Literacy and Popular Culture: Using Children's Culture in the Classroom

Books

Jackie Marsh & Elaine Millard

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    View Copyright Page

    Dedication

    This book is dedicated to the memory of Winifred Whittaker, who taught three generations of children to read using Woman's Own.

    It is also dedicated to Rita Marsh and Esther Riley, both avid consumers of popular culture.

    Acknowledgements

    We would like to thank warmly all the people who contributed to this book. Sharrow Nursery Infant School and Birley Spa Community School, Sheffield, and Hempshill Hall School, Nottinghamshire, have been most welcoming and we have been grateful for the opportunity to learn from their excellent practice. We thank the head teachers of these schools, Lynne Ley, Geoff Mawson and Marcia Puckey, for their support. We would also like to express our gratitude to the many teachers who have shared their work with us: Kate Barret, Joe Brian, Melanie Brown, Pauline Davies, Stuart Harrison, Matt Hayes, Mark Heaton, Marie Hill, Jackie Hines, Pam Hulme, Jill Ineson, Linda Scott, Huw Thomas and Phillipa Thompson. We know the children they teach love their creative ideas as much as we do, as we have seen the evidence and place some of it within these pages. Finally, we would like to thank the children who helped us to understand the power of popular culture and shared their private pleasures with us. Thanks go in particular to all the children whose work appears in the book, Angela Williams and Robert Fisher for their verses and Hannah and William Clark for their singing. Without the compelling voices of all these children, this book would not have been written.

  • References

    Abbot, C. (1998) Making connections: young people and the Internet, in J.Sefton-Green (ed.) Digital Diversions: Youth Culture in the Age of Multimedia, London, University of Central London Press.
    Adams, M. J. (1990) Beginning to Read: Thinking and Learning about Print, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.
    Adorno, T. W. (1991) The Cultural Industry: Selected Essays on Mass Culture, ed. J. M.Bernstein, London, Routledge.
    Al-Eidan, A. A. (1999) The impact of computer games on children's development. Unpublished M.Ed dissertation, University of Sheffield.
    Allan, A. and Ahlberg, J.(illustrator) (1999) The Jolly Postman or Other People's Letters, London, Viking Books.
    Alloway, N. and Gilbert, P. (1998) Video game culture: playing with masculinity, violence and pleasure, in S.Howerd (ed.) Wired Up: Young People and the Electronic Media, London, UCL Press.
    Althusser, L. (1994) Ideology and ideological state apparatuses, in J, Storey (ed.) Cultural Theory and Popular Culture: A Reader, London, Prentice Hall.
    Alvermann, D., Moon, J. S. and Hagood, M. C. (1999) Popular Culture in the Classroom: Teaching and Researching Critical Media Literacy, Newark, DE, IRA.
    Ang, I. (1985) Watching Dallas: Soap Opera and the Melodramatic Imagination, trans. D.Couling, London, Methuen.
    Archer, S. (1996) Pop, pleasure and pedagogy: the challenges of teaching pop music for Media Studies GCSE, The English and Media Magazine, no. 34, pp. 39–44.
    Ariès, P. (1966) Centuries of Childhood, London, Pimlico (first published in France in 1960).
    Arnold, M. (1963) Culture and Anarchy, (ed. J. DoverWilson,) Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
    Bakhtin, M. M. (1994) Extract from ‘The Dialogic Imagination’, in P.Morris (ed.) The Bakhtin Reader: Selected Writings of Bakhtin, Medvedev, Volosinov, London, Arnold.
    Balzagette, C. (2000) A stitch in time: skills for the new literacy, English in Education, Vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 42–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-8845.2000.tb00569.x
    Bardsley, D. (1991). Factors Relating to the Differential Reading Attitudes, Habits and Interests of Adolescents, Research Affiliateship Report No. 1, New Zealand, Department of Education, Massey University.
    Barker, M. and Brooks, K. (1998) Knowing Audiences: Judge Dredd, its Friends, Fans and Foes, Luton, University of Luton.
    Barker, M. and Petley, J. (eds) (1997) Ill Effects: The Media-Violence Debate, London, Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203465097
    Barrs, M. (1988) Maps of play, in M.Meek and C.Mills (eds) Language and Literacy in the Primary School, London, Falmer Press.
    Barthes, R. (1973) Mythologies, trans. A.Lavers, New York, Hill and Wang (original work published 1970, Paris, Seuil).
    Barthes, R. (1974) S/Z: An Essay, trans. R.Miller, New York, Hill and Wang; London, Collins, Fontana Press (original work published 1970).
    Barthes, R. (1977) The death of the author, in S.Heath (ed. and trans.), Image Music Text, London, Fontana.
    Barthes, R. (1985) How to spend a week in Paris, in M.Blonsky (ed.) On Signs pp. 118–21, Oxford, Blackwell.
    Barton, D. and Hamilton, M. (1998) Local Literacies: Reading and Writing in One Community, London, Routledge.
    Barton, R. (1994) Literacy: An Introduction to the Ecology of Written Language, Oxford, Blackwell.
    Baudrillard, J. (1983) Simulations, trans. P.Foss, P.Patton and P.Beitchman, New York, Semiotext.
    Beano website at http://www.beano.com accessed 6 May 2000.
    Beavis, C. (1998) Computer games, culture and curriculum, in I.Snyder (ed.) Page to Screen: Taking Literacy Into the Electronic Era, London, Routledge.
    Bennett, A. (1994) Writing Home, London, Faber and Faber.
    Benson, R. (2000) The joy of text, Guardian, Weekend Supplement, 3 June 2000, p. 23–7.
    Benton, P. (1995). Recipe fictions: literary fast food? Reading interests in Y8, Oxford Review of Education, Vol. 21, pp. 108–11.
    Berger, A. A. (1997) Narratives in Popular Culture, Media, and Everyday Life, London, Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781452243344
    Berger, A. A. (2000) Arthur's computer (narrative) adventure, TelevIZIon, Vol. 13, 1, p. 40.
    Bloch, L. R. and Lemish, D. (1999) Disposable love: the rise and fall of a virtual pet, New Media and Society, Vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 283–303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/14614449922225591
    Blyton website at http://www.btinternet.com/~ajarvis/blyton/blyton.htm accessed 6 January 2000.
