Managing Development: State, Society, and International Contexts
Publication Year: 1991
Subject: International Development
“The text is illustrated with many development cases, hypothetical situations, examples, and role-playing exercises. The book is well researched and well written. It will be useful to students and teachers of development administration.” --RISA “Staudt's very readable text is peppered with numerous illustrative examples from throughout the world (including the United States and other developed countries) that bring potentially esoteric issues to life. Also included are brief case studies, role-playing exercises, and staggered assignments for individual projects that can be used by imaginative instructors to promote hands-on involvement. An appendix lists other useful sources for case materials and the book contains numerous valuable references to the recent literature on development.” --Gregory D. Schmidt, Northern Illinois University “This book offers interesting features at both the pedagogical ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
Part I: Development Contexts
- Chapter 2: Development: Conceptions from and about People at the Grassroots
- Chapter 3: The Cultural Context
- Chapter 4: The Political Context
- Chapter 5: Transitions I: Project and Program Preparation
- Chapter 6: Transitions II: Project/Program Selection and Evaluation
Part II: Development Institutional Levels
- Chapter 7: Development Management at the National Level
- Chapter 8: International Development Agencies
- Chapter 9: Nongovernmental Organizations
- Chapter 10: Transitions: Toward Organizational Change
Part III: Development Sectors
Copyright © 1991 by Sage Publications, Inc.
Case 5.2 is reprinted by permission from Longman Press.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Staudt, Kathleen A.
Managing development: state, society, and international contexts / by Kathleen Staudt.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-8039-4005-X — ISBN 0-8039-4006-8 (pbk.)
1. Economic development projects—Developing countries—Management. 2. Economic assistance—Developing countries—Management. 3. Non-governmental organizations—Developing countries. 4. Economic development—Cross-cultural studies.
FIRST PRINTING, 1991
Sage Production Editor: Astrid Virding
List of Figures
- Figure 2.1 Map 15
- Figure 2.2 Map 15
- Figure 2.3 Map 16
- Figure 2.4 Map 16
- Figure 2.5 Map 17
- Figure 2.6 Map 17
- Figure 3.1 Visual AIDS: A Diversity of Cultural Responses 37
- Figure 6.1 Project Design Summary: Logical Framework 112
- Figure 7.1 Schematic Illustrations of Six Models of Public and Private Sector Organizations 132
List of Tables
- Table 2.1 Basic Development Indicators 26
- Table 7.1 Ministry Labels 130
- Table 8.1 The Internationalization of U.S. Government 146
- Table 8.2 Official Development Assistance (ODA): Top OECD and OPEC Donors 163
- Table 8.3 Largest Recipients of Official Development Assistance 164
- Table 11.1 Countries of 1 Million+ Population in Which Agriculture Represents 30%+ of Gross Domestic Product 221
- Table 11.2 Economic Performance in Africa: With and Without Structural Reform 239
List of Cases and Role-Playing Sessions
- Case 3.1 The Lone Anthropologist 46
- Case 3.2 Understanding the Culture of Your Organization 53
- Case 3.3 Cultural Preparations for Upcoming Negotiations 57
- Case 4.1 Timely Public Works on La Isla 69
- Case 4.2 A 30% Budget Cut in the Ministry of Health 78
- Case 5.1 The Street Kids of Ciudad Juarez 84
- Case 5.2 Activity 1: What Counts? 93
- Case 5.3 Daily News Condensation for the President 97
- Case 6.1 A New Government Posture: WOA Reacts 109
- Case 6.2 Training Extension Officers at IRRI 111
- Case 6.3 Waste Recycling: From Pilot to Capital City Project 115
- Case 7.1 The Community Development Officer 124
- Case 7.2 The Hiring Decision 128
- Case 7.3 Course Evaluation 136
- Case 7.4 Team Exercise: Comparable Worth 138
- Case 8.1 Women in Development: New Organizational Strategies 157
- Case 9.1 Hidden Agendas in Longe Town? 178
- Role-Play I 178
- Role-Play II 178
- Case 9.2 Beyond Export Production: Building Skills and Awareness 182
- Case 10.1 The Model Clinic 195
- Case 10.2 Rapistan National Training Institute (RATI) 198
- Case 10.3 Transforming Organizational Culture Toward Environmentally Sustainable Development 210
- Case 11.1 Agricultural Extension Reform 235
- Case 12.1 The Overcrowded Clinic 259
This text represents a long voyage, both physically and intellectually, and I am grateful to many people along the way. The voyage parallels the format of this text to some extent.
