a ) Should social workers fear David Cameron's plans to intervene in children's services? Community Care, 17 September.
    Stevenson L. ( 2015b ) 15 quotes from social workers that shouldn't be ignored. Community Care, 2 September.
    Stickler A. ( 2005 ) Angola witchcraft's child victims. BBC News report and film. 13 July. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/4677969.stm
    Stobart E. ( 2006 ) Child abuse linked to accusations of ‘possession and witchcraft’. Research Report 750. London: DfES.
    Straus A. , Douglas E. , and Mederios R. ( 2014 ) Primordial violence: spanking children, psychological development, violence and crime. New York: Routledge.
    Striker S. , and Kimmel E. ( 2012 ) The anti-colouring book. London: Scholastic Press.
    Summit R. ( 1983 ) The child sexual abuse accommodation syndrome. Child Abuse and Neglect, 7, 17793.
    Sunderland M. ( 2001 ) Using story telling as a therapeutic tool with children. London: Speechmark.
    Swansea Local Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB) ( 2006 ) Executive summary, Aaron Gilbert. Swansea: Swansea LSCB.
    Talwar D. ( 2012 ) Daily torment of racism in the classroom. London: BBC. www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-18150650
    Tarapdar S. , and Kellett M. ( 2011 ) Young people's voices on cyber-bullying: what can age comparisons tell us? London: The Diana Award.
    Taylor J. ( 2010 ) Mother of Khyra Ishaq who starved to death cleared of murder. Independent, 25 February. www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/mother-of-khyra-ishaq-who-starved-to-death-cleared-of-murder-1910607.html
    Taylor J. , Cameron A. , Jones C. , Franklin A. , Stalker K. , and Fry D. ( 2015 ) Deaf and disabled children talking about child protection. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh and NSPCC.
    Taylor J. , Rahilly , and Hunter H. ( 2012 ) Children who go missing from care. London: NSPCC.
    Teather S. ( 2013 ) Report of the parliamentary inquiry into asylum support for children and young people. London: The Children's Society.
    The Children's Society ( 2013 ) Hidden from view: the experiences of young carers in England. London: The Children's Society.
    The Children's Society ( 2011 ) 4 in every 10 disabled children living in poverty. London: The Children's Society.
    THSCB (Tower Hamlets Safeguarding Children's Board) ( 2013 ) Serious case review executive summary: Services provided for Child F June 2004–January 2012. London: THSCB.
    Townsend M. ( 2008 ) Babies the new target. Met warns as paedophile threat spirals. Guardian, 24 August.
    Turner C. ( 2015 ) Arrests for leaving kids alone at home made every day. Telegraph, 31 October.
    Turning Point ( 2011 ) Bottling it up: the next generation. London: Turning Point.
    UN (United Nations) ( 1989 ) Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). Geneva: United Nations.
    UN (United Nations) ( 2006 ) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. www.un.org/disabilities/documents/convention/convoptprot-e.pdf
    UN (United Nations) Human Rights Committee ( 2015 ) Concluding observations on the seventh periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. www.equalityhumanrights.com/sites/default/files/uploads/documents/humanrights/UN/CCPRC%20GB%20concluding%20observations%20(1).pdf
    UN (United Nations) General Assembly ( 2000 ) Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children.15 November. www.refworld.org/docid/4720706c0.html
    Ureche H. , and Franks M. ( 2007 ) This is who we are. A study of the views and identities of Roma, Gypsy and Traveller young people in England. London: The Children's Society.
    Utting W. ( 2005 ) Progress on safeguards for children living away from home. York: Joseph Rowntree Trust.
    Veeken J. ( 2012 ) The bear cards. Feelings. Victoria, Australia: Q cards.
    Vine J. ( 2013 ) An inspection into the Home Office's handling of asylum applications made by unaccompanied children: Feb–June 2013. London: Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration.
    Vizard E. ( 2006 ) Sexually abusive behaviour by children and adolescents. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 11(1), 28.
    Wales Online ( 2011 ) Kidwelly sex cult victim breaks silence to tell of childhood horrors. 13 March. www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/kidwelly-sex-cult-victim-breaks-1845707
    Walker A. ( 1993 ) Possessing the secret of joy. London: Vintage.
    Ward J. , and Patel N. ( 2006 ) Broadening the discussion on sexual exploitation: ethnicity, sexual exploitation and young people. Child Abuse Review, 15, 34150.
    Wardale L. ( 2007 ) Keeping the family in mind. Resource pack. London: Barnardo's.
    Wastell D. , and White S. ( 2012 ) Blinded by neuroscience: social policy, the family and the infant brain. Families, Relationships and Societies, 1(3), 397414.
    Watson T. ( 2012a ) Ten days that shook my world. www.tom-watson.co.uk/2012/11/10-days-that-shook-my-world/
    Watson T. ( 2012b ) Prime Minister's questions. www.youtube.com/watch?v=e6sTCIJLEKI
    WFSCB (London Borough of Waltham Forest Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2011 ) Serious case review executive summary Child W. London: WFSCB.
    White S. ( 2009 ) Arguing the case in safeguarding. in Broadhurst K. , Grover C. , and Jamieson J. (eds) Critical perspectives in safeguarding children. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Whitham G. ( 2012 ) Poverty in 2012. It shouldn't happen here. London: Save the Children.
    WHO (World Health Organisation) ( 1995 ) Female genital mutilation: Report of a WHO technical working group. Geneva: World Health Organisation.
    Wilkinson R. , and Pickett K. ( 2009 ) The spirit level. London: Penguin.
    Williams A. ( 1943 ) Barnardo of Stepney. London: George Allen and Unwin.
    Williams R. ( 2011 ) ‘Honour’ crimes against women in UK rising rapidly, figures show. Guardian, 3 December. Available at www.theguardian.com/uk/2011/dec/03/honour-crimes-uk-rising
    Williams-Garcia R. ( 2004 ) No laughter here. New York: HarperCollins.
    Willow C. ( 2014 ) Children behind bars. Why the abuse of child imprisonment must end. Bristol: Policy Press.
    Willow C. , and Hyder T. ( 2004 ) It hurts you inside. Young children talk about smacking. London: CRAE and Save the Children.
    Wolfe I. , MacFarlane A. , Donkin A. , Marmot M. , and Viner R. ( 2014 ) Why children die: death in infants, children and young people in the UK. London: RCPCH (Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health).
    Women's Aid ( 2014 ) Annual survey: A moment in time. Bristol: Women's Aid.
    Wonnacott J. , Patmore A. , and Kennedy M. ( 2013 ) Assessing the needs of disabled children, in Calder M. , and Hackett S. (eds) Assessment in child care. 2nd edition. Lyme Regis: Russell House. pp 185201.
    Wood D. , Barter C. , and Berridge M. ( 2011 ) Disadvantaged teenagers, intimate partner violence and coercive control. London: NSPCC.
    Wood Z. ( 2007 ) Should profit come before children? Observer, 21 October.
    WSCB (Worcestershire Safeguarding Children Board) ( 2013 ) Serious case review executive summary in respect of the death of FW. Worcestershire: WSCB.
    Young A. , Hunt R. , Oram R. , and Smith C. ( 2009 ) The impact of integrated children's services on the scope, delivery and quality of social care services for deaf children and their families. London: National Deaf Children's Society.

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website