    Boichel, B. (1991) ‘Commodity as myth’ in R. E.Pearson and W.Uricchio, The Many Lives of the Batman, London, Routledge.
    Bolton, C. (2000) Soundbites, Times Educational Supplement, 3 March, p. 3.
    Bolton, E. (1998) Introduction: why books matter, in B.Cox (ed.) Literacy is Not Enough: Essays on the Importance of Reading, Manchester, Manchester University Press.
    Boomer, G. (1985) Fair Dinkum Teaching and Learning: Reflections on Literacy and Power, Upper Montclair, NJ, Boynton Cook.
    Bourdieu, P. (1977) Outline of a Theory of Practice, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
    Bourdieu, P. (1979) Symbolic power, Critique of Anthropology, Vol. 4, pp. 7785. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0308275X7900401307
    Bourdieu, P. (1990) The Logic of Practice, trans. R.Nice, Cambridge, Polity Press (original work published in 1980).
    BrittonJ. (1977) Response to literature, in M.Meek, A.Warlow and G.Barton (eds) The Cool Web: The Pattern of Children's Reading, London, Bodley Head.
    Bromley, H. (1996) ‘Did you know that there's no such thing as Never Land?’ Working with video narratives in the early years, in M.Hilton (ed.) Potent Fictions: Children's Literacy and the Challenge of Popular Culture, London, Routledge.
    Bromley, H. (1999) Storytelling, Primary English Magazine, Vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 22–5.
    Bromley, H. (2000) Never be without a Beano: comics, children and literacy, in A.Andersen and M.Styles (eds) Teaching through Texts, London, Routledge.
    BrooksG., Schagen, I. and Nastat, P. (1998) Trends in Reading at Eight, Slough, NFER.
    Brooky, M. (1998) Television and children, Raphael House Newsletter, 30 April, pp. 1–4, accessed 4 June 2000 at http://www.rh.steiner.school.nz/article18.htm.
    Browne, N. (1999) Young Children's Literacy Development and the Role of Televisual Texts, London, Falmer Press.
    Buckingham, D. (1993a) Changing Literacies: Media Education and Modern Culture, London, Tufnell.
    Buckingham, D. (1993b) Children Talking Television: The Making of Television Literacy, London, Falmer Press.
    Buckingham, D. (ed.) (1998) Teaching Popular Culture: Beyond Radical Pedagogy, London, UCL Press.
    Buckingham, D. and Sefton-Green, J. (1994) Cultural Studies Goes to School: Reading and Teaching Popular Media, London, Taylor and Francis.
    Burkeman, O. (2000) Pokemon power, Guardian, 20 April, pp. 2–3.
    Carter, R. (1990) The new grammar teaching, in R.Carter (ed.) Knowledge about Language and the Curriculum: The LINC Reader, London, Hodder and Stoughton.
    Cassell, J. and Jenkins, H. (1998) Chess for girls? Feminism and computer games, in J.Cassell and H.Jenkins (eds) From Barbie to Mortal Kombat: Gender and Computer Games, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.
    Chall, J. (1983) Stages of Reading Development, New York, McGraw-Hill.
    Christensen, P. and James, A. (eds) (2000) Research with Children: Perspectives and Practices, London, Falmer Press.
    Christie, J. F. (ed.) (1991) Play and Early Literacy Development, Albany, NY, State University of New York Press.
    Clark, E. (1995) Popular culture: images of gender as reflected through young children's story. Paper presented at Annual Joint Meeting of the Popular Culture Association/American Culture Association, Philadelphia. ERIC document no. ED 388966.
    Clark, M. (1976) Young Fluent Readers, Oxford, Heinemann Educational.
    Clay, M. (1979). Reading: the Patterning of Complex Behaviour,
    2nd ed
    , Auckland and London, Heinemann.
    Clipson-Boyles, S. (1999) Poetry, in J.Marsh and E.Hallet (eds) Desirable Literacies: Approaches to Language and Literacy in the Early Years, London, Paul Chapman.
    Coffin, T. P. and Cohen, H. (1978) The Parade of Heroes, New York, Anchor Press and Doubleday.
    Cohen, S. (1987) Folk Devils and Moral Panics: The Creation of the Mods and Rockers,
    2nd edn
    , Oxford, Blackwell.
    Coleridge, S. T. (1976) On the constitution of the church and state, in J.Colmer (ed.) Collected Works Volume 10: On the Constitution of the Church and State, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.
    Connell, R. W. (1987) Gender and Power: Society, the Person and Sexual Politics, Cambridge, Polity Press/Blackwell.
    Considine, D. M. (1986) Visual literacy and children's books: an integrated approach, School Library Journal, September, pp. 38–42.
    Corrigan, P. (1979) Schooling the Smash Street Kids, London, Macmillan.
    Cox, B. (ed.) (1998) Literacy Is Not Enough: Essays on the Importance of Reading, Manchester, Manchester University Press.
    Craggs, C. E. (1992) Media Education in the Primary School, London, Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203315538
    Cross, G. (1997) Kid's Stuff: Toys and the Changing World of American Childhood, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.
    Cunningham, V. (1998) Reading now and then, in B.Cox (ed.) Literacy Is Not Enough: Essays on the Importance of Reading, Manchester, Manchester University Press.
    Dahl website at http://www.roalddahl.org/whoami.htm accessed 6 January 2000.
    Davies, B. (1990) Agency as a form of discursive practice: A classroom scene observed, British Journal of Sociology of Education, Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 341–61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142569900110306
    Davies, B. (1992) The gender trap: a feminist postructuralist analysis of primary school children's talk about gender, Journal of Curriculum Studies, Vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 1–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0022027920240101
    Davies, B. (1993) Shards of Glass: Children Reading and Writing beyond Gendered Identities, Cresskill, NJ, Hampton Press.
    Davies, B. (1997) Constructing and deconstructing masculinities through critical literacy, Gender in Education, Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 9–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540259721420
    Davies, B. (1989) Frogs and Snails and Feminist Tales: Preschool Children and Gender, Sydney, Allen and Unwin.
