Lust: What we Know about Human Sexual Desire
Publication Year: 1999
Accessibly written, this interdisciplinary book reviews theory and research on the characteristics of sexual desire, the individual physical and mental factors that influence the experience of sexual desire (hormones, age, gender, beliefs, mood), the various partner characteristics that incite sexual desire (attractiveness) and the association between sexual desire and interpersonal, relational events and experiences (romantic love). The book concludes with an examination of the personal, interpersonal and societal implications of sexual desire. Throughout, the authors draw on findings from their own body of research on sexual and romantic attraction, as well as on an extensive review of the relevant social, behavioural and medical science
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: Sexual Desire: Historical Perspectives
- Chapter 2: Sexual Desire: The Phenomenon
- Chapter 3: Sexual Desire: The Body (Part I)
- Chapter 4: Sexual Desire: The Body (Part II)
- Chapter 5: Sexual Desire: The Mind
- Chapter 6: Sexual Desire: The Partner and the Relationship
- Chapter 7: Sexual Desire and Romantic Love
- Chapter 8: Sexual Desire: Future Directions
Sage Series on Close Relationships[Page ii]
Clyde Hendrick, Ph.D., and Susan S. Hendrick, Ph.D.
In this series…
by Susan S. Hendrick and Clyde Hendrick
by Rodnev M. Cate and Sally A. Lloyd
by Rosemary Blieszner and Rebecca G. Adams
TWO CAREERS/ONE FAMILY
by Lucia Albino Gilbert
by Valerian J. Derlega, Sandra Metts,
Sandra Petronio, and Stephen T. Margulis
by Susan Sprecher and Kathleen McKinney
by William R. Cupach and Sandra Metts
by Steve Duck
REMARRIED FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS
by Lawrence H. Ganong and Marilyn Coleman
by Daniel J. Canary, William R. Cupach, and Susan J. Messman
RELATIONSHIPS IN CHRONIC ILLNESS AND DISABILITY
by Renee F. Lyons, Michael J. L. Sullivan, and Paul G. Ritvo with James C. Coyne
by Beverley Fehr
SOCIAL SUPPORT IN COUPLES
by Carolyn E. Cutrona
by Judith Feeney and Patricia Noller
GENDER AND CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS
by Barbara A. Winstead, Valarian J. Derlega, and Suzanna Rose
by Janice M. Steil
by Pamela C. Regan and Ellen Berscheid
Copyright © 1999 by Sage Publications, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Printed in the United States of America
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Main entry under title:
Regan, Pamela C.
Lust: What we know about human sexual desire / by Pamela C.
Regan and Ellen Berscheid.
p. cm. — (Sage series on close relationships)
Includes bibliographical references.
ISBN 0-7619-1792-6 (alk. paper)
ISBN 0-7619-1793-4 (alk. paper)
1. Sex. 2. Desire. 3. Lust. I. Berscheid, Ellen. II. Title. III.
HQ21 .R3 1999
99 00 01 02 03 04 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Acquiring Editor: C. Terry Hendrix/Jim Brace-Thompson
Typesetter/Designer: Danielle Dillahunt
“What Makes a Woman Bedable?” (Cosmopolitan)
“60 Wild, Erotic Ways to Excite Your Lover” (Woman's Own)
“Love vs. Lust: How You'll Know the Difference” (Woman's Own)
“How to Spark His Desire (Again & Again & Again)” (Red-book)
“Guy Expectations: How to Get What You Want” (Teen)
“Sex Made Easy” (Men's Health)
“Hot, Fast Sex: The Quick and the Bed” (Men's Fitness)
“Supercharged Sex: How to Find a Like-Minded Partner” (Exercise & Health)
“Sex-cess! Get Lucky… Tonight!” (Exercise & Health)
“What Women Really Want” (Men's Fitness)
These quotations, taken from the headlines of several contemporary men's and women's magazines, underscore the almost obsessive fascination with which the media and the reading public approach the topic of sexual desire. Popular music, television, and [Page viii]film provide countless depictions of sexually passionate relationships, alternately glorifying and vilifying the desires of the flesh. On a daily basis, talk show hosts and their invited guests tell us how to behave in a sexually desirable manner, what to say to communicate sexual desire to an attractive other, and what clothes to wear to ignite sexual desire in our current flames. Should this advice fail, we can always turn to the countless self-help books that promise to teach us in 10 easy steps how to rekindle the sexual ashes of our fading romances, once-torrid love affairs, or weatherbeaten marriages. All of these events conspire to teach us that sexual desire is a necessary ingredient in our romantic relationships and that sexual desirability is something we each should strive to attain.
