In interventions designed to optimize control, it seems easy to identify the target outcome: More is better. Voluminous research suggests that both objective and subjective control provide a psychological advantage in most, if not all, domains of functioning. In fact, research on illusions of control suggests that these perceptions are adaptive even when they are counterfactual (Taylor, 1989; Taylor & Brown, 1988). Overly optimistic biases have been linked with happiness and mental health (Greenwald, 1980), and high and unrealistic expectations of control are the norm for young children (Stipek, 1984). In fact, people who form accurate estimations of response-outcome contingencies are more likely to be depressed (Alloy & Abramson, 1979). The implications of such a position for intervention ...
Is More Control Better?
Is more control better?