Principal Leadership: Applying the New Educational Leadership Constituent Council (ELCC) Standards

Books

Elaine L. Wilmore

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  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Part I: Introduction

    Part II: Application of the Standards

    Part III: Conclusions

  • Dedication

    To America

    The Lord bless you and keep you.

    The Lord make His face to shine upon you and be gracious to you.

    The Lord lift up His countenance upon you and give you peace.

    Numbers 6:24–26

    God bless America, All Americans, The victims' families of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack, My wonderful family, friends, and students, And our schools.

    Copyright

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    Foreword

    Elaine Wilmore has made a major contribution to the preparation of school principals with this book. Since the development of the 1983 American Association of School Administrators (AASA) Guidelines for the Preparation of School Administrators, several organizations have extended and modified the seven competencies into standards for the preparation and professional development of school leaders. Fenwick English and Betty Steffy collaborated with me in Skills for Successful 21st Century School Leaders (1998) to synthesize the key standards, skills, dispositions, input and outcome measures, and instructional strategies included in standards by the AASA, Educational Leadership Constituent Council (ELCC), National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), National Policy Board for Educational Administration (NPBEA), and the Interstate School Leaders Licensure (ISLLC). In 2001, the ELCC, composed of selected individuals representing AASA, AACTE, ASCD, CCSSO, NAESP, NASSP, NCPEA, and UCEA, revised standards for Advanced Programs in Educational Leadership and presented them to the Specialty Areas Study Board (SASB) of NCATE. These new ELCC standards for principals, superintendents, and other central office administrators were drawn from ISLLC, AASA, and NCATE standards for the position of superintendent and other central office administrators. They represent the latest collaboration of professional associations to establish the vital elements to judge the quality of preparation programs for school leaders.

    Now Elaine Wilmore has taken a bold step in writing this important book on principal leadership by focusing on the ELCC standards for the preparation of campus-level principals. Dr. Wilmore brings to her scholarship successful experience from public-school classrooms and principalships, from the boardroom, and from the university where she has been a leader in the creation of one of the nation's most respected field-based programs for school principals. In this definitive work, Dr. Wilmore presents multiple examples of problem-based teaching and field-based learning to prepare informed, skilled, and caring principals for the elementary, middle, and high schools of America. Elaine Wilmore's content mastery blends scholarship with practice to guide program planners in gaining ELCC approval and NCATE accreditation and to prepare the best and the brightest for the demanding role of principal.

    Dr. Wilmore has earned the respect of practitioners, state and national association executives, and her colleagues in higher education. She is President Elect of the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration and has the reputation of a dynamic and positive spokesperson in our discipline. This book is a must for all program directors striving for excellence in principal preparation and for those interested in earning NCATE accreditation.

    John R.Hoyle

    Preface

    Principal Leadership: Applying the New Educational Leadership Constituent Council (ELCC) Standards was written to address the new standards for the preparation and development of school principals created jointly by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) and the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC). These standards, known as the Educational Leadership Constituent Council standards, are of critical importance in creating, nurturing, and sustaining a culture and climate that values the soul of the school within its political, social, economic, legal, and cultural context. Although a myriad of books exist on school leadership, climate, and change, this book is the first to connect the new standards to the philosophy and implementation of the principal as steward of the school's vision. Principal Leadership addresses these connections from the perspective of the school as essential to the essence and success of a school learning community.

    This book is unique and timely in format. At long last the separate administrative standards and guidelines of the NCATE and the ISLLC have merged into one set of collaboratively developed and agreed-upon standards for the development of future school leaders and for the professional growth of existing ones. No book has addressed these merged standards, making Principal Leadership both distinctive and opportune. It is written within a context of tying the new standards to practical yet research-based applications for principals and others interested in school leadership. Based on eminent leadership and management theory and research, Principal Leadership is written in an informative manner, yet it is also practical, readable, interesting, insightful, and inspiring. Future administrators may use it as a text for university coursework in school leadership. Current administrators can use it for individual or group reflective professional development.

