- Subject index
Leadership and associated power issues lie at the core of group life in a variety of contexts. Even the most informal of groups typically have some form of leadership in their organization, and the understanding of leadership and power from a psychological standpoint can inform a greater understanding of group dynamics both inside and outside of the workplace. Leadership and Power is a synthesis of contributions from eminent social psychologists and organizational scientists that addresses these issues from a fresh perspective. In recent years, these themes have been re-examined through the lens of social categorization approaches that highlight people's social identity and social roles as group members, as well as the processes that influence perceptions of and expectations about people and groups. The book is wide-ranging; chapters cover such diverse issues as: interpersonal versus group-oriented styles of leadership; leadership of totalist groups; political leadership; and gender and leadership. It represents a state-of-the-art overview of this burgeoning field that will be important to a host of disciplines. Elements of cross-referencing to highlight thematic links as well as effective chapter conclusions will make the text appealing to advanced students taking courses in social and organizational psychology, management and organization studies, not just scholars interested in these themes.
Chapter 4: Leadership as the Outcome of Self-Categorization Processes
Leadership as the Outcome of Self-Categorization Processes
Reviews of theory and research on leaders and leadership inevitably produce long lists of personality and situational traits, definitions and sub-types, qualifications and statistical moderators, and categories and processes (e.g., Bass, 1990; Hollander, 1985). Interestingly, the lists are not confined to the scientific reviews, but seem also to appear in group members’ minds in the form of leadership schemas and expectations (Conger and Kanungo, 1998; Lord, Foti, and De Vader, 1984; Chapter 5). What is the lesson from this body of work with which we can return to our groups as we seek an understanding of the essence of leadership? In our view, the lists – the variables examined, ...