    Davies, J. and Brember, I. (1993) Comics or stories? Differences in the reading attitudes of boys and girls in Years 2, 4, 6, Gender and Education, Vol. 5 no. 3, pp. 305–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0954025930050306
    Denzin, N. (1987) Postmodern children, Caring for Children/Society, March-April, pp. 25–25.
    Department for Education and Employment (DfEE) (1999) The National Curriculum: Key Stages 1 and 2, London, DfEE/QCA.
    Department for Education and Employment (DfEE) (2000) National Curriculum for England, Key Stage 1–4, London, HMSO.
    Department of Education and Science (DES) (1988) National Curriculum, London, HMSO.
    Department of Education and Science (1989) Report of the English Working Group (The Cox Report), London, HMSO.
    Derrida, J. (1967) Speech and Phenomena, Evanston, IL, Northwest University Press.
    Dodwell, E. (1999) ‘I can tell lots of Punjabi’: developing language and literacy with bilingual children, in J.Marsh and E.Hallet (eds) Desirable Literacies: Approaches to Language and Literacy in the Early Years, London, Paul Chapman.
    Dyson, A. (1994) The Ninjas, the X-Men and the ladies: playing with power and identity in an urban primary school, Teachers College Record, Vol. 96, no. 2, pp. 219–39.
    Dyson, A. H. (1989) Multiple Worlds of Child Writers: Friends Learn to Write, New York, Teachers College Press.
    Dyson, A. H. (1996) Cultural constellations and childhood identities: on Greek gods, cartoon heroes, and the social lives of schoolchildren, Harvard Educational Review, Vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 471–95.
    Dyson, A. H. (1997) Writing Superheroes: Contemporary Childhood, Popular Culture and Classroom Literacy, New York and London, Columbia University Teachers College Press.
    Dyson, A. H. (1998) Folk processes and media creatures: reflections on popular culture for literacy educators, The Reading Teacher, Vol. 51, no. 5 pp. 392–402.
    Dyson, A. H. (1999) Coach Bombay's kids learn to write: children's appropriation of media material for school literacy, Research in the Teaching of English, Vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 367–402.
    Dyson, A. H. (2000) On reframing children's words: the perils, promises and pleasures of writing children, Research in the Teaching of English, Vol. 34, pp. 352–67.
    Eagleton, T. (1983) Literary Theory: An Introduction, Oxford, Blackwell.
    Eagleton, T. (1996) Literary Theory: An Introduction,
    2nd edn
    , Oxford, Blackwell.
    Eagleton, T. (2000) The Idea of Culture, Oxford, Blackwell.
    Easthope, A. and McGowan, K. (eds) (1992) A Critical and Cultural Theory Reader, Buckingham, Open University Press.
    Eco, U. (1981) The Role of the Reader, London: Hutchinson.
    Eliot, T. S. (1974) Collected Poems 1909–62, London, Faber and Faber.
    Elliot, J., Hufton, N., Hildreth, A. and Illushin, L. (1999) Factors influencing educational motivation: a study of attitudes, expectations and behaviour of children in Sunderland, Kentucky and St Petersburg, British Educational Research Journal, Vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 75–94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0141192990250106
    Epstein, D. (1993) Changing Classroom Cultures, Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books.
    Farver, J. M. (1992) An analysis of young American and Mexican children's play dialogues: illustrative study no. 3, in C.Howes and C. C.Matheson (eds) The Collaborative Construction of Pretend, Albany, NY, State University of New York Press.
    Fein, G. G. and Stork, L. (1981) Socio-dramatic play: social class effects in integrated preschool classrooms, Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Vol. 2, pp. 267–79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0193-3973%2881%2990006-X
    Field, C. (2000) Metropolis Street Racer, Mr Dreamcast, June, pp. 16–19.
    Film Education (1999a) Film and Literacy Pack: Part 1, London, Film Education.
    Film Education (1999b) Film and Literacy Pack: Part 2, London, Film Education.
    Film Education Working Group (FEWG) (1999) Making Movies Matter: Report of the Film Education Working Group, London, British Film Institute.
    Fish, S. (1980) Is There a Text in This Class? The Authority of Interpretive Communities, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.
    Fisher, M. (1964) Intent Upon Reading: A Critical Appraisal of Modern Fiction for Children,
    2nd edn
    , Leicester, Brockhampton Press.
    Fiske, J. (1989) Understanding Popular Culture, London, Unwin Hyman.
    Fleming, D. (1996) Powerplay: Toys as Popular Culture, Manchester, Manchester University Press.
    Flesch, R. (1955) Why Johnny Can't Read, New York, Harper and Row.
    Formanek-Brunell, M. (1998) The politics of dollhood in nineteenth-century America, in H.Jenkins (ed.) The Children's Culture Reader, New York, New York University Press.
    Foucault, M. (1979) The History of Sexuality, Vol. 1: An Introduction, London, Allen Lane and Penguin.
    Fox, C. (1993) At the Very Edge of the Forest: The Influence of Literature on Storytelling by Children, London, Cassell.
    Francis, B. (1998) Power Plays: Primary School Children's Constructions of Gender, Power and Adult Work, Stoke-on-Trent, Trentham Books.
    Frater, G. (1997) Improving Boys’ Literacy, London, Basic Skills Agency.
    Freebody, P. (1992). A socio-cultural approach: resourcing four roles as a literacy learner, in A.Watson and A.Badenhop (eds), Prevention of Reading Failure, Sydney, Ashton Scholastic.
    Freebody, P. and Luke, A. (1990) Literacies programs: debates and demands in cultural context, Prospect: Australian Journal of TESOL, Vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 7–16.
    Freeman Davidson, J. I. (1998) Language and play: natural partners, in D. P.Fromberg and D.Bergen (eds) Play from Birth to Twelve and Beyond: Contexts, Perspectives and Meanings, New York, Garland.
    Freire, P. (1972) The Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
    French, J. (1987) A Historical Study of Children's Heroes and Fantasy Play. Research report. School of Education, Boise State University, Idaho, ERIC Document No. ED 310885.
    French, V. and Paul, K. (1997) Aesop's Funky Fables, London, Puffin.
