Nationalism: A Critical Introduction

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Philip Spencer & Howard Wollman

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    Acknowledgements

    This book has emerged from a collaboration of some six years of thinking, reading, writing and teaching about nationalism, and more than 40 years of friendship, discussion and (sometimes) of argument. We would like to thank all of our colleagues and friends who have helped us with this book and sustained us over a long period of gestation. In particular thanks to Mike Hawkins for his patience and care in reading several drafts, and to Joe Bailey, Brian Brivati, Terry Sullivan and Paul Auerbach for their helpful comments on various chapters. We would also like to thank the support we have had from our institutions, particularly the time (and some funds) made available from the Faculty of Human Sciences at Kingston University, and the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences and the School of Psychology and Sociology at Napier University, and its then Head, Norman Bonney. Our editor at Sage, Lucy Robinson, has been consistently cheerful and helpful and, through this, has substantially lightened the load in the final stages of our endeavour. We would like to thank her and her colleague Vanessa Harwood for their help.

    Finally, the conventional thanks to our families is in this case richly deserved. Thanks to Rosa and Reuben for engaging in some illuminating discussions with their father. Adam and Anna perhaps found their father more distracted at times than he would have wished and for rather longer than he had anticipated. Above all, we are much indebted (respectively) to Jane and Ginnie, who have been tirelessly encouraging throughout, and without whose support we could not have completed this project.

    This book is dedicated with affection to our parents. Albert Wollman has taken an enthusiastic and proud interest in progress throughout. Sadly, Adele Wollman, Trudy Green and Cyril Spencer died in earlier stages of our joint work and we only wish they could have been here to see it come to fruition.

    Permissions

    Some chapters of the book draw on material previously published in journal articles or book chapters elsewhere. We are grateful to Ashgate Publishing Limited for permission to use material from ‘Nationalism, Politics and Democracy in the Development of Post-communist Societies’, in C. Williams and T. Sfikas (eds) Ethnicity and Nationalism in East-Central Europe and the Balkans, Ashgate, 2000; Taylor and Francis for material from ‘“Good” and “Bad” Nationalisms: A Critique of Dualism’, Journal of Political Ideologies, 3(3), 255–74, 1998; and Palgrave Press for material in ‘Civic Nationalism, Civic Nations and the Problem of Migration’, in S. Ghatak and A. Showstack Sassoon (eds) Migration and Mobility – the European Context, Palgrave, 2001.

    Quotes

    Patriotism has an inherent flaw. By preferring one segment of humanity over the rest, the citizen transgresses the fundamental principle of morality, that of universality; without saying so openly, he acknowledges that men are not equal … true morality, true justice, true virtue presuppose universality, and thus equal rights (Tzvetan Todorov, 1993, p. 183)

    At one meeting at which no Pole was present, Brauner [a participant at the first All Slav Congress in Vienna] told an anecdote of how peasants in the district of Sacz in West Galicia, when asked whether they were Poles, replied ‘We are quiet folk.’ ‘Then are you Germans?’ ‘We are decent folk.’ (in Lewis Namier, 1944, p. 107)

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