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Transitivity describes the relationships between participants and the roles they play in the processes described in reporting, basically, the ‘who (or what) does what to whom (or what)’. These relations between participants depend upon the process represented by the principal verb of a sentence. In English there are four principal types of verbs, and therefore four different types of process which a sentence can use. First, verbal processes, such as speaking, shouting or singing. Second, verbs can be mental processes such as thinking, dreaming and deciding. Third, relational processes of being, such as have, seem and be (or is), which involve an agent and an attribute. And fourth, material processes, which can be further divided into: transitive action involving two or more participants – the ...

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