    Frith, U. (1985) Developmental dyslexia, in K. E.Paterson et al. (eds) Surface Dyslexia, Hove, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    Funk, J. B., Behmann, J. N. and Buchman, D. D. (1997) Children and electronic games in the United States, Trends in Communication, Vol. 2, pp. 111–26.
    Gagnon, D. (1985) Videogames and spatial skills: an exploratory study, Educational Communication and Technology Journal, Vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 263–75.
    Gailey, C. W. (1993) Mediated messages: gender, class and cosmos in home video games, Journal of Popular Culture, Vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 81–98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3840.1993.845217931.x
    Garvey, C. (1977) Play, London, Fontana and Open Book.
    Gaut, B. (1993) The paradox of horror, British Journal of Aesthetics, Vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 333–45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjaesthetics/33.4.333
    Giroux, H. (1992) Border Crossings: Cultural Workers and the Politics of Education, London, Routledge.
    Giroux, H. (1998) Are Disney movies good for your kids?, in S. R.Steinberg and J. L.Kincheloe (eds) Kinderculture: The Corporate Construction of Childhood, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.
    Giroux, H. A. (1981) Ideology Culture and the Process of Schooling, London, Falmer Press.
    Giroux, H. A. (1988) Schooling for Democracy: Critical Pedagogy in the Modern Age, London, Routledge.
    Godzich, W. (1985) The semiotics of semiotics, in M.Blonsky (ed.) On Signs, Oxford, Blackwell.
    Goodman, K., Smith, E. B., Meredith, R. and Goodman, Y. (1987) Language and Thinking in School: A Whole Language Curriculum, Katonah, NY, Richard C. Owen.
    Goodman, Y. (1980) The Roots of Literacy. Claremont Reading Conference yearbook, Vol. 44, pp. 1–32.
    Goodman, Y. (1986) Children coming to know literacy, in W. H.Teale and E.Sulzby (eds) Emergent Literacy: Writing and Reading, Norwood, NJ, Ablex.
    Goodman, Y. M. (1989) Roots of the whole-language movement, Elementary School Journal, Vol. 90, pp. 113–27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/461607
    Goosebumps website: at http://place.scholastic.com/goosebumps/indexa.htm accessed on 6 January 2000.
    Goswami, U. (1988) Orthographic analogies and reading development, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol. 40A, pp. 239–68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02724988843000113
    Goswami, U. and Bryant, P. (1990) Phonological Skills and Learning to Read, Hillsdale, NJ, Erlbaum.
    Grace, D. and Tobin, J. (1998) Butt jokes and mean-teacher parodies: video production in the elementary classroom, in D.Buckingham (ed) Teaching Popular Culture: Beyond Radical Pedagogy, London, UCL Press.
    Green, B., Reid, J. and Bigum, C. (1998) Teaching the Nintendo generation? Children, computer culture and popular technologies, in S.Howerd (ed.) Wired Up: Young People and the Electronic Media, London, UCL Press.
    Greenfield, P. M. (1984) Mind and Media: The Effects of Television, Computers and Video Games, London, Fontana.
    Greenfield, P. M., Bruzzone, L., Koyamatus, K., Satuloff, W., Nixon, K., Brodie, M. and Kingsdale, D. (1987) What is rock music doing to the minds of our youth? A first experimental look at the effects of rock music, Journal of Early Adolescence, Vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 315–29.
    Griffiths, M. (1995) Feminisms and the Self, London, Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203204245
    Griffiths, M. D. (1993) Are computer games bad for children?The Psychologist: Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, Vol. 6, pp. 401–7.
    Griswold, W. (1994) Cultures and Societies in a Changing World, Thousand Oaks, CA, Pine Forge Press.
    Grugeon, E. (1999) The state of play: children's oral culture, literacy and learning, Reading, Vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 13–16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9345.00102
    Guardian (2000) In brief, Guardian, 3 June, p. 22.
    Gunter, B. and Harrison, J. (1997) Violence in children's programmes on British television, Children and Society, Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 143–56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1099-0860.1997.tb00022.x
    Gunter, B. and McAleer, J. (1997) Children and Television,
    2nd edn
    , London, Routledge.
    Guthrie, J. T., Van Meter, P., Dacey Mcanu, A.Wigfield, A., Bennett, L., Poundston, C. C., Rice, M. E., Faibisch, F. M., Hunt, B. and Mitchell, A. M. (1996) Growth of literacy engagement: changes in motivations and strategies during concept-oriented reading instruction, Reading Research Quarterly, Vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 306–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1598/RRQ.31.3.5
    Hagood, M. C. and Ash, G. E. (1999) ‘I Want My MTV!’ Reading fluency, student motivation, karaoke and pop music. Paper presented at AERA, Montreal, Canada, April.
    Hall, C. and Coles, M. (1999) Children's Reading Choices, London, Routledge.
    Hall, N. (1987) The Emergence of Literacy, Sevenoaks, Hodder and Stoughton, in association with the United Kingdom Reading Association Literacy Development.
    Hall, N. (1991) Play in the emergence of literacy, in J.Christie (ed.) Play and Early Literacy Development, Albany, NY, State University of New York Press.
    Hall, N. (1999) Young children, play and literacy: engagement in realistic uses of literacy, in J.Marsh and E.Hallet (eds) Desirable Literacies: Approaches to Language and Literacy in the Early Years, London, Paul Chapman.
    Hall, N. and Robinson, A. (1995) Exploring Writing and Play in the Early Years, London, David Fulton.
    Hall, P. (1998) The relationship between types of rap music and memory in African-American children, Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 802–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002193479802800607
    Hall, S. (ed.) (1980) Culture, Media, Language: Working Papers in Cultural Studies, 1972–79, London, Hutchinson in association with the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, University of Birmingham.
    Hall, S. (1992) What is this ‘black’ in black popular culture?, in G.Dent, (ed.) Black Popular Culture, Seattle, Bay Press.
    Halliday, M. A. K. (1993) Explorations in the Functions of Language, London, Edward Arnold.
    Hannon, P. (1995). Literacy, Home and School Research and Practice in Teaching Literacy with Parents, London, Falmer Press.
