Chapter 1: The Role of Personality in Organizations Next Chapter

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The Role of Personality in Organizations
The role of personality in organizations

Personality refers to dynamic mental structures and coordinated mental processes that determine individuals' emotional and behavioral adjustments to their environments (see Allport, 1937; Millon, 1990). The term dynamic suggests that personality continues to evolve throughout an individual's lifetime. Evolution for a given individual is predictable, however, for there is also considerable coherence in personality over time. For example, “mental structures” include needs, memories, and self-images. These attributes may adjust and modify to correspond to changes in activity level, development, education, occupation, marital status, health, and socioeconomic status. But we also witness consistency over time. The achievement-oriented person will continue to seek success, the conscientious person will continue to be reliable, and the aggressive person ...

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