Migration, Ethics and Power: Spaces Of Hospitality In International Politics

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Dan Bulley

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    Acknowledgements

    Society and Space series

    The Society and Space series explores the fascinating relationship between the spatial and the social. Each title draws on a range of modern and historical theories to offer important insights into the key cultural and political topics of our times, including migration, globalisation, race, gender, sexuality and technology. These stimulating and provocative books combine high intellectual standards with contemporary appeal for students of politics, international relations, sociology, philosophy, and human geography.

    Series Editor: Professor Stuart Elden, University of Warwick

    Acknowledgements

    Praise for Migration, Ethics and Power

    ‘We live in an age of humanitarianism, a time when the highest form of politics and the noblest form of citizenship is to help others. This book places this new pastoralism in a different light. What if all this saving, sheltering and caring is not a new softness tempering the harsh edges of power but increasingly one of power’s most privileged mechanisms? Richly contextualized, incisive and provocative, this book will change the way we understand hospitality. To the history of social struggle it adds a new antagonism: host/guest, truly a dialectic for our time.’

    William Walters, Professor of Political Science, Carleton University

    ‘Migration, Ethics and Power investigates the interaction of ethics and power in a range of spaces of hospitality that operate at and beyond the margins of the international state system. It astutely reveals that when people seek to cross borders or create spaces of their own, migration develops and hospitality is accessed, presumed, appropriated, or rebuffed. Dan Bulley’s critical exploration and insightful analysis shows that while hospitality can be experienced as a right, a form of exchange, an act of compassion, or clandestine or abusive, it is always a matter of ethics, power and space. In this book, the everyday ethics of hospitality takes the form of diverse spaces – including homelands, refugee camps, global cities, postcolonial states, and a supranational community, from which the author uniquely explores the themes of post-sovereign ethics and power in international politics. Brilliantly perceptive and passionately engaged, Migration, Ethics and Power will be of great interest to those who are concerned with the everyday practices of hospitality, post-sovereign spaces, and international ethics and politics.’

    Suzan Ilcan, Professor of Sociology, University of Waterloo

    ‘Dan Bulley’s Migration, Ethics and Power is a highly original contribution to the ethics and politics of international hospitality. It is philosophically astute, conceptually innovative and is distinguished by the depth of its political and ethical attunement.’

    Michael Shapiro, Professor of Political Science, University of Hawaii

    ‘Bulley’s Migration, Ethics and Power is a timely reminder that beyond the oft-discussed statist politics of the refugee crisis there is an ethical response to the refugee crisis that is already unfolding within, and beyond, states. That hospitality is productive of specific subjectivities and spaces, from which more hopeful and humane relations might form. This is the right book for the right moment.’

    Jason Dittmer, Professor of Geography, University College London

    ‘This book is an untimely if urgent invitation to think about migration as an ethical and political subject through the paradoxes of hospitality/hostility. With a persistent focus on spaces where such paradoxes are played out – ranging from mosques, camps, cities, borders, hotels, homes, and states – it provides a challenging perspective on sovereignty as spatial practice across frontiers. Both students and researchers in migration studies, refugee studies, international studies, and citizenship studies will immensely benefit from engaging with this invitation to think differently about where sovereignty is practiced and how it functions.’

    Engin Isin, Professor of Politics, The Open University

    ‘This book provides a provocative discussion of hospitality as a key but often overlooked topic structuring the field of International Relations. From the refugee camp to the global city, this exploration provides a timely look into how various spaces are produced in relation to hospitality and the power relations within that both enable and limit its practice. Defining the “the crossing of borders” as the “hallmark of hospitality”, this book will be an important read for those wishing to think seriously about the ethics of hospitality in light of growing numbers of people on the move but also out of place.’

    Kim Rygiel, Balsillie School of International Affairs, Wilfrid Laurier University

    About the Author

    Dan Bulley is a Senior Lecturer in International Relations at Queen’s University Belfast. His primary research interest is the way ethics and power become entangled in modern practices and spaces of international politics. Following earlier work on the ethics of British and EU foreign policy, his recent focus has been on the concept of ‘hospitality’ and its importance for understanding issues such as international ethics, immigration and asylum policy, EU enlargement and humanitarian intervention. He is particularly interested in how hospitality produces irruptive international spaces which might reveal new or unthought possibilities for our inevitably political relations with strangers.

