• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This core textbook introduces psychology students to research methods. The author’s principal goal is to present methods in a way that will lend coherence to the material. He does this by providing a meaningful framework based around Campbell and Stanley’s "threats to validity" and by organizing the book around the phases of the research process. In addition, in his approach and via boxed features, the author encourages and models a process of critical thinking for students.

Specifying the Research Variables II: Artifacts and Construct Validity
Specifying the research variables II: Artifacts and construct validity
  • A Quick Guide to Chapter 4: Specifying the Research Variables II
  • Introduction to the Chapter
    • Beyond Measurement
    • Reactivity and Artifacts
    • Artifacts
    • Experimental Versus
    • Nonexperimental Research
  • Threats to Construct Validity: Introduction
  • Threats to Construct Validity: The Independent Variable (Treatments)
    • Inadequate Operationalization of the Independent Variable
      • Lack of Reliability of Treatments
      • Lack of Representativeness of Treatments
      • Lack of Impact of Treatments
    • Treatment Artifacts
      • Demand Characteristics
      • Experimenter Expectancy Effects
      • Pretest Sensitization
  • Threats to Construct Validity: The Dependent Variable (Behavioral Measures)
    • Inadequate Operationalization of the Dependent Variable
      • Lack of Reliability of Behavioral Measures
      • Lack of Representativeness of Behavioral Measures
      • Lack of Sensitivity of Behavioral Measures
    • Measurement Artifacts
      • Strategic Responding
      • Linguistic/Cultural Bias
  • Summing Up Construct Validity
  • Review Questions and Exercise
A Quick Guide to Chapter 4: Specifying the Research Variables II

An artifact is an unintended ...

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