In the mid-1960s, I worked as a Peace Corps Volunteer in the Philippines and subsequently in a Peace Corps Training Camp in Arecibo, Puerto Rico. The Peace Corps internationalized my life. As an undergraduate, I developed interests in Latin America, but in graduate school, I focused on African Studies in the context of Comparative Politics and Public Administration. Several political science professors at the University of Wisconsin, where I completed my graduate work, were instrumental in provoking and inspiring the use of hypothetical and real cases and role-plays threaded throughout this text. Among many, I thank especially Donald Emmerson, James Scott, and Crawford Young. Charles Anderson's work also utilizes such cases in exceptionally clear and incisive ways.
My dissertation research examined agricultural policy implementation in western Kenya. To my colleagues there, along with friends and fictive kin in the community where I lived, I am forever grateful for the vantage point they allowed me to see and experience. Graduate training permitted this vantage point to be developed in sound methodological terms. Postgraduate work for a short time at Cornell University gave me the opportunity to work with Norman Uphoff whose writing on development participation will long have great value.
My institutional home, the University of Texas at El Paso, is located on the United States-Mexico border, crossroads of North and South. Its student body is culturally rich and diverse. For better or worse, my students have lived through the cases and staggered assignments that inform this text for nearly 15 years of teaching. For these many years, I have pursued my own research and writing, always frustrated with the [Page x]way I had to patch together readings for courses on international development and comparative administration, linking theory and applications for practice; substance and process; anthropology, political science, public administration, economics, and sociology; women and men. I finally decided to write a text myself. I hope it conveys the lively and challenging atmosphere of development institutions, official and unofficial.
My experiences in the Philippines and Kenya were broadened in several ways. In 1979, under the Intergovernmental Personnel Act, I worked in the Program and Policy Coordination Bureau of the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID) and visited AID's “field” in west and east Africa. In the 1980s, I participated in collaborative research in Northern Mexico and the Caribbean, providing vantage points of nongovernmental organizations in development and alternative assistance agencies. More recently, I have explored with others the gendered dimensions of state-society relations and bureaucratic politics. My analyses of these research experiences were aided enormously by friends, colleagues, and coauthors, among them Gay Young, Jane Parpart, Jane Jaquette, Jana Everett, Sue Ellen Charlton, and Judith Bruce.
Several people and institutions need special thanks. I thank several organizations for permission to reprint maps and condense cases, as noted in the text (including the Friendship Press). The National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration provided me with a wealth of materials, including their excellent working papers and book series under the able leadership of Louis Picard. Librarians Carolyn Kahl and Diana Austin at the University of Texas at El Paso helped me track down many obscure sources; I am grateful they seemed as excited as I was to locate those sources. Evelyn Posey and Deborah Pancoast taught me about word processing. My husband, Robert Dane'el, has lived through the agony of my many writing projects. Although we have very different interests and skills, lately they have converged more with his screenwriting, most notably in “Finley” and “Gingi & Vitis.” Our two wonderful children, Mosi and Asha, give me great insight about the holistic dimensions of teaching and learning. Thanks to you all.
About the Author[Page 283]
Kathleen Staudt is Professor of Political Science at the University of Texas at El Paso. She has done research on agricultural policies and politics in Kenya, on development projects in the Eastern Caribbean, and on politics in Mexico, in addition to serving in the Peace Corps in the Philippines. Staudt has published articles in Development and Change, Comparative Politics, Journal of Developing Areas, Rural Sociology, and Public Administration and Development, among others. She is the author of Women, International Development, and Politics: The Bureaucratic Mire.