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Derived from the Greek ethnos, meaning people or nation, an ethnic group is a cultural phenomenon in which tradition, language, religion, custom and common experience form the salient traits. Although recent years have seen ‘ethnicity’ being increasingly used as a polite (or perhaps euphemistic) alternative to ‘race’, the two concepts are significantly different. In the broadest of terms: ‘race’ is a socio-biological marker of difference in which genetic or phenotypic characteristics are ascribed social significance; ethnicity is a socio-historical, or socio-cultural concept in which cultural characteristics are used as a marker of difference.

That said, the two concepts are linked, in as much as ethnicity arose from the inadequacy of ‘race’ to account for differences between groups. How do you use ‘race’ to explain the differences ...

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