    Principal Leadership addresses both a global, proactive philosophy of school leadership as provided in the ELCC standards and specific treatment of the components within each standard. This is done through discussion, case studies, reflective questions and activities, and “The Ultimate Application” for individual or groups engaged in professional development opportunities. It is appropriate for preservice and current principals, assistant principals, deans of instruction, instructional supervisors, educational and other professional associations, and anyone interested in the development and nurturance of the school community. The text is divided into three sections. The first section is introductory in nature. The second focuses on each of the seven ELCC standards. The final section pulls all the components together and draws conclusions. A selection of additional readings for each standard is provided for supplementary conceptual purposes.

    Principal Leadership is a must-read for those preparing for school leadership positions as well as for practitioners seeking to stretch beyond their comfort zones in our changing world. It provides a framework of the standards and tools necessary to facilitate school leaders' work with students, teachers, families, and communities in a collaborative partnership. If you are ready to make this commitment—knowing it will require hard work, focus, and persistence—read on. This is the book for you!

    Acknowledgments

    During the final days of writing this book, terrorists attacked the United States, our freedom, and our way of life. All of America was shocked by this blatant and violent attempt to harm us. But the attack spawned renewed vision and purpose as all Americans came together in a shared sense of purpose and patriotism. Other societal issues have become blurred as we speak with a single, united voice.

    As educators we, too, must develop this sense of urgency and passion as we speak with one voice for the needs of children and their families. This book provides a framework of the newly developed Educational Leadership Constituent Council standards for the preparation and development of school leaders. It provides a tool to use our unified voice to meet specific standards and goals. This is something we have needed for a long time.

    Many important people in my life have been instrumental in facilitating both the development of the standards and the writing of this book. Although I cannot possibly acknowledge them all, there are some individuals whom I must recognize. As always, my family has been wonderful, working to spare me from as many interruptions as possible so I could focus and write. Thank you, Greg, Mother, Brandon, Brittani, and Brooke. In particular I thank Brittani for her conscientious editing, knowing she offered her time when she would rather have been doing almost anything else. Without her, I could not possibly have completed this work on time. Thank you, sweetie! You are our wonderful gift.

    Thank you to Honor Fede, Folio Coordinator for the Educational Leadership Constituent Council, for her assistance in preparing this manuscript. In addition to being one of the nicest people in the world, Honor is always helpful to the developers of programs undergoing review as well as to individuals seeking information. Thank you, Honor, for being the committed professional that you are, for being so knowledgeable, and for being so kind to everyone.

    Thank you to the University of Texas at Arlington and particularly to my dean, Dr. Jeanne M. Gerlach, for supporting and encouraging me in every facet of my writing. Thank you for encouraging me always to go beyond any limits in pursuing excellence.

    Thank you to Dr. John R. Hoyle, my mentor and friend, for believing and expecting the best in me and then showing how proud of me he is. John, you will never know how much it means to my life to make you proud.

    I don't know what I would have done or could ever do without my true and sincere friend, Dr. Linda Norman Townzen. Thank you, Linda, for always looking out for me, caring about me, being my champion, and constantly urging me to get some sleep. You are a dream of a friend.

    Thank you also to all my wonderful friends who stand beside me and encourage me in my quiet revolution to “change the world, one school at a time.” Thank you particularly to Dr. Bob and Becky Shaw for their love and continuous generosity in providing me a safe, quiet mountain retreat to write, reflect, and refocus on who I am, why I am here, and what is truly important in my life. There is no way I can ever put into words what your generosity and support means to me. You have done this for many years. I hope from the bottom of my heart that you never stop. You are blessings in the lives of so many, especially us. Thank you both so much.

    Last, to America, who could say it better than the psalmist:

    Restore us, Oh God.

    Psalm 80:3

    All my love,

    Elaine

    About the Author

    Elaine Litchfield Wilmore, Ph.D., is Special Assistant to the Dean for NCATE Accreditation and an Associate Professor of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies at the University of Texas at Arlington, She is also President of Elaine L. Wilmore Leadership Initiatives. She is the founding Director of School Administration Programs at the University of Texas at Arlington, Educational Leadership UTA, and the Scholars of Practice innovative programs for which she has received external grants. She has served as Chair of Educational Administration and Director of University Program Development, and is currently Chair of the UTA School of Education Faculty Governance Committee. She is President-Elect of the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration where she also serves on the Executive Board. In addition, Wilmore is active on many other local, state, and national boards, including the Texas Principals Leadership Initiative and her local school board. She has served as President of the Texas Professors of Educational Administration and was a member of the original cadre of program/folio reviewers for the Educational Leadership Constituent Council for NCATE. Wilmore is known in Texas as the “ExCET Queen” for her statewide success in helping students pass administrative certification examinations.