    Harris, S., Nixon, J. and Rudduck, J. (1993) Schoolwork, homework and gender, Gender and Education, Vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 3–15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0954025930050101
    Heath, S. B. (1983) Ways With Words: Language, Life and Work in Communities and Classrooms, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
    Her Majesty's Inspectorate (HMI) (1991) The Teaching and Learning of Reading in Primary Schools 1990: a Report by HMI, Stanmore: DES.
    Hidi, S. (1990) Interest and its contribution as a mental resource for learning, Review of Educational Research, Vol. 60, pp. 549–71.
    Hilton, M. (1996) Manufacturing make-believe: notes on the toy and media industry for children, in M.Hilton (ed.) Potent Fictions: Children's Literacy and the Challenge of Popular Culture, London, Routledge.
    Hoggart, R. (1958). The Use of Literacy, Aspects of Working-Class Life with Special Reference to Publications and Entertainments, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
    Hoggart, R. (1995) The Way We Live Now, London, Pimlico.
    Holdaway, D. (1979) The Foundations of Literacy, Gosford, NSW, Ashton Scholastic.
    Hutt, S. J., Tyler, C., Hutt, C. and Christopherson, H. (1989) Play, Exploration and Learning, London, Routledge.
    Ineson, J. and Marsh, J. (2000) Comic capers, Primary English, Vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 6–10.
    Isenberg, J. and Jacob, E. (1983) Literacy and symbolic play: a review of the literature, Childhood Education, Vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 272–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00094056.1983.10520598
    Iser, W. (1978) The Act of Reading, a Theory of Aesthetic Response, Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins University Press, and London, Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    James, A. and Prout, A. (1997) Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood: Contemporary Issues in the Sociological Study of Childhood,
    2nd edn
    , London, Falmer Press.
    Jenks, C. (1993) Culture, London, Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203446317
    Johnson, J., Jackson, L. A. and Gatto, L. (1995) Violent attitudes and differed academic aspirations: deleterious effects of exposure to rap music, Basic and Applied Psychology, Vol. 16, pp. 27–41.
    Johnson, J. C. (1990) The role of play in cognitive development, in E.Klugma and S.Smilansky (eds) Children's Play and Learning: Perspectives and Policy Implications, New York, Teachers College Press.
    Johnson, S. (1755) A Dictionary of the English Language,
    3rd edn
    , London, W. Strahan.
    Jones, A. (1997) Teaching post-structuralist feminist theory in education: student resistances, Gender and Education, Vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 261–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540259721240
    Jordan, E. (1995) Fighting boys and fantasy play: the construction of masculinity in the early years of school, Gender and Education, Vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 69–86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/713668458
    Kessler, S., Ashenden, D. J., Connell, R. W. and Dowsett, G. W. (1985) Gender relations in secondary schooling, Sociology of Education, Vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 34–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2112539
    Ketch, A. (1991) The delicious alphabet, English in Education, Vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 1–4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-8845.1991.tb00090.x
    Kincheloe, J. (1998) Home alone and ‘Bad to the Bone’: the advent of a postmodern childhood, in S. R.Steinberg and J. L.Kincheloe (eds) Kinderculture: The Corporate Construction of Childhood, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.
    Kinder, M. (1991) Playing with Power in Movies: Television and Video Games from Muppet Babies to Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Berkeley, CA, University of California Press.
    Kline, S. (1993) Out of the Garden: Toys and Children's Culture in the Age of TV Marketing, London, Verso.
    Kline, S. (1998) The making of children's culture, in H.Jenkins (ed.) The Children's Culture Reader, New York, New York University Press.
    Kostelnick, M. J., Whiren, A. P. and Stein, L. C. (1986) Living with he-man: managing superhero fantasy play, Young Children, Vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 3–9.
    Kress, G. (1997) Before Writing: Rethinking the Paths to Literacy, London, Routledge.
    Kress, G. and van Leeuwen, T. (1996) Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design, London, Routledge.
    Kroeber, A. L. and Kluckholn, C. (1952) Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions, New York, Vintage Books.
    Lakoff, G. (1980) Metaphors We Live By, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
    Lankshear, C. and Mclaren, P. L. (eds) (1993) Critical Literacy, Policy, Praxis and the Post-modern, Albany NY, State University of New York Press.
    Lankshear, C. with Gee, J. P., Knobel, M. and Searle, C. (1997) Changing Literacies, Buckingham, Open University Press.
    Leavis, F. R. (1962) The Great Tradition, Harmondsworth, Penguin (first published 1948).
    Lee, C. (1999) War exposes futility of media degrees, Times Educational Supplement, 7 May.
    Lessing, D. (1994) Under My Skin. Volume One of My Autobiography to 1949, London, HarperCollins.
    Levi-Strauss, C. (1967) Structural Anthropology, New York, Doubleday.
    Levin, D. E. and Carlsson-Paige, N. (1995) The Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: teachers voice concern, Young Children, Vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 67–72.
    Lewis, D. (1996) Pop-ups and fingle-fangles: the history of the picture book, in V.Watson and M.Styles (eds) Talking Pictures: Pictorial Texts and Young Readers, London, Routledge.
    Livingstone, S. and Bovill, M. (1999) Young People, New Media, London, London School of Economics.
    Lloyd, S. (1992) The Phonics Handbook, Chigwell, Jolly Learning.
    Loftus, G. R. and Loftus, E. E. (1983) Mind at Play: The Psychology of Video Games, New York, Basic Books.
    Low, G. (2000) The concept of traditional degrees is changing radically, Guardian, 2 May, p. 11.
    Lowe, K. (1998) Gendermaps, in N.Yelland (ed.) Gender in Early Childhood, New York and London, Routledge.
    Luke, A. (1993) The Social Construction of Literacy in the Primary School, Melbourne, Macmillan Education Australia.
    Luke, C. (2000) What next? Toddler netizens, Playstation thumb, technoliteracies, Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, Vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 95–100. http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/ciec.2000.1.1.10
    Luke, C. and Roe, K. (1993) Introduction to special issue: media and popular cultural studies in the classroom, Australian Journal of Education, Vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 115–18.
    Lyness, P. (1952) The place of mass media in the lives of boys and girls, Journalism Quarterly, Vol. 29, pp. 43–54.
