We defined personality in Chapter 1 as the cognitive structures and coordinated cognitive processes that determine a person's behavioral adjustments to his or her environment (see Allport, 1937; Millon, 1990). We devoted Chapter 2 to a description of how needs, social cognitions—that is, cognitive structures and cognitive processes—and characteristic behavioral adjustments (or traits) are functionally related. Our objective in this chapter is to identify the key variables in each of the primary components of personality. We begin by introducing a broad taxonomy of characteristic behavioral adjustments. Key traits are clustered or organized around five broad dimensions of behavior. We then turn our attention to identifying broad categories of the key social cognitions that govern individual differences in behavioral adjustments.
Prominent Traits in Contemporary ...