• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This is a handy guide to the topics you need to know about whether studying or working in the field of learning disabilities. The A-Z format allows you to “dip in” and quickly find relevant information on topics ranging from Autism to Rights and from Advocacy to Challenging Behaviors.

Autism
Autism
HelenKerrell
Definition

Autism is a complex developmental disability and the result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain. It is four times more prevalent in males than females. The condition impacts on the areas of social interaction, communication and imagination, known as the Triad of Impairment. There is generally marked repetitive or obsessional behaviour and unusual narrow interests. Autism typically appears during the first three years of life. Autism is also a spectrum disorder that ranges from severe, known as ‘Classic Autism’ (Kanner's syndrome), to mild, known as Asperger's syndrome. It is a lifelong condition for which there is no cure. A large group (75 per cent) of people with autism will also have an associated learning disability.

Key Points
  • Autism is a lifelong ...
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