Practical Interventions for Young People at Risk
Publication Year: 2009
This book responds to the urgent need for practical intervention approaches targeting young people at risk. It provides a much needed practical resource for practitioners and students from a variety of helping professions.
Focusing on interventions that practitioners can use in collaboration with the young person, the book offers hands-on strategies for enhancing resilience and addressing challenges and issues typically faced by young people. Topics covered include:
- Depression, suicide, and self-harm
- Substance Abuse
- Problematic Sexual Behavior
- Marginalized Youth
- Mental Health Issue
- Peer Mentoring and Building on Strengths
- Cults and Gangs
Throughout the book, multi-disciplinary and international authors share their expertise, highlighting relevant evidence-based interventions and considering themes such as anti-oppressive practice, culture, values and ethics.
This book is ideal for students and practitioners working with young people, especially in the fields of youth work, social ...
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
Part I: Introduction
Part II: Building on Strengths
- Chapter 1: Promoting Self-Care Behaviours
- Chapter 2: Building Resilience to Prevent Mental Health Problems in Young People: The Resourceful Adolescent Programme (RAP)
- Chapter 3: Enhancing Peer Support
Part III: Suicide and Self-Harm
- Chapter 4: Combatting Depression
- Chapter 5: Empowering Young People Who Self-Harm
- Chapter 6: Preventing Suicide
Part IV: Confrontational Behaviour
- Chapter 7: Working with Gangs and other Delinquent Groups
- Chapter 8: Prevention and Responses to Bullying
- Chapter 9: Intervening with Youth Who Engage in Fire-Setting
Part V: Substance Abuse
- Chapter 10: Alcohol and Young People
- Chapter 11: Tackling the Misuse of Volatile Substances
- Chapter 12: Responding to the Use of Illicit Drugs
Part VI: Sexual Behaviour
- Chapter 13: Sexual Health-Related Interventions
- Chapter 14: Young People with Sexual Behaviour Problems: Towards Positive and Healthy Relationships
Part VII: Mental Health
Part VIII: Marginalised Young People
Part IX: Summary
Editorial arrangement, introduction and summary © Kathryn Geldard 2009
Chapter 1 © David Geldard 2009
Chapter 2 © Ian Shoehet, Rebecca Hoge and Astrid Wurfl 2009
Chapter 3 © Kathryn Geldard and Wendy Patton 2009
Chapter 4 and 6 © Alan Carr 2009
Chapter 5 © Jude Sellen 2009
Chapter 7 © Simon Hallsworth and Tara Young 2009
Chapter 8 © Fran Thompson, Neil Tippett and Peter K. Smith 2009
Chapter 9 © Daryl L. Sharp, Robert E. Cole, Carolyn E. Kourofsky and Susan W. Blaakman 2009
Chapter 10 © Brad Levingston and Jenny McIrose 2009
Chapter 11 © Richard Ives 2009
Chapter 12 © Cindy M. Schaeffer, Rocio Chang and Scott W. Henggeler 2009
Chapter 13 © Susan Moore 2009
Chapter 14 © Ian Lambie 2009
Chapter 15 © Renee Rienecke Hoste and Daniel le Grange 2009
Chapter 16 © Lee Richmond and Carole Rayburn 2009
Chapter 17 © Jan Foster 2009
First published 2009
Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.
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Printed on paper from sustainable resources.
This book is dedicated to my two sons Matthew and Tomos Newkirk, from whom I learned about uniqueness and difference and the notion that one solution doesn't fit all.[Page vi]
About the Contributors[Page ix]
Susan W. Blaakman, MS, RN, NPP, is Assistant Professor of Clinical Nursing at the University of Rochester School of Nursing, teaching in the Child/Adolescent and Adult/Family Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner programmes. She has been a consultant to Fireproof Children Inc. since 2004 and has trained diverse groups across the United States to address the multifaceted problem of juvenile fire-setting.
Contact details: University of Rochester School of Nursing, Box SON, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14610, USA. E-mail:Susan_Blaakman@URMC.Rochester.edu
Alan Carr, PhD, is Professor and Director of Clinical Psychology at University College Dublin, Ireland. He also has a clinical practice at the Clanwilliam Institute, Dublin, where he works with young people and families facing a wide range of challenges. He has been involved in clinical psychology for 30 years in Ireland, Canada and the UK and produced over 20 volumes and 200 academic papers and presentations.