    Acknowledgements

    As always, a big debt of gratitude is owed to my wife, Bali. She is the only person to have read the book in its entirety before its delivery to SAGE, and has been a constant support throughout its writing, even whilst finishing her own book. Her comments were always useful, just as her encouragement was always well-meant (‘at least you tried’), if not always helpful. Much of my engagement with Foucault in this book was prompted by reading drafts of her excellent work.

    The support of many other people has been crucial in helping me finish this project. In particular, the listening ear of my mum, Carol Shergold, has been priceless. She’s amazing. Bruno and Bella kept me sane and amused while my inestimable squash partners in Belfast – Brice Dickson, Marek Martyniszyn, Neil Matthews and Fabian Schuppert – allowed me the essential opportunity of hitting something really hard and swearing loudly. They have no idea how important this was.

    The School of Politics, International Studies and Philosophy at Queen’s University Belfast has been a very supportive environment in which to work on this book, and I will mourn its forthcoming merger. The sabbatical granted to me in the second half of 2015 has been invaluable, as has been the support of colleagues. In particular, Debbie Lisle has been a vital collaborator in developing some of the ideas in this book. Beverley Milton-Edwards offered support and advice on Chapter 4, whilst David Phinnemore’s meticulously detailed comments on Chapter 5 were an inspiration (sadly, the specifics of Malta’s exemptions from internal market rules did not make it into the final draft).

    I would also like to thank friends and colleagues beyond Belfast who have helped me tighten, refine or completely change my arguments with their comments in conversations and engagement with different sections of the book in the form of conference papers. Gideon Baker, James Brassett, Jimmy Casas Klausen, Jonny Darling, Tarik Kochi, Tom Lundborg, Paddy McQueen, Vjosa Musliu, Cian O’Driscoll, Vicki Squire and Nick Vaughan-Williams have helped make this a much better book.

    Finally, thanks to the editors at SAGE (particularly Robert Rojek and Matt Oldfield) and especially the Society and Space series editor, Stuart Elden. Stuart’s interest in the book gave me great belief when I needed it most.

    List of Abbreviations

    • AFAD Turkey’s Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency
    • AFSJ Area of Freedom Security and Justice
    • BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
    • BNP British National Party
    • CARE Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere
    • CAZ London’s Central Activities Zone
    • CEAS Common European Asylum System
    • CEE Central and Eastern European
    • EAM European Agenda on Migration
    • EEC European Economic Community
    • ESPON European Spatial Planning Observation Network
    • EU European Union
    • Eurodac European Dactyloscopy
    • Eurosur European Border Surveillance System
    • Frontex European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union
    • GAMM Global Agenda on Migration and Mobility
    • GDP gross domestic product
    • GLA Greater London Authority
    • ICTY International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
    • IDPs internally displaced persons
    • INS Immigration and Naturalization Service
    • IOM International Organization for Migration
    • IR international relations
    • ITN Independent Television News
    • LDA  London Development Agency
    • LGBT lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender
    • MoL Mayor of London
    • MoTA Jordanian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities
    • NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    • NGO non-governmental organsation
    • OHR Office of the High Representative (for Bosnia and Herzegovina)
    • PLO Palestinian Liberation Organization
    • QUANGO quasi-autonomous non-governmental organisation
    • RPPs Regional Protection Programmes
    • RS Republika Sprska
    • SAAs Stabilisation and Association Agreements
    • TEU Treaty on European Union
    • TFEU Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
    • TS Transitional Settlement
    • UK United Kingdom
    • UN United Nations
    • UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
    • UNICEF United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund
    • UNOPS United Nations Office for Project Services
    • UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency
    • US United States of America
    • USAID United States Agency of International Development
    • USP unique selling point
    • WFP World Food Programme
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