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Culturological Approaches
Culturological approaches

A manner of studying journalism which suggests that the ‘determinants of news [lie] in the relations between ideas and symbols’ (Schudson, 1989: 16) rather than in the material circumstances of production and consumption. In the words of Alasuutari (1995: 71), news reporting represents the modern manifestation of the culturally signified and culturally significant story. By this approach, cultural understandings and cultural practices are the key factors in understanding the form and content of journalism because culture is inter-woven with all social practices.

Goffman argues that since ‘our understanding of the world’ precedes the stories in the press, it determines ‘which ones reporters will select and how the ones that are selected will be told’ (Goffman, 1986, cited in van Ginneken, 1998: 22). The central ...

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