Contact details: Professor Alan Carr, School of Psychology, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Rocío Chang, PsyD, received her doctorate in clinical psychology from the University of Hartford. She is a research associate in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine. Dr Chang has been working in school settings with adolescent girls who have experienced multiple traumatic events. Dr Chang is a certified Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) Facilitator and has participated in peer support trainings.
Contact details: Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT06030, USA. E-mail:email@example.com
Robert E. Cole, PhD, is Associate Professor of Clinical Nursing at the University of Rochester and also President of Fireproof Children/Prevention First, a fire safety education and training company. Dr Cole's research interest has focused on juvenile fire-setting, fire play and unintentional injuries to young children. He works extensively with fire departments and early childhood professionals to promote a better understanding of children's interest in fire and the adoption of systematic fire prevention education.
Contact details: University of Rochester School of Nursing, Box SON, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14610, USA. E-mail:Robert_Cole@URMC.Rochester.edu
[Page x]Jan Foster, PhD, is Head of the Social Work Unit at the University of the Sunshine Coast in Australia. She has been involved in direct practice and policy development for young people at risk, the development of locally based services for children and community-based family support programmes. Her current research centres on developing frameworks for collaborative models of care for young people with complex needs and analysis of protective behaviour programmes.
Contact details: Senior Lecturer and Program Leader, Social Work Coordinator, Learning and Teaching Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC Qld 4558, Australia. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
David Geldard is a psychologist who has specialized in working with young people in mental health, community health and private practice settings. He is the co-author of a number of internationally published textbooks on counselling. Contact details:E-mail:email@example.com
Kathryn Geldard, PhD, is senior lecturer in counselling in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at the University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia. Her research interests include adolescent peer counselling and counselling effectiveness as perceived by the client and counsellor training and assessment. Kathryn has conducted research with Australian Aboriginal adolescents with regard to developing a culturally sensitive peer support programme in a regional community. She is the author of a number of textbooks on counselling and has several years' experience in supervising and training counsellors.
Contact details: School of Social Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC Qld. 4558, Australia. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Scott W. Henggeler, PhD, is Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Medical University of South Carolina and Director of the Family Services Research Center (FSRC). FSRC projects have included numerous community-based randomized trials with challenging clinical populations (violent and chronic juvenile offenders, youths presenting psychiatric emergencies, substance-abusing juvenile offenders and maltreating families, for example) and dissemination studies for multisystemic therapy and other evidence-based treatments are being conducted in multiple states and nations.
Contact details: MUSC/Family Services Research Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 67 President Street, Suite MC406 MSC 861, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. E-mail:email@example.com
Simon Hallsworth, PhD, is a professor at the London Metropolitan University, London, England. He is Director of the CSER and holds the Chair in Social Research in the Department of Applied Social Science. He is a sociologist by background, educated at the London School for Economics and Leicester University. He has advised many statutory and governmental bodies on issues relating to violent crime. Simon has written extensively on punishment in [Page xi]modern society, the local politics of crime and community safety and, more recently, violent street worlds. His research interests include street violence, weapon use and the development of the security state.
Rebecca Hoge is a researcher at the School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Australia. She has a special interest in the promotion of resilience and has been involved with the Resourceful Adolescent Programme since its development in 1997. Rebecca is currently working on the Resourceful Adolescent Programme for Teachers (RAP-T) Project, which aims to assist teachers in promoting school connectedness in their students. Contact details: School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Road, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, Australia. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Renee Rienecke Hoste, PhD, is an Instructor of Psychiatry at the University of Chicago's Eating Disorders Programme. After earning her Bachelor's degree at the University of Michigan, Dr Hoste received her PhD from Northwestern University and completed her clinical psychology internship at the University of Chicago. Her research interests include the impact of the family on treatment outcome for adolescent eating disorders, the role of expressed emotion in treatment outcome and cross-cultural differences in expressed emotion. Contact details: Eating Disorders Program, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 3077, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. E-mail:email@example.com
Richard Ives is Director of educari, which is an independent consultancy concerned with children and young people, drugs, education and health. The work of educari includes research, evaluation and policy analysis, consultancy and training, publications, website design and development and international work. Educari offers expertise in the area of drug policy analysis and policy development. The company has experience of working with education departments to develop drug policies for schools and other educational establishments (such as youth projects). Contact details: Director educari, Manor Farm, Kettlestone, Norfolk NR21 OAU, UK. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Carolyn E. Kourofsky, President of Excelsior Editorial Consulting, has fifteen years' experience of writing in the areas of health, education and safety. Her articles have appeared in Young Children, Children and Families, Firehouse, Fire Chief and others. She is a co-author of Juvenile Firesetting: A community guide to prevention and intervention (Fireproof Children/Prevention First, 2006), and the author of Mikey Makes a Mess (Fireproof Children/Prevention First, 2004), a children's storybook incorporating fire safety education.