    Wilmore is a former public school teacher, counselor, and elementary and middle school principal. She is in her second term on the Cleburne Independent School District Board of Trustees, serving as Vice President. A frequent national speaker and author, she is known for inspiring others to greatness. In addition to her significant work in the area of administrator development, she enjoys singing in her church choir, reading, writing, and spending time with those she loves. She is married and the mother of three wonderful children, a big boxer dog, and a mutt-cat named Yum.

  • Suggested Additional Reading

    This list is not intended to be an exhaustive guide, but a source of supplemental reading that supports the concepts presented in the ELCC standards. Most of these resources include content that is relevant to more than one standard.

    Standard 1
    Bennis, W. (1989). Why leaders can't lead. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Blanchard, K., & Bowles, S. (1998). Gung-ho!New York: William Morrow.
    Blanchard, K., Hybels, B., & Hodges, P. (1999). Leadership by the book: Tools to transform your workplace. New York: William Morrow.
    Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E. (1997). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice, and leadership (
    2nd ed.
    ). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E. (2001). Leading with soul: An uncommon journey of spirit. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Brock, B. L., & Grady, M. L. (2000). Rekindling the flame. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    De Pree, M. (1989). Leadership is an art. New York: Dell.
    DeWitt Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund Study Conference. (1992). Developing a framework for the continual professional development of administrators in the northeast. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED383104).
    Fullan, M. (2001). Leading in a culture of change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Hoyle, J. (1995). Leadership and futuring: Making visions happen. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Hoyle, J. (2001). Leadership and the force of love: Six keys to motivating with love. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Johnson, S. (1998). Who moved my cheese?New York: Putnam.
    Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (1998). Encouraging the heart: A leader's guide to rewarding and recognizing others. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Krzyzewski, M., & Phillips, D. T. (2000). Leading with the heart: Coach K's successful strategies for basketball, business, and life. New York: Warner Business Books.
    Maxwell, J. C. (1995). Developing the leaders around you. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson.
    Peters, T., & Waterman, R. H. (1993). In search of excellence. New York: Warner Books.
    Ramsey, R. D. (1999). Lead, follow, or get out of the way. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Sergiovanni, T. J. (2001). The principalship: A reflective practice perspective (
    4th ed.
    ). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
    Standard 2
    Banks, J. A., & Banks, C. M. (1996). Multicultural education: Issues and perspectives. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
    Barker, C. L., & Searchwell, C. J. (1998). Writing meaningful teacher evaluations-right now!!Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Barker, C. L., & Searchwell, C. J. (2001). Writing year-end teacher improvement plans-right now!!Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Beach, D. M., & Reinhartz, J. (2000). Supervisory leadership. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
    Beane, J. A. (1997). Curriculum integration: Designing the core of democratic education. New York: Teachers College Press.
    Bigge, M. L., & Shermis, S. S. (1999). Learning theories for teachers (
    6th ed.
    ). New York: Addison-Wesley Longman.
    Blanchard, K., & Johnson, S. (1981). The one minute manager. New York: Berkley.
    Blase, J., & Kirby, P. C. (1992). Bringing out the best in teachers: What effective principals do. Newbury Park, CA: Corwin.
    Bocchino, R. (1999). Emotional literacy: To be a different kind of smart. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Bolman, L., & Deal, T. (1995). The path to school leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Bracey, G. W. (2000). Bail me out! Handling difficult data and tough questions about public schools. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Brewer, E. W., DeJonge, J. O., & Stout, V. J. (2001). Moving online: Making the transition from traditional instruction and communication strategies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Bucher, R. D. (2000). Diversity consciousness: Opening our minds to people, cultures, and opportunities. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
    Burrello, L. C., Lashley, C., & Beatty, E. E. (2001). Educating all students together: How school leaders create unified systems. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Burton, V. R. (2000). Rich minds, rich rewards. Dallas, TX: Pearl.
    Carbo, M. (2000). What every principal should know about teaching reading. Syosset, NY: National Reading Styles Institute.
