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Chapter 4: A Theory of Juvenile Delinquency and Gang Involvement
The chapter begins with an explanation of the risk-protection framework that undergirds modern developmental theories of delinquency. This is followed by a review of the major risk factors for serious and violent delinquency. The chapter concludes with an illustration of how risk factors operate in a theoretical framework that provides an explanation of the social development process that leads to delinquency and gang involvement.
Risk- and protection-focused approaches to the prevention of particular problems were pioneered by public health professionals and have been successful in reducing problems as diverse as cardiovascular disease and traffic-related injuries (Institute of Medicine, 1994). Risk-focused strategies for the prevention of cardiovascular disease seek to ...