Contact details: Excelsior Editorial Consulting, Fireproof Children/Prevention First, 1 Grove Street, Suite 235, Pittsford, NY 14534, USA. E-mail:email@example.com
[Page xii]Ian Lambie, PhD, is a senior lecturer in clinical psychology at the University of Auckland, New Zealand. His specialist clinical and research interests are youth forensic psychology, severe conduct disorder, adolescent sexual offending and arson. He is on the board of Youth Horizons Trust – a treatment programme for youths with severe conduct disorder. He is a member of the Ministry of Justice Independent Advisory Group on Youth Offending and the Ministry of Social Development Expert Group on the treatment of conduct disorder and is the consultant psychologist for the New Zealand Fire Service National Fire Awareness and Youth Intervention Programme.
Contact details: Psychology Department, University of Auckland Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Daniel Le Grange, PhD, is Associate Professor and Director of the Eating Disorders Programme at the Department of Psychiatry, University of Chicago. His research concerns treatment outcomes and has, in particular, focused on family-based interventions for adolescents with eating disorders.
Contact details: Eating Disorders Program, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC3077, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. E-mail:email@example.com
Brad Levingston is a psychologist who has worked in community and hospital-based services for the past thirty years, developing alcohol and drug programmes and clinical services with a special emphasis on the needs of young people. He has a Master's Degree in clinical psychology and was made a Fellow of the Australian Psychological Society in recognition of his work in the field of substance use and dependence. He currently manages clinical psychological services provided for general medical practitioners on the Sunshine Coast in Queensland, Australia. Contact details: 2 Jarrah Road, Buderim, Qld 4556, Australia. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Jenny Melrose is a psychologist and member of the Australian Psychological Society who has worked with clients with alcohol and other drug and mental health issues since the early 1990s. She has worked clinically in both government and non-government sectors in Australia and the UK. She has also worked in Indonesia, providing drug and HIV information to a variety of health and community workers. Along with her clinical work, Jenny runs JEMECO Psychology, providing clinical supervision and training to people and organizations in Australia. Contact details: PO Box 6237, Mooloolah Valley, Qld 4553, Australia. E-mail:email@example.com
Susan M. Moore, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at Swinburne University in Melbourne, Australia. Her research areas include adolescent development, sexuality and romance, risk-taking (including gambling) and health, particularly how individuals cope with chronic illness. She has published widely in these areas, with over 100 refereed journal articles, four books and several book chapters. Professor Moore's most recent book is Sexuality in Adolescence: Current trends (with D. Rosenthal, Taylor & Francis, 2006).
[Page xiii]Contact details: 8 Alford Street, East Brighton, Victoria 3187, Australia. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Wendy Patton, PhD, is Executive Dean, Faculty of Education, at Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. She is Series Editor of the Career Development Series with Sense Publishers. She has published extensively in the area of career development, including articles, book chapters, conference papers, one co-authored book (currently in its second edition) and seven co-edited books. She serves on the editorial boards of a number of journals.
Contact details: Faculty of Education, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Qld 4059, Australia. E-mail:email@example.com
Carole Rayburn is a clinical, research and consulting psychologist in Silver Spring, Maryland. Carole has worked in a comprehensive juvenile delinquency setting with adolescents and their families. She is a Fellow of 13 divisions in the American Psychological Association, including Clinical, Educational, Child, Youth, and Family Services, Psychotherapy, Media, International and Psychology of Women and of Religion.
Contact details: Loyola College, 2034 Greenspring Drive, Timonium, MD 21093, USA. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Lee J. Richmond, PhD, is Professor of Education at the Department of Education Specialties of Loyola College in Maryland where she teaches in both the school counselling and pastoral counselling programmes. A licensed psychologist, Dr Richmond serves on the Board of Educational Affairs of the Maryland Psychological Association and is a past president of the American Counseling Association and the National Career Development Association. Her publications are numerous – three of the most recent deal with young people who are, or have been, involved with cults.