    Costa, A. L., & Garmston, R. J. (1994). Cognitive coaching. Norwood, MA: Christopher Gordon.
    Creighton, T. B. (2000). The educator's guide for using data to improve decision making. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Crow, G. M., & Matthews, L. J. (1998). Finding one's way: How mentoring can lead to dynamic leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Danielson, C., & McGreal, T. L. (2000). Teacher evaluation to enhance professional practice. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.
    Daresh, J. (2001). Leaders helping leaders: A practical guide to administrative mentoring (
    2nd ed.
    ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Deal, T. E., & Peterson, K. D. (1994). The leadership paradox. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Deal, T. E., & Peterson, K. D. (1999). Shaping school culture: The heart of leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    English, F. W. (2000). Deciding what to teach and test: Developing, aligning, and auditing the curriculum (Millennium Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Glanz, J. (1998). Action research: An educational guide to school improvement. Norwood, MA: Christopher Gordan.
    Glatthorn, A. A. (2001). The principal as curriculum leader (
    2nd ed.
    ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Glenn, H. S., & Brock, M. L. (1998). 7 strategies for developing capable students. Roseville, CA: Prima.
    Gregory, G. H., & Chapman, C. (2001). Differentiated instructional strategies: One size doesn't fit all. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Hadaway, N., Vardell, S. M., & Young, T. (2001). Literature-based instruction with English language learners. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
    Holcomb, E. L. (1998). Getting excited about data: How to combine people, passion, and proof. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Hoyle, J. H., English, F., & Steffy, B. (1998). Skills for successful 21st century school leaders. Arlington, VA: American Association of School Administrators.
    Joyce, B., & Weil, M. (1996). Models of teaching. Needham Heights, MA: Simon & Schuster.
    Kozol, J. (1992). Savage inequalities: Children in America's schools. New York: Harper Perennial Library.
    Kozol, J. (2000). Ordinary resurrections: Children in the years of hope. New York: Crown.
    LeithwoodK., Aitken, R., & Jantzi, D. (2001). Making schools smarter: A system for monitoring school and district progress (
    2nd ed.
    ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Oliva, P. F. (1997). Supervision in today's schools (
    5th ed.
    ). New York: John Wiley.
    Payne, R. K. (1998). A framework for understanding poverty. Baytown, TX: RFT.
    Pratt, D. (1994). Curriculum planning: A handbook for professionals: Ft. Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace College.
    Reksten, L. E. (2000). Using technology to increase student learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Schlechty, P. C. (2001). Shaking up the school house. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Sergiovanni, T. J., & Starratt, R. J. (1998). Supervision: A redefinition (
    6th ed.
    ). Boston: McGraw-Hill.
    Thompson, S. J., Quenemoen, R. F., Thurlow, M. L., & Ysseldyke, J. E. (2001). Alternate assessments for students with disabilities. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Thurlow, M. L., Elliott, J. L. & Ysseldyke, J. E. (1998). Testing students with disabilities: Practical strategies for complying with district and state requirements. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Weil, J., WeilB., & Weil, M. (1998). Models of teaching (
    6th ed.
    ). Needham Neights, MA: Simon & Schuster.
    Whitaker, T. (1999). Dealing with difficult teachers. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.
    Woodward, J., & Cuban, L. (Eds.). (2001). Technology, curriculum, and professional development: Adapting schools to meet the needs of students with disabilities. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Worthen, B., Sanders, J., & Fitzpatrick, J. (1996). Program evaluation, alternative approaches and practical guidelines (
    2nd ed.
    ). New York: Addison-Wesley.
    Standard 3
    Anderson, J. W. (2001). The answers to questions that teachers most frequently ask. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Bennis, W. (1997). Managing people is like herding cats. Provo, UT: Executive Excellence.
    Brewer, E. W., Achilles, C. M., Fuhriman, J. R., & Hollingsworth, C. (2001). Finding funding: Grantwriting from start to finish, including project management and internet use. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Burrup, P. E., Brimpley, V., Jr., & Garfield, R. R. (1998). Financing education in a climate of change (
    7th ed.
    ). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
    Coleman, M., & Anderson, L. (2000). Managing finance and resources in education. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    DiGiulio, R. C. (2001). Educate, medicate, or litigate? What teachers, parents, and administrators must do about student behavior. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Dyer, K. M. (2000). The intuitive principal. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Erlandson, D. A., Stark, P. L., & Ward, S. M. (1996). Organizational oversight: Planning and scheduling for effectiveness. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.