    Mac an Ghaill, M. (1994) The Making of Men: Masculinities, Sexualities and Schooling, Buckingham, Open University Press.
    Maclean, M., Bryant, P. and Bradley, L. (1987) Rhymes, nursery rhymes and reading in early childhood, Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, Vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 255–81.
    Macmillan, B. (1997) Why Schoolchildren Can't Read, Studies in Education no. 2, London, Institute of Economic Affairs.
    MacNaughton, G. (1997) Who's got the power? Rethinking gender equity strategies in early childhood, International Journal of Early Years Education, Vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 57–66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0966976970050106
    Marriott, S. (1998) Picture books and the moral imperative, in J.Evans (ed.) What's in The Picture? Responding to Illustrations in Picture Books, London, Paul Chapman.
    Marsh, J. (1998) Gender and writing in the infant school: Writing for a gender-specific audience, English in Education, Vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 10–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-8845.1998.tb00137.x
    Marsh, J. (1999) Batman and Batwoman go to school: popular culture in the literacy curriculum, International Journal of Early Years Education, Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 117–31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0966976990070201
    Marsh, J. (2000a) ‘But I want to fly too!’ Girls and superhero play in the infant classroom, Gender and Education, Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 209–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540250050010018
    Marsh, J. (2000b) Teletubby tales: popular culture in the early years literacy curriculum, Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, Vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 119–36. http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/ciec.2000.1.2.2
    Marx, K. (1963) Selected Writings in Sociology and Social Philosophy, eds T.Bottomore and M.Rubel, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
    McLaren, P. and Morris, J. (1998) Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: the aesthetics of phallo-militaristic justice, in S. R.Steinberg and J. L.Kincheloe (eds) Kinderculture: The Corporate Construction of Childhood, Boulder, CO, Westview Press.
    McLeod, F. (1991) Down the chippy, in N.Hall and L.Abbott (eds) Play and the Primary Curriculum, London, Hodder and Stoughton.
    McLuhan, M. and Fiore, Q. (1967) The Medium is the Message, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
    McRobbie, A. (1994) Postmodernism and Popular Culture, London, Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203168332
    Medhurst, A. (1991) Batman, deviance and camp, in R. E.Pearson and W.Uricchio, The Many Lives of the Batman, London, Routledge.
    Meece, J. L., Blumenfeld, P. C. and Hoyle, R. (1988) Students’ goal orientations and cognitive engagement in classroom activities, Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 80, pp. 514–23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.80.4.514
    Meek, M., Warlow, A. and Barton, G. (eds) (1977) The Cool Web: The Pattern of Children's Reading, London, Bodley Head.
    Meek, M. (1991) On Being Literate, London, Bodley Head.
    Messenger-Davies, M. (1997) Fake, Fact and Fantasy: Children's Interpretations of Television Reality, Norwood, NJ, Erlbaum.
    Metz, C. (1994) Film Language: A Semiotics of the Cinema, trans. M.Taylor, New York, Oxford University Press.
    Millard, E. (1994) Developing Readers in the Middle Years, Buckingham, Open University Press.
    Millard, E. (1997) Differently Literate: The Schooling of Boys and Girls, London, Falmer Press.
    Millard, E. (2000) New technologies. Old Inequalities, in E.Millard (ed.) Enquiring into literacy. Papers from the literacy research centre, Department of Educational Studies, University of Sheffield.
    Millard, E. and Marsh, J. (2000) Sending Minnie the Minx home: comics and reading choice. Paper presented at the Education for Social Democracies Conference, LondonInstitute of Education, July.
    Minns, H. (1990) Read It to Me Now! Learning at Home and at School, London, Virago.
    Minns, H. (1993) ‘Don't tell them daddy taught you’: the place of parents or putting parents in their place?Cambridge Journal of Education, Special Issue, Vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 25–32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0305764930230103
    Moss, G. (1999) Boys and non-fiction: cause or effect?Literacy Today, Vol. 21, p. 19.
    Nagle, J. P. (1999) Histories of success and failure: working class students’ literacy experiences, Journal of Adolescents and Adult Literacy, Vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 172–85.
    Neuman, S. (1995) Literacy in the Television Age: The Myth of the TV Effect,
    2nd edn
    , Norwood, NJ, Ablex.
    Neuman, S. (1988) The displacement effect: assessing the relation between television viewing and reading performance, Reading Research Quarterly, Vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 414–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/747641
    Neuman, S. B. and Roskos, K. (1992) Literacy objects as cultural tools: effects on children's literacy behaviours in play, Reading Research Quarterly, Vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 202–35. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/747792
    Neuman, S. B. and Roskos, K. (1993) Access to print for children of poverty: differential effects of adult mediation and literacy-enriched play settings on environmental and functional print tasks, American Educational Research Journal, Vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 95–122.
    Nichols, G. (ed.) (1991) Can I Buy a Slice of Sky? Poems from Black, Asian and American Indian Cultures, London, Hodder Children's Books.
    Nutbrown, C. (2000) Alex's story: literacy and literacy: teaching in the earliest years, in E.Millard (ed.) Enquiring into Literacy. Papers from the literacy research centre, Department of Educational Studies, University of Sheffield.
    Nutbrown, C. and Hannon, P. (1997) Preparing for Early Literacy Education with Parents: A Professional Development Manual, Nottingham, REAL Project and NES Arnold.
    Nwokah, E. E. and Ikekeonwu, C. (1998) A sociocultural comparison of Nigerian and American children's games, in M. C.Duncan, G.Chick, and A.Aycock (eds) Play and Culture Studies, Volume 1: Diversions and Divergences in Fields of Play, Greenwich, CT, Ablex.
    O'Sullivan, T., Dutton, D. and Rayner, P. (1994) Studying the Media: An Introduction, London, Edward Arnold.
    Opie, I. and Opie, P. (eds) (1951) The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes, London, Oxford University Press.
    Orellana, M. F. (1994) Appropriating the voice of the superheroes: three preschoolers’ bilingual language uses in play, Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Vol. 9, pp. 171–93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0885-2006%2894%2990004-3
    Pahl, K. (1999) Transformations: Meaning Making in Nursery Education, Stoke-on-Trent, Trentham Books.