Contact details: 8907 Greylock Road, Baltimore, MD 21208, USA. E-mail:email@example.com
Cindy M. Schaeffer, PhD, received her doctorate in child-clinical psychology from the University of Missouri, Columbia, and completed a post-doctoral fellowship in Prevention Science at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Dr Schaeffer is now an Associate Professor at the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, and is a member of the Family Services Research Center faculty. Her work involves understanding the development of antisocial behavior across childhood and adolescence and developing ecologically based interventions for antisocial youths and their families.
Contact details: Family Services Research Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, 67 President Street Suite CPP, PO Box 250861, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
[Page xiv]Jude Sellen is a CAMHS consultant and trainer for Young Minds, helping young people who self-harm.
Contact details: 2 Clarence Terrace, Henfield, West Sussex BN5 9EJ, UK. E-mail:email@example.com
Daryl L. Sharp, PhD, APRN, BC, FNAP, is Associate Professor of Clinical Nursing and Director of the Doctor of Nursing Practice Programme at the University of Rochester School of Nursing. Her clinical and research interests are focused on health behaviour change, especially for those with psychiatric illnesses. She is a consultant to Fireproof Children, Inc., where she collaborates in training multidisciplinary groups on fire-prevention and health-promotion strategies among youths and their families.
Contact details: Nursing Practice Program, University of Rochester School of Nursing, Box SON, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14610, USA. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Ian Shochet, PhD, is Professor and Head of the School of Psychology and Counselling at the Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane, Australia. He developed the Resourceful Adolescent Programme, which has been trialled in 14 countries and found to be effective in building resourcefulness in young people.
Contact details: Faculty of Health, School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Qld 4059, Australia. E-mail:email@example.com
Peter K. Smith, PhD, is Professor of Psychology and Head of the Unit for School and Family Studies at Goldsmiths, University of London, and is a Fellow of the British Psychological Society. He is co-author and co-editor of several textbooks related to children, bullying, violence in schools and childhood social development. He chaired the Research and Advisory Group of the Anti-Bullying Alliance from 2006 until 2008. He is currently (2007–2009) a partner in a DAPHNE project, ‘An investigation into forms of peer-peer bullying at school in pre-adolescent and adolescent groups: new instruments and preventing strategies’.
Contact details: Room 215, Whitehead Building, Psychology Department, Goldsmiths College, University of London New Cross, London SE14 6NW. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Fran Thompson graduated from Goldsmiths in 2006 and is a researcher with Professor Peter Smith at the Unit for School and Family Studies. Publications include a Web-based resource for the Anti-bullying Alliance, Tackling Bullying in Schools (2008), and she co-authored an article on the use of the Support Group Method (2007). At present, she is principal UK researcher on both a DAPHNE project on cyberbullying (2007–2009) and a two-year project assessing the effectiveness of anti-bullying intervention strategies in English schools for the Department of Children, Schools and Families (2008–2010).
Contact details: 97 Leahurst Road, London SE13 5HY, UK. E-mail:email@example.com
[Page xv]Neil Tippett is a researcher at the Unit for School and Family Studies, Goldsmiths College, London. His research interests include school bullying and child aggression and he is currently investigating the nature and prevalence of cyberbullying within the UK, on which he has published two articles and given several conference presentations. He is also involved with the Anti-Bullying Alliance, for which he regularly writes literature reviews and briefing papers on subjects related to bullying.
Contact details: 5 Cotsland Road, Truro, Cornwall TR1 1YR, UK. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Astrid Wurfl is a senior researcher at the School of Psychology and Counselling at the Queensland University of Technology. For the past ten years, Astrid has been involved in the development, research and evaluation of intervention programmes to build resilience across the lifespan. These include intervention programmes at the intrapsychic, familial and broader contextual levels.
Contact details: Faculty of Health, School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Qld 4059, Australia. E-mail:email@example.com
Tara Young graduated from the University of Bristol with a First Class degree in sociology and completed a Master's degree in criminology at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). She joined the Centre for Social and Evaluation Research as a research fellow in January 2004 after three years with the Mannheim Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice Policy at the LSE. She is currently working on several national and international projects focusing on understanding the extent and nature of gang membership in the UK and a pan-European gang intervention project.
Contact details:E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org[Page xvi]