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Probably the most far-reaching technical innovation in journalism since the first efforts to reproduce and transmit words, sound and pictures. It revolutionized newsroom practices, destroyed the print trade unions, gave more control to the journalist, led to a completely new publishing platform, the Internet and paved the way for convergence.

Digital technology reduces information to a stream of data expressed in zeros and ones. The spectacular growth of computer technology meant that by the early 1960s American newspapers were using basic machines in the production process. It spread, slowly at first, through Europe and by the mid-1980s in Britain hot-metal printing was a thing of the past (Hodgson, 1998). The flight of Rupert Murdoch's News International from central London to ‘fortress Wapping’ in Docklands in 1986 ...

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