    Paley, V. G. (1984) Boys and Girls: Superheroes in the Doll Corner, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
    Palmer, P. (1986) The Lively Audience: A Study of Children Around the TV Set, Sydney, Allen and Unwin.
    Parker, D. (1999) You've read the book, now make the film: moving image media, print literacy and narrative, English in Education, Vol. 33, no. 1, Spring, pp. 24–35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-8845.1999.tb00160.x
    Phillips, A. (1993) The Trouble with Boys, London, Pandora Press.
    Pidgeon, S. (1993) Learning reading and learning gender, in M.Barrs and S.Pidgeon (eds) Reading the Difference, London, Centre for Language in Primary Education.
    Pompe, C. (1996) ‘But they're pink!’ — ‘Who cares!’: popular culture in the primary years, in M.Hilton (ed.) Potent Fictions: Children's Literacy and the Challenge of Popular Culture, London, Routledge.
    Postman, N. (1983) The Disappearance of Childhood, London, W. H. Allen.
    Propp, V. (1968). Morphology of the Folk-Tale, trans. L.Scott, Austin, TX, and London, University of Texas Press.
    Pumfrey, P. (1991) Improving Children's Reading in the Junior School: Challenges and Responses, London, Cassell.
    Purcell-Gates, V. (1996) Stories, coupons and the TV guide: relationships between home literacy experiences and emergent literacy experiences, Reading Research Quarterly, Vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 406–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1598/RRQ.31.4.4
    Ramsey, P. (1998) Diversity and play: influence of race, culture, class and gender, in D. P.Fromberg and D.Bergen (eds) Play from Birth to Twelve and Beyond: Contexts, Perspectives and Meanings, New York, Garland.
    Rand, E. (1998) Older heads on young bodies, in H.Jenkins (ed.) The Children's Culture Reader, New York, New York University Press.
    Richards, C. (1995) Popular music and media education, Discourse in the Cultural Politics of Education, 163Carfax/University of Queensland, Australia.
    Richards, R. (1998) Beyond classroom cultures, in D.Buckingham (ed.) Teaching Popular Culture, Beyond Radical Pedagogy, London, UCL Press.
    Richler, M. (1977) The great comic book heroes, in M.Meek, A.Wardlow and G.Barton (eds) The Cool Web: The Pattern of Children's Reading, London, Bodley Head.
    Rieber, L. P. (1992) Computer-based microworlds: a bridge between construction and direct instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, Vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 93–106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02296709
    Ritzer, G. (1998) The McDonaldization Thesis: Explorations and Extensions, London, Sage.
    Robinson, M. (1997) Children Reading Print and Television, London, Falmer Press.
    Roe, K. and Muijs, D. (1998) Children and computer games: a profile of the heavy user, European Journal of Communication, Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 181–200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0267323198013002002
    Rogers, M. F. (1999) Barbie Culture, London, Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446218228
    Rose, J. (1984) The Case of Peter Pan, or, the Impossibility of Children's Fiction, Language, Discourse and Society, London, Macmillan.
    Rosen, M. (1996) Reading The Beano: a young boy's experience, in V.Watson and M.Styles (eds) Talking Pictures: Pictorial Texts and Young ReadersLondon, Hodder and Stoughton.
    Roskos, K. (1990) A taxonomic review of pretend play among four- and five-year-old children, Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Vol. 5 no. 4, pp. 495–572. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0885-2006%2890%2990016-T
    Rotundo, E. A. (1998) Boy culture, in H.Jenkins (ed.) The Children's Culture Reader, New York, New York University Press.
    Rowe, D. (1995) Popular Cultures: Rock Music, Sport and the Politics of Pleasure, London, Sage.
    Rumelhart, D. (1977) Towards an interactive model of reading in S.Dornic (ed.) Attention and Performance VI: proceedings of the 6th International Symposium, Hillsdale, NJ, New York and London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    Ruskin, J. (1985) Unto this Last, and Other Writings, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
    Russell, W. (1985) Educating Rita, Harlow, Longman.
    Salomon, G. (1979) Interaction of Media, Cognition and Learning, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass.
    Sanger, J. with Willson, J., Davies, B., and Whitaker, R. (1997) Young Children, Videos and Computer Games, London, Falmer Press.
    Schiefle, U. (1991) Interest, learning and motivation, Educational Psychologist, Vol. 26, pp. 299–323.
    Searle, C. (1993), Words to a life-land, in C.Lankshear and P. L.Mclaren (eds) Critical Literacy, Policy, Praxis and the Post-Modern, Albany, NY, State University of New York Press.
    Sefton-Green, J. (1999) review article, Playing the game: the critical study of computer games, Convergence, Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 114–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/135485659900500408
    Sefton-Green, J. and Buckingham, D. (1998) Digital visions: children's ‘creative’ uses of multimedia technologies, in J.Sefton-Green (ed.) Digital Diversions: Youth Culture in the Age of Multimedia, London, UCL Press.
    Seiter, E. (1993) Sold Separately: Children and Parents in Consumer Culture, New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press.
    Seiter, E. (1998) Children's desires/mothers’ dilemmas: the social contexts of consumption, in H.Jenkins (ed.) The Children's Culture Reader, New York, New York University Press.
    Shields, C. D. (1998) Saturday Night at the Dinosaur Stomp, London, Walker Books.
    Singer, J. L. and Singer, D. G. (1981) Television, Imagination and Aggression: A Study of Preschoolers, Hillsdale, NJ, Erlbaum.
    Singer, J. L. and Singer, D. G. (1990) The House of Make-Believe: Children's Play and the Developing Imagination, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.
    Smilansky, S. (1968) The Effects of Socio-Dramatic Play on Disadvantaged Preschool Children, New York, John Wiley.
    Smith, D. (1987) The Everyday World as Problematic: A Feminist Sociology, Boston, Northeastern University Press.
    Smith, F. (1984) Reading that Helps Us Teach: Joining the Literacy Club, Reading, Reading Centre.
    Smogarinsky, P. and O'Donnell-Allan, C. (1998) The depth and dynamics of context: tracing the sources and channels of engagement and disengagement in students’ response to literature, Journal of Literary Research, Vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 515–59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10862969809548013
    Soler, J. (2000) Past and present technocratic solutions to teaching literacy: implications for New Zealand primary teachers and literacy programmes, Curriculum Studies, Vol. 7, no. 3.