    Ledeen, M. A. (1999). Machiavelli on modern leadership. New York: St. Martin's Press.
    Lunenburg, F. C., & Ornstein, A. C. (2000). Educational administration: Concepts and practices (
    3rd ed.
    ). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomas Learning.
    McNamara, J. F., Erlandson, D. A., & McNamara, M. (1999). Measurement and evaluation: Strategies for school improvement. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.
    Odden, A., & Archibald, S. (2001). Reallocating resources: How to boost student achievement without asking for more. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Parsons, B. A. (2001). Evaluative inquiry: Using evaluation to promote student success. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Peterson, S. (2001). The grantwriter's internet companion: A resource for educators and others seeking grants and funding. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Ramsey, R. D. (2001). Fiscal fitness for school administrators: How to stretch resources and do even more with less. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Sanders, J. R. (2000). Evaluating school programs (
    2nd ed.
    ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Schmieder, J. H., & Cairns, D. (1996). Ten skills of highly effective principals. Lancaster, PA: Technomic.
    Sergiovanni, T. J. (2000). The lifeworld of leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Slavin, R. E., & Fashola, O. S. (1998). Show me the evidence! Proven and promising programs for America's schools. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Smith, H. W. (1994). The 10 natural laws of successful time and life management. New York: Warner Books.
    Standard 4
    Batey, C. S. (1996). Parents are lifesavers: A handbook for parent involvement in schools. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Bennis, W. (1999). Old dogs, new tricks. Provo, UT: Executive Excellence.
    Burke, M. A., & Picus, L. O. (2001). Developing community-empowered schools. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    De Pree, M. (1997). Leading without power: Finding hope in serving community. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Decker, R. H. (1997). When a crisis hits: Will your school be ready?Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Doyle, D. P., & Pimentel, S. (1999). Raising the standard: An eight-step action guide for schools and communities. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Drucker Foundation. (1996). The leader of the future. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Dyer, K. M., & Carothers, J. (2000). The intuitive principal: A guide to leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Epstein, J. L., Coates, L., Salinas, K. C., Sanders, M. G., & Simon, B. S. (1997). School, family, and community partnerships: Your handbook for action. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Holcomb, E. L. (2001). Asking the right questions: Techniques for collaboration and school change (
    2nd ed.
    ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Jayanthi, M., & Nelson, J. S. (2001). Savvy decision making: An administrator's guide to using focus groups in schools. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Kaser, J., Mundry, S., Stiles, K. E., Loucks-Horsley, S. (2001). Leading every day: 124 actions for effective leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Kosmoski, G. J., & Pollack, D. R. (2000). Managing difficult, frustrating, and hostile conversations: Strategies for savvy administrators. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    McEwan, E. K. (1997). Leading your team to excellence: How to make quality decisions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Seiler, T. L. (2001). Developing your case for support. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Thomas, S. J. (1999). Designing surveys that work! A step-by-step guide. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Trump, K. S. (1998). Practical school security: Basic guidelines for safe and secure schools. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Veale, J. R., Morley, R. E., & Erickson, C. L. (2001). Practical evaluation for collaborative services: Goals, processes, tools, and reporting systems for school-based programs. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Wachter, J. C. (1999). Classroom volunteers: Uh-Oh! Or Right On!Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Whitaker, T. A., Whitaker, B., & Lumpa, D. (2000). Motivating & inspiring teachers: The educational leader's guide for building staff morale. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.
    Standard 5
    Blanchard, K., Oncken, W., Jr., & Burrows, H. (1989). The one minute manager meets the monkey. New York: William Morrow.
    Blanchard, K., & Peale, N. V. (1988). The power of ethical management. New York: Fawcett Columbine.
    Blanchard, K., Zigarmi, P., & Zigmari, D. (1985). Leadership and the one minute manager. New York: William Morrow.
