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Chapter 10: Internalized Homophobia: Conceptual and Empirical Issues in Measurement
The construct of internalized homophobia can serve as a central organizing concept for a gay and lesbian affirmative psychology. There are several reasons why this construct is significant. First, the internalization of homophobia is a developmental event experienced to varying degrees by almost all lesbians and gay men raised in a heterosexist and antigay society (Forstein, 1988; George & Behrendt, 1988; Gonsiorek, 1988; Sophie, 1988).
Second, internalized homophobia is often an important cause of psychological distress in lesbians and gay men (American Psychological Association, 1991; Gonsiorek, 1982; Malyon, 1982). Third, reduction of internalized homophobia can be considered an important measure of the success of therapies and prevention efforts with lesbians and ...