    Solsken, J. (1993) Literacy, Gender, and Work in Families and in School, Norwood, NJ, Ablex.
    Sousa, C. and Schneiderman, J. (1986) Preschoolers and superheroes: a dangerous duo, Early Years, November-December, pp. 75–7.
    Springhall, J. (1998) Youth, Popular Culture and Moral Panics: Penny Gaffs to Gangsta Rap, Basingstoke, Macmillan.
    St Clair, W. (1989) William Godwin as children's bookseller, in C.Avery and J.Briggs (eds) Children and their Books, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
    Storey, J. (1993) An Introduction to Cultural Theory and Popular Culture,
    2nd edn
    , London, Harvester Wheatsheaf.
    Storkey, A. (1999) Media Addiction: Children and Education. Movement for Christian Democracy, discussion paper 99/4, London, Mayflower C.
    Strinati, D. (1995) An Introduction to Theories of Popular Culture, London, Routledge.
    Strinati, D. and Wagg, S. (eds) (1992) Come on Down? Popular Media Culture in Post-War Britain, London, Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203414811
    Stutz, E. (1996) Is electronic entertainment hindering children's play and social development? in T.Gill (ed.) Electronic Children: How Children are Responding to the Information Revolution, London, National Children's Bureau.
    Sutton-Smith, B. (1986) Toys as Culture, New York, Gardner Press.
    Swift, J. (1726) Gulliver's Travels and Other Works (
    1906 edn
    , exactly reprinted from the first edition), London, Routledge.
    Swingewood, A. (1998) Cultural Theory and the Problem of Modernity, London, Macmillan Press.
    Taylor, C. (1999) ‘I like it when my mum comes to school with me’: family literacy, in J.Marsh and E.Hallet (eds) Desirable Literacies: Approaches to Language and Literacy in the Early Years, London, Paul Chapman.
    Taylor, D. and Dorsey-Gaines, C. (1988) Growing Up Literate: Learning from Inner-City Families, Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann.
    TES (2000a) Pocket monsters provoke fights, Times Educational Supplement, 14 April, p. 4.
    TES (2000b) Beanies’ power to bend our minds, Times Educational Supplement, 19 May 19, p. 3.
    TES (2000c) Letter from Twining on Letters page, Times Educational Supplement, 2 June, p. 16.
    Thomas, H. (1998) Reading and Responding to Fiction, Leamington Spa, Scholastic.
    Thompson, D. (ed.) (1970) Discrimination and Popular Culture, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
    Thorne, B. (1993) Gender Play: Girls and Boys in School, Buckingham, Open University Press.
    Tobin, J. (2000) ‘Good Guys Don't Wear Hats’: Children's Talk about the Media, New York, Teachers College Press.
    Todorov, T. (1977) The Poetics of Prose, trans. R.Howard, Minneapolis, MN, University of Minnesota Press.
    Turner, G. (1994) Film languages, in D.Graddol and O.Boyd-Barrett (eds) Media Texts: Authors and Readers, Milton Keynes and Cleveland, Multilingual Matters.
    Turner, J. (1995) The influence of classroom contexts on young children's motivation for literacy, Reading Research Quarterly, Vol. 30, no. 3, p. 410–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/747624
    Twitchell, J. B. (1985) Dreadful Pleasures: An Anatomy of Modern Horror, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
    Urquhart, I. (1996) Popular culture and how boys become men, in M.Hilton (ed.) Potent Fictions: Children's Literacy and the Challenge of Popular Culture, London, Routledge.
    Volosinov, V. N. (1994) Extract from ‘Marxism and the philosphy of language’, in P.Morris (ed.) The Bakhtin Reader: Selected Writings of Bakhtin, Medvedev, Volosinov, London, Arnold.
    Vukelich, C. (1991) Materials and modelling: promoting literacy during play, in J. F.Christie (ed.) Play and Early Literacy Development, New York, State University of New York Press.
    Vukelich, C. (1994) Effects of play interventions on young children's reading of environmental print, Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Vol. 9, pp. 153–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0885-2006%2894%2990003-5
    Vygotsky, L. S. (1978) Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.
    Vygotsky, L. S. (1986) Thought and Language, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.
    Walkerdine, V. (1999) Violent boys and precocious girls: regulating childhood at the end of the millennium, Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, Vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 3–22. http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/ciec.2000.1.1.5
    Waterland, L. (1988) Read with Me, London, Thimble Press.
    Watson, V. (1992) The possibilities of children's fiction, in Styles, M., Bearne, E. and Watson, V.After Alice: Exploring Children's Literature, London, Cassell.
    Weedon, C. (1987) Feminist Practice and Poststructuralist Theory, Oxford, Blackwell.
    Weinberger, J. (1996) Literacy Goes to School: The Parents’ Role in Young Children's Literacy Learning, London, Paul Chapman.
    Wells, G. (1987) The Meaning Makers: Children Learning Language and Using Language to Learn, London, Hodder and Stoughton.
    Whitehead, F., Capey, A., Maddren, W. and Wellings, A. (1977) Children and their Books. The Final Report of the Schools Council Project on Children's Reading Habits 10–16, Basingstoke, Macmillan Education.
    Whitehead, M. (1997) Language and Literacy in the Early Years,
    2nd edn
    , London, Paul Chapman.
    Whyte, J. (1983) Beyond the Wendy House: Sex Role Stereotyping in Primary Schools, York, Longman for the Schools Council.
    Willis, P. (1990) Common Culture, Buckingham, Open University Press.
    Wilson, M. (2000) The point of horror: the relationship between teenage popular horror fiction and the oral repertoire, Children's Literature in Education, Vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 1–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005129401673
    Witty, P. (1967) Children of the television era, Elementary English, Vol. 44, pp. 528–35.
    Wood, E. and Attfield, J. (1996) Play, Learning and the Early Childhood Curriculum, London, Paul Chapman.
    Worthy, J., Moorman, M. and Turner, M. (1999) What Johnny likes to read is hard to find in school, Reading Research Quarterly, Vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 12–27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1598/RRQ.34.1.2

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website