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Scripts
Scripts

A portion of knowledge, often shared unconsciously ‘within a group of people and drawn upon in making sense of the world’ (Fowler, 1991: 43). Scripts provide knowledge about stereotypical social relations such as ‘the family’, conventional or ritualized socio-cultural events such as ‘a wedding’, institutionalized interactions, such as ‘a press conference’, and an infinite range of other social encounters. A script will usually contain knowledge about a setting, ‘a sequence of events and actions, and the typical or optional actors that participate in them’ (van Dijk, 1998: 58) thereby providing a blueprint of how to act in such situations. Scripts therefore act as an ‘interface between ideologies and other social representations, on the one hand, and everyday experiences and practices, and especially discourse, on ...

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