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Censorship
Censorship

Woolmar defines censorship broadly to include

the control of information that is given out… censors are not just people with big black pens cutting out information which they don't like from books or letters, or with scissors chopping out bits of film or video. As well as government officials, they can be owners of publications, judges, editors, advertisers or even the writers themselves. Nor are they always in far-off countries ruled by dictatorships. (Woolmar, 1990)

Woolmar's definition highlights three interesting features of censorship. First, censorship is usually understood negatively to involve the withholding or limiting of information, whereas Woolmar's phrase ‘control of information that is given out’ implies censorship may involve the distribution as well as restriction of information. The ‘over-provision’ of information as much as ...

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