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Chapter 10: Measuring Physical and Psychological Maltreatment of Children with the Conflict Tactics Scales
The Conflict Tactics Scales or CTS (Straus, 1979b, 1990a) is intended to measure use of nonviolent discipline (previously called reasoning), psychological aggression, and physical assault in parent-child and other family relationships. The Psychological Aggression and Physical Assault scales provide a basis for identifying psychological and physical maltreatment. The purpose of this chapter is to facilitate the use of the CTS by presenting information based on 20 years of experience and over 100 papers and articles that have used the CTS to measure child maltreatment.
Two revisions of the CTS became available in 1996. One of them, the CTS2 (Straus, Hamby, Boney-McCoy, & Sugarman, ...