    Dunklee, D. R. (2000). If you want to lead, not just manage: A primer for principals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Gray, K. C. (1999). Getting real: Helping teens find their future. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Josephson, M. S., & Hanson, W. (1998). The power of character. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Osier, J. L. & Fox, H. P. (2001). Settle conflicts right now! A step-by-step guide for K-6 classrooms. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Pellicer, L. O. (1999). Caring enough to lead: Schools and the sacred trust. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Podesta, C. (1993). Self-esteem and the 6-second secret (updated edition). Newbury Park, CA: Corwin.
    Podesta, C., & Sanderson, V. (1999). Life would be easy if it weren't for other people. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Sergiovanni, T. J. (1992). Moral leadership: Getting to the heart of school improvement. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    Snowden, P. E., & Gorton, R. A. (1998). School leadership and administration: Important concepts, case studies, and simulations (
    5th ed.
    ). New York: McGraw-Hill.
    York-Barr, J., Sommers, W. A., Ghere, G. S., & Montie, J. (2001). Reflective practice to improve schools: An action guide for educators. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Standard 6
    Covey, S. R. (1990). Principle-centered leadership. New York: Simon & Schuster.
    Covey, S. R. (1990). The seven habits of highly effective people. New York: Simon & Schuster.
    Covey, S. R., Merrill, A. R., & Merrill, R. R. (1994). First things first. New York: Simon & Schuster.
    Dunklee, D. R., & Shoop, R. J. (2001). The principal's quick-reference guide to school law: reducing liability, litigation, and other potential legal tangles. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    English, F. W. (1994). Theory in educational administration. New York: HarperCollins.
    Hoy, W. H., & Miskel, C. G. (1996). Educational administration: Theory, research, and practice (
    5th ed.
    ). New York: McGraw-Hill.
    Palestini, R. H. (1999). Educational administration: Leading with mind and heart. Lancaster, PA: Technomic.
    Reagan, T. G., Case, C. W., & Brubacher, J. W. (2000). Becoming a reflective educator: How to build a culture of inquiry in the schools. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Reinhartz, J., & Beach, D. M. (2001). Foundations of educational leadership: Changing schools, changing roles. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
    Schumaker, D. R., & Sommers, W. A. (2001). Being a successful principal: Riding the wave of change without drowning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Skrla, L., Erlandson, D. A., Reed, E. M., & Wilson, A. P. (2001). The emerging principalship. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.
    Sperry, D. J. (1999). Working in a legal and regulatory environment: A handbook for school leaders. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.
    Streshly, W. A.Walsh, J., & Frase, L. E. (2001). Avoiding legal hassles: What school administrators really need to know (
    2nd ed.
    ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Thomson, S. (Ed.). (1993). Principals of our changing schools: Knowledge and skill base. Alexandria, VA: National Policy Board for Educational Administration.
    Standard 7
    Alvy, H. B., & Robbins, P. (1998). If I only knew … Success strategies for navigating the principalship. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Brown, G., & Irby, B. (2001). The principal portfolio (
    2nd ed.
    ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Capasso, R. L., & Daresh, J. C. (2001). The school administrator internship handbook: Leading, mentoring, and participating in the internship program. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Daresh, J. (2001). What it means to be a principal: Your guide to leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Daresh, J., & Playco, M. (2001). Beginning the principalship: A practical guide for new school leaders (
    2nd ed.
    ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Hartzell, G. N., Williams, R. C., & Nelson, K. T. (1995). New voices in the field: The work lives of first-year assistant principals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Irby, B. J., & Brown, G. (2000). The career advancement portfolio. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Robbins, P., & Alvy, H. B. (1995). The principal's companion: Strategies and hints to make the job easier. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Sharp, W. L., Walter, J. K., & Sharp, H. M. (1998). Case studies for school leaders: Implementing the ISLLC standards. Lancaster, PA: Technomic.
    Villani, S. (1999). Are you sure you're the principal? On being an authentic leader. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
    Wyatt, R. L., III, & Looper, S. (2000). So you have to have a portfolio: A teacher's guide to preparation and presentation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

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    Corwin Press

    The Corwin Press logo—a raven striding across an open book—represents the happy union of courage and learning. We are a professional-level publisher of books and journals for K-12 educators, and we are committed to creating and providing resources that embody these qualities. Corwin's motto is “Success for All Learners.”


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