Post-Structuralist Geography: A Guide to Relational Space

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Jonathan Murdoch

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    Dedication

    To Mara, Carlotta and the beautiful golden boy

    Acknowledgements

    From a post-structuralist perspective, books, even those that are single-authored, constitute ‘collectives’ – that is, they draw together writings, readings, references, quotations, data, thoughts, experiences, discussions, arguments, and many other things besides. From the text, then, it is possible to trace outwards multiple ‘lines of flight’ (as the post-structuralist philosopher Gilles Deleuze might put it) from text to context. Clearly, some of these ‘lines of flight’ are easier to follow than others. Quotations are referenced and references show how connections have been established with other texts so that a discursive network eventually comes into view. This network is rendered reasonably transparent by academic writing conventions. However, other relationships are hidden within the various arguments or descriptions that are mobilized in the text; they are embedded into the narrative in ways that make them difficult to discern. It is these ‘hidden’ or personal relations that need to be ‘disembedded’ and brought out into the open.

    In acknowledging the personal relations that have decisively shaped the text that follows I'd like to begin at the beginning. I was very fortunate to have a number of stimulating teachers during my undergraduate and postgraduate studies in Aberystwyth in the early- to mid-1980s, in particular Graham Day (who taught me how to think sociologically) and Karel Williams (who first introduced me to Foucault's take on things). From Aberystwyth I moved to London to work on a UK Economic and Social Research Council [ESRC] project run by Philip Lowe, Terry Marsden and Richard Munton. Under their supervision I was not only introduced to the broader geographical research community but was given ample opportunity to wander off in many theoretical directions. I thus developed a new interest in the relationship between sociology and geography and this led me into an encounter with actor-network theory. Philip, Terry and Richard were all supportive of my early attempts to make this theory geographically useful.

    In the early 1990s, I moved to the University of Newcastle to take up a Fellowship at the Centre for Rural Economy. Again, Philip Lowe helped to create an open and engaging working environment where many innovative ideas about nature, food and rurality were discussed and elaborated and, again, I acknowledge my debt to him. Others based in Newcastle at the same time also contributed to a vibrant intellectual community, especially Ash Amin, Alistair Bonnet, Nina Laurie, Simon Marvin and Neil Ward. I then moved to my current institutional home in Cardiff at the School of City and Regional Planning. Over the years this has proved an extremely supportive context for my work even though much of what I do holds only a tangential relationship to planning. Many colleagues have provided valuable encouragement but in particular I would like to thank Jeremy Alden (for a warm welcome to Cardiff in the first instance), Kevin Morgan (for boundless enthusiasm on a variety of research and other topics) and Terry Marsden (for constant and steadfast support).

    Much of the material presented in this book has been gestating for some considerable time. However, two of the chapters in the second half of the book derive from recent research projects, notably, a piece of ESRC-funded research on ‘Environmental Action and the Policy Process’ conducted in England between 1999 and 2001 with Philip Lowe and Andrew Norton, and some unfunded work on Slow Food conducted in Italy between 1999 and 2001 with Mara Miele. These colleagues have provided considerable assistance in analysing the research material, although I take full responsibility for the views expressed on these topics in what follows. I am also indebted to Simone Abram for helping me to develop my thinking on the nature of planning over the course of two ESRC projects which examined how technical and political forms of decision making interact within planning processes. Likewise, my colleagues Richard Cowell and Neil Harris have set me straight on a number of planning issues over the years, especially those considered in Chapter 6.

    As well as this support from institutional colleagues I have benefited over the years from occasional conversations with theoretical ‘fellow travellers’. Mention should be made of Noel Castree, Judy Clark, Paul Cloke, Julia Cream, David Goodman, Andy Pratt and Sarah Whatmore. These and other theoretically-minded colleagues have provided a great deal of encouragement for the post-structuralist explorations that follow. Finally, a number of people have provided valuable assistance in getting the final manuscript into shape. I would like to thank Tom Garne (for help with the illustrations), Joek Roex (for extensive help with editing and for his judgements on when infinitives could and could not be split), Robert Rojek (for guidance and patience, two essential qualities in any editor) and Vanessa Harwood (for steering the book through production in a relatively painless fashion).

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