That sexual desire is associated with and has implications for several meaningful experiences in human life will come as no surprise to our readers. What will come as a surprise, perhaps, is the fact that sexual desire has only recently emerged as a topic considered worthy of rigorous scientific investigation. As a result, although as private citizens we may think a lot (and think we know a lot) about sexual desire, there is a dearth of research and theory on this topic in the professional literature. In addition, what little information there is can be found buried here and there within a variety of disciplines, including biology and medicine, psychology and philosophy, sex and marital therapy, sociology and anthropology, and ethology (to name a few). Because traditionally there has been very little communication among these disciplines, the interested student of this aspect of human experience finds himself or herself faced with an unorganized mishmash of contradictory theoretical statements and confusing empirical data.
Our goal in writing this monograph is to dispel some of this confusion by reviewing and bringing together in one volume past and present theory, supposition, and knowledge about sexual desire. Although we write primarily from a social psychological perspective, our general approach is interdisciplinary in that we incorporate material from a multitude of fields. The eight chapters encompass a wide range of theoretical and empirical work. Chapter 1 sets the stage by considering the study of sexual desire from a historical perspective. In particular, we discuss how the emphasis placed by early sex researchers on abnormal sexuality, on animal sexuality, and on overt physiological and behavioral sexual responses contributed to the [Page ix]neglect of such subjective, psychological sexual phenomena such as sexual desire. We then review work in clinical and social psychology that led to the emergence of sexual desire as a topic worthy of scientific scrutiny.
Of course, any discussion of sexual desire must first specify the characteristic manifestations of this experience. Thus, Chapter 2 focuses on the phenomenon of sexual desire—what it is and what events serve to indicate its occurrence. We describe characteristics of a state of (general) desire, distinguish sexual desire from both sexual arousal and sexual activity, and present the various theoretical approaches to sexual desire and its measurement.
We are particularly interested in reviewing research pertinent to the causal dynamics of sexual desire. Chapters 3 and 4 consider the “body” of desire—that is, all the hormonal, biological, and physical factors that contribute to and influence the experience of sexual desire. We examine how people's feelings of sexual desire are related to hormone levels and hormonally mediated life events (e.g., menstruation), chronological age, biological sex, physical health, and drug use.
In Chapter 5, we turn from the physical to the mental. In particular, we explore how social norms, affective expectancies, previous experiences, personality variables, mood, and emotional state may contribute to the experience of sexual desire. Because what people believe about sexual desire may influence their behavior, we also present data from our own descriptive research on men's and women's beliefs about the nature and causes of sexual desire.
Emotions, expectancies, and beliefs often are experienced about and within a specific relationship with a particular partner. Chapter 6 considers various partner characteristics that may incite sexual desire, including physical attractiveness, physique and physique display, social status and dominance, novelty, and pheromones. In addition, we review research on the association between sexual desire and relational events (e.g., communication, satisfaction, adjustment).
Chapter 7 continues our exploration of the interpersonal aspects of sexual desire by focusing on the relationship between sexual desire and passionate love. The first part of this chapter examines theoretical statements about the link, if any, between these two experiences; the second reviews indirect and direct empirical evidence that speaks to this question.[Page x]
We conclude, in Chapter 8, by considering the personal, interpersonal, and societal implications of sexual desire—the experience itself, as well as beliefs about its nature, causes, and meaning.
Sexual desire plays an important role in human lives and human interpersonal relationships. We hope that this book sheds some small degree of light on this fascinating and understudied topic.Acknowledgments
We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of several individuals who contributed in various ways to this work. In particular, we would like to thank Susan and Clyde Hendrick for their initial interest in and their sustained commitment to this project; C. Terry Hendrix for believing that a book on sexual desire would make an important contribution to the literature and to the Sage Series on Close Relationships; David Soltz (Dean, School of Natural and Social Sciences) and Michael Roffe (Chairperson, Department of Psychology) of California State University, Los Angeles for providing the first author with leave time to complete this work; and our friends, colleagues, and family (human and nonhuman) for their guidance, support, and encouragement during the tenure of this project.
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