• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

NEW TO THIS EDITION: A new chapter on research methods (Chapter 2) facilitates students’ understanding of contemporary personality research and helps them evaluate the various approaches to understanding personality. A new chapter on disorders of personality (Chapter 8) offers a unique approach to understanding disorders of personality by directly comparing the traditional medical syndrome counting method with current psychological research that conceptualizes disorders in terms of extreme positions on personality traits. Up-to-date research—with the majority of citations from 2010 to 2016—reflects the most recent scholarship in the field. A focus on student-relevant research includes scholarship on such topics as Facebook, “hook-ups,” procrastination, and coping with stress. Two additional theoretical orientations—trait theory and evolutionary theory—broaden the book’s scope. Motives especially interesting to students, including mating, belonging ...

Using Theory and Research to Understand Personality: What are theories of personality, and why are they important?
1 Using theory and research to understand personality

A theory is like a map. Theories are devices to help us get from here (our present knowledge) to there (a better understanding of nature). Thus, the primary question one asks about any map or any theory is, Is it useful? Does it represent reality accurately enough so we can make sense of where we are now? Does it help us get ...

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